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教学大纲


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灯号说明

审定:无
翻译:招彦甫(简介并寄信)
编辑:林玲如(简介并寄信)、吴贞芳(Doris Wu)(简介并寄信)

课程目标

本课程将为人类语言本质的基本问题提供一些解答。在整个学期中,我们会(以多种方式)体会到,人类语言是复杂的惊人—却仍有规则可循、非常吸引人的心智系统。在这门课的前三分之二,我们会仔细地研习此系统的一些核心层面;后三分之一则将以所学处理不同的问题,包括儿童如何习得语言、各种语言之异同、口语(及手语)和书写语言之间的关系。



课程要求

1. 阅读资料

指定教科书:

《当代语言学概述》(Contemporary Linguistics: an Introduction)(第四版),William O’Grady、John Archibald、Mark Aronoff、Janie Rees-Miller着,1997年,纽约Bedford/St. Martins出版。(课本名称以英文缩写CL代替)

另有讲义及其它阅读资料,以补充(或代替)课本内容。

2. 出席

上课、上演习课是必须的。虽然你可以从阅读中获益良多,课堂上经常会提供课本以外的教材,或以稍微不同于课本的方式呈现教材。演习课时会点名,讲课也时常会点名。

3. 每周习题

每周有作业,有些问题选自课本,有些会在课堂上派发。问题时常出自真实语料(有时略微简化),要用课堂上、课本中讨论过的观念和分析技巧来解答。有些作业可能特别费力,包括搜集资料。

习题会在星期一派发,下个星期一交出。我们的目的是在星期五前改完习题,并在演习课上讨论。(若中间遇到假日,我们会稍微调整时间。)不接受补交作业,除非有不可抗力之理由,并经教授或演习助教以明确的电子邮件许可。




习题的诚实政策:和同学讨论作业是可接受且被鼓励的(例如“提点我一下,怎样算是同位音?”),但你必须自己获得确实的习题解答,并且自己写出来。




 你若在作业上遇到严重的问题,请不要迟疑,立刻亲自或以电子邮件与教授或你的演习助教联络,我们非常乐意帮忙。

4. 测验

会有两次随堂(三十分钟)小考和一次教室内的期末考。期末考的范围是整学期的教材,并且综合真实的问题和习题。你若在习题和小考中表现良好,期末考应该会考好。

5. 评分

习题与小考

60%

期末考

30%

出席与课堂参与

10%










Goals of the Class

This class will provide some answers to basic questions about the nature of human language. Throughout the course, we will be learning (in many different ways) that human language is a surprisingly intricate -- yet law-governed and fascinating mental system. In the first 2/3 of the class, we will study some core aspects of this system in detail. In the last part of the class, we will use what we have learned to address a variety of questions, including how children acquire language, what are the similarities and differences among languages, how spoken (and signed) language relates to written language, among others.



Course Requirements

1. Readings

There is one required textbook:

O'Grady, William, John Archibald, Mark Aronoff and Janie Rees-Miller. 1997. Contemporary Linguistics: an Introduction [Fourth edition]. New York: Bedford/St. Martins. ["CL"]

There will be handouts and readings that will supplement (or in some cases substitute) for sections of the book.

2. Attendance

Attendance in class and recitations is required. While you can learn a lot from the readings, many classes will present material not in the readings, or will present the material in a slightly different way. Attendance will be taken in recitations and from time to time may be taken in the lecture as well.

3. Weekly Problem Sets

There will be weekly assignments, some from CL, others handed out in class. These will often be problems from real languages (sometimes slightly simplified) that use the concepts and analytic techniques discussed in class and in the readings. A few assignments may call for extra effort, including data collection.

The problems will be handed out on Monday and will be due the following Monday. It is our goal to have the problems corrected for discussion in recitation by Friday. (When holidays intervene, we may make minor modifications in this schedule.) Late problem sets will not be accepted except for compelling reasons and with explicit e-mail permission of the instructor or recitation leader.




Honesty policy for problem sets: General discussion of the assignments with other students is acceptable and encouraged (e.g. "Remind me, how do I know if something is an allophone?"), but you must arrive at the actual solutions to problems on your own and write them up on your own.




If you are having serious problems with any assignment, do not hesitate to get in touch with the instructor or your recitation leader in person or by e-mail. We are more than happy to help.

4. Exams

There will be two in-class (30 minute) quizzes and a sit-down final exam. The final exam will cover material from the entire course, and will be a mixture of factual questions and problems. If you did well on the problem sets and quizzes, you should do well on the final exam.

5. Grading

Problem sets & quizzes

60%

Final exam

30%

Attendance and participation

10%




 
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