MyOOPS開放式課程
請加入會員以使用更多個人化功能
來自全球頂尖大學的開放式課程,現在由世界各國的數千名義工志工為您翻譯成中文。請免費享用!
課程來源:MIT
     
翻譯:何思遠
編輯:侯嘉玨 李路得

FINFLO-SHIP Contours of waveheight around a container ship (Hamburg test case) Fn=0.25.
FINFLO-SHIP,貨櫃船的波高等高線圖(漢堡測試案例) Fn=0.25,
FINFLO-SHIP Contours of waveheight around a container ship (Hamburg test case) Fn=0.25.
(授權自http://www.hut.fi/Yksikot/Laiva/Kuvat/HTC1red.jpg.)
(Used with permission, http://www.hut.fi/Yksikot/Laiva/Kuvat/HTC1red.jpg.)

課程重點

本課程在使用工具和軟體的連結下提供了兩個套裝軟體的連結,PFLOW 2.5和 AMASS。其中亦包含了25份講稿、14個問題集(皆為PDF檔),並以逐章的方式分析課本-J. N. Newman所著之《海洋流體力學》的內容。

This course offers links to two software packages, PFLOW-2.5 and AMASS, listed under the Tools section. There is also a complete set of 25 lecture notes in PDF format, 14 problem sets in PDF format, and a chapter-by-chapter breakdown of Marine Hydrodynamics by J. N. Newman, the required textbook for the course.

課程描述

流 體力學的基礎理論於船舶結構和海洋工程科學中發展而出。傳輸定理和守恆原理。納維爾-史托克方程式。因次分析。理想流和勢流。渦度和凱爾文法則。勢流中的 流動力。達朗伯特假說。附加質量。細長體理論。黏性流、層流和紊流邊界層。模型測試、比例定理。勢能理論於表面波之應用、能量傳輸、波/本身的作用力。昇 力表面的線性理論。關於拖曳水槽和螺旋槳軸道的實驗研究專題。

The fundamentals of fluid mechanics are developed in the context of naval architecture and ocean science and engineering. Transport theorem and conservation principles. Navier-Stokes' equation. Dimensional analysis. Ideal and potential flows. Vorticity and Kelvin's theorem. Hydrodynamic forces in potential flow, D'Alembert's paradox, added-mass, slender-body theory. Viscous-fluid flow, laminar and turbulent boundary layers. Model testing, scaling laws. Application of potential theory to surface waves, energy transport, wave/body forces. Linearized theory of lifting surfaces. Experimental project in the towing tank or propeller tunnel.

師資

講師:
Dick K. P. Yue 教授

上課時數

教師授課:
每週2節
每節1.5小時

複習/實習課程:
每週1節
每節1小時

實驗課程:
依講師安排

程度
大學部
回應
告訴我們您對本課程或「開放式課程網頁」的建議。
聲明
麻省理工學院開放式課程認可 開放式課程計畫(OOPS)的翻譯計畫,開放式課程計畫(OOPS)乃是運用其獨立團隊、獨立資源、獨立流程進行翻譯計畫之團隊。

所有麻省理工學院開放式課程之材料皆以麻省理工學院開放式課程創作共享授權發佈,所有之翻譯資料皆由開放式課程計畫(OOPS)所提供,並由其負翻譯品質之責任。

此 處麻省理工學院開放式課程之資料乃由 開放式課程計畫(OOPS) 譯為正體中文。麻省理工學院開放式課程在此聲明,不論是否遭遇或發現相關議題,麻省理工學院開放式課程、麻省理工學院教師、麻省理工學院校方並不對翻譯正 確度及完整性作保證。上述單位並對翻譯後之資料不作明示或默許對任一特定目的之適合性之保證、非侵權之保證、或永不出錯之保證。麻省理工學院校方、麻省理 工學院開放式課程對翻譯上之不正確不負任何責任。由翻譯所引發任何關於此等資料之不正確或其他瑕疵,皆由開放式課程計畫(OOPS)負全責,而非麻省理工 學院開放式課程之責。

原文聲明

 


流體力學的基礎理 論於船舶結構和海洋工程科學中發展而出。傳輸定理和守恆原理。納維爾-史托克方程式。因次分析。理想流和勢流。渦度和凱爾文法則。勢流中的流動力。達朗伯 特假說。附加質量。細長體理論。黏性流、層流和紊流邊界層。模型測試。比例定理。勢能理論於表面波之應用、能量傳輸、波/本身的作用力。昇力表面的線性理 論。關於拖曳水槽和螺旋槳軸道的實驗研究專題。D. K.-P. Yue

必備先修

本課在傳統上教授的對象為海洋工程系大學部四年級和研究所一年級的學生。考量到課程的本質,要選修此門課的學生所具備的知識應相當廣泛。然而,學生 們需熟悉微積分-特別是向量、積分與導數的運算。複雜的數學計算雖然不是絕對必要,但偶爾仍會在上課內容中使用到。強烈建議先前修過流體之相關課程。

課本

《海洋流體動力學》,J. N. Newman 著,(新舊版本皆可,課本內容將會有指定閱讀的章節) 。
《流體的流動》,Sabersky、Acosta、Hauptmann與Gates合著。(第四版)

評分標準

比例如下:
小考1 (1.5 小時): 20%
小考2 (1.5 小時): 20%
期末考 (3 小時): 30%
作業: 20%
實驗與實作: 10%

教學目標與課程目的

教學目標1: 在求解一般的海洋流體動力學的過程中使學生能應用基本的多變數運算、牛頓定理以及古典流體力學。

目的1.1: 了解尤拉法的基本特性和拉格朗法來描述流體
目的1.2: 設定和求解有關傳輸定理、質能守恆定理的基本數學問題。
目的1.3: 推導及分析連續方程式和尤拉方程式。
目的1.4: 推導及分析納維爾-史托克方程式(牛頓流體) 。
目的1.5: 推導及分析動態和動力邊界條件。
目的1.6: 推導及分析有關重力處理的數學問題。

教學目標2: 使學生能說明和理解海洋流體力學的基本要素。

目的2.1: 以文字和數學去定義以下幾個海洋流體動力學的基本要素。

(a) 流體的相似和模型的試驗(因次分析、流體相似度的參數推導、模型試驗原理, 海洋結構中的穩定力和非穩定力)。
(b) 理想的旋性渦流和非旋性渦流的流體流動(藉由計算了解渦度、渦流、簡易勢流、達朗伯特假說和昇力、非穩態運行和附加質量) 。
(c) 黏性和邊界層流(平面庫頁特流、柏蘇葉流和史托克邊界層,流體分離通過圓柱和球的流動,平板所承受的阻力、層流和紊流邊界層、紊流和雷諾應力) 。
(d) 表面波動的運動學(直線前進波、停滯波和重疊現象、分散關聯性、群體速度、波能量守恆、二維波的傳輸和波阻、作用於物體上的佛路得-克瑞羅夫波力) 。
(e) 表面昇力(昇力的產生過程、線性翼定理、二微薄片)。

目的2.2: 推導出包含在目的2.1中所列出海洋流體動力學的基本數學式。
目的2.3: 以寫作和口頭的方式討論包含在目的2.1中所列出海洋流體動力學的基本原理。

教學目標3: 學生能應用海洋流體動力學的基本原理來求解海中建物/交通運輸工具的簡單數學問題。

目的3.1: 設定和求解包含目的2.1中所列的一些簡單的海洋流體動力學的數學問題。

教學目標4: 學生能證明經驗法則中的基本知識並可以執行一些具體簡單海洋系統模型的測試。

目的4.1: 利用水洞系統中的基本知識來測試作用於船殼上穩定與非穩定力。
目的4.2: 利用水槽系統來測試作用於船和結構物上表面波的動能和波力。

教學目標5: 學生可設計和分析簡單的海洋系統。

目的5.1: 應用海洋流體動力學的原理來設計和分析水下交通工具和海洋建物。
目的5.2: 應用海洋流體動力學的原理來設計和分析水翼。

教學目標6: 學生能夠利用電腦軟體來分析、建立模型和設計海洋系統。

目的6.1: 利用如PFLOW和AMASS的電腦軟體來設定和求解包含分析、模組化和海洋系統設計的問題。

教學目標7: 學生可藉由書面或是口頭的方式來表達構想。

目的7.1: 以文字、數學、圖像、圖表的表達方式來製作出簡潔有力的實驗報告。

教學目標8: 學生可以以團隊分工的方式來完成實驗。

目的8.1: 以書面和口頭的方式清楚地與組員進行討論溝通。
目的8.2: 有組織地分配工作以利工作如期完成。

課程表

此乃一般之課程大綱,可做需要的調整

0. 引言
1. 基本方程式

1.1流體的種類描述
1.2 質量和動量的守恆
1.3 傳輸定理
1.4 連續方程式
1.5 尤拉方程式
1.6 牛頓流體
1.7 納維爾-史托克方程式
1.8 邊界條件
1.9 物體力量,重力

2. 相似性
2.1 因次分析
2.2 相似性參數

3. 理想(無黏性流體)
3.1 引言
3.2 渦度,凱爾文定理
3.3 勢流
3.4 伯努力方程式
3.5 邊界條件
3.6 流函數
3.7 簡單勢流
3.8 圖形法
3.9 達朗伯特假說
3.10 環流的昇力
3.11 非穩態運動,附加質量
3.12 細長體

4. 實際(黏性)流體
4.1 通過球體的流動
4.2 通過平板的阻力
4.3 平面庫頁特流
4.4 泊蘇葉流
4.5 平板上的非穩態流
4.6 層流邊界層
4.7 紊流與雷諾應力
4.8 紊流邊界層

5. 模型測試
5.1 穩態流
5.2 非穩態流
5.3 Drag on a Ship Hull

6. 表面波
6.1 引言
6.2 小振幅波
6.3 平面連續波
6.4 波的分散
6.5 質量傳輸
6.6 重疊
6.7 群體速度,波能量
6.8 二維船波,波阻
6.9 三維理想船波形態
6.10 作用於物體上的波力

7. 昇力表面
7.1 作用於薄片上的昇力和阻力
7.2 二維昇力表面,線性理論,分析和設計問題
7.3 三維昇力表面
7.4 螺旋槳




The fundamentals of fluid mechanics are developed in the context of naval architecture and ocean science and engineering. Transport theorem and conservation principles. Navier-Stokes' equation. Dimensional analysis. Ideal and potential flows. Vorticity and Kelvin's theorem. Hydrodynamic forces in potential flow, D'Alembert's paradox, added-mass, slender-body theory. Viscous-fluid flow, laminar and turbulent boundary layers. Model testing, scaling laws. Application of potential theory to surface waves, energy transport, wave/body forces. Linearized theory of lifting surfaces. Experimental project in the towing tank or propeller tunnel. D. K.-P. Yue

Course Prerequisites

This course is traditionally taken by advanced undergraduate and first year graduate students in the Ocean Engineering Department. The typical capabilities of the students in the course is a very broad range due to its nature. However, a student should be very comfortable with calculus - in particular, vectors, integrals and derivatives. Complex math is not required however, some may be used during lecture. A previous fluids course is highly recommended.

Texts

Marine Hydrodynamics, J. N. Newman (not required - an old edition will do, however, readings are assigned.)
Fluid Flow, Sabersky, Acosta, Hauptmann & Gates (4th ed.)

Grading

Weight:
Quiz 1 (1.5 hrs) 20%
Quiz 2 (1.5 hrs) 20%
Final Exam (3 hrs) 30%
Homework 20%
Lab assignment 10%

Educational Objectives and Subject Outcomes

Objective 1: Students will be able to apply basic principles of multi-variable calculus, Newtonian physics and classical fluid mechanics in general marine hydrodynamics problems.

Outcome 1.1. Understand basic features of Eulerian and Lagrangian descriptions of flow.
Outcome 1.2. Set up and solve basic mathematical problems involving transport theorem, mass and momentum conservation.
Outcome 1.3. Derive and analyze continuity equation and Euler's equation.
Outcome 1.4. Derive and analyze Navier-Stokes equations (for Newtonian fluids).
Outcome 1.5. Derive and analyze kinematic and dynamic boundary conditions.
Outcome 1.6. Set up and solve basic mathematical problems involving treatment of gravity force.

Objective 2: Students will demonstrate knowledge and comprehension of basic principles of marine hydrodynamics.

Outcome 2.1. Define verbally and mathematically the basic principles of marine hydrodynamics including

a) flow similitude and model testing (dimensional analysis, derivation of flow similarity parameters, principles of model testing, steady and unsteady forces around marine structure),
b) ideal rotational and irrotational fluid flows (vorticity, vortical flow, simple potential flows, D'Alembert's paradox and lift during circulation, unsteady motion and added mass),
c) viscous and boundary layer flow (plane Couette flow, Poiseuille flow and Stokes' boundary layer, flow separation, flow past a circular cylinder and a sphere, drag on a flat plate, laminar and turbulent boundary layers, turbulent flow and Reynolds' stress),
d) kinematics of surface waves ( linear progressive waves, standing waves, and superposition, dispersion relationship, group velocity, and conservation of wave energy, two-dimensional ship waves and wave resistance, Froude-Krylov wave forces on a body),
e) lifting surfaces (mechanism of life generation, linearized wing theory, two-dimensional foils).

Outcome 2.2. Derive mathematically the basic principles of marine hydrodynamics including those listed in Outcome 2.1.
Outcome 2.3. Discuss in writing and orally basic principles of marine hydrodynamics including those listed in Outcome 2.1.

Objective 3: Students will be able to apply basic principles of marine hydrodynamics in simple mathematical problem solving involving marine structures/vehicles.

Outcome 3.1. Set up and solve simple mathematical problems involving marine hydrodynamic principles including those listed in Outcome 2.1.

Objective 4: Students will demonstrate basic knowledge of experimental methods and be able to conduct (physical) model tests of simple marine systems.

Outcome 4.1. Test steady and unsteady forces on ship hulls and marine structures using the water tunnel experimental system.
Outcome 4.2. Test kinematics of surface waves and wave forces on ships/structures using the towing tank experimental system.

Objective 5: Students will be able to design and analyze simple marine systems.

Outcome 5.1. Apply marine hydrodynamic principles in design and analysis of underwater vehicles and marine structures.
Outcome 5.2. Apply marine hydrodynamic principles in design and analysis of hydrofoils.

Objective 6: Students will be able to use computer software in analysis, modeling, and design of marine systems.

Outcome 6.1. Set up and solve hydrodynamics problems involving analysis, modeling, and design of marine systems using computer software such as PFLOW and AMASS

Objective 7: Students will be able to communicate ideas in written and oral form.

Outcome 7.1. Create concise lab reports that clearly present verbal, mathematical, photographic, and graphical information.

Objective 8: Students will be able to work as part of a team on lab experiments.

Outcome 8.1. Communicate clearly in verbal and oral communications with team members.
Outcome 8.2. Organize tasks with team members so that work is completed in a timely manner by deadlines.

Syllabus

This is a general outline and is subject to change.

0. Introduction
1. Basic Equations

1.1 Description of Flow
1.2 Mass & Momentum Conservation
1.3 Transport Theorem
1.4 Continuity Equation
1.5 Euler's Equation
1.6 Newtonian Fluids
1.7 Navier-Stokes Equation
1.8 Boundary Conditions
1.9 Body Forces, Gravity

2. Similitude
2.1 Dimensional Analysis
2.2 Similarity Parameters

3. Ideal (Inviscid) Fluid Flow
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Vorticity, Kelvin's Th.
3.3 Potential Flow
3.4 Bernoulli's Equation
3.5 Boundary Conditions
3.6 Stream Function
3.7 Simple Potential Flows
3.8 Method of Images
3.9 D'Alembert's Paradox
3.10 Lift Due to Circulation
3.11 Unsteady Motion, Added Mass
3.12 Slender-Body Approx.

4. Real (Viscous) Fluid Flow
4.1 Flow Past a Sphere
4.2 Drag on a Flat Plate
4.3 Plane Couette Flow
4.4 Poiseuille Flow
4.5 Unsteady Flow over a Flat Plate
4.6 Laminar Boundary Layer
4.7 Turbulent Flow, Reynolds' Stress
4.8 Turbulent Boundary Layer

5. Model Tests
5.1 Steady Flow
5.2 Unsteady Forces
5.3 Drag on a Ship Hull

6. Surface Waves
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Small Amplitude Waves
6.3 Plane Progressive Waves
6.4 Wave Dispersion
6.5 Mass Transport
6.6 Superposition
6.7 Group Velocity, Wave Energy
6.8 2D Ship Waves, Wave Resistance
6.9 3D Ship Wave Pattern
6.10 Wave Forces on a Body

7. Lifting Surfaces
7.1 Lift and Drag of a Foil
7.2 2D Lifting Surfaces, Linearized theory, Analysis & Design Probs.
7.3 3D Lifting Surfaces
7.4 Propellers



課程單元 重要日期
作業1繳交
PS#1 Due
作業2A、2B繳交
PS# 2A and 2B Due
作業3A、3B繳交
PS# 3A and 3B Due
作業4繳交
PS#4 Due
實習4
Recitation 4
實習4
Recitation 4
講稿
Lecture
測驗前復習
Quiz Review
作業5繳交
PS#5 Due
講稿10
Lecture 10
講稿11
Lecture 11
作業6繳交
PS#6 Due
實習5
Recitation 5
講稿12
Lecture 12
講稿13
Lecture 13
作業7繳交
PS#7 Due
實習6
Recitation 6
講稿14
Lecture 14
講稿15
Lecture 15
作業8繳交
PS#8 Due
實習7
Recitation 7
講稿16
Lecture 16
講稿17
Lecture 17
作業9繳交
PS#9 Due
測驗前複習
Quiz Review
講稿18
Lecture 18
測驗2
Quiz #2
講稿19
Lecture 19
作業10繳交,實驗週
PS#10 Due Lab Week
實習8
Recitation 8
實驗週
Lab Week
講稿20
Lecture 20
實驗週
Lab Week
實驗週
Lab Week
講稿21
Lecture 21
作業11繳交
PS#11 Due
實習9
Recitation 9
退選截止日
Drop Date
退選截止日
Lecture 22
作業12繳交
PS#12 Due
實習10
Recitation 10
講稿23
Lecture 23
線上預選課
On-line pre-registration
講稿24
Lecture 24
作業13繳交
PS#13 Due
實習11
Recitation 11
講稿25
Lecture 25
實驗報告收件截止
Lab Due
講稿26
Lecture 26
作業14繳交(不列入計分)
PS#14 Due(Optional)
實習12
Recitation 12
最後一次上課
Last Day of Classes
期末考
Final Exam




課本
Texts

《海洋流體動力學》,J. N. Newman著(新舊版本皆可,課本內容將會有指定閱讀的章節) 。
Marine Hydrodynamics, J. N. Newman (not required and an old edition will do, however, readings are assigned.)
《流體的流動》,Sabersky、Acosta、Hauptmann與Gates合著 (第四版)
Fluid Flow, Sabersky, Acosta, Hauptmann & Gates (4th ed.)

建議閱讀
Recommended Readings

0 引言 – 課本1: 1.0, 3.0, 3.1; 課本2: 1.1,1.2,附錄3
0. Introduction - JNN 1.0, 3.0, 3.1 - SAH 1.1,1.2, App.3

1. 基本方程式 - 課本1: 3.3, 3.2, 3.4, 3.5; 課本2: 2.2,4.2, 2.4
1. Basic Equations - JNN 3.3, 3.2, 3.4, 3.5 - SAH 2.2,4.2, 2.4

1.1流體的種類描述
1.1 Description of Flow

1.2 質量和動量的守恆- 課本1: 3.6, 3.9; 課本2: 2.6,2.8
1.2 Mass & Momentum Conservation - JNN 3.6 - 3.9 - SAH 2.6,2.8

1.3 傳輸定理
1.3 Transport Theorem

1.4 連續方程式
1.4 Continuity Equation

1.5 尤拉方程式
1.5 Euler's Equation

1.6 牛頓流體
1.6 Newtonian Fluids

1.7 納維爾-史托克方程式
1.7 Navier-Stokes Equation

1.8 邊界條件
1.8 Boundary Conditions

1.9 物體力量,重力
1.9 Body Forces, Gravity

2. 相似性
2. Similitude

2.1 因次分析 - 課本1: 2.0~2.2; 課本2: 5.1
2.1 Dimensional Analysis - JNN 2.0 - 2.2 - SAH 5.1

2.2 相似性參數 - 課本1: 1.0; 課本2: 5.2, 5.3
2.2 Similarity Parameters - JNN 1.0 - SAH 5.2,5.3

3.理想(無黏性流體) - 課本1: 4.0~4.2; 課本2: 2.2, 2.4, 6.1~6.4
3. Ideal (Inviscid) Fluid Flow - JNN 4.0 - 4.2 - SAH 2.2,2.4,6.1-6.4

3.1 引言
3.1 Introduction

3.2 渦度, 凱爾文定理
3.2 Vorticity, Kelvin's Th.

3.3 勢流
3.3 Potential Flow

3.4 伯努力方程式 - 課本1: 4.3, 4.4, 4.6; 課本2: 3.1, 3.6
3.4 Bernoulli's Equation - JNN 4.3,4.4,4.6 - SAH 3.1,3.6

3.5 邊界條件
3.5 Boundary Conditions

3.6 流函數
3.6 Stream Function

3.7 簡單勢流 - 課本1: 4.5(4.18), 4.10; 課本2: 6.5, 6.6, 6.8, 6.9
3.7 Simple Potential Flows - JNN4.5,(4.18), 4.10 - SAH 6.5,6.6,6.8,6.9

3.8 圖形法
3.8 Method of Images

3.9 達朗伯特假說
3.9 D'Alembert's Paradox

3.10 環流的昇力 - 課本1: (4.13~4.16); 課本2: 6.7, 6.11
3.10 Lift Due to Circulation - JNN(4.13-4.16) - SAH 6.7,6.11

3.11 非穩態運動, 附加質量
3.11 Unsteady Motion, Added Mass

*3.12 細長體
*3.12 Slender-Body Approx.

4. 實際(黏性)流體 - 課本1: 2.4, 2.12, 2.5; 課本2: 5.7, 5.8, 7.1, 7.2
4. Real (Viscous) Fluid Flow - JNN 2.4,2.12,2.5 - SAH 5.7,5.8, 7.1,7.2

4.1 通過球體的流動
4.1 Flow Past a Sphere

4.2 通過平板的阻力
4.2 Drag on a Flat Plate

4.3 平面庫頁特流 - 課本1: 3.10~3.13; 課本2: 7.3, 7.4
4.3 Plane Couette Flow - JNN 3.10 - 3.13 - SAH 7.3,7.4

4.4 泊蘇葉流
4.4 Poiseuille Flow

*4.5 平板上的非穩態流
*4.5 Unsteady Flow over a Flat Plate

4.6 層流邊界層 - 課本1: 3.14~3.16; 課本2: 8.1~8.4
4.6 Laminar Boundary Layer - JNN 3.14 - 3.16 - SAH 8.1 - 8.4

4.7 紊流與雷諾應力 - 課本1: 3.17~3.21; 課本2: 8.9
4.7 Turbulent Flow, Reynolds' Stress - JNN 3.17 - 3.21 - SAH 8.9

4.8 紊流邊界層
4.8 Turbulent Boundary Layer

5. 模型測試 - 課本1: 2.5, 2.6; 課本2: 5.7, 5.8, 8.10
5. Model Tests - JNN 2.5, 2.6 - SAH 5.7, 5.8, 8.10

5.1 穩態流
5.1 Steady Flow

5.2 非穩態流 - 課本1: 2.11, 2.9
5.2 Unsteady Forces - JNN 2.11, 2.9

*5.3 作用在船殼上的阻力
*5.3 Drag on a Ship Hull

6. 表面波 - 課本1: 2.3,(4.9), 6.0~6.2; 課本2: 11.1, 11.13
6. Surface Waves - JNN 2.3,(4.9), 6.0 - 6.2 - SAH 11.1, 11.13

6.1 引言
6.1 Introduction

6.2 小振幅波
6.2 Small Amplitude Waves

6.3 平面連續波
6.3 Plane Progressive Waves

6.4 波的分散 - 課本1: 6.3, (6.5), 6.6~6.8
6.4 Wave Dispersion - JNN 6.3, (6.5), 6.6 - 6.8

*6.5 質量傳輸
*6.5 Mass Transport

6.6 重疊
6.6 Superposition

6.7 群體速度, 波能量
6.7 Group Velocity, Wave Energy

6.8 二維船波, 波阻 - 課本1: 6.9, 6.10
6.8 2D Ship Waves, Wave Resistance - JNN 6.9, 6.10

*6.9 三維理想船波形態
*6.9 3D Ship Wave Pattern

6.10 作用於物體上的波力 - 課本1: 2.13, 2.14
6.10 Wave Forces on a Body - JNN 2.13, 2.14

7. 昇力表面 - 課本1: 2.7, 5.0, 5.1; 課本2: 6.11, 6.12
7. Lifting Surfaces - JNN 2.7, 5.0, 5.1 - SAH 6.11, 6.12

7.1 作用於薄片上的昇力和阻力
7.1 Lift and Drag of a Foil

7.2 二維昇力表面, 線性理論, 分析和設計問題- 課本1: 5.2~5.5; 課本2: 6.13
7.2 2D Lifting Surfaces, Linearized theory, Analysis & Design Probs - JNN 5.2 - 5.5 - SAH 6.13

*7.3 三維昇力表面 - 課本1: 5.8~5.10
*7.3 3D Lifting Surfaces - JNN 5.8 - 5.10

*7.4 螺旋槳- 課本1: 2.8, 2.10
*7.4 Propellers - JNN 2.8, 2.10

JNN表Newman所著之《海洋流體力學》
JNN - Newman, MARINE HYDRODYNAMICS

SAH表Sabersky、Acosta、Haouptmann與Gates合著之《流體的流動》,第4版
SAH - Sabersky, Acosta, Haouptmann & Gates, FLUID FLOW, 4th Ed.

*表進階課程
* - Mark for advanced subjects



講稿1 (PDF)
Lecture 1 (PDF)
講稿2 (PDF)
Lecture 2 (PDF)
講稿3 (PDF)
Lecture 3 (PDF)
講稿4 (PDF)
Lecture 4 (PDF)
講稿5 (PDF)
Lecture 5 (PDF)
講稿6 (PDF)
Lecture 6 (PDF)
講稿7 (PDF)
Lecture 7 (PDF)
講稿8 (PDF)
Lecture 8 (PDF)
講稿9 (PDF)
Lecture 9 (PDF)
講稿10 (PDF)
Lecture 10 (PDF)
講稿11 (PDF)
Lecture 11 (PDF)
講稿12 (PDF)
Lecture 12 (PDF)
講稿13 (PDF)
Lecture 13 (PDF)
講稿14 (PDF)
Lecture 14 (PDF)
講稿15 (PDF)
Lecture 15 (PDF)
講稿16 (PDF)
Lecture 16 (PDF)
講稿17 (PDF)
Lecture 17 (PDF)
講稿18 (PDF) - 講稿18A (PDF)
Lecture 18 (PDF) - Lecture 18A (PDF)
講稿19 (PDF)
Lecture 19 (PDF)
講稿21 (PDF)
Lecture 21 (PDF)
講稿22 (PDF)
Lecture 22 (PDF)
講稿23 (PDF)
Lecture 23 (PDF)
講稿25 (PDF)
Lecture 25 (PDF)


課 筆記
實習2: 控制體積分析
Recitation 1: Calculus Review
(PDF)
實習2: 控制體積分析
Recitation 2: Control Volume Analysis
(PDF)
實習3: 控制體積(續前次), 因次分析
Recitation 3: Control Volume (cont.), Dimensional Analysis
(PDF)
實習4: 習題檢討
Recitation 4: Problem Review
(PDF)
實習5: 第一次測驗前複習, 勢流
Recitation 5: Quiz 1 Review, Potential Flow
(PDF)
實習6: 勢流(續前次)
Recitation 6: Potential Flow (cont.)
(PDF)
實習7: 附加質量, 細長體理論
Recitation 7: Added Mass, Slender Body Theory
(PDF)
實習8: 第二次測驗前複習, 邊界層
Recitation 8: Quiz 2 Review, Boundary Layers
(PDF)
實習9: 模型測試, 非穩態效應
Recitation 9: Model Testing, Unsteady Effects
(PDF)
實習10: 水波
Recitation 10: Water Waves
(PDF)
實習11: 水波(續前次)
Recitation 11: Water Waves (cont.)
(PDF)
實習12: 昇力表面
Recitation 12: Lifting Surfaces
(PDF)




實驗注意事項
Lab Information

本課程包含實驗部分。實驗地點位於麻省理工學院的拖曳水槽和螺旋槳軸道。本實驗部分每年都設計用來結合課程資訊以成為整套的課程內容。之前本實驗內容包含:

There is a lab section for this course. It takes place at the MIT Tow Tank and MIT Propeller Tunnel. The labs are designed each year to incorporate the information from the course into a complete package. Some labs from the previous years include:

作用於二維圓柱上的阻力
Drag on a 2D Cylinder 潛水艇
Submersible 潛水艇
Hull Tests 二維機翼
2D Airfoil 波力
Wave Forces

實驗需分組以協力工作,每組2或3人,每人需自行繳交獨立的實驗報告。一般而言,實驗佔學期總成績的10%。

Groups of 2 or 3 students are formed and the groups work together throughout the lab. Individual Lab reports are required. The lab portion is typically 10% of the final grade.

實驗報告規定 (PDF)
Lab Report Policy (PDF)




作業須知
Homework Policy

每次上課中皆會指派作業並且會說明何時應繳交。預定的繳交日將會以附頁加以告知。一般來說,當週及上週四所指派的作業必須在下週二的上課前繳交(假如周二為假日則改為周三繳交) 。
Homework problems will be assigned during each lecture. The scheduled due dates are given on the attached page. Generally, homework assigned on Tuesday of any given week and Thursday of the previousweek will be due before lecture the following Tuesday (or Wednesday if Tuesday is a holiday). 每隔一到二週助教會有一題具挑戰性的題目。此題為自由發揮不列入計分。在此鼓勵每位學生加入這個解題競賽,到了期末將會有獎金鼓勵。分別為:第一名一位$100,第二名兩位各$50,第三名五位各$10。
One TA Challenge problem will be assigned every 1 to 2 weeks. Completion of these problems is optional and not required. Every student is encouraged to join the competition for a prize at the end of the term by submitting their solutions. Three types of prizes will be given: 1 first prize worth $100, 2 second prizes worth $50 each; and 5 third prizes worth $10 each. 評分完成的作業將會在隔週的實習課發還。
Graded homework will be returned during the recitation a week after the due date. 遲交將不予計分。
No late homework will be graded. 對於分數有疑問的話需將作業先給評分者看,若不能的到任何的認同的話再將作業拿給助教審查。
Any questions concerning the grading of the homework should be brought first to the grader and then to the TA if no agreement can be made. 除非獲得教授或是助教的同意,否則學生在作業上需獨立完成且不得獲得任何特別的協助以避免不公平的情形發生。
Students are to work independently and without special aids that may be considered as an unfair advantage over others unless explicit prior permission is obtained from the instructor or TA.

實驗報告須知
Lab Report Policy

即使實驗依修課人數而定,分為二至三人一組,但實驗報告仍需每人繳交一份且為獨立完成。實驗佔學期總成績的10%,故請不要忽略。評分標準包含以下三點:

Lab reports are to be done on an individual basis, though labworkwill be done in groups of two or three depending on class size. Labs take up 10% of your final grade, and therefore should not be overlooked. There are three components to your overall lab grade:

預習實驗報告:預習實驗報告十分重要且不單僅僅是實驗前實驗資料的閱讀而已, 它可以提供在實驗前一個完整的思考。預習實驗報告無統一格式且須包含寫作者所認為必要的部分,像是實驗方法的大綱。假如有需要的話,應以表格方式呈現,這 樣做不僅會獲得較高的成績,同時使實驗更有效率。
Prelab report. Prelab reports are important not to just make you read the lab sheet before you walk into lab. They are an integral part of any lab to encourage thinking through the lab before actually doing the lab. Prelab reports are informal and should include any information you feel is necessary, a basic outline of your approach to the lab, and, if necessary, tables to record the information. This will not only increase your grade but increase your efficiency in the lab.
觀察紀錄:實驗其中的一部份為觀察其他組的實驗結果,並客觀的評論從中學到些什麼。藉此,毋需親自進行實驗即可得知實驗的可行性。
Observations. As part of the lab you will be required to observe another group’s work and comment, objectively, on lesson’s you learned from watching them. By watching others, you will be able to seewhatwill andwon’tworkwithout the added pressure of actually performing the lab.
實驗報告:此為整個實作中的最終報告。其中包含預習實驗報告、觀察紀錄以及本次實驗的過程和結果的正式報告。
Lab Report. This is the final document on your entire lab experience. Itwill include your prelab report, observations, and FORMAL report of what happened in your lab and it's results.
問題集 作業檔案(補充問題在研習資料中)
問題集1
PS #1
(PDF)
問題集2A
PS #2A
問題集2B
PS #2B
(PDF)
(PDF)
問題集3A
PS #3A
問題集3B
PS #3B
(PDF)
(PDF)
問題集4A
PS #4A
問題集4B
PS #4B
(PDF)
(PDF)
問題集5A
PS #5A
問題集5B
PS #5B
(PDF)
(PDF)
挑戰題1 – 不列入計分
Challenge #1 -OPTIONAL*
(PDF)
問題集6
PS #6
(PDF)
問題集7A
PS #7A
PFLOW 使用說明
PFLOW TUTORIAL
(PDF)
(PDF)
問題集7B
PS #7B
PFLOW作業1
PFLOW HW#1
(PDF)
(PDF)
問題集8A
PS #8A
問題集8B
PS #8B
(PDF)
(PDF)
問題集9A
PS #9A
問題集9B
PS #9B
(PDF)
(PDF)
問題集10A
PS #10A
問題集10B
PS #10B
(PDF)
(PDF)
問題集11A
PS #11A
問題集11B
PS #11B
(PDF)
(PDF)
問題集11B
PS #12
(PDF)
問題集13A
PS #13A
問題集13B
PS #13B
(PDF)
(PDF)
挑戰題2
Challenge #2
挑戰題3 – 不列入計分
Challenge #3 - OPTIONAL*
(PDF)
(PDF)
問題集14A
PS #14A
(PDF)


 

課程單元 配分
小考1 (1.5 小時)
Quiz 1 (1.5 hrs)
20%
小考2 (1.5 小時)
Quiz 2 (1.5 hrs)
20%
期末考 (3 小時)
Final Exam (3 hrs)
(期末考須知)
(Final Exam information
)
30%



軟體
Software

在本課程中,學生可使用兩套軟體來增進對課程概念的了解並使用它們來完成作業。
For this course, two software packages were developed to help students to understand concepts and of course to do homework.

這兩套軟體為:
These two software packages are:

PFLOW-2.5 AMASS
補充問題 (PDF)
Supplemental Problems (PDF)
留下您對本課程的評論
標題:
您目前為非會員,留言名稱將顯示「匿名非會員」
只能進行20字留言

留言內容:

驗證碼請輸入9 + 6 =

標籤

現有標籤:1
新增標籤:


有關本課程的討論

目前暫無評論,快來留言吧!

Creative Commons授權條款 本站一切著作係採用 Creative Commons 授權條款授權。
協助推廣單位: