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課程來源:MIT
     
17.148 全球化的政治經濟學(2006年春季)
17.148 Political Economy of Globalization, Spring 2006


翻譯:郭安怡
編輯:高民芳、馬景文

Young girls in India practice their computer skills.
年輕的印度女孩在電腦中心學習電腦知識。(Nina Minka拍攝,美國國際開發署授權提供)。

課程重點
本課程包含一個詳細的閱讀列表。

課程描述
這個研究生課程是為對政治經濟學和/或歐洲政治有一些瞭解的學生而設。目的在檢視國際經濟的變化及其調控體系如何與工業化民主國家的國內政治、政策制定以及政治經濟的制度結構互相影響。

教學大綱
這個研究生課程是為對政治經濟學和/或歐洲政治有一些瞭解的學生而設。目的在檢視國際經濟的變化及其調控體系如何與工業化民主國家的國內政治、政策制定以及政治經濟的制度結構互相影響。

首先我們以歷史角度研究19世紀和20世紀初期這一類問題,然後研究近年來和“全球化”有關的貿易和資金流動激增,並探討其是否與過去不同,這如何影響國內政治和政策制定,以及是否有其他壓力存在。我們探究民族國家在面對這些發展時能夠做出的反應,以及這對國家和社會有什麼含意。

本課程的目標是檢視眾多文獻中一些最有爭議的觀點,以建立關鍵事實以及對其研究的有效方法。

課程閱讀著重西歐事例,但討論會包含適用於整個工業化世界的一般性問題。

強烈推薦閱讀Martin Wolf《全球化為什麼可行》(簡體譯本)余江譯,中信出版社,2008年。ISBN: 9787508612232, 750861223X. Why Globalization Works. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2004. ISBN: 0300102526.

評分
學生需要準備和課程主題相關的一份研究報告,或撰寫基於課程閱讀的兩篇短文(12到15頁)。評分以此為據,並參考課堂討論中的表現。
 

教學時程,相關閱讀資料

1      第一次全球化
O'Rourke, K. H., and J. G. Williamson.《全球化與歷史》Globalization and History. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1999. ISBN: 0262650592

Bordo, M., B. Eichengreen, and D. Irwin. 〈今日的全球化與百年前的全球化是否真的不同?〉"Is Globalization Today Really Different than Globalization 100 years Ago?" 美國國家經濟研究局研究論文National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper No. 7195, 1999.

2      貿易與政治
Rogowski, Ronald. 〈政治的分裂和受貿易影響的變化〉"Political Cleavages and Changing Exposure to Trade."《美國政治學評論》American Political Science Review 1987年12月,第4號: 第1121-1137頁。

(簡體譯本)《艱難時世下的政治——五國應對世界經濟危機的政策比較》袁明旭、朱天飆,吉林出版社,(預計2009年出版)
Gourevitch, Peter. Politics in Hard Times。Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1986, chapters 1-4. ISBN: 0801494362.

Goldstein, Judith.〈思路,機構和美國貿易政策〉"Ideas, Institutions and American Trade Policy." 《國際組織》International Organization 42, no. 1 (1998年冬): 第179-217頁

3      貿易與戰後增長系統
Eichengreen, Barry. 〈機構與經濟增長:二戰後的歐洲〉"Institutions and Economic Growth: Europe after World War II.",於Nicholas Crafts和Gianni Toniolo編輯.《1945年後的歐洲經濟增長》Economic Growth in Europe since 1945. 英國劍橋: 劍橋大學出版社, 1997, 第38-72頁. ISBN: 052149964X.

Shonfield, Andrew. 《現代資本主義》Modern Capitalism 英國倫敦:牛津大學出版社, 1969, 第1-5章. ISBN: 0192870017.

Ruggie, John.〈國際機制,交流與變化:戰後秩序內含的自由主義〉"International Regimes, Transactions, and Change: Embedded Liberalism in the Postwar Order."《國際組織》International Organization 36, No.2(198年春),第379-415頁

Milward, Alan S.《民族國家的歐洲式拯救》The European Rescue of the Nation State紐約:Routledge, 2000, 第1,2與4章 ISBN: 041521629X.

4      戰後世界的貿易與發展
世界銀行〈戰後世界的貿易與發展〉《東亞奇跡的反思》(簡體譯本)王玉清、朱文暉譯;中國人民大學出版社,2003 年, 概述與第1-3章. ISBN: 7300043410.
The World Bank. "Trade and Development in the Postwar World." Rethinking the East Asian Miracle. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 1993, Overview, and chapters 1-3. ISBN: 0195209931.

斯蒂格利茨與尤素福《東亞奇跡的反思》(簡體譯本)王玉清,朱文暉等譯;中國人民大學出版社,2003年;ISBN:7300043410
Stiglitz, J., and S. Yusuf. Rethinking the East Asian Miracle紐約:世界銀行出版社, 2001, 第9-11章. ISBN: 0195216008.

Moran, T., E. Graham, and M. Blomstrom. 《外商直接投資是否促進發展?》Does Foreign Direct Investment Promote Development? 華盛頓,哥倫比亞特區:國際經濟研究所 Institute for International Economics。2005, 第2,8,11與14章 ISBN: 0881323810.

5      逐漸分化的生產系統
Sturgeon, Timothy. 〈模組生產網絡:產業組織的新美國模型〉"Modular Production Networks: A New American Model of Industrial Organization."《產業與公司變革》Industrial and Corporate Change 11, no. 3 (2002).

Gourevitch, P., R. E. Bohn, and D. McKendrick. 〈我們是誰?生產硬碟驅動器產業的國籍〉"Who is Us? The Nationality of Production in the Hard Disk Drive Industry." ;資料存儲產業全球化專案工作文件Data Storage Industry Globalization Project Working Paper第97-01號;UCSD.

Steinfeld, E. 〈中國企業發展和國際統合的挑戰〉 "Chinese Enterprise Development and the Challenge of Global Integration." MIT-IPC-02-001.

6      國際機構
Helliner, Eric. 《國家與全球金融的重現》States and the Re-emergence of Global Finance.紐約:康奈爾大學出版社,1994,第1-4章,第9章。ISBN: 0801428599.

Abdelal, Rawi. 《資本規則:制度和國際貨幣系統》Capital Rules: Institutions and the International Monetary System,麻省,劍橋:哈佛大學出版社, 第1, 6, 7和8章. (即將出版)

7      分化與發展
卡普林斯基《夾縫中的全球化─貧困和不平等中的生存與發展》(簡體譯本)顧秀林譯;第3與6章;知識產權出版社,2008年;ISBN:7802470064
Kaplinsky, Raphael. Globalization, Poverty and Inequality.麻省,摩頓:Polity Press, 2005, Ch.3 and 6. ISBN: 0745635547.
 

8      全球化與體制同化
Hall, Peter A., and David Soskice. 《資本主義的類型》The Varieties of Capitalism. 英國,倫敦:牛津大學出版社, 2001, 第1-68頁. ISBN: 0199247757.

Gourevitch, Peter, and James Shinn. 《政治權力與企業控制》Political Power and Corporate Control.新澤西,普林斯頓:普林斯頓大學出版社, 2005, 第1,2與第4-7章 ISBN: 0691122911.

9      不平等與失業:全球化效果?
Iversen, Torben, and Anne Wren.〈平等,就業和預算約束:服務型經濟體系的三重困境〉"Equality, Employment and Budgetary Restraint: The Trilemma of the Service Economy."《世界政治》World Politics 50, no. 4 (1998年7月): 第507-546頁

Burtless, Gary. 〈國際貿易和收入不平等的興起〉"International Trade and the Rise in Earnings Inequality."《經濟文獻期刊》Journal of Economic Literature (1995年6月號)800-16.

Sala-i-Martin, Xavier. 〈令人不安的全球收入不平等‘興起’〉"The Disturbing 'Rise' of Global Income Inequality."國家經濟研究局研究論文National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper No. 8904,  2004年4月.

10    優厚福利國家的終結?
Levy, Jonah.〈缺點變成優點:歐洲大陸漸進式政治與福利改革〉"Vice into Virtue: Progressive Politics and Welfare Reform in Continental Europe."《政治與社會》Politics and Society 27, no. 2 (1999年6月): 第239-273頁.

Swank, Duane.《全球資本,政治制度與福利發達國家的政策變化》Global Capital, Political Institutions, and Policy Change in Developed Welfare States 英國劍橋大學出版社, 2002, 第 1, 7與 8章. ISBN: 0521001447.

Lindert, Peter.《不斷增長的公共開支》Growing Public 英國劍橋:牛津大學出版社, 2004, 第1, 10與 11章. ISBN: 0521529166.

11    全球化與創新
Zysman, John and Abraham Newman《數位革命究竟有多革命?》How Revolutionary Was the Digital Revolution? Stanford, CA: 斯坦福大學出版社, 2006, 導讀與第1-4章,ISBN: 0804753350. (Forthcoming)

Ornston, Darius與Olli Rehn. 〈‘新’經濟的舊共識?〉  "An Old Consensus in the 'New' Economy?" 於Zysman, John與 Abraham Newman編輯《數位革命究竟有多革命?》How Revolutionary Was the Digital Revolution?;Stanford, CA:斯坦福大學出版社, 2006, 導讀與第1-4部分. ISBN: 0804753350. (Forthcoming)

Levy, Jonah. 《國家主義後的國家:自由化年代的國家新行為》The State after Statism: New State Activities in the Age of Liberalization 美國麻州劍橋:哈佛大學出版社, 2006. (即將出版)

12    全球化與政治
Frieden, Jeffry. 〈利益攸關:全球金融世界中的國家經濟政策的政治〉"Invested Interests: The Politics of National Economic Policies in a World of Global Finance." 《國際組織》International Organization 45 (1991): 第425-451頁.

Scheve, Kenneth, and Matthew Slaughter. 〈什麼決定個別貿易政策優先?〉"What Determines Individual Trade Policy Preferences?"國家經濟研究局工作文件National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper第6531號,1998年4月

Ancelovici, Marcos.〈組織反對全球化:法國「金融交易徵稅濟民協會ATTAC」案例〉,"Organizing Against Globalization: The Case of ATTAC in France."《政治與社會》Politics and Society 30, no. 3 (2002年9月): 第427-463頁.

作業
關於作業,學生有兩個選擇:寫兩份基於課程閱讀材料的短文(12-15頁),或撰寫一份研究報告。以下是一份短文作業示例。

短文1
研討會比較二戰後西歐和眾多“東亞奇跡”後發國家的國家政策在促進增長與發展的角色。生產方式從以前大部分產品在國界之內縱向一體化的企業中生產,已經改變為模組化生產、外包和離岸業務使生產分化,生產活動突破國界重新分配,類似的政策在今天是否仍能作用?請回顧並評論歐洲和東亞案例中國家的角色,並評估這些政策成功是否取決於某一特定的生產系統。經濟的科技和組織基礎與國家政策之間是否需要特定的“配合”?如果需要,你認為在促進增長和發展中,國家現今的角色有何含義?

你可以選擇論文集中在工業化較高的國家或發展中國家的經濟。如選擇前者,集中在西歐國家例子的教訓;如是後者,則集中在東亞國家的經驗。無論選擇哪一項,關鍵是檢視在早期生產系統和國家政策之間的配合情況,並考慮過去15年中生產的變化可能如何影響國家政策的效應。顯然同時間還有很多其他事物已改變(貿易,資本流動,新競爭者等),但你的文章辯題要盡可能集中在你比較的兩個時期的生產組織,以及生產的變化如何影響國家行動的範疇。

文章應有12到15頁。不需要閱讀超出教學大綱直至第七課佈置的研究或閱讀。文章應在第七課開始時提交。

(中譯網頁完)

(Picture caption)Young girls in India practice their computer skills at a computer center. (Photo by Nina Minka. Courtesy of U.S. Aid.)

Course Highlights

This course features a detailed reading list.

Course Description

This is a graduate seminar for students who already have some familiarity with issues in political economy and/or European politics. The objective is to examine the ways in which changes in the international economy and the regimes that regulate it interact with domestic politics, policy-making, and the institutional structures of the political economy in industrialized democracies.



Syllabus

Amazon logo When you click the Amazon logo to the left of any citation and purchase the book (or other media) from Amazon.com, MIT OpenCourseWare will receive up to 10% of this purchase and any other purchases you make during that visit. This will not increase the cost of your purchase. Links provided are to the US Amazon site, but you can also support OCW through Amazon sites in other regions. Learn more.


Description

This is a graduate seminar for students who already have some familiarity with issues in political economy and/or European politics. The objective is to examine the ways in which changes in the international economy and the regimes that regulate it interact with domestic politics, policy-making, and the institutional structures of the political economy in industrialized democracies.

We begin with an examination of these issues in historical terms during the 19th and early 20th centuries. We then consider the intensification of trade and financial flows in recent years associated with 'globalization' asking if these differ from past experience, how they affect domestic politics and policy-making, and whether other pressures are at work here. We enquire into the responses available to national states in the face of such developments and the implications of these responses for the state and society.

The objective is to examine some of the most provocative contribution in a large literature with a view to establishing the key issues and promising ways to investigate them.

Course readings emphasize the cases of Western Europe, but discussion will cover general issues applicable across the industrialized world.

Strongly recommended background reading: Amazon logo Martin Wolf. Why Globalization Works. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2004. ISBN: 9780300102529.



Grading

Students are required to prepare a research paper on topics related to the subject of the course or write two short essays (12-15 pages) based on course readings. The grade is based on these, with some allowance made for contribution to class discussion.





Calendar

Lec # Topics
I. The Challenge of International Integration in Historical Perspective
1 The First Globalization
2 Trade and Politics
II. International Economic Openness and Growth
3 Trade and the Postwar Growth System
4 Trade and Development in the Postwar World
5 Fragmenting Production Systems
6 International Institutions
III. Globalization and its Impact
7 Fragmentation and Development
8 Globalization and Institutional Convergence
9 Inequality and Unemployment: The Effects of Globalization?
10 The End of Generous Welfare States?
11 Globalization and Innovation
12 Globalization and Politics




Readings

Amazon logo When you click the Amazon logo to the left of any citation and purchase the book (or other media) from Amazon.com, MIT OpenCourseWare will receive up to 10% of this purchase and any other purchases you make during that visit. This will not increase the cost of your purchase. Links provided are to the US Amazon site, but you can also support OCW through Amazon sites in other regions. Learn more.

Lec # Topics Readings
I. The Challenge of International Integration in Historical Perspective
1 The First Globalization Amazon logo O'Rourke, K. H., and J. G. Williamson. Globalization and History. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2001. ISBN: 9780262650595.

Bordo, M., B. Eichengreen, and D. Irwin. "Is Globalization Today Really Different than Globalization 100 years Ago?" National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper No. 7195, 1999.
2 Trade and Politics Rogowski, Ronald. "Political Cleavages and Changing Exposure to Trade." American Political Science Review 81, no. 4 (December 1987): 1121-1137.

Amazon logo Gourevitch, Peter. Politics in Hard Times. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1986, chapters 1-4. ISBN: 9780801494369.

Goldstein, Judith. "Ideas, Institutions and American Trade Policy." International Organization 42, no. 1 (Winter 1998): 179-217.
II. International Economic Openness and Growth
3 Trade and the Postwar Growth System Amazon logo Eichengreen, Barry. "Institutions and Economic Growth: Europe after World War II." In Economic Growth in Europe since 1945. Edited by Nicholas Crafts and Gianni Toniolo. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1996, pp. 38-72. ISBN: 9780521499644.

Amazon logo Shonfield, Andrew. Modern Capitalism. London, UK: Oxford University Press, 1968, chapters 1-5. ISBN: 9780192870018.

Ruggie, John. "International Regimes, Transactions, and Change: Embedded Liberalism in the Postwar Order." International Organization 36, no. 2 (Spring 1982): 379-415.

Amazon logo Milward, Alan S. The European Rescue of the Nation State. New York, NY: Routledge, 2000, chapters 1, 2, and 4. ISBN: 9780415216296.
4 Trade and Development in the Postwar World Amazon logo The World Bank. "Trade and Development in the Postwar World." In Rethinking the East Asian Miracle. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 1993, Overview, and chapters 1-3. ISBN: 9780195209938.

Amazon logo Stiglitz, J., and S. Yusuf. Rethinking the East Asian Miracle. New York, NY: World Bank Press, 2001, chapters 9, 10, and 11. ISBN: 9780195216004.

Amazon logo Moran, T., E. Graham, and M. Blomström. Does Foreign Direct Investment Promote Development? Washington, DC: Peterson Institute, 2005, chapters 2, 8, 11, and 14. ISBN: 9780881323818.
5 Fragmenting Production Systems Sturgeon, Timothy. "Modular Production Networks: A New American Model of Industrial Organization." Industrial and Corporate Change 11, no. 3 (2002).

Gourevitch, P., R. E. Bohn, and D. McKendrick. "Who is Us? The Nationality of Production in the Hard Disk Drive Industry." Data Storage Industry Globalization Project Working Paper No. 97-01, UCSD.

Steinfeld, E. "Chinese Enterprise Development and the Challenge of Global Integration." MIT-IPC-02-001.
6 International Institutions Amazon logo Helliner, Eric. States and the Re-emergence of Global Finance. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1994, chapters 1-4, and 9. ISBN: 9780801428593.

Abdelal, Rawi. Capital Rules: Institutions and the International Monetary System. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, chapters 1, 6, 7, and 8. (Forthcoming)
III. Globalization and its Impact
7 Fragmentation and Development Amazon logo Kaplinsky, Raphael. Globalization, Poverty and Inequality. Malden, MA: Polity Press, 2007, chapters 3 and 6. ISBN: 9780745635545.
8 Globalization and Institutional Convergence Amazon logo Hall, Peter A., and David Soskice. The Varieties of Capitalism. London, UK: Oxford University Press, 2001, pp 1-68. ISBN: 9780199247752.

Amazon logo Gourevitch, Peter, and James Shinn. Political Power and Corporate Control. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2005, chapters 1, 2, and 4-7. ISBN: 9780691122915.
9 Inequality and Unemployment: The Effects of Globalization? Iversen, Torben, and Anne Wren. "Equality, Employment and Budgetary Restraint: The Trilemma of the Service Economy." World Politics 50, no. 4 (July 1998): 507-546.

Burtless, Gary. "International Trade and the Rise in Earnings Inequality." Journal of Economic Literature 33 (June 1995): 800-16.

Sala-i-Martin, Xavier. "The Disturbing 'Rise' of Global Income Inequality." National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper No. 8904, April 2004.
10 The End of Generous Welfare States? Levy, Jonah. "Vice into Virtue: Progressive Politics and Welfare Reform in Continental Europe." Politics and Society 27, no. 2 (June 1999): 239-273.

Amazon logo Swank, Duane. Global Capital, Political Institutions, and Policy Change in Developed Welfare States. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2002, chapters 1, 7, and 8. ISBN: 9780521001441.

Amazon logo Lindert, Peter. Growing Public. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2004, chapters 1, 10, and 11. ISBN: 9780521529167.
11 Globalization and Innovation Amazon logo Zysman, John and Abraham Newman. How Revolutionary Was the Digital Revolution? Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2006, introduction and parts 1-4. ISBN: 9780804753357. (Forthcoming)

Amazon logo Ornston, Darius and Olli Rehn. "An Old Consensus in the 'New' Economy?" In How Revolutionary Was the Digital Revolution? Edited by John Zysman and Abraham Newman. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2006, introduction and parts 1-4. ISBN: 9780804753357. (Forthcoming)

Levy, Jonah. The State after Statism: New State Activities in the Age of Liberalization. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2006. (Forthcoming)
12 Globalization and Politics Frieden, Jeffry. "Invested Interests: The Politics of National Economic Policies in a World of Global Finance." International Organization 45 (1991): 425-451.

Scheve, Kenneth, and Matthew Slaughter. "What Determines Individual Trade Policy Preferences?" National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper No. 6531, April 1998.

Ancelovici, Marcos. "Organizing Against Globalization: The Case of ATTAC in France." Politics and Society 30, no. 3 (September 2002): 427-463.




Assignments

In terms of assignments, students have two choices: either write two short essays (12-15 pages) based on course readings; or else, write a research paper. Below is an example of the first essay assignment.



Essay 1

The seminar has compared the role of state policies in promoting growth and development in West Europe after World War Two and in a number of late-developing countries during the “East Asian miracle.” Could similar policies work today-now that the organization of production has changed from one in which most production took place within vertically-integrated companies within national borders to a global economy in which modular production, outsourcing, and offshoring have fragmented production and redistributed activities across national borders? Please return to and review the arguments about the role of the state in the European and East Asian cases and assess whether the success of such policies depended on a particular production system. Does there need to be a particular “fit” between the technological and organizational basis of the economy and state policies? If so, what do you see as the implications for the role of the state today in promoting growth and development?

You may choose to focus the essay on either more advanced industrial countries or on developing country economies. If you choose the former, focus on the lessons from West European cases; if the latter, focus on the lessons from the East Asian countries. In either case, the point is to look at the fit between the production system and state policies in the earlier period and to consider how changes in production over the past fifteen years might affect the impact of state policies. Obviously much else has changed at the same time [trade, capital flows, new competitors, etc] but to the extent possible concentrate the argument of your essay on the organization of production in the two periods you compare and on how changes in production affect the sphere for state action.

The paper should be 12-15 pages long. No research or reading beyond that assigned in the syllabus up through Lecture 7 is required. The paper is due at the start of class on Lecture 7.


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Anonymous, 2015-03-05 22:49:34

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