MyOOPS開放式課程
請加入會員以使用更多個人化功能
來自全球頂尖大學的開放式課程,現在由世界各國的數千名義工志工為您翻譯成中文。請免費享用!
課程來源:TED
     

[TED科技‧娛樂‧設計]演講集

 

Mary Roach談性高潮的十項隱祕

(演講對象是成人,觀看請考慮本身條件和當地法律限制。) 

Mary Roach: 10 things you didn't know about orgasm



2009年2月演講,2009年5月在TED上線

 

譯者:朱學恒

編輯:馬景文

字幕後期製作:朱學恒

字幕影片後製:謝旻均


2009年7月在OOPS上線

影片(繁體字幕)(簡體字幕


關於演講

《砰!科學與性的離奇結合》作者Mary Roach鑽研晦澀的科學研究,有些是幾百年前的,得出十項鮮為人知,令人拍案叫絕的性高潮結論,從希奇古怪到捧腹大笑都有。

 

關於講者

Mary Roach以前寫過死亡和死亡之後,現在寫性;她的主題是幾百年來人們最為困惑,但最不理解的謎團。(她蠻文筆風趣的。)

 

為什麼要聽她說?

Mary Roach是自由撰稿人和幽默作家,不經意涉足科學報導,喜歡提出一些我們感到迷惑但不好意思提出的問題。我們死了之後又如何?屍體腐爛有多快?屍體可否有性高潮?


她在Salon.com撰寫健康與身體專欄,加深她對死人的興趣;看她的屍體專欄的點擊率。她的著作《僵》(Stiff)和《幽靈》(Spook)是出自她為Salon〈死亡之旅〉專欄的研究(可惜專欄也被結束了)。她的新作《砰》(Bonk)游走於婦科醫學,性研究和成人用品產業。

除了她的冷面幽默(有時瘋狂),Roach愛好奇聲怪語,與科學專家對談時裝瘋扮假胡混過關,滿懷高興闖進一些古怪的現場:人造陽具工廠,性交時用超音波探測的商機。


「…她發掘有趣主題毛骨悚然的一面,把毛骨悚然變得盎然有趣。」Pamela Paul《紐約時報》

 

(OOPS註:這妙趣橫生的影片要配合畫面方得其精髓,本頁不轉錄字幕的文字版本。)

 

[TED科技‧娛樂‧設計] 已有中譯的TED影片目錄(繁體)(簡體)。請注意繁簡目錄是不一樣的。

 

參考資料

 

〈林行止專欄〉香港《信報》2008年10月24日

 

被《紐約時報》譽為「當代最具娛樂性的科學作家」瑪麗.羅奇的《交媾—稀奇古怪的性和科學交配》(Mary Roach :《Bonk-The Curious Coupling of Science and Sex》, W. W. Norton, 08),內容一如書名,既有從「交配」進化至「做愛」的考據(舉了大量趣味盎然絕對是樂而不淫的例子),復有各國醫生對性愛及其助興道具與藥物的考證及科學研究。本書是這位《國家地理雜誌》和《紐約時報雜誌》當紅作者花整整二年埋首典籍和走訪世界各地專家後寫成,是閒讀的佳構。今天「擇要」談談一點趣聞。

 

本書第六章專論台灣醫生如何「向醫治陽痿邁出創造性一步」,這名醫生,便是畢業於加州大學的Geng-Long Hsu,以為是許耕農,哪知為許耕榕,據鄭樹森教授代為打聽的資訊,許氏是「那話兒再造專家」,著有《雄風再起,威而鋼外新主張》(台北.三思堂,二 ○○○年),曾長期在基督復臨安息日會的台安醫院服務,現為台大醫院「顯微手術性功能重建中心」主任。羅奇女士萬里迢迢找上門,可見許氏在「那話兒再造界」已闖出大名。

 

筆者以為「有趣」的是,許大夫觀察過數以百計千奇百怪的「那話兒」後(其醫務所雪櫃〔冰箱〕仍藏數十具以待研究),得出其「態勢」屬「蔣中正」即屹然直立者絕無僅有,他對羅奇說:「男人大部分是共產黨(按題目的「老共」是指改革開放前的「舊共」,以別於此後政治左經濟些微偏右的「新共」),因為他們的那話兒都『左傾』;它們幾乎無例外地如日本人,終日大部分時間彎腰低頭;當它們卓然而立時,則如象鼻!」真是觀察入微之詞。

 

其他書評:()(

以下為系統擷取之英文原文

About this talk

"Bonk" author Mary Roach delves into obscure scientific research, some of it centuries old, to make 10 surprising claims about sexual climax, ranging from the bizarre to the hilarious. (This talk is aimed at adults. Viewer discretion advised.)

About Mary Roach

Death, the afterlife, and now sex -- Mary Roach tackles the most pondered and least understood conundrums that have baffled humans for centuries. (She's funny, too.) Full bio and more links

Interactive Transcript

Alright. I'm going to show you a couple of images from a very diverting paper in The Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine. I'm going to go way out on a limb and say that it is the most diverting paper ever published in The Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine. The title is "Observations of In-Utero Masturbation." (Laughter) Okay. Now on the left you can see the hand. Thats the big arrow. And the penis on the right. The hand hovering. And over here we have, in the words of radiologist Israel Meisner, "The hand grasping the penis in a fashion resembling masturbation movements." Bear in mind this was an ultrasound. So it would have been moving images.

Orgasm is a reflex of the autonomic nervous system. Now this is the part of the nervous system that deals with the things that we don't consciously control. Like digestion, heart rate, sexual arousal. And the orgasm reflex can be triggered by a surprisingly broad range of input. Genital stimulation. Duh. But also Kinsey interviewed a woman who could be brought to orgasm by having someone stroke her eyebrow. People with spinal cord injuries, like parapeligias, quadraplegias, will often develop a very very sensitive area right above the level of their injury. Wherever that is. There is such a thing as a knee orgasm, in the literature.

I think the most curious one that I came across was a case report of a woman who had an orgasm every time she brushed her teeth. (Laughter) This was something in the complex sensory-motor action of brushing her teeth was triggering orgasm. And she went to a neurologist who was fascinated. He checked to see if it was something in the toothpaste. But no, it happened with any brand. They stimulated her gums with a toothpick, to see if that was doing it. No. It was the whole, you know, motion. And the amazing thing to me is that now you would think this woman would like have excellent oral hygiene. (Laughter) Sadly she -- this is what it said in the journal paper -- "She believed that she was possessed by demons and switched to mouthwash for her oral care." It's so sad.

(Laughter)

I interviewed, when I was working on the book, I interviewed a woman who can think herself to orgasm. She was part of a study at Rutgers University. You gotta love that. Rutgers. So I interviewed her in Oakland, in a sushi restaurant. And I said, "So, could you do it right here?" And she said, "Yeah, but I'd rather finish my meal if you don't mind." (Laughter) But afterwards she was kind enough to demonstrate on a bench outside. It was remarkable. It took about one minute. And I said to her, "Are you just doing this all the time?" (Laughter) She said, "No. Honestly when I get home I'm usually too tired." (Laughter) She said that the last time she had done it was on the Disneyland tram.

(Laughter)

The headquarters for orgasm, along the spinal nerve, is something called the sacral nerve root. Which is back here. And if you trigger, if you stimulate with an electrode, the precise spot, you will trigger an orgasm. And it is a fact that you can trigger spinal reflexes in dead people. A certain kind of dead person, a beating-heart cadaver. Now this is somebody who is braindead, legally dead, definitely checked out, but is being kept alive on a respirator, so that their organs will be oxygenated for transplantation. Now in one of these braindead people, if you trigger the right spot you will see something every now and then. There is a reflex called the Lazarus reflex. And this is -- I'll demonstrate as best I can, not being dead. It's like this. You trigger the spot. The dead guy, or gal, goes ... like that. Very unsettling for people working in pathology labs.

(Laughter)

Now if you can trigger the Lazarus reflex in a dead person, why not the orgasm reflex? I asked this question to a brain death expert, Stephanie Mann, who was foolish enough to return my emails. (Laughter) I said, "So, could you concievably trigger an orgasm in a dead person?" She said, "Yes, if the sacral nerve is being oxygenated. You conceivably could." Obviously it wouldn't be as much fun for the person. But it would be an orgasm -- (Laughter) nonetheless. I actually suggested to -- there is a researcher at the university of Alabama who does orgasm research. I said to her, "You should do an experiment. You know? You can get cadavers if you work at a university." I said, "You should actually do this." She said, "You get the human subjects reviewboard approval for this one."

(Laughter)

According to 1930s marriage manual author, Theodore Van de Velde, a slight seminal odor can be detected on the breath of a woman within about an hour after sexual intercourse. Theodore Van de Velde was something of a semen connoisseur. (Laughter) This is a guy writing a book, "Ideal Marriage," you know. Very heavy hetero guy. But he wrote in this book, "Ideal Marriage," he said that he could differentiate between the semen of a young man, which he said had a fresh, exhilarating smell, and the semen of mature men, whose semen smelled quote, "Remarkably like that of the flowers of the Spanish chestnut. Sometimes quite freshly floral, and then again sometimes extremely pungent."

(Laughter)

Okay. 1999, in the state of Israel, a man began hiccuping. And this was one of those cases that went on and on. He tried everything his friends suggested. Nothing seemed to help. Days went by. At a certain point, the man, still hiccuping, had sex with his wife. And lo and behold, the hiccups went away. He told his doctor, who published a case report in a Canadian medical journal under the title, "Sexual Intercourse as a Potential Treatment for Intractable Hiccups." I love this article because at a certain point they suggested that unattached hiccupers could try masturbation. (Laughter) I love that because there is like a whole demographic. Unattached hiccupers. (Laughter) Married. Single. Unattached hiccuper.

In the 1900s, early 1900s gynecologists, a lot of gynecologists believed that when a woman has an orgasm the contractions serve to suck the semen up through the cervix and sort of deliver it really quickly to the egg. Thereby upping the odds of conception. It was called the "upsuck" theory. (Laughter) If you go all the way back to Hippocrates, physicians believed that orgasm in women was not just helpful for conception, but necessary. Doctors back then were routinely telling men the importance of pleasuring their wives. Marriage manual author and semen sniffer Theodore Van de Velde -- (Laughter) has a line in his book. I loved this guy. I got a lot of mileage out of Theodore Van de Velde. He had this line in his book, that supposedly comes from the Habsburg Monarchy. Where there was an empress Maria Theresa, who was having trouble conceiving. And apparently the royal court physician said to her, "I am of the opinion that the vulva of your most sacred majesty be titillated for some time prior to intercourse." (Laughter) It's apparently, I don't know, on the record somewhere.

Masters and Johnson: now we're moving forward to the 1950s. Masters and Johnson were upsuck skeptics. Which is also really fun to say. They didn't buy it. And they decided, being Masters and Johnson, that they would get to the bottom of it. They brought women into the lab. I think it was five women. And outfitted them with cervical caps containing artificial semen. And in the artificial semen was a radio-opaque substance, such that it would show up on an X-ray. This is the 1950s. Anyway these women sat in front of an X-ray device. And they masturbated. And Masters and Johnson looked to see if the semen was being sucked up. Did not find any evidence of upsuck. You may be wondering, "How do you make artificial semen?" (Laughter) I have an answer for you. I have two answers. You can use flour and water, or cornstarch and water. I actually found three separate recipes in the literature. (Laughter) My favorite being the one that says -- you know, they have the ingredients listed, and then in a recipe it will say, for example, "Yield: two dozen cupcakes." This one said, "Yield: one ejaculate."

(Laughter)

There's another way that orgasm might boost fertility. This one involves men. Sperm that sit around in the body for a week or more start to develop abnormalities that make them less effective at head banging their way into the egg. British sexologist Roy Levin has speculated that this is perhaps why men evolved to be such enthusiastic and frequent masturbators. He said, "If I keep tossing myself off I get fresh sperm being made." Which I thought was an interesting idea, theory. So now you have an evolutionary excuse.

(Laughter)

Okay.

(Laughter)

Alrighty. There is considerable evidence for upsuck in the animal kingdom. Pigs, for instance. In Denmark, the Danish National Committee for Pig Production found out that if you sexually stimulate a sow while you artificially inseminate her, you will see a six-percent increase in the farrowing rate, which is the number of piglets produced. So they came up with this plan. This five-point stimulation plan for the sows. And they had the farmers -- there is posters they put in the barn, and they have a DVD. And I got a copy of this DVD. (Laughter) This is my unveiling. Because I am going to show you a clip.

(Laughter)

So uh, okay. Now here we go in to the -- la la la, off to work. It all looks very innocent. He's going to be doing things with his hands that the boar would use his snout, lacking hands. Okay. (Laughter) This is it. The boar has a very odd courtship repertoire. (Laughter) This is to mimic the weight of the boar. (Laughter) You should know, the clitoris of the pig, inside the vagina. So this may be sort of titillating for her. Here we go. (Laughter) And the happy result. (Applause) I love this video. There is a point in this video, towards the beginning where they zoom in for a close up of his hand with his wedding ring, as if to say, "It's okay, it's just his job. He really does like women."

(Laughter)

Okay. Now I said -- when I was in Denmark, my host was named Anne Marie. And I said, "So why don't you just stimulate the clitoris of the pig? Why don't you have the farmers do that? That's not one of your five steps." She said -- I have to read you what she said, because I love it. She said, "It was a big hurdle just to get farmers to touch underneath the vulva. So we thought let's not mention the clitoris right now." (Laughter) Shy but ambitious pig farmers, however, can purchase a -- this is true -- a sow vibrator, that hangs on the sperm feeder tube to vibrate. Because, as I mentioned, the clitoris is inside the vagina. So possibly, you know, a little more arousing than it looks. And I also said to her, "Now these sows. I mean, you may have noticed there, The sow doesn't look to be in the throes of ecstasy." And she said, "You can't make that conclusion." Because animals don't register pain or pleasure on their faces, in the same way that we do. They tend to -- pigs, for example, are more like dogs. They use the upper half of the face. The ears are very expressive. So you're not really sure what's going on with the pig.

Primates, on the other hand, we use our mouths more. This is the ejaculation face of the stump-tailed macaque. (Laughter) And, interestingly, this has been observed in female macaques. But only when mounting another female.

(Laughter)

Masters and Johnson, in the 1950s, they decided, okay, we're going to figure out the entire human sexual response cycle. From arousal, all the way through orgasm, in men and women. Everything that happens in the human body. Okay, with women, a lot of this is happening inside. This did not stop Masters and Johnson. They developed an artificial coition machine. This is basically a penis camera on a motor. There is a phallus, clear acrylic phallus, with a camera and a light source, attached to a motor that is kind of going like this. And the woman would have sex with it. That is what they would do. Pretty amazing. Sadly, this device has been dismantled. This just kills me. Not because I wanted to use it. I wanted to see it.

(Laughter)

One fine day Alfred Kinsey decided to calculate the average distance traveled by ejaculated semen. This was not idle curiosity. Doctor Kinsey had heard -- and there was a theory kind of going around at the time, this being the 1940s, that the force with which semen is thrown against the cervix was a factor in fertility. Kinsey thought it was bunk. So he got to work. He got together in his lab 300 men, a measuring tape, and a movie camera. (Laughter) And in fact he found that in three quarters of the men the stuff just kind of slopped out. It wasn't spurted or thrown or ejected under great force. However, the record holder landed just shy of the eight foot mark. Which is impressive. (Laughter) (Applause) Yes. Exactly. (Laughter) Sadly, he's anonymous. His name is not mentioned.

In his write up, in his write up of this experiment in his book, Kinsey wrote, "Two sheets were laid down to protect the oriental carpets." (Laughter) Which is my second favorite line in the entire ouevre of Alfred Kinsey. My favorite being, "Cheese crumbs spread before a pair of copulating rats will distract the female, but not the male."

(Laughter)

Thank you very much.

(Applause)

Thanks!


留下您對本課程的評論
標題:
您目前為非會員,留言名稱將顯示「匿名非會員」
只能進行20字留言

留言內容:

驗證碼請輸入7 + 8 =

標籤

現有標籤:1
新增標籤:


有關本課程的討論

課程討論
1

Anonymous, 2015-07-02 23:05:12
課程討論
1
Anonymous, 2015-07-02 23:05:09
課程討論
1
Anonymous, 2015-07-02 23:04:57
課程討論
is good
Anonymous, 2014-12-14 13:54:59
課程討論
好想看T-T 性高潮~~
Anonymous, 2014-09-26 16:34:49
課程討論
網頁已移除,看不到演講:'-(
Anonymous, 2013-10-19 09:42:32
课程讨论
感谢翻译~~~请继续努力~~~
maweihao999, 2012-08-31 18:21:49
課程討論
很感謝 請繼續加油
Anonymous, 2012-01-30 14:47:59
课程讨论
猪的那个DVD超级搞笑
Sunnypan, 2011-03-28 16:53:02
課程討論
先說聲抱歉,如果打擾到您們。 誠摯告訴您一個機會:  你想致富嗎? 相信我 ! 這是一個已被眾多名人保證最有效, 低 門 檻 的 創 業 -> http://azyyeayzz.weebly.com/
workonet, 2010-10-13 15:51:53
課程討論
版 主 寫 的 每一篇 都很吸引我呢! 介紹一個已被證實 最 有 效 的 事 業 給 您 看看: 一個 被 證明 是 最優秀 的工具  ,可以達到您的 賺 錢 的 夢 想!  http://azyyeayzz.weebly.com/
workonet, 2010-09-30 11:35:45
課程討論
內容豐富 講的生動
g0o0d0, 2010-07-25 16:20:58
课程讨论
这是一个不容易发现的角落,非常感谢工作人员的分享和努力。三颗油服若母八特噢服卖哈特!
禾舀孑, 2010-05-30 18:42:24
課程討論
詳細的分析,淺顯易懂。
leon0419, 2010-02-28 21:43:15
課程討論
好!!!
Anonymous, 2009-10-31 21:43:15
文獻查證
一邊看演講,秉持著實證的精神,把Mary Roach文中提名帶姓而且可以在既有資料庫中作查證的都找過了。令人訝異的是,這些都是真有其事。 以下是三篇確切的醫學論文: Meizner I. Sonographic observation of in utero fetal "masturbation". J Ultrasound Med. 1987 Feb;6(2):111. Chuang YC, Lin TK, Lui CC, Chen SD, Chang CS. Tooth-brushing epilepsy with ictal orgasms. Seizure. 2004 Apr;13(3):179-82. Peleg R, Peleg A. Case report: sexual intercourse as potential treatment for intractable hiccups. Can Fam Physician. 2000 Aug;46:1631-2. 另外也很驚人的,第二篇刷牙會高潮的文章其實是台灣之光,長庚醫院的團隊。 如果你在學術機構工作,後面兩篇應該很容易可以拿到全文參閱,第一篇因為年代久遠,出版社沒有電子化,要去找紙本的才有了。
SillyDuck, 2009-09-18 08:48:13
課程討論
超級好笑!
Anonymous, 2009-08-01 17:56:10

Creative Commons授權條款 本站一切著作係採用 Creative Commons 授權條款授權。
協助推廣單位: