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課程來源:MIT
     

21F.108/21F.158中文II(快班)(2006年春季)

21F.108/21F.158 Chinese II (Streamlined), Spring 2006

 

譯者:杜雪

編輯:陳盈,馬景文

 

World in Chinese.

課堂小測的中文字。(圖片由Jin Zhang教授提供。)

 

課程重點

這門課提供詳細的作業描述和有用的相關資源。

 

課程描述

這門課連同在之前秋季開設的21F.107/21F.157中文I(當代中文),是當代中文系列的初級水平課程。該課程為那些處於初學階段的學生設計。他們成長於中文環境,學會基本會話能力,但是沒有與之相應的讀寫能力。這課程的重點在於學習日常用語的標準表達,閱讀繁體和簡體漢字,以及寫作。

 

技術需求

使用Microsft Windows的Microsoft Internet Explorer(5.0版以上):
由工具欄的“查看VIEW”中選擇“編碼Encoding”…“自動選擇AutoDetect”…或“中文自動選擇Chinese AutoSelect”

使用Microsft Windows的Netscape (7.0版以上):
由工具欄的“查看VIEW”選擇“字體編碼Encoding”…“自動選擇AutoDetect”…“中文Chinese”

使用Macintosh OS 9 或 X的Microsoft Internet Explorer (5.0版以上):
由工具欄的“查看VIEW”中選擇“字體設置CharacterSet”…“中文Chinese(自動選擇AutoDetect)”

使用Macintosh OS 9 或 X的Netscape (7.0版以上):
由工具欄的“查看VIEW”中選擇“字體編碼Coding”…“自動選擇AutoDetect”…“中文Chinese”

使用Macintosh OS 9 或 X的Safari:
由工具欄的“查看VIEW”中選擇“文本編碼Text Encoding”……“中文Chinese”(ISO-2022-JP)

漢字和拼音

希望學生能夠閱讀以繁體或簡體漢課文,可以任選一種字體寫作。

隨時都可以使用〈漢語使用者漢語拼音〉Hanyu Pinyin for Mandarin Speakers網站來指導正確發音。

 

課程

課堂活動包括討論課文內容,以課文內容為基礎進行簡短的角色扮演,練習一些相關的語法結構,以及幾乎每天都有測驗。

 

寫作:選擇課堂上介紹的其中一種漢字學習,但同時要求能辨認繁體和簡體。至於寫作,可以憑自己喜好選其中一種,繁體或簡體均可。

 

評分

 

課堂活動

百分率

課堂表現

(出席率 5%,活躍程度 3%,預習 5%以及參與程度 12%)

25%

書面作業

25%

雙周測驗

30%

聽寫及詞彙小測

10%

期末作文(兩頁長,雙倍行距,Microsoft®word 16號字體。)

10%

 

A = 100-95; A- = 94-90; B+ = 89-87; B = 86-83; B- = 82-80; C+ = 79-76; C = 75-70; C- = 69-60; F = below 60以下

 

出席率和課堂活躍程度是基本要求。一周內超過三次無故曠課降一級;嚴重遲到視為曠課。如能向導師出示醫生證明或者學院導師證明,缺席不列作無故曠課。

其他的因素也可能會影響成績,例如學期中的進步、停滯或退步,以及較之起始階段的進步程度。

沒有補考機會。如果你不能按時進行測驗,必須告訴教員安排提前測驗。

這學期沒有期末考試。

遲交的作業也會批閱,但不會得分。

 

期末作文

評分(5%)

內容:5分(有說服力/有吸引力)

語言熟練程度:3分(作文適當運用語法,句型結構和詞彙)

整體結構:2分(注意一致與連貫;確保每段各有重點,段與段之間合乎邏輯互相關聯)

 

上交時間

在第38次課之後一天下午4點之前交到教員辦公室。可以通過電子郵件附件提交作業,之後會收到確認通知。歡迎提前提交。

 

文章長度

不少於兩整頁的打印紙,雙倍行距, Microsoft®word 16號字體,保留1英寸的邊白,或用相關資源部分中的原稿紙,不少於5整頁。

 

題目

你可以從以下兩個題目選擇一個:

 

選擇1:從中國人重視的品格看中國文化。

以書上所學的內容為基礎(可用《大學語文》卷1的例子),通過觀察中國人特別重視的品格總結中國文化的一些特點。

 

選擇2:中國人對世界的貢獻。

用書上的例子(可用《大學語文》卷1的例子)寫中國人對世界作出的貢獻。

 

修課建議

不要把學習外言當作苦差;如果是這樣的話,你應該認真思考為什麼你要修這門課。無論外語還是半母語,都是需要注意力和專注力去學習的學科,需要極高度專注,有系統,按部就班的方法。事實上,這是永無終點的過程,牽涉到把不斷累積的資料(字彙)應用到錯綜複雜的架構(文法)。正因如此,外語學習常令人受挫,也因此需要耐心面對。但是懂得一門語言會帶來一輩子的滿足感。如果你修讀這門課,只是想著如何少付出就可以通過,或者你只關心你會得到怎麼分數,而不是你學到什麼,那麼你不會成功。然而如果你是帶著專注和正面的態度修讀這門課,我保證你將會獲得源自貨真價實的知識和技能帶來的滿足感。

 

教學時程

本書有簡體和繁體兩個版本,選擇你需要的一種

Li, Duanduan, et al. 《進階中文初學者初級讀本》A Primer for Advanced Beginners of Chinese. Vol. 2. New York, NY: Columbia University Press, 2003, 2004. ISBN: 0231125577, 0231135858. (以下簡稱PC)

Chou, Chih-p'ing, Perry Link, and Ying Wang. 《噢,中國!進階現代中文初學者初級讀本》Oh, China! Elementary Reader of Modern Chinese for Advanced Beginners. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1997. ISBN: 0691058784. (以下簡稱OC)

 

周一

周三

周五

1

 

第一講:課程介紹

第二講:PC11 中國的十二生肖

2

第三講:PC11 (續)

第四講:PC12 中國的春節

第五講:PC12(續)

3

第六講:複習PC11和PC12

第七講:小測1

第八講:PC13《紅樓夢》的故事

4

第九講:PC13(續)

第十講:PC14 少林武藝

第十一講:PC14(續)

5

第十二講:複習PC13和PC14

 

第十三講:小測2

第十四講:PC15 孔子

6

第十五講:PC15(續)

第十六講:PC16 孟子的故事

第十七講:PC16(續)

7

第十八講:PC15 和複習PC16

第十九講:小測3

第二十講:PC17 蠶的故事

8

第二十一講:PC17(續)

第二十二講:PC18 中國的茶

第二十三講:PC18(續)

9

第二十四講:複習PC17 和PC18

第二十五講:小測4

第二十六講:PC19 中國的瓷器

10

第二十七講:PC19(續)

第二十八講:PC20 竹子的特性

第二十九講:PC20(續)

11

 

第三十講:複習PC19和PC20

第三十一講:小測5

12

第三十二講:OC19美國華裔

第三十三講:OC19(續)

第三十四講:OC25廣東省

13

第三十五講:OC25(續)

第三十六講:OC32

容閎:第一個獲得美國大學學士學位的中國人

第三十七講:OC32(續)

14

第三十八講:OC33

秋瑾:中國婦女革命的先驅

第三十九講:OC33(續)

 

 

作業

期末作文作業 (PDF

 

作業時間表

 

課前作業

課堂作業

1

 

課程介紹

閱讀練習(講義)

2

預習 第11課

 

閱讀第10-11頁的語法要點。

閱讀第12-13頁的句型和詞語用法。

學習第11課的詞彙。熟記第11課要求的生字(PDF)。確保你能認出第11課的其他字。

閱讀第5-6頁的課文。完成第5和7-8頁的練習。

閱讀第8-9頁的對話。

10道第11課課文和對話的正誤題

 

第11課 課文

第11課 對話

3

書面作業

(請隔行書寫,每頁預留1英寸的邊距。)

學習第12-13頁的句型和詞語用法並用每個短語或句型造句。把這些句子寫下,堂上交。

第17頁的寫作練習。

上交書面作業

第11課

第14-18頁練習

4

預習第12課

 

閱讀28-29頁的語法要點。

閱讀第30-31頁的句型和詞語用法。

學習第12課的詞彙。熟記第12課生字(PDF)。確保你能認出第12課的其他字。

閱讀第23-24頁的課文。做課本上第23和25頁的練習。

閱讀第26-27頁的對話。

聽寫第11課生字。

 

10道第12課課文和對話的正誤題。

 

第12課 課文

第12課 對話

5

書面作業

(請隔行書寫,每頁預留1英寸的頁邊距。)

 

學習第30-31頁的句型和詞語用法並用每個短語或句型造句。把這些句子寫下,堂上交。

第37頁的寫作練習。

上交書面作業

 

第12課

第32-38頁的練習

6

就以下兩個話題準備3分鐘講話

“我家人的生肖/屬相”

“我跟家人怎樣慶祝春節”

3分鐘講話

討論

7

複習第11和12課

 

確保可以憑記憶寫出生字(PDF)且能認出其它。複習語法要點,句型結構和詞語用法。

小測1

8

預習第13課

 

閱讀第49頁的語法要點。

閱讀第50-51頁的句型和詞語用法。

學習第13課詞彙。熟記第13課生字(PDF)。確保能認出第13課其他的字。

閱讀第43-44頁的課文。做課本上45-46頁的練習。在線的簡體字《紅樓夢》插圖版。

閱讀第47頁的對話1和第47-48頁的對話2。

10道第13課課文和對話的正誤題

 

13課 課文

13課 對話

9

書面作業

(請隔行書寫,每頁預留1英寸的頁邊距。)

 

學習第50-51頁的句型和詞語的用法,用每個短語或結構造句。把這些句子寫下,堂上交。

以“理想丈夫”或“理想妻子”為題寫作文,不少於一整頁雙倍行距。特別注意作文的整體結構。

上交書面作業

 

第13課

第52-56 頁的練習

10

預習第13課

 

閱讀第67頁的語法要點。

閱讀第68-69頁的句型和詞語用法。

學習第14課的詞彙。熟記第14課生字(PDF)。確保能認出第14課其他的字。

閱讀第61-62頁的課文。做課本上第63-64頁的練習。少林寺的官方網站

閱讀第65-66頁的對話。

聽寫第13課生字。

 

10道關第14課課文和對話的正誤題。

 

第14課 課文

第14課 對話

11

書面作業

(請在隔行書寫,每頁預留1英寸的頁邊距。)

 

學習第68-69頁的句型和詞語的用法並用每個短語或結構造句。把這些句子寫下,堂上交。

以“武術和功夫電影”為題寫作文,不少於一整頁雙倍行距。特別注意作文的整體結構。

上交書面作業

 

第14課

第32-38 頁的練習

12

就以下兩個話題準備3分鐘講話

 

〈理想丈夫〉和〈理想妻子〉

〈武術和功夫電影〉

聽寫第14課生字

3分鐘的講話

討論

13

複習第13和第14課

 

確保你能寫出生字(PDF)並且認出其他字。複習語法要點,句型和詞語用法。

小測2

14

預習第15課

 

閱讀第86-87頁的語法要點。

閱讀第88-89頁的句型和詞語用法。

學習第15課的詞彙。熟記該課生字(PDF)。確保能認出該課其他的字。

閱讀第81-82頁的課文。做課本上第81和83頁的練習。

閱讀第84頁的對話1和第84-85頁的對話2。

10道第15課課文和對話的正誤題

 

第15課 課文

第15課 對話

15

書面作業

(請隔行書寫,每頁預留1英寸的頁邊距。)

 

學習第88-89頁的句型和詞語的用法並用每個短語或句型造句。把這些句子寫下,堂上交。

以“最理想老師”為題寫作文。盡可能適合地多使用新單詞和句型,不少於一整頁雙倍行距。特別注意作文的整體結構。

上交書面作業

 

第15課

第90-94頁練習

16

預習第16課

 

閱讀第103-104頁的語法要點。

閱讀第105-106頁的句型和詞語用法。

學習第16課的詞彙。熟記該課生字(PDF)。確保能認出該課其他的字。

閱讀第98-99頁的課文。做課本上第98,100-101頁的練習。

閱讀第101-102頁的對話。

聽寫第15課生字。

 

10道第16課課文和對話的正誤題

 

第16課 課文

第16課 對話

17

書面作業

(請隔行書寫,每頁預留1英寸的頁邊距。)

 

學習第68-69頁的句型和詞語的用法並用每短語或結構造句。把這些句子寫下,堂上交。

盡可能合適地多使用新單詞和句型寫作文,闡述你對“我父母是怎樣教育我的”的觀點。特別注意作文的整體結構。

上交書面作業

 

第16課

第107-111頁的練習

18

就以下的兩個話題準備3分鐘的講話

 

“理想老師”和“理想學生”

“我父母是怎樣教育我的”

有什麼是你希望他們能夠用不同的方式來做的?為什麼?你認為人要學會些什麼才能成為“好”人?

聽寫第16課生字

 

3分鐘的講話

討論

19

複習第15和16課

 

確保你能寫出生字(PDF)並且認出其它字。複習語法要點,句型和詞語用法。

小測1

20

預習第17課

 

閱讀第125頁的語法要點。

閱讀第126-127頁的句型和詞語用法。

學習第17課的詞彙。熟記該課生字(PDF)。確保能認出該課其他的字。

閱讀第118-120頁的課文。做課本上第121-122頁的練習。

閱讀第123頁的對話。

10道第17課課文和對話的正誤題。

 

第17課 課文

第17課 對話

21

書面作業

(請隔行書寫,每頁預留1英寸的頁邊距。)

 

學習第126-127頁的句型和詞語的用法,用每短語或結構造句。把這些句子寫下,堂上交。

盡可能合適地多使用新單詞和句型寫一篇作文,寫你認為能夠代表中國獨特文化的事物,例如絲織品(但不要寫這個)。首先簡要概述一下它的歷史或歷史背景,接著解釋為什麼你認為它能代表中國的獨特文化。不少於一整頁雙倍行距。特別注意作文的整體結構。

上交書面作業

 

第17課

第128-133頁的練習

22

預習第18課

 

閱讀第145-146頁的語法要點。

閱讀第147-148頁的句型和詞語用法。

學習18課的詞彙。熟記該課生字(PDF)。確保能認出該課其他的字。

閱讀第139-140頁的課文。做課本上第141-142頁的練習。

閱讀第143頁的對話1和第144頁的對話2。

聽寫第17課生字。

 

10道第18課課文和對話的正誤題。

 

第18課 課文

第18課 對話

23

書面作業

(請隔行書寫,每頁預留1英寸的邊距。)

 

學習第147-148頁的句型和詞語的用法並用每短語或結構造句。把這些句子寫下,堂上交。

盡可能合適地多使用新單詞和句型寫一篇作文,以“我最喜歡的飲料”為題目。首先簡要概述一下它起源的故事(如果有的話,例如可口可樂的例子),接著解釋你為什麼最喜歡它。不少於一整頁雙倍行距。特別注意作文的整體結構。

上交書面作業

 

第18課

 

第149-154頁的練習

24

就以下兩個話題準備3分鐘的講話

 

“我認為最能夠代表中國獨特文化的東西”

“我最喜歡的飲料”

聽寫第18課生字

 

3分鐘的講話

 

討論

25

複習第17和18課

 

確保你能寫出生字(PDF)並且認出其他的字。複習語法要點,句型和詞語用法。

小測4

26

預習第19課

 

閱讀第165頁的語法要點。

閱讀第166-167頁的句型和詞語用法。

學習第156-158頁上的詞彙。熟記第19課生字(PDF)。確保能認出該課其他的字。

閱讀第159-160頁的課文。做課本上第161-162頁的練習。

閱讀第163-164頁的對話。

10道第19課課文和對話的正誤題。

 

第19課 課文

 

第19課 對話

27

書面作業

(請隔行書寫,每頁預留1英寸的頁邊距。)

 

學習第166-167頁的句型和詞語的用法並用每短語或句型造句。把這些句子寫下,堂上交。

盡可能合適地多使用新單詞和句型寫作文,寫你認為對人類社會產生巨大影響的發明或發現。首先簡要概述一下它的起源或歷史背景,接著解釋它對人類社會的影響。不少於一整頁雙倍行距。特別注意作文的整體結構。

上交書面作業

 

第19課

第168-174頁的練習

28

預習第20課

 

閱讀第184-186頁的語法要點。

閱讀第187-188頁的句型和詞語用法。

熟習第176-177頁的詞彙。熟記第20課生字(PDF)。確保能認出該課其他的字。

閱讀第178-179頁的課文。做課本第178-181頁的練習。

閱讀第182頁的對話1和第182-183頁的對話2。

聽寫第19課生字

 

10道第20課課文和對話的正誤題

 

第20課 課文

 

第20課 對話

29

書面作業

(請隔行寫作,每頁預留1英寸的頁邊距。)

 

學習第184-186頁的語法點並使用每個語境的表達造句。把這些句子寫下,堂上交。

學習第187-188頁上的句型和單詞用法。並且用每個短語或句型造句。手寫這些句子並於課堂內上交。

上交書面作業

 

第20課

 

第189-194頁的練習

30

就以下話題準備3分鐘的講話

 

 “對人類社會產生巨大影響的發明或發現”

聽寫第20課生字

3分鐘的講話

討論

31

複習第19和20課

 

確保你能寫出生字(PDF)並且認出其它的字。複習語法要點,句型和詞語用法。

小測5

 

你將拿到最後幾周的講義。

32

預習第19課《噢,中國!》(講義)

 

閱讀第312頁的語法注解。

閱讀第316-317頁的句型和詞語用法。

學習第313-315頁的詞彙。確保能認出第19課的字。

閱讀第308-311頁的課文。做課本上第178-181頁的練習。

瀏覽這些網站/網頁(如果瀏覽器不能識別這些字體代碼,去“查看VIEW”, “編碼Encoding”,選擇合適的編碼):“在加州的美國華人天使島中太平洋鐵路(用UTF-8編碼Encoding的中文版完全是“胡言亂語”,因為是由電腦程序翻譯的,很滑稽!)

10道第19課課文的正誤題。

 

討論第19課的課文

33

書面作業

(請隔行書寫,每頁預留1英寸的頁邊距。)

 

手寫第318頁練習1

上交作業

第19課

第318-319的練習

討論

34

預習第25課的《噢,中國!》

 

閱讀第386-387頁的句型和詞語用法。

學習第382-385頁的詞彙。確保能認出第25課的字。

閱讀第378-381頁的課文。

瀏覽這些網站/網頁:廣東廣東(官方網站);點心;廣東話(學習一些習語);臺山話客家話潮州話

10道關於第25課課文的正誤判斷題

 

討論第25課的課文

35

書寫作業

(請隔行書寫,每頁預留1英寸的頁邊距。)

 

手寫第388頁練習1。用這一課的新詞語和課文學到的知識對每個問題給出一個,而不是三個答案。

上交書面作業

 

第25課

第388-389頁的練習

討論

36

預習第32課《噢,中國!》

 

閱讀第468頁的語法注解。

閱讀第473-475頁上的句型和詞語用法。

學習第469-473頁的詞彙。確保能認出第32課的字。

閱讀第462-470頁的課文。

瀏覽這個網站:照片:容閎和120個中國學生

10道第32課課文的正誤題

 

討論第32課的課文

37

書面作業

(請隔行書寫,每頁預留1英寸的邊距。)

 

手寫第476頁的 練習2。

上交書面作業

第32課

第476-477頁練習

討論

20分鐘課程評估

38

預習第33課《噢,中國!》

 

閱讀第482頁的語法注解。

閱第讀488-489頁上的句型和詞語用法。

學習第483-487頁的詞彙。確保能認出第33課的字。

閱讀第478-481頁的課文。

瀏覽這些網站:照片:秋瑾(簡體中文編碼Encoding)

10道第33課課文的正誤題

 

討論第33課的課文

39

期末作文必須在下午4點之前上交。

歡迎提前提交。

第33課

第490-491頁的練習

討論

 

相關資源

 

以下是一些有趣實用的附加資源網頁。

〈普通話使用者的漢語拼音〉Hanyu Pinyin for Mandarin Speakers

 

簡體和繁體漢字的區別並不是想像中的那麼不同,因此我們要習慣閱讀它們。至於書寫,你可以任選一種。

 

麻省理工學院國際科學和科技首創計劃之〈麻省理工學院-中國計劃〉MIT-China Program

 

〈在線漢英字典〉Online Chinese-English Dictionary

 

原稿紙(PDF

以下為系統擷取之英文原文

21F.108 / 21F.158 Chinese II (Streamlined)

Spring 2006

World in Chinese.

Chinese text from class quiz. (Image by Prof. Jin Zhang.)

Course Highlights

This course features detailed assignment descriptions and useful related resources.

Course Description

This course, along with 21F.107 / 21F.157 Chinese I (Streamlined) offered in the previous fall, form the elementary level of the streamlined sequence, which is intended for students who, when they began the sequence at beginning level, had basic conversational skills (gained, typically, from growing up in a Chinese speaking environment), but lacked a corresponding level of literacy. The focus of the course is on learning standard usage of expressions for everyday use, on reading in both traditional and simplified characters, and on writing.

Technical Requirements

Microsoft Internet Explorer (version 5.0+) on Microsoft Windows:
From VIEW menu select Encoding... Auto Select... or
Chinese AutoSelect.

Netscape (version 7.0+) on Microsoft Windows:
From VIEW menu, select Character Coding...
AutoDetect… Chinese.

Microsoft Internet Explorer (version 5.0+) on Macintosh OS 9 or X:
From VIEW menu select Character
Set… Chinese (auto-detect)

Netscape (version 7.0+) on Macintosh OS 9 or X:
From VIEW menu select Character Coding...
AutoDetect… Chinese.

Safari on Macintosh OS X:
From VIEW menu select Text Encoding... Chinese
(ISO-2022-JP)





Syllabus

Course Description

This course, along with 21F.107 / 21F.157 Chinese I (Streamlined) offered in the previous fall, form the elementary level of the streamlined sequence, which is intended for students who, when they began the sequence at beginning level, had basic conversational skills (gained, typically, from growing up in a Chinese speaking environment), but lacked a corresponding level of literacy. The focus of the course is on learning standard usage of expressions for everyday use, on reading in both traditional and simplified characters, and on writing.



Characters and Pinyin

Students are expected to be able to read texts written in either the full or simplified sets of Chinese characters, and are free to choose either one in writing.

Access Hanyu Pinyin for Mandarin Speakers any time for a guide to Pinyin.



Class

Classroom activities will include discussing the content of the texts, using the texts as the basis for short role playing and performance, practicing some of the relevant grammatical patterns, and almost daily quizzes.

Writing: You will be asked to learn a selection of the characters introduced in the lesson, not all of them. And you will be asked to learn to recognize both simplified and full form characters from memory. For writing, you may choose one, full form or simplified, as you prefer.



Grading


Grading criteria. ACTIVITES PERCENTAGES
Class Performance (attendance 5%, promptness 3%, preparedness 5%, and participation 12%) 25%
Written Assignments 25%
Bi-weekly Tests 30%
Dictations and Vocabulary Quizzes 10%
End-of-term Essay (A 2-page Double-spaced Typewritten Paper Using Microsoft® Word; 16-point Font.) 10%



A = 100-95; A- = 94-90; B+ = 89-87; B = 86-83; B- = 82-80; C+ = 79-76; C = 75-70; C- = 69-60; F = below 60

Attendance and promptness is assumed; more than three unexcused absences (a week's worth) lowers your grade one letter; significant lateness will add up to absences. Absences will count as excused ones only if you provide a doctor's note or a note from your academic advisor to the instructor.

Other factors may come in to play, e.g. improvement versus stagnation or deterioration over the course of the semester, and progress relative to starting level.

There are no make-ups for quizzes and tests. If you cannot make the quizzes on time, you should talk to the instructor to make arrangements for you to take the quizzes before your classmates do.

There is no final examination this term.

Homework handed in late will be corrected, but will receive no credit.



End-of-term Essay

Grading (10% of class grade)

Content: 5 points (convincing / enticing)

Degree of sophistication of the language: 3 points (when appropriate, incorporate the grammar, sentence patterns, and vocabulary into your essay)

Over-all structure: 2 points (pay attention to coherence and cohesiveness; make sure each paragraph has a focus and the paragraphs relate to one another in a logical way)

Due

By 4 pm, one day after Lec #38 to the instructors' offices. E-attachments accepted. E-submissions will be acknowledged by email. Early submissions are welcome.

Length

No less than 2 full double-spaced typewritten pages using Microsoft® Word with 16-point font and 1-inch margins, or no less than 5 full pages, using the calligraphy sheet in the related resources section.

Topic

You may choose from one of the following two topics.

Option 1: Cóng Zhōngguórén Zhòngshì de Pĭn'gé Kàn ZhōngGuó Wénhuà 從中國人重視的品格看中國文化 || 从中国人重视的品格看中国文化 Based on what you have learned from the book (you may also use examples in Vol. 1 of Dàxué Yuwén), summarize some of the characteristics of Chinese culture by looking at the qualities (=pin'gé) Chinese people value highly.

Option 2: Zhōngguórén Duì Shìjiè de Gòngxiàn 中國人對世界的貢獻 || 中国人对世界的贡献 Using examples from the book (you may also use examples from Vol. 1 of Dàxué Yuwén), write about the contributions Chinese have made to our world.



Advice on Approaching the Class

Engaging in a language class should not feel like a chore that you resent having to perform. If it does, you should probably do some serious thinking about why you are enrolled. A language, foreign or semi-native, is a discipline to be studied with attention and dedication. It requires a high level of concentration, and a systematic, steady approach. It is, in fact, a never-ending process, which involves a consistent accumulation of data (vocabulary) to be applied within a complex framework (grammar). As such, learning a language is often frustrating and so it should be dealt with patiently. But the results provide lifelong satisfaction. If you approach this course by wondering how little work you can do and still get by, or if you approach this course by thinking only about what grade you are getting instead of what you are learning, then you will not succeed. If, however, you approach this class with dedication and a positive attitude, I guarantee that you will be rewarded with the satisfaction that comes from the genuine acquisition of knowledge and skill.





Calendar

Amazon logo When you click the Amazon logo to the left of any citation and purchase the book (or other media) from Amazon.com, MIT OpenCourseWare will receive up to 10% of this purchase and any other purchases you make during that visit. This will not increase the cost of your purchase. Links provided are to the US Amazon site, but you can also support OCW through Amazon sites in other regions. Learn more.

PC = Li, Duanduan, et al. A Primer for Advanced Beginners of Chinese. Vol. 2 (Dàxué Yuwén/大學語文/大学语文). New York, NY: Columbia University Press, 2003, 2004. ISBN: Amazon logo 0231125577, Amazon logo 0231135858.
There are two versions of this textbook: a simplified character version and a complex character version. Purchase whichever one you prefer.

OC = Amazon logo Chou, Chih-p'ing, Perry Link, and Ying Wang. Oh, China! Elementary Reader of Modern Chinese for Advanced Beginners. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1997. ISBN: 0691058784.


Calendar schedule. WEEK # MONDAYS WEDNESDAYS FRIDAYS
1   Session 1: Course Introduction Session 2: PC11 The Chinese Zodiac
2 Session 3: PC11 (cont.) Session 4: PC12 Chinese New Year Session 5: PC12 (cont.)
3 Session 6: PC11 and PC12 Review Session 7: Quiz 1 Session 8: PC13 The Story of The Dream of the Red Mansions
4 Session 9: PC13 (cont.) Session 10: PC14 Shaolin Martial Arts Session 11: PC14 (cont.)
5 Session 12: PC13 and PC14 Review Session 13: Quiz 2 Session 14: PC15 Confucius
6 Session 15: PC15 (cont.) Session 16: PC16 The Story of Mencius Session 17: PC16 (cont.)
7 Session 18: PC15 and PC16 Review Session 19: Quiz 3 Session 20: PC17 The Story of Silkworms
8 Session 21: PC17 (cont.) Session 22: PC18 Chinese Tea Session 23: PC18 (cont.)
9 Session 24: PC17 and PC18 Review Session 25: Quiz 4 Session 26: PC19 Chinese Porcelain
10 Session 27: PC19 (cont.) Session 28: PC20 The Character of Bamboo Session 29: PC20 (cont.)
11   Session 30: PC19 and PC20 Review Session 31: Quiz 5
12 Session 32: OC19 Chinese Descendents in the U.S. Session 33: OC19 (cont.) Session 34: OC25 Guangdong Province
13 Session 35: OC25 (cont.) Session 36: OC32 Yung Wing, the First Chinese Awarded the Bachelor's Degree from an American University Session 37: OC32 (cont.)
14 Session 38: OC33 Qiu Jin, A Pioneer in the Liberation of Chinese Women Session 39: OC33 (cont.)  




Readings

Amazon logo When you click the Amazon logo to the left of any citation and purchase the book (or other media) from Amazon.com, MIT OpenCourseWare will receive up to 10% of this purchase and any other purchases you make during that visit. This will not increase the cost of your purchase. Links provided are to the US Amazon site, but you can also support OCW through Amazon sites in other regions. Learn more.


Learning Materials

This course utilizes varied learning materials and media. These include:

Li, Duanduan, et al. A Primer for Advanced Beginners of Chinese. Vol. 2 (Dàxué Yuwén/大學語文/大学语文). New York, NY: Columbia University Press, 2003, 2004. ISBN: Amazon logo 0231135858, Amazon logo 0231125577.
There are two versions of this textbook: a simplified character version and a complex character version. Purchase whichever one you prefer.

Additional handouts in class. See assignments section for Web sites and other learning materials referenced in this course.

Films. See assignments section for specific details.





Assignments

Description of Final Essay Assignment (PDF)



Assignment Schedule


Assignment files. LEC # ASSIGNMENTS (BEFORE CLASS) ASSIGNMENTS (IN CLASS)
1   Course introduction

Reading exercises (handouts)
2 Preview L11

- Read grammatical points on pp. 10-11.
- Read sentence patterns and word usage on pp. 12-13.
- Study the L11 vocabulary. Learn the L11 Required Characters (PDF) heart. Make sure you know the other L11 characters by sight.
- Read the text on pp. 5-6. In your book, do the exercises on pp. 5, 7-8.
- Read the dialog on pp. 8-9.
10 true-or-false questions on L11 text and dialog

L11 text

L11 dialog
3 Written Assignments
(Please write on every other line and leave 1-inch margins for each piece of paper you use.)

- Study the sentence patterns and word usage on pp. 12-13 and create a sentence using each phrase or pattern. Write the sentences on a piece of paper and hand them in class.
- Writing exercise on p. 17.
Hand in your written assignments

L11 exercises on pp. 14-18
4 Preview L12

- Read grammatical points on pp. 28-29.
- Read sentence patterns and word usage on pp. 30-31.
- Study the L12 vocabulary. Learn the L12 Required Characters (PDF) by heart. Make sure you know the other L12 characters by sight.
- Read the text on pp. 23-24. In your book, do the exercises on pp. 23, 25.
- Read the dialog on pp. 26-27.
Dictation of L11 required characters. 10 true-or-false questions on L12 text and dialog.

L12 text

L12 dialog
5 Written Assignments
(Please write on every other line and leave 1-inch margins for each piece of paper you use.)

- Study the sentence patterns and word usage on pp. 30-31 and create a sentence using each phrase or pattern. Write the sentences on a piece of paper and hand them in class.
- Writing exercise on p. 37.
Hand in your written assignments

L12 exercises on pp. 32-38
6 Prepare a 3-minute talk on both of the following topics

- The Shengxiào/shuxiàng of My Family
- How I Celebrate Chunjié with My Family
3-minute talks

Discussions
7 Review L11 and L12

Make sure you can reproduce the Required Characters (PDF) from memory and recognize the other characters by sight. Also, review Grammatical Points, and sentence patterns and word usage.
Quiz 1
8 Preview L13

- Read grammatical points on p. 49.
- Read sentence patterns and word usage on pp. 50-51.
- Study the L13 vocabulary. Learn the L13 Required Characters (PDF) by heart. Make sure you know the other L13 characters by sight.
- Read the text on pp. 43-44. In your book, do the exercises on pp. 45-46. On-line Jiantizi Hóng Lóu Mèng picture book.
- Read dialog 1 on p. 47 and dialog 2 on pp. 47-48.
10 true-or-false questions on L13 text and dialog

L13 text

L13 dialogs
9 Written Assignments
(Please write on every other line and leave 1-inch margins for each piece of paper you use.)

- Study the sentence patterns and word usage on pp. 50-51 and create a sentence using each phrase or pattern. Write the sentences on a piece of paper and hand them in class.
- Write a composition entitled "The Ideal Husband" (Zuì Lixiang de Zhàngfu) or "The Ideal Wife" (Zuì Lixiang de Qizi). Your composition should be no less than 1 full double-spaced (every other line) page. Pay special attention to the over-all structure of your composition.
Hand in your written assignments

L13 exercises on pp. 52-56
10 Preview L14

- Read Grammatical Points on p. 67.
- Read sentence patterns and word usage on pp. 68-69.
- Study the L14 vocabulary. Learn the L14 Required Characters (PDF) by heart. Make sure you know the other L14 characters by sight.
- Read the text on pp. 61-62. In your book, do the exercises on pp. 63-64. Official web site of Shaolin Temple.
- Read the dialog on pp. 65-66.
Dictation of L13 required characters

10 true-or-false questions on L14 text and dialog

L14 text

L14 dialog
11 Written Assignments
(Please write on every other line and leave 1-inch margins for each piece of paper you use.)

- Study the sentence patterns and word usage on pp. 68-69 and create a sentence using each phrase or pattern. Write the sentences on a piece of paper and hand them in class.
- Write a composition about your views on "Martial Arts and Kungfu Movies" (Wushù hé Gongfu Diànying). Pay special attention to the over-all structure of your composition.
Hand in your written assignments

L14 exercises on pp. 32-38
12 Prepare a 3-minute talk on both of the following topics

- "The Ideal Husband" (Zuì Lixiang de Zhàngfu) and "The Ideal Wife" (Zuì Lixiang de Qizi)
- "Martial Arts and Kungfu Movies" (Wushù hé Gongfu Diànying)
Dictation of L14 required characters

3-minute talks

Discussions
13 Review L13 and L14

Make sure you can reproduce the Required Characters (PDF) from memory and recognize the other characters by sight. Also, review Grammatical Points, and sentence patterns and word usage.
Quiz 2
14 Preview L15

- Read grammatical points on pp. 86-87.
- Read sentence patterns and word usage on pp. 88-89.
- Study the L15 vocabulary. Learn the L15 Required Characters (PDF) by heart. Make sure you know the other L15 characters by sight.
- Read the text on pp. 81-82. In your book, do the exercises on pp. 81, 83.
- Read dialog 1 on p. 84 and dialog 2 on pp. 84-85.
10 true-or-false questions on L15 text and dialogs

L15 text

L15 dialogs
15 Written Assignments
(Please write on every other line and leave 1-inch margins for each piece of paper you use.)

- Study sentence patterns and word usage on pp. 88-89 and create a sentence using each phrase or pattern. Write the sentences on a piece of paper and hand them in class.
- Using as many as possible new words and sentence patterns where appropriate, write a composition entitled "The Ideal Teacher" (Zuì Lixiang de Laoshi). Your composition should be no less than 1 full double-spaced (every other line) page. Pay special attention to the over-all structure of your composition.
Hand in your written assignments

L15 exercises on pp. 90-94
16 Preview L16

- Read grammatical points on pp. 103-104.
- Read sentence patterns and word usage on pp. 105-06.
- Study the L16 vocabulary. Learn the L16 Required Characters (PDF) by heart. Make sure you know the other L16 characters by sight.
- Read the text on pp. 98-99. In your book, do the exercises on pp. 98, 100-01.
- Read the dialog on pp. 101-02.
Dictation of L15 required characters

10 true-or-false questions on L16 text and dialog

L16 text

L16 dialog
17 Written Assignments
(please write on every other line and leave 1-inch margins for each piece of paper you use.)

- Study sentence patterns and word usage on pp. 68-69 and create a sentence using each phrase or pattern. Write the sentences on a piece of paper and hand them in class.
- Using as many as possible new words and sentence patterns where appropriate, write a composition about your views on "How My Parents Educated Me" (Wo Fùmu shi Zenyàng Jiàoyù Wo de). Pay special attention to the over-all structure of your composition.
Hand in your written assignments

L16 exercises on pp. 107-113
18 Prepare a 3-minute talk on both of the following topics

- "The Ideal Teacher" (Zuì Lixiang de Laoshi) and "The Ideal Student" (Zuì Lixiang de Xué.sheng)
- "How My Parents Educated Me" (Wo Fùmu shi Zenyàng Jiàoyù Wo de). Is there anything that you wish they had done differently? Why? What are the things that you think a person should learn so as to become a "good" person?
Dictation of L16 required characters

3-minute talks

Discussions
19 Review L15 and L16

Make sure you can reproduce the Required Characters (PDF) from memory and recognize the other characters by sight. Also, review grammatical points, and sentence patterns and word usage.
Quiz 3
20 Preview L17

- Read grammatical points on p. 125.
- Read sentence patterns and word usage on pp. 126-27.
- Study the L17 vocabulary. Learn the L17 Required Characters (PDF) by heart. Make sure you know the other L17 characters by sight.
- Read the text on pp. 118-20. In your book, do the exercises on pp. 121-22.
- Read the dialog on p. 123.
10 true-or-false questions on L17 text and dialogs

L17 text

L17 dialog
21 Written Assignments
(Please write on every other line and leave 1-inch margins for each piece of paper you use.)

- Study sentence patterns and word usage on pp. 126-27 and create a sentence using each phrase or pattern. Write the sentences on a piece of paper and hand them in class.
- Using as many as possible new words and sentence patterns where appropriate, write a composition on something like (but not) the silk that you think is representative of the uniqueness of Chinese culture. First briefly outline its history or the historical context. Then explain why you think it is representative of the uniqueness of the Chinese culture. Your composition should be no less than 1 full double-spaced (every other line) page. Pay special attention to the over-all structure of your composition.
Hand in your written assignments

L17 exercises on pp. 128-33
22 Preview L18

- Read grammatical points on pp. 145-46.
- Read sentence patterns and word usage on pp. 147-48.
- Study the L18 Vocabulary. Learn the L18 Required Characters (PDF) by heart. Make sure you know the other L18 characters by sight.
- Read the text on pp. 139-40. In your book, do the exercises on pp. 141-42.
- Read dialog 1 on p. 143 and dialog 2 on p. 144.
Dictation of L17 required characters

10 true-or-false questions on L18 text and dialog

L18 text

L18 dialog
23 Written Assignments
(Please write on every other line and leave 1-inch margins for each piece of paper you use.)

- Study sentence patterns and word usage on pp. 147-48 and create a sentence using each phrase or pattern. Write the sentences on a piece of paper and hand them in class.
- Using as many as possible new words and sentence patterns where appropriate, write a composition entitled "Wo Zuì Xihuan de Yinliào" (The Beverage I Like the Best). First briefly outline the story of its invention if there is one, like the case for Coca Cola. Then explain why you like it the best. Your composition should be no less than 1 full double-spaced (every other line) page. Pay special attention to the over-all structure of your composition.
Hand in your written assignments

L18 exercises on pp. 149-154
24 Prepare a 3-minute talk on both of the following topics

- "The thing that I think best represents the uniqueness of Chinese culture."
- "Wo Zuì Xihuan de Yinliào."
Dictation of L18 required characters

3-minute talks

Discussions
25 Review L17 and L18

Make sure you can reproduce the Required Characters (PDF) from memory and recognize the other characters by sight. Also, review grammatical points, and sentence patterns and word usage.
Quiz 4
26 Preview L19

- Read grammatical points on p. 165.
- Read sentence patterns and word usage on pp. 166-67.
- Study the L19 vocabulary on pp. 156-58. Learn the L19 Required Characters (PDF) by heart. Make sure you know the other L19 characters by sight.
- Read the text on pp. 159-60. In your book, do the exercises on pp. 161-62.
- Read the dialog on pp. 163-64.
10 true-or-false questions on L19 text and dialogs

L19 text

L19 dialog
27 Written Assignments
(Please write on every other line and leave 1-inch margins for each piece of paper you use.)

- Study sentence patterns and word usage on pp. 166-67 and create a sentence using each phrase or pattern. Write the sentences on a piece of paper and hand them in class.
- Using as many as possible new words and sentence patterns where appropriate, write a composition on the invention or discovery that you think has had the greatest impact on the human society. First briefly outline its history or the historical context. Then explain its impacts on the human society. Your composition should be no less than 1 full double-spaced (every other line) page. Pay special attention to the over-all structure of your composition.
Hand in your written assignments

L19 exercises on pp. 168-74
28 Preview L20

- Read grammatical points on pp. 184-86.
- Read sentence patterns and word usage on pp. 187-88.
- Study the L20 Vocabulary on pp. 176-77. Learn the L20 Required Characters (PDF) by heart. Make sure you know the other L20 characters by sight.
- Read the text on pp. 178-79. In your book, do the exercises on pp. 178-81.
- Read dialog 1 on p. 182 and dialog 2 on pp. 182-83.
Dictation of L19 required characters

10 true-or-false questions on L20 text and dialog

L20 text

L20 dialog
29 Written Assignments
(Please write on every other line and leave 1-inch margins for each piece of paper you use.)

- Study grammar points on pp. 184-86 and create a sentence using each of the contextual expressions. Handwrite the sentences and hand them in class.
- Study sentence patterns and word usage on pp. 187-88 and create a sentence using each phrase or pattern. Handwrite the sentences and hand them in class.
Hand in your written assignments

L20 exercises on pp. 189-94
30 Prepare a 3-minute talk on the following topic

"The invention or discovery that has had the greatest impact on the human society."
Dictation of L20 required characters

3-minute talks

Discussion
31 Review L19 and L20

Make sure you can reproduce the Required Characters (PDF) from memory and recognize the other characters by sight. Also, review grammatical points, and sentence patterns and word usage.
Quiz 5

You will get the handouts for the final weeks
32 Preview L19 of Oh, China! (handouts)

- Read grammar note on p. 312.
- Read sentence patterns and word usage on pp. 316-17.
- Study the L19 Vocabulary on pp. 313-15. Make sure you know the L19 characters by sight.
- Read the text on pp. 308-11. In your book, do the exercises on pp. 178-81.
- Browse these web sites/pages (if the browser fails to detect the character coding, go to View, Encoding, and choose the appropriate encoding): Chinese Americans in CA, Angel Island, Central Pacific Railroad (the Chinese version with UTF-8 encoding is real "gibberish", as the translation is done by a computer program! It's hilarious!)
10 true-or-false questions on L19 text

Discuss L19 text
33 Written Assignments
(Please write on every other line and leave 1-inch margins for each piece of paper you use.)

- Handwrite exercise 1 on p. 318.
Hand in your written assignment

L19 exercises on pp. 318-19

Discussion
34 Preview L25 of Oh, China!

- Read sentence patterns and word usage on pp. 386-87.
- Study the L25 Vocabulary on pp. 382-85. Make sure you know the L25 characters by sight.
- Read the text on pp. 378-81.
- Browse these Web sites/pages: Guangdong; Guangdong (official web site); Dim Sum; Cantonese (learn a few phrases!); Taishanese; Hakka; and Teochew (Chaozhou).
10 true-or-false questions on L25 text

Discuss L25 text
35 Written Assignments
(Please write on every other line and leave 1-inch margins for each piece of paper you use.)

- Handwrite exercise 1 on p. 388. Using new words in this lesson and what you have learned from the text, give 1 answer, not 3, to each of the questions.
Hand in your written assignments

L25 exercises on pp. 388-89

Discussion
36 Preview L32 of Oh, China!

- Read grammar note on p. 468.
- Read sentence patterns and word usage on pp. 473-75.
- Study the L32 Vocabulary on pp. 469-73. Make sure you know the L32 characters by sight.
- Read the text on pp. 462-47.
- Browse this web site: Photos: Rong Hong and the 120 Chinese students.
10 true-or-false questions on L32 text

Discuss L32 text
37 Written Assignments
(Please write on every other line and leave 1-inch margins for each piece of paper you use.)

- Handwrite exercise 2 on p. 476.
Hand in your written assignment

L32 exercises on pp. 476-77

Discussion

20-minute course evaluations
38 Preview L33 of Oh, China!

- Read Grammar Note on p. 482.
- Read sentence patterns and word usage on pp. 488-89.
- Study the L33 Vocabulary on pp. 483-87. Make sure you know the L33 characters by sight.
- Read the text on pp. 478-81.
- Browse these Web sites: Photos: Qiu Jin (simplified Chinese encoding).
10 true-or-false questions on L33 text

Discuss L33 text
39 End-of-term essay due by 4 pm.

Early submission welcome.
L33 exercises on pp. 490-91

Discussion




Related Resources

Below are additional resources you may find interesting and helpful.

Hanyu Pinyin for Mandarin Speakers.

To assist with the learning of pronunciation and to allow you to note down and keep track of language more easily, we teach, along with characters, the official phonetically based writing system known as Hanyu pinyin. Students with no knowledge of Hanyu Pinyin can visit Hanyu Pinyin for Mandarin Speakers learn it.

The differences between jianti and fanti characters are not as significant as might be imagined, so we will get used to reading both. For writing, you may choose either one.

MIT-China Program of the MIT International Science and Technology Initiatives.

Online Chinese-English Dictionary

Calligraphy Grid (PDF)




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Anonymous, 2015-08-21 09:58:37
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workonet, 2010-09-30 13:33:34

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