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SP.406 / WGS.406性意識與性別認同(2006年秋季)

SP.406 / WGS.406 Sexual and Gender Identities, Fall 2006

 

譯者:謝琪芸

編輯:王晶、馬景文

 

Challenging traditional assumptions about relationships between sex, gender, and sexuality.

挑戰傳統觀念對兩性、性別和性行為的想法。(圖片來源:麻省理工開放式課程)

 

課程重點

本課課程包括詳盡的閱讀書單及不同的作業。

 

課程描述

本課程介紹學界在兩性、性別身份和表現、性傾向與在不同媒體平台再現的爭議。首先,我們會探討自19世紀至今,酷兒研究崛起的理論基礎;接著,依時間順序探討性別、性、性別認同等議題內涵改變,藉此檢視這個困惑、挑戰並且闡明身份(identity)概念的字彙「酷兒」(queer)的族譜。酷兒理論對社會、文化與政治的影響在於對由性別的二元性決定的男同/女同/異性戀的區分方式提出批判。酷兒理論將焦點從性別認同轉移到性別的實踐,大多數的實踐和傳統觀念對於性、性別、性行為的假設產生衝突。本課程除了哲學思考傅柯(Foucault)、佛洛伊德(Freud)、賽吉威克(Sedgwick)、魯賓(Rubin)和巴特(Butle)等學者)的重要文本之外,更進一步探索這些理論對當時及現今兩性與性別身份以及社群的影響。

(註: queer,台譯為〔酷兒〕,簡譯為〔怪異,怪胎〕。本譯本保留〔酷兒〕譯法。)

 

【譯註:

傅柯Michel Foucault(1926-1984),法國哲學家,被認為是後現代或後結構主義者。專業領域為社會制度批判、權力與知識的關係和論述。著作包括《瘋癲與文明》、《臨床醫學的誕生》、《規訓與懲罰》、《性史》等書。

佛洛伊德Sigmund Freud(1856-1939),精神分析心理學的創始人。提出「潛意識」、「自我、本我、超我」概念,對哲學、社會學、文學等都有深刻影響。

Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick (1950-),美國性別研究、酷兒理論學者。

Gayle S. Rubin,性/性別理論學者,激進女性主義者。

Judith Butler(1956-),後結構主義哲學家,在女性主義與酷兒理論領域都有傑出的成就。現於加州柏克萊大學任教。】

 

教學大綱

 

課程目標

順利結束本課程後,學生應具有下列能力。

 

解釋同性戀理論重新建構「主體性」(subjectivity)概念的過程,並且將性(和性別)身份的概念解釋為特殊歷史及論述下的產物。

就一般詞彙與政治可行性的角度,來檢視「酷兒queer」這個概念受爭議之處。

探討女性研究與同性戀研究間的歷史差異,以及這兩種研究領域的重疊處。

思考性/性別身份與種族、階級、性別、種族地位、年齡、和限制間健康狀況互相影響交互作用的結果。

思索同性戀理論如何改變我們對性/性別身份、家庭、媒體再現、異性戀主義與異性戀規範、LGBT(包括女同、男同、雙性戀、變性者)運動與社群的認知。【譯註:LGBT為Lesbian、gay、bisexual、transgender】

 

要求

出席和參與課堂討論 (20%)

評論性回應報告(40%)

期末報告/研究計畫 (40%)

 

出席和參與討論

出席與參與討論對於這門課程是非常重要。每堂課以一個或多個議題作為主題,並且有一些文本搭配這些主題。請記得在課前讀完指定的書本或文章,準時上課並且討論你的回應和想法。缺席會影響成績,缺席超過兩周就會不及格。為了爭取成績,你必須完成閱讀與主動參與課堂以及校內的網路討論。

 

評論性回應報告

學期中定期繳交簡短的評論性回應(約二到四頁)報告。這些書面作業讓你仔細思考某個文本的重要概念,或者你也可以比較兩個概念。你可以藉此對某堂課或校內網路的理論性問題,做進一步的探討。

 

期末報告/研究計畫

期末的研究報告或計畫是你在本學期的努力成果。長度應該在12到15頁之間。這份期末報告應展示本學期學習的同性戀理論概念,應用到你所選題目的能力。

 

特殊要求

所有的作業都必須用電腦打字、雙倍行距、字體12,並使用常見的字型。當你引述時,請記得註明頁碼。本課程假定學生拼字、文法、標點符號及基礎寫作的能力沒有問題。如果想練習寫作,請聯絡寫作中心(Writing Center)。假如英文並非你的母語,那麼在英文寫作這方面,你可能需要一些幫助,請馬上與我討論。

 

評分方式

想要通過這門課,首先必須完成所有作業。如果已預知會缺課,或者需要多一點時間完成作業,請事前告知。我寧可和學生討論報告延期,也不希望學生在繳交報告當天缺席,因此除非有事前通知,否則不接受遲交的報告。

 

評分根據以下標準:

A: 優秀。意思是結合指定閱讀和課堂的資訊和其他資源、認真仔細、謹慎思考、整合不同題材資料的能力、邏輯思考、精確及優美的文字。

B:就原先的期待以及跟同儕相比,乃是超出平均水準的表現,

C:在各方面都達到這堂課的要求,不過也只是達到要求而已。

D:無法達到這門課的要求,不過付出的努力還是值得稱讚。

F:不值得稱讚的表現;包括抄襲、用別人的東西充當自己的作業。

 

不准抄襲!一定要註明出處。

 

指定閱讀書目

傅柯《性意識史》尚衡譯,台北桂冠,1990年

Foucault, Michel. History of Sexuality. Vol. 1. New York, NY: Vintage Books, 1990. ISBN: 0679724699.

 

Abelove, Henry, Michele Aina Barale, and David M. Halperin. 《女/男同志研究讀本》 The Lesbian and Gay Studies Reader. New York, NY: Routledge, 1993. ISBN: 0415905192. (LGBT Reader)【譯註:LGBT為Lesbian、gay、bisexual、transgender】

 

弗洛伊德《性學三論》宋廣文譯,台北米娜貝爾出版社,2000年。

弗洛伊德《性學三論、愛情心理學》林克明譯,台北志文出版社,1971年

Freud, Sigmund. Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality. New York, NY: Basic Books, 2000. ISBN: 0465086063.

 

Borich, Barrie. 《我的女同志老公》 My Lesbian Husband. Saint Paul, MN: Greywolf Press, 1999. ISBN: 1555972926.

 

Jagose, Annamarie. 《酷兒理論導論》Queer Theory: An Introduction. New York, NY: New York University Press, 1997. ISBN: 0814742343.

 

教學時程,閱讀資料,作業

 

第一課:什麼是「酷兒」(Queer)?歷史建構的性別認同

What is "Queer"? Sexual Identity as Historically Situated

Scagliotti, John和Greta Schiller〈石牆以前〉Before Stonewall,1984。紀錄片。

【譯註:1969年6月27日午夜,警方臨檢格林威治村的石牆酒吧(Stonewall),逮捕了數位同志,並驅離其他人,然而現場的同志群起拒捕,持續對峙幾天,並引起多次示威抗議。這次抗爭事件有著重大的意義,因為石牆事件促使同志挺身而出,被視為同志運動的起源。】

第二課:醫療化與「同志之始」

Medicalization and the "Birth of the Homosexual"

Jagose, Annamarie. 《酷兒理論導論》Queer Theory: An Introduction. New York, NY: New York University Press, 1997, pp. 30-43. ISBN: 0814742343.

Foucault, Michel. 《性意識史》The History of Sexuality: An Introduction. Vol. 1. New York, NY: Vintage Books, 1990, pp. 1-131. ISBN: 0679724699.

第三課:同性戀與好萊塢產品密碼

Homosexuality and the Hollywood Production Code  

Wyler, William. 〈雙姝怨〉 The Children's Hour. 1961年電影

 

Faderman, Lillian. 《蘇格蘭判決》The Scotch Verdict. New York, NY: Morrow, 1983, pp. 59-71, and 145-156. ISBN: 068801559X。

Halberstam, Judith. 《女性陽剛》 Female Masculinity. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1998, pp. 50-65. ISBN: 0822322439.

 

Russo, Vito. 〈我們以前不是這樣〉"The Way We Weren't." 《賽璐珞衣櫃:電影的同性戀》 The Celluloid Closet: Homosexuality in the Movies. New York, NY: Harper & Row, 1987, pp. 61-124. ISBN: 0060961325.

———. 〈嚇壞馬匹〉 "Frightening the Horses." 《賽璐珞衣櫃:電影的同性戀》The Celluloid Closet: Homosexuality in the Movies. New York, NY: Harper & Row, 1987, pp. 126-141. ISBN: 0060961325.

第四課:科學、歷史、性別/性別認同理論

Science, History, and Theories of Gender and Sexual Identity

Halperin, David. 〈是否有性意識的歷史?〉 "Is There a History of Sexuality?" 《女/男同志研究讀本》LGBT Reader. pp. 416-431.

 

D'Emilio, John. 〈資本主義與男同志身份〉 "Capitalism and Gay Identity." 《女/男同志研究讀本》LGBT Reader. pp. 467-476

 

von Krafft-Ebing, Richard. 〈導論〉 "Introduction"和〈序言〉 "Foreword." 《性變態的情感心理》 Psychopathia Sexualis. New York, NY: Arcade Publishing, 1998, pp. ix-xx. ISBN: 1559704268.

——— 〈一般病理學〉 "General Pathology." 《性變態的情感心理》 Psychopathia Sexualis. New York, NY: Arcade Publishing, 1998, pp. 186-194, 221-235, and 274-284. ISBN: 1559704268.

 

Somerville, Siobahn. 〈科學種族歧視與同性戀身體的建構〉"Scientific Racism and the Invention of the Homosexual Body." 於Beemyn and Eliason編輯《酷兒研究:女同、男同、雙性戀、變性者文選》Queer Studies: A Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Anthology. New York, NY: New York University Press, 1996, pp. 241-261. ISBN: 0814712584.

 

《演化彩虹》陳怡慕等譯,台北馥林文化,2008年

Roughgarden, Joan. Evolution's Rainbow. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2004, pp. 245-261. ISBN: 0520240731.

 

作業:繳交第一篇報告

第五課:心理分析與性別認同

Psychoanalysis and Sexual Identity

Turner, William B. 〈我是當代同志的典範〉 "I Am the Very Model of the Modern Homosexual."  《酷兒理論的系譜學》A Genealogy of Queer Theory. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press, 2000, pp. 62-82. ISBN: 1566397871.

 

Chauncey, George 《同志紐約:1890-1940年間性別、城市文化與男同志世界的建構》Gay New York: Gender, Urban Culture, and the Makings of the Gay Male World, 1890-1940. New York, NY: Basic Books, 1994. ISBN: 0465026214.

 

Freud, Sigmund. 《性學三論》 Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality. New York, NY: Basic Books, 2000. ISBN: 0465086063.

 

Abelove, Henry. 〈佛洛伊德、男同志戀和美國人〉"Freud, Male Homosexuality, and the Americans." 《女/男同志研究讀本》 LGBT Reader. pp. 381-393.

第六課:歷史中的同性戀者、第三性與女同志

The Invert, Third Sex, and Lesbians in History

Vinicus, Martha. 〈他們奇怪我是那一性:現代女同志身份的歷史淵源〉"'They Wonder to Which Sex I Belong': The Historical Roots of the Modern Lesbian Identity." 女/男同志研究讀本》LGBT Reader. pp. 432-452.

 

Newton, Esther. 〈只是其中一個男孩:Cherry Grove的女同志1960-1988年〉 "Just One of The Boys: Lesbians in Cherry Grove, 1960-1988." 《女/男同志研究讀本》 LGBT Reader. pp. 528-541.

【譯註:Cherry Grove 位於紐約長島南端的火焰島上,和鄰近的 Fire Island Pines乃是美國著名的同志聚居地。Cherry Grove 是美國第一個也是歷史最悠久的同志社群。】

 

Nanda, Serena. 〈男性變性者非男非女〉 "Hijras as Neither Man Nor Woman." 《女/男同志研究讀本》LGBT Reader. pp. 542-552.

 

Herdt, Gilbert. 〈第三性/第三性別者〉 "Third Sexes and Third Genders." 《第三性/第三性別者》Third Sex, Third Gender. New York, NY: Zone Books, 1993, pp. 21-50. ISBN: 0942299817.

 

Foucault, Michel. 《陰陽人Barbin》Herculine Barbin. New York, NY: Random House, 1980. pp. vii-xvii. ISBN: 0394738624.

 

作業:繳交第二篇報告

第七課:石牆事件、衣櫃與男同志婚姻

Stonewall, the Closet, and Gay Marriage    

Jagose. 〈男同志解放〉 "Gay Liberation." 《酷兒理論導論》Queer Theory: An Introduction. New York, NY: New York University Press, 1997, pp. 30-43. ISBN: 0814742343.


Sedgwick, Eve Kosofsky. 〈衣櫃的認識論〉"Epistemology of the Closet." 《女/男同志研究讀本》 LGBT Reader. pp. 45-61.

 

Warner, Michael. 〈男同志婚姻之外〉 "Beyond Gay Marriage." 《正常人真麻煩》 The Trouble with Normal. New York, NY: Free Press, 1999, pp. 81-116, and 117-147. ISBN: 0684865297.

 

D'Emilio, John. 〈我改變中的性生活〉"My Changing Sex Life." 《反轉的世界:男同志歷史、政治與文化文集》The World Turned: Essays on Gay History, Politics, and Culture. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2002, pp. 199-209. ISBN: 0822330237.

———. 〈過去與現在:男同志歷史寫作的變動脈絡〉"Then and Now: The Shifting Context of Gay Historical Writing." 《反轉的世界:同志歷史、政治與文化文集》The World Turned: Essays on Gay History, Politics, and Culture. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2002, pp. 210-230. ISBN: 0822330237

第八課:愛滋病和改變中的性文化

AIDS and a Changing Sexual Culture

Alonso, Ana Maria, and Maria Teresa Koreck. 〈沈默:拉丁美洲裔、愛滋病與性行為〉"Silences: 'Hispanics,' AIDS, and Sexual Practices." 《女/男同志研究讀本》 LGBT Reader. pp. 110-126.

Patton, Cindy. 〈從國家到家庭:遏制非洲的愛滋病〉"From Nation to Family: Containing African AIDS." 《女/男同志研究讀本》 LGBT Reader. pp. 127-140.

Watney, Simon. 〈愛滋奇觀〉 "The Spectacle of AIDS." 《女/男同志研究讀本》 LGBT Reader. pp. 202-210.

Selden, Daniel. 〈當你以為可以安全回到水中…〉 "Just When You Thought It Was Safe to Go Back in the Water..." 《女/男同志研究讀本》LGBT Reader. pp. 221-226.

Hollibaugh, Amber L.《我的危險慾望》My Dangerous Desires. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2000, pp. 187-218. ISBN: 0822326191.

 

作業:繳交第三篇報告

第九課:女同志女性主義和酷兒政治

Lesbian Feminism and Queer Politics

Rubin, Gayle. 〈思考「性」〉"Thinking Sex." 《女/男同志研究讀本》 LGBT Reader. pp. 3-44.


Frye, Marilyn. 〈對分離主義與權力的省思〉"Some Reflections on Separatism and Power." 《女/男同志研究讀本》LGBT Reader. pp. 91-98.

Smith, 〈恐同症:為何提起?〉"Homophobia: Why Bring it Up?" 《女/男同志研究讀本》LGBT Reader. pp. 99-102.

Wittig, Monique. 〈並非生為女人〉 "One is Not Born a Woman." 《女/男同志研究讀本》LGBT Reader. pp. 103-109.

De Lauretis, Teresa. 〈性疏離與女同志之表達〉 "Sexual Indifference and Lesbian Representation." 《女/男同志研究讀本》LGBT Reader. pp. 141-158.

第十課:展演、變裝和性別認同

Performativity, Drag, and Gender Identity

Butler, Judith. 〈模仿與性別角色不服從〉 "Imitation and Gender Insubordination." 《女/男同志研究讀本》LGBT Reader. pp. 307-320.


Munoz, Jose Esteban. 〈展示非認同〉"Performing Disidentifications." 《非認同:有色酷兒與展示的政治》Disidentifications: Queers of Color and the Performance of Politics. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press, 1999, pp. 1-34. ISBN: 0816630143.

 

Newton, Esther. 《媽媽營》Mother Camp. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1979. ISBN: 0226577600.

Namaste, Ki. 〈不幸的誤讀:酷兒理論消除跨性別主體性〉"'Tragic Misreadings: Queer Theory's Erasure of Transgender Subjectivity." Beemyn 和 Eliason編輯《酷兒研究:女同、男同、雙性戀、變性者文選》Queer Studies: A Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Anthology. Edited by Beemyn and Eliason. New York, NY: New York University Press, 1996, pp. 183-203. ISBN: 0814712584.

Livingston, Jennie. 〈巴黎妖姬〉Paris Is Burning. 1990年錄像

第十一課:變性者與性別的可變性

Transsexuals and the Mutability of Gender

Garber, Marjorie. 〈零件:外科手術建構性別〉"Spare Parts: The Surgical Construction of Gender." 《女/男同志研究讀本》 LGBT Reader. pp. 321-338.

Raymond, Janice. 《變性帝國》. The Transsexual Empire. Boston, MA: Beacon Press, 1979. ISBN: 0807021644.


Stone, Sandy. 〈帝國大反擊:後變性者宣言〉"The Empire Strikes Back: A Posttranssexual Manifesto." Version 1.0, Sandy Stone, 1987.

 

Spade, Dean. 〈抗拒醫學,重建性別和建模性別〉 "Resisting Medicine, Re/modeling Gender." 《柏克萊女性法學期刊》Berkeley Women's Law Journal 18 (2003): 15-37.

 

作業:繳交第四篇報告

第十二課:T/婆身份和女性陽剛

Butch/Femme Identities and Female Masculinity

(註:Butch即Tomboy,指裝扮、行為、氣質男性化的女同志;Femme指裝扮、行為、氣質比較陰柔,心理上認同女性的女同志。臺灣詞彙是〈T/婆〉。)

Borich, Barrie。《我的女同志老公》My Lesbian Husband. Saint Paul, MN: Greywolf Press, 1999. ISBN: 1555972926.

Case, Sue-Ellen. 〈T/婆美學〉"Toward a Butch-Femme Aesthetic." 《女/男同志研究讀本》 LGBT Reader. pp. 294-306.

Halberstam, Judith《女性陽剛》Female Masculinity. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1998, pp. 50-65. ISBN: 0822322439.

Hollibaugh, Amber L. 《我的危險慾望》My Dangerous Desires. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2000, pp. 187-218. ISBN: 0822326191

第十三課:當代性別的呈現:酷兒影像、電視、攝影與審查制度

Contemporary Portrayals of Sexuality: Queer Images, Television, Photography, and Censorship

Clark, Danae. 〈女同志主義商品〉"Commodity Lesbianism." 《女/男同志研究讀本》 LGBT Reader. pp. 186-201.

Crimp, Douglas. 〈我臥室的男孩們〉"The Boys in My Bedroom." 《女/男同志研究讀本》LGBT Reader. pp. 344-349.

Mercer, Kobena. 〈自找麻煩〉"Looking for Trouble." 《女/男同志研究讀本》LGBT Reader. pp. 350-359.

 

Meyer, Richard. 〈Robert Maplethorpe 與攝影的訓練〉"Robert Maplethorpe and the Discipline of Photography." In LGBT Reader. pp. 360-380.


〈女歡女愛〉L-Word 或〈同志亦凡人〉Queer as Folk

【譯註: Queer as folk,1999~2000年英國劇集。2000年美國Showtime頻道向英國買下版權重拍,2005年結束。影集內容描述同志的生活與同志面對的問題。

L-Word 2004開始在美國上映的電視劇集,內容是描繪洛杉磯一群女同志與雙性戀與朋友親人的生活。】

 

作業:繳交期末專題

 

作業

以下的作業是2005年春季課程的範例。在批判回應的報告中,你必須仔細研讀並思考某個文本的重要概念,或比較兩個概念。另提供期末專題範例以供參考。

 

批判回應報告

範例一 (英PDF)

範例二 (英PDF)

範例三 (英PDF)

 

期末專題(誠蒙作者允許公開,感謝。)

 

Nicole Ackerman〈麻省理工學院的跨性別議題〉"Transgender Issues at the Institute." (英PDF)

Dugan Hayes〈以吵鬧的音樂作為酷兒表達方式〉"Noise Music as Queer Expression." (英PDF)

匿名學生〈酷兒家庭〉"Queer Families." (英PDF)

匿名學生〈雙性戀〉"Bisexuality." (英PDF)

以下為系統擷取之英文原文

SP.406 / WMN.406 Sexual and Gender Identities, Fall 2005

Challenging traditional assumptions about relationships between sex, gender, and sexuality.

Challenging traditional assumptions about relationships between sex, gender, and sexuality. (Image by MIT OCW.)

Highlights of this Course

This course features a detailed reading list and various course assignments.

Course Description

This course introduces scholarly debates about sexual identities, gender identities and expressions, and sexual orientation and its representation in various media. We begin with an investigation of the theoretical underpinnings of the emerging field of queer studies, from the nineteenth century to the present day. Tracing theories of and about gender, sexuality and sexual identity over time, we will examine the genealogy of "queer" as a term that has emerged to trouble and challenge static and essentialized notions of identity. The social, cultural, and political effect of "queer" has been to pose critical challenges to gay/lesbian/straight identities predicated on a sexual binary. Queer studies shifts the focus of inquiry from sexual identities to sexual practices, many of which contradict traditional assumptions about the relationships between sex, gender, and sexuality. The course moves from a philosophical consideration of key theoretical texts (Foucault, Freud, Sedgwick, Rubin, Butler, etc.) to an exploration of the impact of those theories on historical and contemporary sexual and gender identities and communities.  

Syllabus

Course Description

This course introduces scholarly debates about sexual identities, gender identities and expressions, and sexual orientation and its representation in various media. We begin with an investigation of the theoretical underpinnings of the emerging field of queer studies, from the nineteenth century to the present day. Tracing theories of and about gender, sexuality and sexual identity over time, we will examine the genealogy of "queer" as a term that has emerged to trouble and challenge static and essentialized notions of identity. The social, cultural, and political effect of "queer" has been to pose critical challenges to gay/lesbian/straight identities predicated on a sexual binary. Queer studies shifts the focus of inquiry from sexual identities to sexual practices, many of which contradict traditional assumptions about the relationships between sex, gender, and sexuality. The course moves from a philosophical consideration of key theoretical texts (Foucault, Freud, Sedgwick, Rubin, Butler, etc.) to an exploration of the impact of those theories on historical and contemporary sexual and gender identities and communities.

Course Objectives

Upon successful completion of this course, students will be able to do the following:

Explain how queer theory has reconfigured notions of subjectivity and established sexual (and gender) identity as discursive and historically specific Identify the contested aspects of "queer" as a term and a politically viable concept Discuss the historical rift between women's studies and queer studies, and the overlapping areas of inquiry between the two fields Consider the intersection of gender and sexual identities with race, class, gender, ethnicity, age and disability Consider how queer theory informs and impacts our understanding of gender identity, sexual identity, the family, media representation, heterosexism and heteronormativity, and LGBT movements and communities

Course Requirements

Attendance and participation (20%) Critical Response Papers (40%) Final paper/project (40%)

Attendance and Participation

Attendance and participation are critical to your success in this course. Each class session will focus on one or more topics and be accompanied by appropriate readings. Please be sure to read all assignments in advance, come to class on time and be prepared to discuss your reactions and ideas. Failure to attend will adversely affect your grade. Missing more than two weeks of class will cause you to fail the course. Facilitation of one week's readings and active participation in discussion in class and on the MIT server between classes is necessary to receive full credit for the attendance and participation grade.

Critical Response Papers

Short critical response papers (2-4 pages each) will be due periodically during the semester. These essays are opportunities for you to reflect on a key concept through a close critical reading of one text, or a comparison of two. You may wish to pursue a theoretical question raised in our MIT server discussions or in class in more detail in your critical response papers.

Final Paper/Project

The final research paper or project represents the cumulative effort of your work this semester. It should be 12-15 pages in length. The final will demonstrate your proficiency in applying concepts relevant to queer theory we have been studying throughout the semester to a topic of your choice.

Additional Requirements

Please be sure that all assignments are word-processed, double-spaced documents in 12 point type of a conventional font. Make sure to include page numbers when quoting from source texts. SP.401 assumes abilities in spelling, sentence construction, punctuation and other basic writing mechanics. For additional practice with these writing skills please visit the Writing Center. If English is your second (or third, fourth) language and you need or would like additional help with English composition, please speak to me right away.

Grading Policies

In order to receive a passing grade for this course, all assignments must be completed. Please talk to me in advance if you know you will have to miss class and/or need an extension on an assignment. It is preferable to negotiate an extension rather than be absent on a day a paper is due, as I will not accept late papers without prior notice.

Grading is According to the Following Guidelines

A - denotes work that is of exceptional quality. Exceptional quality is represented by evidence of engagement with information and ideas in course materials and lectures, and from other sources, thoroughness, careful thinking, integration of material across topics, logical reasoning, precise and artful writing. B - denotes work that is above average vis-a-vis your peers' work and the expectations of the assignment. C - denotes work that fulfills the course requirements in every way, but only adequately. D - denotes work that does not adequately fulfill requirements, but still deserves credit. F - denotes work that does not deserve credit. This includes plagiarism, or copying others' work and submitting it as your own. Do not plagiarize! You must always cite your sources.  

Calendar

Course Schedule Lec # Topics Key Dates

 
1 What is "Queer"? Sexual Identity as Historically Situated  
2 Medicalization and the "Birth of the Homosexual"  
3 Homosexuality and the Hollywood Production Code  
4 Science, History, and Theories of Gender and Sexual Identity First response paper due
5 Psychoanalysis and Sexual Identity  
6 The Invert, Third Sex, and Lesbians in History Second response paper due
7 Stonewall, the Closet, and Gay Marriage  
8 AIDS and a Changing Sexual Culture Third response paper due
9 Lesbian Feminism and Queer Politics  
10 Performativity, Drag, and Gender Identity  
11 Transsexuals and the Mutability of Gender Fourth response paper due
12 Butch/Femme Identities and Female Masculinity  
13 Contemporary Portrayals of Sexuality: Queer Images, Television, Photography, and Censorship Final projects due at the end of course
 

Readings

Readings are also listed by session.

Required Texts

Foucault, Michel. History of Sexuality. Vol. 1. New York, NY: Vintage Books, 1990. ISBN: 0679724699.

Abelove, Henry, Michele Aina Barale, and David M. Halperin. The Lesbian and Gay Studies Reader. New York, NY: Routledge, 1993. ISBN: 0415905192. (LGBT Reader)

Freud, Sigmund. Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality. New York, NY: Basic Books, 2000. ISBN: 0465086063.

Borich, Barrie. My Lesbian Husband. Saint Paul, MN: Greywolf Press, 1999. ISBN: 1555972926.

Jagose, Annamarie. Queer Theory: An Introduction. New York, NY: New York University Press, 1997. ISBN: 0814742343.

Readings by Session


Course Readings Lec # Topics READINGS

 
1 What is "Queer"? Sexual Identity as Historically Situated Scagliotti, John, and Greta Schiller. Before Stonewall. 1984. Documentary.
2 Medicalization and the "Birth of the Homosexual" Jagose, Annamarie. Queer Theory: An Introduction. New York, NY: New York University Press, 1997, pp. 30-43. ISBN: 0814742343.

Foucault, Michel. The History of Sexuality: An Introduction. Vol. 1. New York, NY: Vintage Books, 1990, pp. 1-131. ISBN: 0679724699.
3 Homosexuality and the Hollywood Production Code Wyler, William. The Children's Hour. 1961. Film.

Faderman, Lillian. The Scotch Verdict. New York, NY: Morrow, 1983, pp. 59-71, and 145-156. ISBN: 068801559X.

Halberstam, Judith. Female Masculinity. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1998, pp. 50-65. ISBN: 0822322439.

Russo, Vito. "The Way We Weren't." In The Celluloid Closet: Homosexuality in the Movies. New York, NY: Harper & Row, 1987, pp. 61-124. ISBN: 0060961325.

———. "Frightening the Horses." In The Celluloid Closet: Homosexuality in the Movies. New York, NY: Harper & Row, 1987, pp. 126-141. ISBN: 0060961325.
4 Science, History, and Theories of Gender and Sexual Identity Halperin, David. "Is There a History of Sexuality?" In LGBT Reader. pp. 416-431.

D'Emilio, John. "Capitalism and Gay Identity." In LGBT Reader. pp. 467-476.

von Krafft-Ebing, Richard. "Introduction" and "Foreword." In Psychopathia Sexualis. New York, NY: Arcade Publishing, 1998, pp. ix-xx. ISBN: 1559704268.

———. "General Pathology." In Psychopathia Sexualis. New York, NY: Arcade Publishing, 1998, pp. 186-194, 221-235, and 274-284. ISBN: 1559704268.

Somerville, Siobahn. "Scientific Racism and the Invention of the Homosexual Body." In Queer Studies: A Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Anthology. Edited by Beemyn and Eliason. New York, NY: New York University Press, 1996, pp. 241-261. ISBN: 0814712584.

Roughgarden, Joan. Evolution's Rainbow. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2004, pp. 245-261. ISBN: 0520240731.
5 Psychoanalysis and Sexual Identity Turner, William B. "I Am the Very Model of the Modern Homosexual." In A Genealogy of Queer Theory. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press, 2000, pp. 62-82. ISBN: 1566397871.

Chauncey, George. Gay New York: Gender, Urban Culture, and the Makings of the Gay Male World, 1890-1940. New York, NY: Basic Books, 1994. ISBN: 0465026214.

Freud, Sigmund. Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality. New York, NY: Basic Books, 2000. ISBN: 0465086063.

Abelove, Henry. "Freud, Male Homosexuality, and the Americans." In LGBT Reader. pp. 381-393.
6 The Invert, Third Sex, and Lesbians in History Vinicus, Martha. "'They Wonder to Which Sex I Belong': The Historical Roots of the Modern Lesbian Identity." In LGBT Reader. pp. 432-452.

Newton, Esther. "Just One of The Boys: Lesbians in Cherry Grove, 1960-1988." In LGBT Reader. pp. 528-541.

Nanda, Serena. "Hijras as Neither Man Nor Woman." In LGBT Reader. pp. 542-552.

Herdt, Gilbert. "Third Sexes and Third Genders." In Third Sex, Third Gender. New York, NY: Zone Books, 1993, pp. 21-50. ISBN: 0942299817.

Foucault, Michel. Herculine Barbin. New York, NY: Random House, 1980. pp. vii-xvii. ISBN: 0394738624.
7 Stonewall, the Closet, and Gay Marriage Jagose. "Gay Liberation." In Queer Theory: An Introduction. New York, NY: New York University Press, 1997, pp. 30-43. ISBN: 0814742343.

Sedgwick, Eve Kosofsky. "Epistemology of the Closet." In LGBT Reader. pp. 45-61.

Warner, Michael. "Beyond Gay Marriage." In The Trouble with Normal. New York, NY: Free Press, 1999, pp. 81-116, and 117-147. ISBN: 0684865297.

D'Emilio, John. "My Changing Sex Life." In The World Turned: Essays on Gay History, Politics, and Culture. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2002, pp. 199-209. ISBN: 0822330237.

———. "Then and Now: The Shifting Context of Gay Historical Writing." In The World Turned: Essays on Gay History, Politics, and Culture. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2002, pp. 210-230. ISBN: 0822330237.
8 AIDS and a Changing Sexual Culture Alonso, Ana Maria, and Maria Teresa Koreck. "Silences: 'Hispanics,' AIDS, and Sexual Practices." In LGBT Reader. pp. 110-126.

Patton, Cindy. "From Nation to Family: Containing African AIDS." In LGBT Reader. pp. 127-140.

Watney, Simon. "The Spectacle of AIDS." In LGBT Reader. pp. 202-210.

Selden, Daniel. "Just When You Thought It Was Safe to Go Back in the Water..." In LGBT Reader. pp. 221-226.

Hollibaugh, Amber L. My Dangerous Desires. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2000, pp. 187-218. ISBN: 0822326191.
9 Lesbian Feminism and Queer Politics Rubin, Gayle. "Thinking Sex." In LGBT Reader. pp. 3-44.

Frye, Marilyn. "Some Reflections on Separatism and Power." In LGBT Reader. pp. 91-98.

Smith, "Homophobia: Why Bring it Up?" In LGBT Reader. pp. 99-102.

Wittig, Monique. "One is Not Born a Woman." In LGBT Reader. pp. 103-109.

De Lauretis, Teresa. "Sexual Indifference and Lesbian Representation." In LGBT Reader. pp. 141-158.
10 Performativity, Drag, and Gender Identity Butler, Judith. "Imitation and Gender Insubordination." In LGBT Reader. pp. 307-320.

Munoz, Jose Esteban. "Performing Disidentifications." In Disidentifications: Queers of Color and the Performance of Politics. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press, 1999, pp. 1-34. ISBN: 0816630143.

Newton, Esther. Mother Camp. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1979. ISBN: 0226577600.

Namaste, Ki. "'Tragic Misreadings: Queer Theory's Erasure of Transgender Subjectivity." In Queer Studies: A Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Anthology. Edited by Beemyn and Eliason. New York, NY: New York University Press, 1996, pp. 183-203. ISBN: 0814712584.

Livingston, Jennie. Paris Is Burning. 1990. Film.
11 Transsexuals and the Mutability of Gender Garber, Marjorie. "Spare Parts: The Surgical Construction of Gender." In LGBT Reader. pp. 321-338.

Raymond, Janice. The Transsexual Empire. Boston, MA: Beacon Press, 1979. ISBN: 0807021644.

Stone, Sandy. "The Empire Strikes Back: A Posttranssexual Manifesto." Version 1.0, Sandy Stone, 1987.

Spade, Dean. "Resisting Medicine, Re/modeling Gender." Berkeley Women's Law Journal 18 (2003): 15-37.
12 Butch/Femme Identities and Female Masculinity Borich, Barrie. My Lesbian Husband. Saint Paul, MN: Greywolf Press, 1999. ISBN: 1555972926.

Case, Sue-Ellen. "Toward a Butch-Femme Aesthetic." In LGBT Reader. pp. 294-306.

Halberstam, Judith. Female Masculinity. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1998, pp. 50-65. ISBN: 0822322439.

Hollibaugh, Amber L. My Dangerous Desires. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2000, pp. 187-218. ISBN: 0822326191.
13 Contemporary Portrayals of Sexuality: Queer Images, Television, Photography, and Censorship Clark, Danae. "Commodity Lesbianism." In LGBT Reader. pp. 186-201.

Crimp, Douglas. "The Boys in My Bedroom." In LGBT Reader. pp. 344-349.

Mercer, Kobena. "Looking for Trouble." In LGBT Reader. pp. 350-359.

Meyer, Richard. "Robert Maplethorpe and the Discipline of Photography." In LGBT Reader. pp. 360-380.

L-Word or Queer as Folk
 
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