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課程來源:TED
     

Ueli Gegenschatz 談穿著翼裝翱翔
Ueli Gegenschatz soars in a wingsuit

講者:Ueli Gegenschatz

2009年2月演講,2009年4月在TED上線


譯者: 洪曉慧

編輯:劉契良

簡繁轉換:陳盈

後製:劉契良

字幕影片後製:謝旻均


影片請按此下載

閱讀中文字幕純文字版本




關於這場演講
「翼裝高空跳傘」是一項引領潮流的極限運動,也是一項振奮人心且令人難以置信的大膽技藝演出,跳傘者必需以每小時超過100英里的速度穿越峽谷飛翔。Ueli Gegenschatz談論他如何,又為什麼,從事這項運動,並放映令人嘆為觀止的影片。

關於Ueli Gegenschatz
Ueli Gegenschatz嘗試了所有人類可行的飛行方式:飛行傘、高空跳傘、定點跳傘(從艾菲爾鐵塔上),以及最驚險的:穿上「翼裝」在空中翱翔。

為什麼要聽他演講:
Ueli Gegenschatz是出名的飛行傘、高空跳傘及定點跳傘專家,他最令人嘆為觀止的飛行是身著「翼裝」-一種模擬飛鼠的高科技裝束,使他能夠達成人類共同的飛行夢想。他的「速度癮」令人振奮,但也有點狂熱,但他每次起跳的準備都是非常地嚴謹(依他線上自傳所列,他是「空中飛人/保險和防護顧問」專家)。

有著瑞士國家飛行傘隊成員4年的經歷,Gegenschatz於1995年共同創建了紅牛前鋒隊。他的定點跳傘特技表演是YouTube的傳奇:一天之內完成在艾菲爾鐵塔、吉隆坡雙子塔、艾格峰、僧侶峰和少女峰的表演;2009年,他幾個空中特技的世界首演將再次重新定義人類與重力的關係。
Ueli Gegenschatz的網上資料:
首頁:gegenschatz.com

[TED科技娛樂設計]
已有中譯字幕的TED影片目錄(繁體)(簡體)。請注意繁簡目錄是不一樣的。


Ueli Gegenschatz 談穿著翼裝翱翔
我是從滑翔運動開始的,滑翔就是從山上起飛,身上背著飛行傘,可能飛越田野,僅僅利用熱氣流升空飛行長長的距離,另一些特技飛行表演也可能使用飛行傘,這就是我從事跳傘運動的開端,在這張圖片中你可以看到4人花式跳傘,4個人一起跳傘飛行,左側是攝影飛行員,戴著安裝著相機的頭盔,以使他能拍攝到完整的跳傘過程,是為了影片拍攝,也是為了作評估。
 
 
玩過一般的高空跳傘後,我開始玩自由飛行,自由飛行大多是三維高空跳傘,你可以看到穿著紅色跳傘服的跳傘員,他是直立的姿勢,穿著黃綠色跳傘服的則是頭部朝下飛行,我在後方,繞著整個隊形周圍呈自由落體下降,戴著頭盔攝影機拍攝這次跳傘過程,玩過自由飛行後,我接著玩空中滑板,空中滑板就是腳上踩著滑板來跳傘,你可以想像踩在這麼大面積的空中滑板上會有很多的力量和操控力,當然我可以運用這項操控力來作一個很棒的旋轉,我們稱之為直升機式移動。
 
 
然後,我接著玩翼裝高空跳傘,即穿著一套裝束進行飛行,就只用我的身體而已,如果我給身體和我的裝束一些張力,我就可以讓它飛行,你可以看到下降速度慢得多了,那是因為它有較大的表面,只要身體姿勢正確,我的確能前進一段相當的距離,這是我在里約熱內盧作的一次跳傘,您可以看到Copacabana就在左側,擁有了所有從飛行傘運動學習到的技能和知識,和來自高空跳傘的種種訓練,我開始玩定點跳傘,即從固定物體跳傘降落,如建築物、天線、橋樑和地球表面,意指高山、懸崖。
 
 
對我來說,自由落體降落時是一種終極的感受,看著所有視線中的參考物,所以,我的目標就是盡快發現新的、從未有人跳過的地方,因此,在2000年夏天,我是第一個在瑞士艾格峰北坡做定點跳傘的人,兩年後,我是第一個在馬特洪峰做定點跳傘的人,這是一座非常有名的山,可能在座的聽眾都聽說過,2005年我在艾格峰、僧侶峰和少女峰做了定點跳傘,那是瑞士三座非常著名的山,這三次跳傘的特別之處在於,我在一天內完成所有的徒步攀爬,2008年,我跳下了巴黎艾菲爾鐵塔。 
 
(笑聲)
 
擁有了這所有的知識後,我也想做特技表演,因此和一些朋友開始玩不同的把戲,比如像這個跳躍,我從飛行傘上跳下來或像在這裡,大家實在是凍壞了,除了我以外,因為那是在奧地利非常冷的天氣下做的拍攝記錄,大家都坐在籃子中,而我在氣球頂端準備用空中滑板滑下來,或這個跳躍,從公路上移動中的卡車跳下。
 
(笑聲)
 
像這樣頂級的極限運動,只有在你一步步的練習下才有可能完成,而且必需在技能上下很多工夫,還有知識上,當然,你身體狀況必須非常良好,所以我做了很多訓練,你需要有市售中最好的裝備,也許最重要的是你必需磨鍊心智,做好心理準備,這一切準備能使你盡可能接近人類飛行夢想的達成。
 
 
因此在2009年,我為兩個新計畫努力做訓練,第一是,我想創一個世界紀錄,就是從懸崖做翼裝高空跳傘,我也想新創一個最長飛行距離的記錄,而我的第二個計畫是一個將造成轟動的想法,就是做一個從未有人做過的跳躍,所以在以下的影片中你會看到,我在翼裝高空跳傘的表現,比我的口說英語好多了,好好享受吧,非常感謝。
 
 
(掌聲)
(掌聲)
 
 
June Cohen:我想問一些問題,我想大家都可能有一些問題想問,第一個問題,所以這個感受確實跟飛行夢想一樣嗎?因為它看起來似乎是。
 
 
Ueli Gegenschatz:幾乎是,我相信這或許是最接近飛行夢想的可能了,
 
 
JC:我知道這問題的答案,但是,你是怎樣著陸的呢?
 
 
UE:降落傘。我們必須打開降落傘,就在降落幾秒鐘前,我想應該說是,撞地吧。(笑聲)目前還不能靠翼裝高空跳傘著陸。
 
 
JC:是的,但人們正在嘗試,你是那些…你不會想要自殺…你是那些試圖這樣做的人之一嗎?
 
 
UE:這是一個夢想,一個夢想 (JC:是的) 我們還在這方面努力,使翼裝高空跳傘的性能更加完美,以獲得更多的知識,我相信很快就能做到。
 
 
JC:是的,那麼,我們將拭目以待,不過,我還有兩個問題,那是什麼…有一些氣體排出,就在翼裝高空跳傘裝後面,你穿的是翼裝高空跳傘推進器嗎?
 
 
UE:不是。那只是煙霧而已。
 
 
JC:是從你身上冒出來的嗎?
 
 
(笑聲)
 
 
UE:我希望不是
 
 
(笑聲)
 
 
JC:看起來似乎有點危險。
 
 
UE:不會,使用煙霧有兩個原因,可以使你看到我的速度及我飛行的途徑,這是第一個原因,第二個原因是,它能使攝影師比較容易拍攝,如果我用煙霧的話。
 
 
JC:啊,我明白了,翼裝高空跳傘設計上就會釋放煙霧,方便追蹤你的飛行。再一個問題,你用什麼來保護臉部?因為我一直在想,當你飛得那麼快時,整個臉部彷彿被往後撞似的,你有戴頭盔嗎?或護目鏡?
 
 
UE:要擁有最純粹和最好的感覺,就是只戴護目鏡,
 
 
JC:那就是你飛行時一向的裝備嗎?
 
 
UE:我通常會戴著頭盔,在山上,我總是戴著頭盔,因為著陸通常很困難,它不像一般的跳傘運動,有很大的空間可以降落,所以,你必須有所防護。
 
 
JC:是的,那什麼是你不會做的呢?人們是否會帶著計畫來找你,然後說:「我們要你這樣做」,你是否會說:「不,不,我不會這麼做」。
 
 
UE:哦,當然,當然,有些人會有瘋狂的想法。
 
 
(笑聲)
 
 
JC:再一次掌聲。
 
 
(掌聲)
 
 
UE:非常感謝。
 
 
(掌聲)

以下為系統擷取之英文原文

About this talk

Wingsuit jumping is the leading edge of extreme sports -- an exhilarating feat of almost unbelievable daring, where skydivers soar through canyons at over 100MPH. Ueli Gegenschatz talks about how (and why) he does it, and shows jawdropping film.

About Ueli Gegenschatz

Ueli Gegenschatz takes flight just about every way a human can: paragliding, skydiving, BASE jumping (from the Eiffel Tower), and most breathtakingly: by donning a wingsuit and soaring. Full bio and more links

Transcript

I started with paragliding. Paragliding is taking off from mountains with a paraglider, with the possibility to fly cross country, distance, just with the use of thermals to soar. Also different aerobatic maneuvers are possible with a paraglider.

From there I started with skydiving. In this picture you can see there is a four way skydive, four people flying together, and on the left hand side it's the camera flyer with the camera mounted to his helmet so he can film the whole jump, for the film itself and also for the judging.

From regular, relative skydiving I went on to freeflying. Freeflying is more the three-dimensional skydiving. You can see the skydiver with the red suit, he's in a stand-up position. The one with the yellow-green suit, he's flying head-down. And that's me in the background, carving around the whole formation in freefall also, with the helmet cam to film this jump.

From freeflying I went on to skysurfing. Skysurfing is skydiving with a board on the feet. You can imagine with this big surface of a skysurfing board, there is a lot of force, a lot of power. Of course I can use this power for example for nice, spinning -- we call it helicopter moves.

From there I went on to wingsuit flying. Wingsuit flying is a suit, that I can make fly, just only with my body. If I put some tension on my body, tension on my suit, I can make it fly. And as you see the fall rate is much much slower because of the bigger surface. With a proper body position I'm able to really move forward to gain quite some distance. This is a jump I did in Rio de Janeiro. You can see the Copacabana on the left-hand side.

From there with all the skills and knowledge from paragliding and all the different disciplines in skydiving, I went on to BASE jumping. BASE jumping is skydiving from fixed objects, like buildings, antennae, bridges and earth -- meaning mountains, cliffs. It's for sure -- for me -- it's the ultimate feeling of being in free fall, with all the visual references.

So my goal soon was to discover new places that nobody had jumped before. So in summer 2000 I was the first to BASE jump the Eiger North Face in Switzerland. Two years after this, I was the first to BASE jump from Matterhorn, a very famous mountain that probably everybody knows in here. 2005 I did a BASE jump from the Eiger, from the Monk and from the Jungfrau, three very famous mountains in Switzerland. The special thing on these three jumps were, I hiked them all and climbed them all in only one day. In 2008 I jumped the Eiffel Tower in Paris. (Laughter)

With all this knowledge, I also wanted to get into stunts. So with some friends we started to do different tricks, like for example this jump here, I jumped from a paraglider. Or here, everybody was freezing, pretty much, except me, because it was very cold in Austria where we did this filming. Everybody sitting in a basket, and I was on top of the balloon, ready to slide down with my skysurf board. Or this jump, from a moving truck on the highway. (Laughter)

Extreme sports on top level like this is only possible if you practice step by step, if you really work hard on your skills and on your knowledge. Of course you need to be in physical, very good, condition, so I'm training a lot. You need to have the best possible equipment. And probably the most important is you have to work on your mental skills, mental preparation. And all this to come as close as possible to the human dream of being able to fly.

So for 2009, I'm training hard for my two new projects. The first one, I want to set a world record in flying from a cliff with my wingsuit. And I want to set a new record, with the longest distance ever flown. For my second project, I have a sensational idea of a jump that never has been done before.

So now, in the following movie you will see that I'm much better in flying a wingsuit than speaking in English. Enjoy, and thank you very much. (Applause)

(Applause)

June Cohen: I have some questions. I think we all might have some questions. Question one, so does that actually feel the way the flying dream does? Because it looks like it might.

Ueli Gegenschatz: Pretty much. I believe this is probably the closest possibility to come to the dream of being able to fly.

JC: I know the answer to this but, how do you land?

UE: Parachute. We have to open a parachute just seconds before, I would say, impact. (Laughter) It's not possible to land a wingsuit yet.

JC: Yet. But people are trying. Are you among those -- you're not going to commit -- are you among those trying to do it?

UE: It's a dream. It's a dream. Yeah. We're still working on it and we're developing the wingsuits to get better performance, to get more knowledge. And I believe soon.

JC: All right. Well we will watch this space. But I have two more questions. What is the -- there was exhaust coming out of the back of the wingsuit. Was that a propelled wingsuit that you were wearing?

UE: Nope. It's just smoke.

JC: Coming off of you?

(Laughter)

UE: Hopefully not.

(Laughter)

JC: That seems dangerous.

UE: No, smoke is for two reasons, you can see the speed, you can see the way where I was flying. That's reason number one. And reason number two, it's much easier for the camera guy to film If I'm using smoke.

JC: Ah, I see. So the wingsuit is set up to deliberately release smoke so that you can be tracked. One more question. What do you do to to cover your face? Because I just keep thinking of going that fast and having your whole face smushed backwards. Are you in a helmet? Are you in goggles?

UE: The purest and the best feeling would be with only goggles.

JC: And is that how you usually fly?

UE: Usually I'm wearing a helmet. In the mountains I'm always wearing a helmet because of landings -- usually it's difficult -- it's not like regular skydiving where you have like the big landings. So you have to be prepared.

JC: Right. Now is there anything you don't do? Do people come to you with projects and say, "We want you to do this!" and do you ever say, "No, no I'm not going to."

UE: Oh of course, of course. Some people have crazy ideas and --

(Laughter)

JC: ...a round of applause...

(Applause)

UE: Thank you very much.

(Applause)

 


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