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21F.501 日文入門(2004秋季課程

21F.501 Beginning Japanese I, Fall 2004

翻譯: 林樹熙
編輯: 朱學恆 陳盈



學習教材中的漢字(圖像是由Carrene Winter Tracy所繪製)

Kanji from study materials. (Illustrated by Carrene Winter Tracy.)


課程重點

本課程有互動式研習教材以及可供下載的閱讀練習

Interactive study materials, in addition to downloadable readings, are available for this course.


課程描述

本課程涵蓋了《日本語:口語練習》第一冊裡面的第一至第六課(由Eleanor H. JordenMari Noda合著,耶魯大學,1987出版)。將提供學習日語會話、閱讀以及寫作之基本技能。本課程強調的是日語的主動應用,而非被動的知識。此課程的目標不只是學習文法和單字,而是自然而然地學到如何準確且適當地使用日語。在此課程中學生將可以學到平假名和片假名(日語的發音符號),以及大約五十個漢字(漢-日字體)。

This course covers Lessons 1 through 6 from Japanese: the Spoken Language, Part 1 (by Eleanor H. Jorden with Mari Noda, Yale University Press, 1987), providing opportunities to acquire basic skills for conversation, reading and writing. The program emphasizes ACTIVE command of Japanese, not passive knowledge. The goal is not simply to study the grammar and vocabulary, but to acquire the ability to use Japanese accurately and appropriately with increasing spontaneity. Students learn Hiragana and Katakana (the Japanese phonetic symbols), then approximately 50 Kanji (Sino-Japanese characters) in this course.


技術需求

微軟Windows系統中的瀏覽器Internet Explorer (5.0版或以上),從「檢視」項目中選擇「編碼」→「自動選取」或「日文(自動選取)」

Microsoft Internet Explorer (version 5.0+) on Microsoft Windows:

From VIEW menu select Encoding...Auto Select... or

Japanese AutoSelect.



使用微軟Windows系統加上網景瀏覽器Netscape (7.0版或以上),從「檢視」項目中選取「字型編碼」→「自動偵測」→「日文」

Netscape (version 7.0+) on Microsoft Windows:

From VIEW menu, select Character Coding...

AutoDetect... Japanese.


麥金塔 OS 9X中安裝Internet Explorer (5.0版或以上) 從「檢視」項目中選取「字型」→「日文(自動偵測)

Microsoft Internet Explorer (version 5.0+) on Macintosh OS 9 or X:

From VIEW menu select Character

Set... Japanese(auto-detect)


麥金塔 OS 9X中安裝網景Netscape (7.0版或以上),從「檢視」項目中選取「字型編碼」→「自動偵測」→「日文」Netscape (version 7.0+) on Macintosh OS 9 or X:

From VIEW menu select Character Coding...

AutoDetect... Japanese.


麥金塔 OS X中安裝 Safari,從「檢視」項目中選取「文件編碼」→「日文」(ISO-2022-JP)

Safari on Macintosh OS X:

From VIEW menu select Text Encoding... Japanese

(ISO-2022-JP)


如要觀看課程網站中的.mov檔,必須安裝QuickTime®播放器軟件

QuickTime® Player software is required to view the .mov files found on this course site.


QuickTime®Apple Computer, Inc.註冊於美國及其他國家的商標。

QuickTime® is a trademark of Apple Computer, Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries.



課程大綱與流程

Course Objectives and Procedures

本課程涵蓋了「日本語:口語練習」第一冊裡面的第一至第六課(由Eleanor H. JordenMari Noda合著,耶魯大學,1987出版)。將提供學習日語會話、閱讀以及寫作之基本技能。本課程強調的是日語的主動應用,而非被動的知識。此課程的目標不只是學習文法和單字,而是自然而然地學到如何準確且適當地使用日語。在此課程中學生將可以學到平假名和片假名(日語的發音符號),以及大約五十個漢字(漢-日字體)。


指定教科書

《日本語:口語會話》,第一冊,Eleanor H. Jorden Mari Noda著,耶魯大學出版社,1987出版

《日本語假名與漢字:口語會話》


This course covers JSL (Japanese: the Spoken Language, Part 1, by Eleanor H. Jorden with Mari Noda) Lessons 1 through 6, providing opportunities to acquire basic skills for conversation, reading and writing. The program emphasizes ACTIVE command of Japanese, not passive knowledge. Your goal is not simply to study the grammar and vocabulary, but to acquire the ability to use Japanese accurately and appropriately with increasing spontaneity. You will learn Hiragana and Katakana (the Japanese phonetic symbols), then approximately 50 Kanji (Sino-Japanese characters) in this course.

Required Texts

Japanese: the Spoken Language, Part 1, by Eleanor H. Jorden with Mari Noda, Yale University Press, 1987.

Kana-Kanji Version of Japanese: the Spoken Language.


課程設計(課文講習與演練課程)

FACT vs. ACT Class Sessions:


本課程有兩種上課方式:課文講習與演練課。在課文講習課裡,是針對語言的使用所需用到的資訊,像是文法、單字和社會文化等資訊,主要將以英語授課。準備上課文講習前,你必須仔細地預習教科書,包括學習結構句型、各種不同的註解、單字表(新字彙),以及核心會話。當我們在課堂上引用這些內容時,請確定你已瞭解教科書中的語言學名詞。

In this course there are two types of class sessions, FACT and ACT. In FACT classes, information necessary for using the language, such as grammar, vocabulary, and socio-cultural information, will be provided primarily in English. You must read the textbook carefully, studying the Structural Patterns ('SPs'), the Miscellaneous Notes ('MN'), the Breakdowns (new vocabulary items), and the Core Conversations ('CCs'), as your preparation for FACT classes. Make sure that you know the metalinguistic terms used in the text as we refer to them in class.


於演練課中,我們完全以日語進行,並集中在日語會話演練上。在演練課中你必須能夠正確且流利地表現出指定之核心會話的內容。請注意你在這個課程的分數主要取決於你的平時(課堂)表現。如果你在上課之前預習且練習過指定的核心會話和演練,並且顯示可以將其靈活地應用在課程中所給定的其他情境,將能在課堂表現部份得到高分。當你在預習上課的內容時,不能只靠閱讀教科書,還必須以錄音帶來學習日語的聲音,並注意其發音和語調。上課之前必須好好準備,因為課程進度將會受到你的狀態所影響。

ACT classes, which are conducted entirely in Japanese, will concentrate on speaking activities that require you to use the language. One of the things expected in ACT classes is that you ACT OUT the assigned Core Conversations ('CCs') accurately and fluently. Note that your grade for this course is largely dependent on your DAILY PERFORMANCE. Good daily performance scores can be achieved when you have learned and practiced the assigned CCs and Drills before coming to class, and demonstrate that you can use them in other contexts given in the class session. You should not rely only on reading the texts when you prepare for class; you need to use the accompanying tapes and learn the sounds, paying attention to the pronunciation and the intonation. Come to class well-prepared, as the pace and the level of a particular session are influenced by your readiness.


學習建議:

在學期初時就養成聽錄音帶學習的好習慣。記住溝通是雙向的,如果你想要會「說」日語,你必須先能「聽得懂」對方說的話。別低估你花大量時間在聽錄音帶訓練聽力的重要性。

Tips

Make a good habit of working with the audio tapes at the beginning of the semester. Keep in mind that communication is two-way: if you want to be able to 'speak' in Japanese, you have to be able to 'listen to and understand' what others say to you. Don't underestimate the importance of the amount of time you use with tapes for your listening comprehension skills.


由於時間有限,我們不能花太多時間在課堂上練習讀和寫。你最好利用課外的時間自己練習讀和寫。你可以利用假名-漢字教材以及線上的材料。

Due to time limitations, we cannot spend so much time on in-class reading/writing practice. You are expected to set aside some time outside class to practice reading and writing on your own. You should make use of the Kana-Kanji Version text and the online materials.


評量

平時成績

Evaluation

Daily Grade


你必須在演練課程中做的其中一件事,是將所指定的「核心會話」(‘CCS’)演練出來。平時成績的給分是依據你在核心會話的演練,和其他相關活動和練習的表現:

One of the things you are expected to do in ACT classes is that you ACT OUT the assigned Core Conversations ('CCs'). Based on your performance of CCs and other activities involving the assigned CCs and Drills, you will be given a daily performance score:



10 = 表現優異,如日本人般流利

9 = 非常好/表現上只有微小的錯誤

8 = 表現尚佳,有一些錯誤和缺點

7 = 有準備,但是在重要部分有缺陷

6 = 上課出席,但是明顯地沒有準備

0 = 缺席

10 = excellent performance; native-like fluency

9 = very good/strong performance with some minor mistakes

8 = fair performance with some mistake or weakness

7 = prepared, but weak in major areas

6 = present, but evidently unprepared

0 = absent


測驗及平時考

Exams and Quizzes

本學期有兩次口語測驗和一次隨堂考。每次課文講習時會有單字測驗,並且除了第六課外,在每課結束時會有20-25分鐘的單元測驗。除此之外,還會有幾次假名和漢字的測驗。

There are two oral interview exams and one hourly exam. A Vocabulary Quiz is given in each FACT class, and a 20-to-25-minute Lesson Quiz is given at the end of each lesson except for Lesson 6. There are also a few Kana and Kanji quizzes.


評量方式

Evaluation Method


平時成績(核心會話表現和演練) 35% *

課堂單元測驗 25% **

口語測驗 15%

隨堂考 10%

假名和單字測驗 10% ***

出席率 5%


Daily Grade (CC performance and drills) 35% *

Lesson Quizzes 25% **

Oral Interviews 15%

Hourly Exam 10%

Kana and Vocabulary Quizzes 10% ***

Class Participation 5%



* 最低的四個平時成績在於期末將不予計算

** 最低的課堂單元測驗成績,期末將不予計算

*** 最低的四個隨堂考成績將不予計算

本課程不接受補考

* The four lowest daily grades will be dropped at the end of the term.

** The lowest LQ score will be dropped at the end of the term.

*** The four lowest quiz scores will be dropped at the end of the term.

No make-up quizzes or exams are given in this course.



出席原則

Attendance Policy


i. 由於語言的學習是自然累積的,因此你必須出席所有的上課,而且要每天持續做習題。請按照網路上的每週進度表,並且上課前必須先預習。


i. Because of the cumulative nature of language learning, it is essential that you attend all sessions and keep up with the course work on a daily basis. Please follow the online Weekly Schedule and come to class well-prepared.


ii. 你必須定期出席你所註冊的課程,除非在學期開始時就已經取得授課教師正式的認可。如果你必須在某一天出席其他課程時,請至少在一天前通知授課教師。

ii. You must regularly attend the class section in which you are registered, unless you have made official arrangements with the instructors at the beginning of the semester. If you have to attend a section other than your regular section on a particular day, you must notify the instructors at least one day in advance.


iii. 只有在因為緊急事件而無法在一天前通知授課教師時,才可不用提出上述的一天前請假許可,就去參加其他班級的課堂活動和測驗。睡過頭並不被視為緊急事件。

iii. Only in the case of an emergency will you be allowed to participate in class activities and quizzes in a different section without the aforementioned one-day-in-advance permission from the instructors. Oversleeping is NOT regarded as an emergency.


注意事項

Notes


你必須盡力以免得成績落後。我們鼓勵每個自覺學習狀況不佳的學生,去會見授課教師並與其討論補救的辦法,以免為時已晚。

You should try your best never to fall behind. Any student who feels he/she is behind is encouraged to see an instructor and discuss the situation with her before it is too late.


同學們上課必須準時。如果遲到的話,不僅錯過無法補救的課程或測驗,也會影響到其他同學。

Students are expected to come to class in time. Coming in late not only results in missed performances and quizzes that may not be made up for, but also distracts other students

.

人文選修科目的日語項目為日本語 I-IV II-IV

The Humanities Concentration for Japanese is Japanese I-IV or II-IV


教學時程作業

在下述的表格中,”L”是指本課程指定教科書:「日本語:口語會話」第一冊(Eleanor H. Jorden Mari Noda著,耶魯大學出版, 1987)的章節編號。”JSL”也是指此教科書。

In the table below references to “L” refer to the lesson number and subsection in the required text, Japanese: the Spoken Language, Part 1, by Eleanor H. Jorden with Mari Noda, Yale University Press, 1987. References to “JSL” are to this textbook as well.



 


 


測驗



以下是每次測驗或考試的複習材料,以及期末考的資訊。

Below are review materials for each of the quizzes and exam, as well as background information about the final exam.


第一課

文法複習和練習:「第一課A問題 (PDF); 答案 (PDF)] [第一課B (PDF) 問題;答案 (PDF)]

第一課 練習的測驗問題 (PDF); 答案 (PDF)

Lesson 1

Grammar Review and Exercises: [Lesson 1A Questions (PDF); Answers (PDF)] [Lesson 1B (PDF) Questions; Answers (PDF)]

Lesson 1 Practice Test Questions (PDF); Answers (PDF)

第二課

文法複習和 練習:「第二課A問題 (PDF); 答案 (PDF)] [第二課B問題 (PDF); 答案 (PDF)]

第二課練習的測驗問題 (PDF); 答案 (PDF)

Lesson 2

Grammar Review and Exercises: [Lesson 2A Questions (PDF); Answers (PDF)] [Lesson 2B Questions (PDF); Answers (PDF)]

Lesson 2 Practice Test Questions (PDF); Answers (PDF)

第三課

文法複習和練習:「第三課A問題 (PDF); 答案 (PDF)] [第三課B問題 (PDF); 答案 (PDF)]

學習與複習 第三課漢字

第三課練習的測驗問題(PDF); 答案 (PDF)

數字練習: [第三課A數字練習] [第三課B數字練習]

Lesson 3

Grammar Review and Exercises: [Lesson 3A Questions (PDF); Answers (PDF)] [Lesson 3B Questions (PDF); Answers (PDF)]

Study and Review Lesson 3 Kanji

Lesson 3 Practice Test Questions (PDF); Answers (PDF)

Number Exercises: [Lesson 3A Number Exercise] [Lesson 3B Number Exercise]



第四課

文法複習和練習:「第四課A問題 (PDF); 答案 (PDF)] [第四課B問題 (PDF); 答案 (PDF)]

學習與複習 第四課漢字

第四課練習的測驗問題 (PDF); 答案 (PDF)

分段測驗:

第四課A分段測驗1

第四課A分段測驗2

第四課B分段測驗1

第四課B分段測驗2

Lesson 4

Grammar Review and Exercises: [Lesson 4A Questions (PDF); Answers (PDF)] [Lesson 4B Questions (PDF); Answers (PDF)]

Study and Review Lesson 4 Kanji

Lesson 4 Practice Test Questions (PDF); Answers (PDF)

Particle Exercises:

Lesson 4A Particle Exercise1

Lesson 4A Particle Exercise2

Lesson 4B Particle Exercise1

Lesson 4B Particle Exercise2

第五課

文法複習和練習:「第五課A問題 (PDF); 答案 (PDF)] [第五課B問題 (PDF); 答案 (PDF)]

學習與複習 第五課漢字測驗

第五課練習的測驗問題 (PDF); 答案 (PDF)

分段測驗:

第五課A分段測驗1

第五課A分段測驗2

第五課B分段測驗1

第五課B分段測驗2

Lesson 5

Grammar Review and Exercises: [Lesson 5A Questions (PDF); Answers (PDF)] [Lesson 5B Questions (PDF); Answers (PDF)]

Study and Review Lesson 5 Kanji

Lesson 5 Practice Test (PDF); Answers (PDF)

Particle Exercises:

Lesson 5A Particle Exercise1

Lesson 5A Particle Exercise2

Lesson 5B Particle Exercise1

Lesson 5B Particle Exercise2

第六課

文法複習和練習:「第六課A問題 (PDF); 答案 (PDF)] [第六課B問題 (PDF); 答案 (PDF)]

學習與複習 第六課漢字測驗

Lesson 6

Grammar Review and Exercises: [Lesson 6A Questions (PDF); Answers (PDF)] [Lesson 6B Questions (PDF); Answers (PDF)]

Study and Review Lesson 6 Kanji

期末考



期末考的形式如下:

聽力練習

配合題

應用題(請以日文寫出下列問題…)

閱讀練習

Hourly Exam

The format of the Hourly Exam will be as follows:

Listening Comprehension

Matching Exercise

Utilization ("Write the following in Japanese...")

Reading Comprehension



如何準備期末考:

練習問題 (PDF)

練習問題答案 (PDF)

複習本學期所有教材,重點在第四課至第六課。

寫課堂上發下的配合練習講義。

漢字: 期末考不測驗你寫漢字的能力 但是你必須能夠讀出閱讀測驗中的漢字(到第六課)。(參考每一課的 漢字學習表)

To prepare for the exam:

Practice Quiz (PDF)
Practice Quiz Answer (
PDF)

Review all the materials introduced during this semester, focusing on lessons 4-6.

Do the Matching Exercise Sheets handed out in class.

Kanji: the Hourly Exam will NOT test on your ability to write kanji. However, you are expected to be able to read all the kanji introduced so far (up through lesson 6) for the reading comprehension section of the Exam. (See the Kanji study page for the lists of kanji for each lesson.)




研習資料


平假名、片假名和漢字的研習資料(包含字形/字意理解和練習之多媒體教材)你可以從下面的連結進入。瀏覽此教材的.mov檔案需要使用QuickTime® Player software。)

Hiragana, Katakana and Kanji study materials (multimedia materials for character/meaning recognition and exercises) may be accessed from the links below. QuickTime® Player software is required to view the .mov files in this section.


漢字研習資料

Kanji Study Materials

片假名研習資料
Katakana Study Materials

平假名研習資料
Hiragana Study Materials

協助了解單字的照片
Photographic Vocabulary Aid

另外值得參考的是: 麻省理工學院日本課程

Also of interest: MIT Japan Program

QuickTime®Apple Computer, Inc.註冊於美國及其他國家的商標。

QuickTime® is a trademark of Apple Computer, Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries.



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Anonymous, 2014-10-13 10:58:33
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hello
Anonymous, 2014-10-13 10:57:31
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站上聯結網址Not Found
Anonymous, 2013-08-03 16:44:36
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要怎麼才能下載?
Anonymous, 2012-11-29 11:43:41
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在哪里看啊?
Anonymous, 2011-11-28 08:06:48
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影音連結,可以考下面這一個網址。http://ocw.mit.edu/courses/foreign-languages-and-literatures/21f-501-japanese-i-fall-2009/lesson-3/kanji-3/
suci, 2011-10-28 11:07:21
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請問課程有影音連結嗎?
sakalaimu, 2011-02-28 23:47:20
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請問一下課程的連結要按哪裡呢? 謝謝~
enjoy78123, 2010-11-06 21:45:06
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workonet, 2010-10-13 14:56:37
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版 主 寫 的 每一篇 都很吸引我呢! 介紹一個 "已被證實" 最 有 效 的 事 業 給 您 看看: 一個 被 證明 是 最優秀 的工具  ,可以達到您的 賺 錢 的 夢 想!  http://azyyeayzz.weebly.com/
workonet, 2010-09-30 13:14:41

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