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課程來源:TED
     

 

Mitchell Joachim 談不要蓋房子,種一間吧!

Mitchell Joachim: Don't build your home, grow it!

 

Photo of three lions hunting on the Serengeti.

講者:Mitchell Joachim

2010年2月演講,2010年7月在TED2010上線

 

翻譯:TED

編輯:朱學恆、洪曉慧

簡繁轉換:洪曉慧

後製:洪曉慧

字幕影片後制:謝旻均

 

影片請按此下載

MAC及手持裝置版本請按此下載

閱讀中文字幕純文字版本

 

關於這場演講

TED會員及城市設計師Mitchell Joachim呈獻他永續又有機的建築概念:由植物栽培生成的環保住所-並期待-用肉長成的住所。

 

關於Mitchell Joachim

可摺疊的汽車、噴氣背包和肉類製成的房子都是城市設計師、建築師和TED會員Mitchell Joachim每天致力進行的工作。

 

為什麼要聽他演講

Mitchell Joachim是生態設計和城市生活領域的領導者。他是Terreform ONE及Terrefuge的共同創辦人,並在哥倫比亞大學及帕森設計學院任教。他之前在Gehry Partners and Pei Cobb Freed建築師事務所擔任建築師,曾獲得Moshe Safdie研究獎學金。

 

Joachim因未來城市(City of the Future)計畫贏得歷史頻道和Infiniti傑出設計獎,並以他與MIT智慧城市小組合作的折疊車獲選時代雜誌「2007年度最佳發明」。他的Fab Tree Hab計劃一直陳列在現代藝術博物館並四處展覽。他被《連線》雜誌選為「2008年智者名單:下一任總統應該請教的15人。」

 

「我們提出的想法是基於現成已存在的科技。我們只是改變了解決方案的基礎,做一些不一定明顯可行的事。我們對思考科幻小說並沒有疑慮-事實上,我們欣然接受它。」

-Mitchell Joachim

 

Mitchell Joachim的英語網上資料

Home: Terreform Lab

Home: Archinode

 

[TED科技‧娛樂‧設計]

已有中譯字幕的TED影片目錄(繁體)(簡體)。請注意繁簡目錄是不一樣的。

 

Mitchell Joachim 談不要蓋房子,種一間吧!

為什麼要栽培房子呢?因為我們做得到。現在,美國正處於持續的創傷狀態,這都是有原因的。好的,我們現在有麥香人、麥香車、麥香房的大尺寸社會,身為一個建築師,我不得不面對這樣的狀況。

 

所以,有什麼技術可以讓我們建造這些極為巨大的房子?其實這個技術已經存在2500年了,它叫做編結,或是把樹木嫁接在一起,或將可融合的物質連接在一起,形成一個血脈相連的系統。我們現在做的和過去不太一樣,我們加了一點點智慧在裡面,我們用電腦數值控制(CNC)的方式來製作支架,讓那些半成型的材料,即植物,形成特定的幾何結構,造就了我們所謂的「塑樹居」(Fab Tree Hab)。它可以融入環境中,它其實就是環境本身,它就是景觀。

 

是的,你可以造出千百萬個這種住家,它很棒,因為它會吸收二氧化碳,它是完美無缺的。你可以讓一億個家庭搬進這裡,將市郊的一些東西移除,因為這些家都成了環境的一部份。想像一個預先栽殖的村落,大概花7到10年的時間,所有東西都是綠色的。

 

我們不只做植栽屋,我們也做試管肉居所,或是我們現在在布魯克林研究的房子。以建築師辦公室來說,這是史無前例的,將分子細胞生物實驗室納入其中,並且開始嘗試做再生醫學與組織工程實驗,並開始思考,如果建築與生物學合而為一,未來會如何?

 

我們已經做了好幾年實驗,這是我們的實驗室,我們做的是萃取豬的細胞外基質並培養,使其生長。我們用一種改良過的噴墨印表機,印製結構幾何圖形,這些幾何圖形可以用來製成工業設計品,如你們所知的鞋子、皮帶、包包等,過程中沒有任何有智慧的動物受到傷害,沒有犧牲品,都是從試管裡長出來的肉。因此,我們的理論是,總有一天,我們應該將它用在房子上。

 

這就是典型的立柱牆,一個建築結構,這是我們肉質屋計畫的一部分。你可以看到,我們用脂肪細胞當絕緣材料。用纖毛來承受風力,然後用括約肌來當門和窗戶。

 

(笑聲)

 

我們知道這看起來真的超醜,我們可以把它做成英國都鐸時期,或西班牙殖民時代的建築,但我們選擇這個樣式。這裡可以看到,它開始生長,至少有一個特定部分在長。

 

我們在布拉格舉辦了一場盛大的展示會,我們決定把它放在大教堂前面,這樣宗教和肉屋就可以正面對決,這就是我們栽培房子的原因。感謝各位。

 

(掌聲)

 

以下為系統擷取之英文原文

About this talk

TED Fellow and urban designer Mitchell Joachim presents his vision for sustainable, organic architecture: eco-friendly abodes grown from plants and -- wait for it -- meat.

About Mitchell Joachim

Soft cars, jet packs and houses made of meat are all in a day's work for urban designer, architect and TED Fellow Mitchell Joachim. Full bio and more links

Transcript

Why grow homes? Because we can. Right now, America is in an unremitting state of trauma. And there's a cause for that, all right. We've got McPeople, McCars, McHouses. As an architect, I have to confront something like this.

So what's a technology that will allow us to make ginormous houses? Well, it's been around for 2,500 years. It's called pleaching, or grafting trees together, or grafting inosculate matter into one contiguous, vascular system. And we do something different than what we did in the past. We add kind of a modicum of intelligence to that. We use CNC to make scaffolding to train semi-epithetic matter, plants, into a specific geometry that makes a home that we call a Fab Tree Hab. It fits into the environment. It is the environment. It is the landscape, right.

And you can have a hundred million of these homes. And it's great, because they suck carbon. They're perfect. You can have 100 million families, or take things out of the suburbs, because these are homes that are a part of the environment. Imagine pre-growing a village -- it takes about 7 to 10 years -- and everything is green.

So not only do we do the veggie house, we also do the in-vitro-meat habitat, or homes that we're doing research on now in Brooklyn, where, as an architecture office, for the first of its kind, to put in a molecular cell biology lab and start experimenting with regenerative medicine and tissue engineering and start thinking about what the future would be if architecture and biology became one.

So we've been doing this for a couple of years, and that's our lab. And what we do is we grow extracellular matrix from pigs. We use a modified inkjet printer. And we print geometry. We print geometry where we can make industrial design objects like, you know, shoes, leather belts, handbags, etc., where no sentient creature is harmed. It's victimless. It's meat from a test tube. So our theory is that eventually we should be doing this with homes.

So here is a typical stud wall, an architectural construction. And this is a section of our proposal for a meat house, where you can see we use fatty cells as insulation, cilia for dealing with wind loads and sphincter muscles for the doors and windows.

(Laughter)

And we know it's incredibly ugly. It could have been an English Tudor or Spanish Colonial, but we kind of chose this shape. And there it is kind of grown, at least one particular section of it.

We had a big show in Prague. And we decided to put it in front of the cathedral so religion can confront the house of meat. That's why we grow homes. Thanks very much.

(Applause)
 


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