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課程來源:TED
     

 

Adam Ostrow 談最終狀態更新後

Adam Ostrow: After your final status update

 

Photo of three lions hunting on the Serengeti.

講者:Adam Ostrow

2011年7月演講,2011年8月在TEDGlobal 2011上線

 

翻譯:洪曉慧

編輯:朱學恆

簡繁轉換:洪曉慧

後製:洪曉慧

字幕影片後制:謝旻均

 

影片請按此下載

MAC及手持裝置版本請按此下載

閱讀中文字幕純文字版本

 

關於這場演講

很多人都有一個社群媒體上的身分存在-由狀態更新、Twitter訊息和連結、儲存在雲端的資料所組成的虛擬人格角色。Adam Ostrow提出一個大問題:當你死後,這個人格角色會發生什麼情況?它能夠…繼續活下去嗎?

 

關於Adam Ostrow

身為Mashable主編,Adam Ostrow的報導內容涵蓋了推動網路演化潮流的科技、發展趨勢及人們。

 

為什麼要聽他演講

Adam Ostrow是一位新媒體創業者和評論家。身為Mashable這個科技創新類資訊服務網站主編,他負責編輯管理及指導這個世上最多人瀏覽的獨立新聞網站之一,報導內容涵蓋了推動網路演化潮流的科技、發展趨勢及人們。

 

自從2007年加入Mashable後,Ostrow發表了超過2500篇文章,在他的領導下,此網站的觀眾數成長了十幾倍,至2011年6月時,達到每月130萬的個別訪問人次,以及遍佈在各社群媒體網站中超過360萬個追蹤者。

 

Ostrow的文章經常被眾多主流媒體引用,包括紐約時報、華爾街日報、華盛頓郵報、今日美國和倫敦時報等。他是CNN(美國有線電視新聞網)、彭博電視台和NPR(美國國家公共廣播網)等媒體的常客。

 

Adam Ostrow的英語網上資料

Home: Mashable

Twitter: @adamostrow

Coverage: Ostrow at TEDGlobal 2011

 

[TED科技‧娛樂‧設計]

已有中譯字幕的TED影片目錄(繁體)(簡體)。請注意繁簡目錄是不一樣的。

 

Adam Ostrow 談最終狀態更新後

到了今年底,地球上將會有近10億人頻繁地使用社群網站,所有這些人都有一個共同點,就是他們總有一天會死去,這或許是個有點病態的想法,但我認為其中有些相當深刻的含義值得探討。

 

最先引起我思考這件事的,是一篇Derek K.Miller於今年初撰寫,貼在部落格上的文章。他是一位死於癌症的科技新聞記者,Miller所做的是,讓他的家人和朋友寫一篇文章,在他死後不久貼出,這是他所寫的開頭部份,他說,「時間到了,我已經死了,這是我在部落格中最後一次貼文,我預先要求我的家人和朋友,一旦我的身體終於在癌症折磨下停止運作後,將這則我預先寫好的訊息發佈出來,這是將這個運行中的網站轉變成存檔資料過程的第一個部分。」

 

身為一名記者,Miller的存檔資料可能比大多數人寫得更好,並經過更仔細的規劃。事實上,現今我們所有人正創建一種完全不同於以往任何一代所創建的檔案資料。

 

思考一下幾個統計資料,目前,每分鐘有48小時影片上傳到YouTube,每天貼出的Twitter訊息有2億則,Facebook使用者平均每個月創造了90筆貼文內容。因此,思考一下你的父母或祖父母,他們或許最多只是拍攝一些照片或家庭錄影帶,或寫下存放在盒子裡或某處的日記,但今天,我們全都在創造這些不可思議大量的數位檔案,在我們死後數年仍將儲存在雲端,我認為這將為科技工作者創造出一些相當有趣的機會。

 

先說明一下,我是一名記者,不是科技專家,所以簡單來說,我要做的是描繪一下現在和將來會是什麼情形。現在,我們已經看到有一些服務,能讓我們自行決定我們死後網路上的個人資料及社群媒體報導呈現什麼內容。事實上,其中一個服務網站,很巧的,當我在foursquare(以標記地理位置為基礎的社群網站)上標記紐約一間熟食店位置時找到了我。

 

(錄音)Adam Ostrow:哈囉

 

死亡:Adam?

 

AO:是的

 

死亡:死亡隨時隨地都可能向你伸出魔掌,即使是在有機商店。

 

AO:請問是哪一位?

 

死亡:請拜訪ifidie.net網站,以免為時已晚。

 

(笑聲)

 

Adam Ostrow:有點令人毛骨悚然,對嗎?這個服務所提供的,很簡單,就是讓你創建一則訊息或影片,可以在你死後發佈到Facebook。目前還有另一種服務,叫做一千個回憶,它能讓你為所愛的人建立一個感謝網頁,其中包含照片、影片和故事,他們會在你死後將其張貼。但我認為接下來所談的事更有趣。

 

你們當中可能很多人對Deb Roy很熟悉,他在今年三月的演講中展示了如何分析超過90,000小時的家庭錄影帶。我想,隨著機器理解人類語言,及處理大量資料的能力不斷進步,對我們整個人生的內容進行分析將成為可能,就是Twitter訊息、照片、影片部落格貼文,這些我們大量生產的東西,我認為,隨著這種情況的發生,我們數位生活中的角色,在我們死後很久仍繼續與現實世界互動將成為可能,這歸功於我們所創造的大量資料和科技能力,讓這一切成為可能。

 

現在,我們已經開始看到一些實驗出現,有個叫「我的下一則Twitter訊息」的服務,分析你整個Twitter的內容,你張貼到Twitter上的一切,藉此預測你在下一則訊息中可能會說什麼。好,目前來看,如你們所見,結果可能有點滑稽,你可以想像,在5年、10年或20年後,當我們科技能力進步之後,這看起來可能會是什麼情形。進一步來看,麻省理工學院媒體實驗室正在開發能更像人類般互動的機器人,但如果這些機器人能以特定人士為對象,以此人一生中所生產的成千上萬筆訊息內容構築而成的獨特性格為基礎進行互動呢?

 

最後,回想一下這個2008年美國大選之夜的著名場景,CNN將嘻哈歌手will.i.am的3D全像攝影圖投射到他們的攝影棚,接受Anderson Cooper專訪。如果我們能使用同類型的技術,將我們親人的影像投射到客廳中,以他們活著時創建的所有資料為基礎,用非常真實的方式與其進行互動,我認為,隨著我們使用的資料量及解讀資料的科技能力迅速增長,這將成為可能。最後,我認為我們都需要考慮的問題是,如果我們希望這一切成真-果真如此的話,這對生命的定義及死後的一切來說意味著什麼。非常感謝。

 

(掌聲)

 

 

以下為系統擷取之英文原文

About this Talk

Many of us have a social media presence -- a virtual personality made up of status updates, tweets and connections, stored in the cloud. Adam Ostrow asks a big question: What happens to that personality after you've died? Could it ... live on?

About the Speaker

As editor in chief at Mashable, Adam Ostrow covers the tech, trends and people driving the evolution of the Web. Full bio and more links

Transcript

By the end of this year, there'll be nearly a billion people on this planet that actively use social networking sites. The one thing that all of them have in common is that they're going to die. While that might be a somewhat morbid thought, I think it has some really profound implications that are worth exploring.

Now what first got me thinking about this was a blog post authored earlier this year by Derek K. Miller, who was a science and technology journalist who died of cancer. And what Miller did was have his family and friends write a post that went out shortly after he died. Here's what he wrote in starting that out. He said, "Here it is. I'm dead and this is my last post on my blog. In advance, I asked that once my body finally shut down from the punishments of my cancer, then my family and friends publish this prepared message I wrote -- the first part of the process of turning this from an active website to an archive."

Now, while as a journalist, Miller's archive may have been better written and more carefully curated than most, the fact of the matter is that all of us today are creating an archive that's something completely different than anything that's been created by any previous generation.

Consider a few stats for a moment. Right now there are 48 hours of video being uploaded to YouTube every single minute. There are 200 million Tweets being posted every day. And the average Facebook user is creating 90 pieces of content each month. So when you think about your parents or your grandparents, at best they may have created some photos or home videos, or a diary that lives in a box somewhere. But today we're all creating this incredibly rich digital archive that's going to live in the cloud indefinitely, years after we're gone. And I think that's going to create some incredibly intriguing opportunities for technologists.

Now to be clear, I'm a journalist and not a technologist, so what I'd like to do briefly is paint a picture of what the present and the future are going to look like. Now we're already seeing some services that are designed to let us decide what happens to our online profile and our social media accounts after we die. One of them actually, fittingly enough, found me when I checked into a deli at a restaurant in New York on foursquare.

(Recording) Adam Ostrow: Hello. Death: Adam? AO: Yeah. Death: Death can catch you anywhere, anytime, even at the organic. AO: Who is this? Death: Go to ifidie.net before it's too late.

(Laughter)

Adam Ostrow: Kind of creepy, right? So what that service does, quite simply, is let you create a message or a video that can be posted to Facebook after you die. Another service right now is called 1,000 Memories. And what this lets you do is create an online tribute to your loved ones, complete with photos and videos and stories that they can post after you die. But what I think comes next is far more interesting.

Now a lot of you are probably are familiar with Deb Roy who, back in March, demonstrated how he was able to analyze more than 90,000 hours of home video. I think as machines' ability to understand human language and process vast amounts of data continues to improve, it's going to become possible to analyze an entire life's worth of content -- the Tweets, the photos, the videos, the blog posts -- that we're producing in such massive numbers. And I think as that happens, it's going to become possible for our digital personae to continue to interact in the real world long after we're gone thanks to the vastness of the amount of content we're creating and technology's ability to make sense of it all.

Now we're already starting to see some experiments here. One service called My Next Tweet analyzes your entire Twitter stream, everything you've posted onto Twitter, to make some predictions as to what you might say next. Well right now, as you can see, the results can be somewhat comical. You can imagine what something like this might look like five, 10 or 20 years from now as our technical capabilities improve. Taking it a step further, MIT's media lab is working on robots that can interact more like humans. But what if those robots were able to interact based on the unique characteristics of a specific person based on the hundreds of thousands of pieces of content that person produces in their lifetime?

Finally, think back to this famous scene from election night 2008 back in the United States, where CNN beamed a live hologram of hip hop artist will.i.am into their studio for an interview with Anderson Cooper. What if we were able to use that same type of technology to beam a representation of our loved ones into our living rooms -- interacting in a very life-like way based on all the content they created while they were alive. I think that's going to become completely possible as the amount of data we're using and technology's ability to understand it both expand exponentially. Now in closing, I think what we all need to be thinking about is if we want that to become our reality -- and if so, what it means for a definition of life and everything that comes after it. Thank you very much.

(Applause)
 


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