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課程來源:TED
     

 

Gary Wolf 談數據化的自我

Gary Wolf: The quantified self

 

Photo of three lions hunting on the Serengeti.

講者:Gary Wolf

2010年6月演講,2010年9月在TED@Cannes上線

 

翻譯:TED

編輯:朱學恆、洪曉慧

簡繁轉換:洪曉慧

後製:洪曉慧

字幕影片後制:謝旻均

 

影片請按此下載

MAC及手持裝置版本請按此下載

閱讀中文字幕純文字版本

 

關於這場演講

在TED@Cannes上,Gary Wolf為一個引人入勝的新消遣做了5分鐘介紹:使用行動裝置應用程式和一直開著的裝置來追蹤和分析你的身體、情緒、飲食、開銷-幾乎所有日常生活中可以測量的東西都有辦法鉅細靡遺地測量出來。

 

關於Gary Wolf

記者Gary Wolf過著追尋最引人入勝事物的生活。身為《連線》雜誌的特約編輯,他撰寫過關於科技、菇類尋獵者、創投家等文章。

 

為什麼要聽他演講

Gary Wolf是《連線》雜誌的特約編輯,通常撰寫關於科學與技術文化的文章(亦撰寫過許多其他題材的文章)。他也與《連線》雜誌的同事Kevin Kelly共同創立了「數據化的自我」這個部落格,談論關於「藉由數字瞭解自我」的議題。

 

他早期在Hotwired及Wired Digital網站擔任編輯,協助突破早期網路技術及編輯上的限制。他的著作包括《傻錢:一個股市短線交易員的冒險經歷》(共同作者為Joey Anuff)和《連線雜誌:數位時代的傳媒夢想》,他正著手撰寫一本名為《數據化的自我》(暫訂)的著作。

 

「我們通常以文字而非數字來描述自我認知-一種意識與良知的內在聲音。藉由量化工具的輔助來描述自我認知,是正於我們文化中興起、最有趣的趨勢之一。」

-Gary Wolf於國際毛皮協會健康展望報告

 

Gary Wolf的英語網上資料

Blog: The Quantified Self

 

[TED科技‧娛樂‧設計]

已有中譯字幕的TED影片目錄(繁體)(簡體)。請注意繁簡目錄是不一樣的。

 

Gary Wolf 談數據化的自我

我今晨6:10起床,在凌晨12:45入睡之後;半夜裡我醒了一次;我的心跳是每分鐘61下;我的血壓是127∕74;昨天我運動了零分鐘,所以我無法計算運動時每分鐘的最大心跳值;我大約攝取了600毫克咖啡因,0毫克酒精;我的自戀人格指數,或者說 NPI-16是令人安心的0.31。

 

我們知道數字對我們來說很有用,可以用在廣告、管理、統治、搜尋上。我想談談它在我們反思、學習、記憶尋求進步的過程中有什麼作用。幾年前,我的合作夥伴Kevin Kelly和我發現,人們屈從於數值測量和自我追蹤的體系,遠超過平常而熟悉的習慣,例如每天量體重。人們在Twitter上記錄他們的食物,在iPhone上記錄孩子尿布的使用情形。他們製作細節化的日誌,記錄他們的開銷、情緒以及他們的病症、治療。

 

現在,我們知道一些正促使我們改變生活習慣的科技事實:移動設備的出現和普及,資料儲存及處理技術驚人的進步,還有人體生物感測器的顯著進展。那個小黑點是3D加速計,它可追蹤你在空間裡的一舉一動。如你所見,它小而便宜,目前已便宜到每個低於一美元,它們將被裝設於各式各樣的裝置上。但有趣的是,僅僅從一個像這樣的感測器中,就能獲得難以置信的細節化資訊。這種感測器被裝在這個碰撞生理辨識儀器中,這是當時領導潮流的裝置-Fitbit追蹤器,它記錄了你的活動、睡眠,它只是裝了那個感測器而已。

 

你可能對「Nike+」系統頗為熟悉,我把它放進這張圖中,那個小藍點就是感測器。它只是個壓力感測計,就像門鈴裡的裝的那種,Nike公司知道如何從那個感測器中獲取你的步行速率和行走距離。這是一條帶子,人們使用它,將心跳速率的資料傳輸到Nike+系統中。

 

這是個美觀的新儀器,能詳細追蹤你睡眠的資料,不僅能追蹤你是睡是醒,也能追蹤你各個睡眠的階段,包括深度睡眠期、淺度睡眠期、快速動眼睡眠期。這個感測器不過是頭帶上的一個小金屬條,其餘部份是床邊的儀表板。給大家做個參考,僅僅幾年前,睡眠追蹤系統是像這樣的;我的意思是,真的只是在不久之前。這是現今的睡眠追蹤系統。

 

這個裝置剛在華盛頓特區一個醫療健康會議上展出,你在圖上看到的大部分是哮喘吸入器,但頂上有個很小的GPS收發器,讓你知道哮喘發生的時間和地點,讓你對自身脆弱性與時間和環境因素間的關聯有全新的瞭解。

 

現在,我們知道,新工具正改變我們在這個世界中的自我意識。這些本質上用於收集資料的微小感測器,以及使資料得以被瞭解和使用的那些無所不在的計算,當然還有使人們共同合作及貢獻的社群網路。但我們思考一下,這些工具是面向外界的,就像窗戶一樣。現在我想請你們將它們轉向內部成一面鏡子,當我們考慮使用它們獲得一些系統性進步的時候,也會考慮到如何使用它們以促進自我進步、自我發現、自我意識、自我瞭解。

 

這是一個生理辨識儀器:一副蘋果耳機。去年蘋果公司提出幾項專利,藉由耳機獲得血氧濃度、心率和體溫。這是為了什麼?這應該是為了什麼?有些人說這是為了生物系統安全,有些人說這是為了公眾健康調查,有些人說這是創新的市場調查,我認為這也是為了讓人更有自知之明。「自我」不是唯一;也不是一切。自我只是我們的操作中心,我們的意識、我們道德的指南針。所以,如果我們想在這個世界中達成更有效的行動,就得對自我有更深入的瞭解。

 

謝謝。

 

以下為系統擷取之英文原文

About this Talk

At TED@Cannes, Gary Wolf gives a 5-min intro to an intriguing new pastime: using mobile apps and always-on gadgets to track and analyze your body, mood, diet, spending -- just about everything in daily life you can measure -- in gloriously geeky detail.

About the Speaker

Journalist Gary Wolf spends his days in pursuit of the most fascinating things. As a contributing editor at Wired, he's written about technology, mushroom hunters, venture capitalists ... Full bio and more links

Trasncript

I got up this morning at 6:10am after going to sleep at 12:45am. I was awakened once during the night. My heart rate was 61 beats per minute. My blood pressure, 127 over 74. I had zero minutes of exercise yesterday, so my maximum heart rate during exercise wasn't calculated. I had about 600 milligrams of caffeine, zero of alcohol. And my score on the Narcissism Personality Index, or the NPI-16, is a reassuring 0.31.

We know that numbers are useful for us when we advertise, manage, govern, search. I'm going to talk about how they're useful when we reflect, learn, remember, and want to improve. A few year ago, Kevin Kelly, my partner, and I noticed that people were subjecting themselves to regimes of quantitative measurement and self-tracking that went far beyond the ordinary, familiar habits such as stepping on a scale every day. People were tracking their food via Twitter, their kids' diapers on their iPhone. They were making detailed journals of their spending, their mood, their symptoms, their treatments.

Now, we know some of the technological facts that are driving this change in our lifestyle -- the uptake and diffusion of mobile devices, the exponential improvement in data storage and data processing, and the remarkable improvement in human biometric sensors. This little black dot there is a 3D accelerometer. It tracks your movement through space. It is, as you can see, very small and also very cheap. They're now down to well under a dollar a piece, and they're going into all kinds of devices. But what's interesting is the incredible detailed information that you can get from just one sensor like this. This kind of sensor is in the hit biometric device -- among early adopters at the moment -- the Fitbit. This tracks your activity and also your sleep. It has just that sensor in it.

You're probably familiar with the Nike+ system. I just put it up because that little blue dot is the sensor. It's really just a pressure sensor like the kind that's in a doorbell. And Nike knows how to get your pace and and distance from just that sensor. This is the strap that people use to transmit heart-rate data to their Nike+ system.

This is a beautiful, new device that gives you detailed sleep tracking data, not just whether you're asleep or awake, but also your phase of sleep -- deep sleep, light sleep, REM sleep. The sensor is just a little strip of metal in that headband there. The rest of it is the bedside console. Just for reference, this is a sleep tracking system from just a few years ago -- I mean, really until now. And this is the sleep tracking system of today.

This just was presented at a health care conference in D.C. Most of what you see there is an asthma inhaler, but the top is a very small GPS transceiver, which gives you the date and location of an asthma incident, giving you a new awareness of your vulnerability in relation to time and environmental factors.

Now, we know that new tools are changing our sense of self in the world -- these tiny sensors that gather data in nature, the ubiquitous computing that allows that data to be understood and used, and of course the social networks that allow people to collaborate and contribute. But we think of these tools as pointing outward, as windows, and I'd just like to invite you to think of them as also turning inward and becoming mirrors. So when we think about using them to get some systematic improvement, we also think about how they can be useful for self-improvement, for self-discovery, self-awareness, self-knowledge.

Here's a biometric device: a pair of Apple Earbuds. Last year, Apple filed some patents to get blood oxygenation, heart rate and body temperature via the Earbuds. What is this for? What should it be for? Some people will say it's for biometric security. Some people will say it's for public health research. Some people will say it's for avant-garde marketing research. I'd like to tell you that it's also for self-knowledge. And the self isn't the only thing; it's not even most things. The self is just our operation center, our consciousness, our moral compass. So, if we want to act more effectively in the world, we have to get to know ourselves better.

Thank you.

 


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