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Google 董事長兼執行長Eric Schmidt 為卡內基美隆大學畢業生演講

Google Chairman and CEO Eric Schmidt’s keynote address at Carnegie Mellon University’s Commencement

 

Photo of three lions hunting on the Serengeti.

講者:Eric Schmidt

2009年5月17日演講

 

翻譯:洪曉慧

編輯:朱學恆

簡繁轉換:洪曉慧

後製:洪曉慧

字幕影片後制:謝旻均

 

影片請按此下載

 

關於這場演講(來源Carnegie Mellon University

2009年5月17日,Google董事長兼執行長Eric Schmidt為卡內基美隆大學第112屆畢業生演講。Schmidt強調科技創新及瞭解家庭、朋友及你周遭每個人價值的重要性。

 

關於Eric Schmidt(來源CrunchBase

Google創辦人Larry Page和Sergey Brin從Novell公司挖角Eric Schmidt擔任董事長兼執行長,領導公司的策略規劃、管理和技術開發。

 

自從來到Google後,Eric致力於建立符合Google這個迅速發展公司需求的企業基礎設施,並確保在縮短產品開發週期的同時依然保持高品質。Eric與Larry和Sergey共同擔負維持Google日常營運的責任。身為網路策略家、企業家和重大技術開發者的Eric,憑藉在Novell公司20年的成功經驗,使他的事業達到顛峰。Google是個年輕而發展迅速的搜尋引擎公司,擁有獨特的企業文化,Eric豐富的經驗完美地補足了Google的發展需求。

 

任職於Novell之前,Eric是Sun Microsystems公司的技術總監和執行長,領導開發了Java及Sun的獨立平台編程技術,並制定了Sun的網路軟體策略。1983年加入Sun之前,他在全錄的帕羅奧多研究中心(PARC)計算機科學實驗室擔任研究員,並曾在貝爾實驗室和Zilog任職。

 

Eric於普林斯頓大學取得電子工程學士學位,並於加州大學柏克萊分校取得計算機科學碩士及博士學位。2006年,Eric因為他的「世上最成功的網路搜尋引擎公司之開發策略」當選美國國家工程院院士。Eric於2007年擔任美國藝術與科學學院Hellman研究員。他也是新美國基金會董事會主席。

 

Google 董事長兼執行長Eric Schmidt 為卡內基美隆大學畢業生演講

 

校長Jared L. Cohon:很榮幸Eric Schmidt願意為我們今天的畢業典禮演講,這次是我邀請他的。女士先生們,歡迎Eric Schmidt博士。

 

(掌聲)

 

Eric Schmidt:非常感謝Cohon校長。我想先恭喜所有畢業生,我也要特別恭喜各位家長。各位家長,請記住,孩子仍需要你,也許他們現在還會聽你的,但畢業後…

 

(笑聲)

 

當我看見電腦和手機時,我希望大家想想-在場各位身邊都有手機和相機,我希望大家記住,你手邊的一切可能都是由卡內基美隆大學的計算機科學家發明的。

 

(歡呼)

 

(掌聲)

 

這令人震驚和訝異的統計絕非虛假。在1960年代,許多我們所知的計算機裝置都是在這裡發明的,發明者是來自於我這個領域的傑出人士。當我年輕時-大概跟你們差不多年紀-與一些30多歲、比我年長很多的人共事,他們寫出的程式架構最後發展成網路、工作站、個人電腦及我們今天使用的行動裝置。我對卡內基美隆大學在計算機科學方面的貢獻印象深刻,不僅因為我是本校的理事會託管者,也因為Google目前最頂尖的研發中心之一就設在校園裡。

 

以許多層面來說,本校提供了我們素質最佳的畢業生和員工,這些開發出驚人產品的人是我們基礎系統的一部分,他們偶爾也會做些有趣的事,是你意想不到的。他們剛發表了名叫Star Joy的產品-你把手機轉向天空,它會告訴你星星正在做什麼。是吧,多巧妙!

 

(笑聲)

 

為什麼卡內基美隆會成為如此與眾不同的地方?我認為是因為它的文化,一種做出貢獻的文化。這不是一種純理論的文化,也不是一種純策略的文化,而是一種為世界做出貢獻的文化。確實如此。不論你屬於或畢業於哪個部門、科系、學院或研究所。所以,當我想到你們時,就會想到使用Facebook和Google的一代,第一個真正跟網路一起成長的世代。在我成長過程中,我們喝的是Tang果汁,你們喝的是紅牛飲料;我們使用所謂的basic語言,你們使用Java;我們用錄影機製作半小時影片的成本是700美元,你們每分鐘可以上傳15小時的影片到You Tube;我們從報紙得知新聞,你們從部落格和tweets得知大小事,如果有人不知道那是什麼-我可不是指你在動物園裡聽見的鳥叫聲。我們排隊買Pong(彈球遊戲),你們排隊買Wii;我們絕不會將自己最尷尬的時刻告訴別人,你們隨時記錄下來,發布到Facebook和You Tube。

 

(笑聲)

 

我很高興我出糗的記錄不會在後人間流傳,我期待你們的糗事會留傳千古。

 

(笑聲)

 

你們知道我們使用容量為300MB的大型電腦上了月球六次嗎?你們的iPod有120GB,容量大了500倍,只夠你們用到下一堂課。

 

(笑聲)

 

我們認為朋友是名詞,你們認為是動詞;我們有電話亭,最近有人看過電話亭嗎?你們有手機。我們戴手錶、用相機拍照、看地圖找路、聽電晶體收音機;你們只要一台手機就搞定。

 

(笑聲)

 

我們認為電腦和科技的奇蹟-同樣地,這多半是這裡發明的-將會改變世界。你們也同意,我們都沒錯。為什麼你們要上大學?為了發展這種分析思考能力,處理未來人生中面臨的種種紛亂而繁雜的訊息。我認為你們有機會成為最傑出的一代,因為你們擁有的是我們不曾擁有過的工具,你們可以利用這個優勢。你們坐在台下,心想,這傢伙肯定是瘋了;或許這多少是事實,但-在我們面前,你們說,哦,你知道,世界正分崩離析,我們有經濟衰退等問題。我的意思是,我用我最喜愛的搜尋引擎做了一些研究-當然。大蕭條刺激了一些令人難以置信的創新,例如脆米片(Rice Krispies)、手指蛋糕(Twinkies)和罐裝啤酒;沒有這三樣東西,你根本很難從大學畢業。

 

(笑聲)

 

因此,經濟衰退時還是會有好事發生。為什麼無所不在的資訊如此重要?為什麼獲得這些資訊如此重要?這是一個強大的平衡工具,在我們有生之年-當然,是指你們而不是我;基本上,世上每個人都有機會獲得世上每一條已知的訊息。這是一項了不起的成就,天知道人們會做出什麼,這個力量相當驚人。資訊可用來檢視及制衡政治家。如果你是獨裁者-當然這是不可能的,因為你們是卡內基美隆大學優秀的畢業生-你要做的第一件事就是關閉所有通訊系統,確保人們無法利用知識的力量來推翻你。所以,現在你這個執行暴政的邪惡之人會做的事,就是利用資訊進行攻擊。你從網路獲得資訊,利用我們為了使世界更美好而致力發明出的工具和科技。

 

所以,我們能用功能更強大的網路做什麼?是的,網路包含了所有我們已知的資訊;顯然你可以跟世界各地的同事面對面開會,但更重要的是,現在我們能做即時翻譯,所以我們可將不同語言轉換成你能理解的內容。當你在蒙古進行機車之旅時-也許很多人畢業後就會立刻這麼做,對嗎?逃得遠遠的-若不幸出了意外,你可以向世界各地的醫生諮詢,電腦可以為你翻譯,提供你所需的醫療保健知識,這是非常重大的勝利。但最重要的是,你可以問Google最讓你困擾的問題,例如我的車鑰匙到底在哪?你們知道,電腦很擅長記東西,在一個擁有這麼多科技的新世界-再說一次,這些科技是在這裡發明的-我們可以知道每樣東西在哪裡,我們可以找到它們,我們可以進行追蹤,可以使你的生活更具功能性。但你也可以問別的問題,像是怎麼解決全球暖化問題?哪裡有流行疾病的疫苗?

 

你們認為要達成最終目標很難。是的,想想你面前的挑戰。那麼,現在你該怎麼做?在我看來,你們應該,你知道,想想蕭伯納所說的,「所有進步都源於不按牌理出牌的人。」不要費心做任何計劃,拋開所有跟計劃有關的東西,在我看來,這都在於機會和把握自己的運氣。看看那些成就非凡的人,他們努力工作,善用每個機會,他們不知道將來會發生什麼事。你無法計劃創新,你無法計劃發明,你們只要盡力在適當的位置上做好準備。你們知道,例如,心律調節器發明了七十年後才真正被裝進人體內;它被裝在一個可憐的小伙子身上,換了25個心律調節器後,他仍然活著。但最重要的是,如果人們並未發明心律調節器,他根本活不了。

 

你永遠不會事先知道;生命就是如此。生命是…引用約翰藍儂的話,「生命就是當你忙著制定其它計劃時所發生的事。」所以,全心全意地生活。如果你專注於眼前的生活,拋開計劃,你也能遠離恐懼。以某種意義來說,你們已為過去所犯的錯付出代價,現在你們必須記取教訓,因為錯誤能讓你學習、創新及嘗試新事物。當你們經營和統治這個世界及我們退休的一代時,這種創新的文化將會為你們所有人創造下一個偉大的機會。

 

你該怎麼做?該如何表現?好,進行團隊合作,不要單打獨鬥。團隊的力量更強大,效率更高,沒有任何人的智商能勝過一群人。你可以將Twitter及後起的類似平台當作一種社會智能形式。

 

發現DNA結構的華生和克里克於大學裡相識,若是今天,他們會在Facebook上相識;他們會找到彼此,然後做出令人驚訝的貢獻。他們會對彼此說,「你現在在做什麼?」「哦,尋找生命的奧秘,哦,然後去酒吧鬼混,LOL(大笑)。」你們瞭解。(笑聲)像這類的事,這沒什麼。

 

所以我想告訴你們,在一切變化當中,總會存在一些不變的真理。領導能力和個人特質很重要,我們可以在學生領袖身上看到這些。智慧、教育和分析推理能力很重要。信任在網路世界裡很重要,信任是最重要的媒介。這引出了我最後一個問題,「生命的意義為何?」在任何大學裡都該提出這個問題。

 

在一個所有事物都會留下永不磨滅痕跡的世界,這個你們畢業後即將進入的世界,你們應該為了未來及你真正關心的事而活。別活在過去,活在未來。這些事是什麼?為了弄清這一點,你必須關上電腦。我知道這很困難。你必須關上手機,真正關心周遭的人,並瞭解對我們來說最重要的終究是人類,而不是其他事物。

 

你會發現-我希望-我深信不疑的是,我們周遭的每一個人,不論什麼種族、膚色或擁有什麼觀點,基本上希望的都是同樣的事。他們希望擁有一個美好而安全的世界,他們期許全人類的繁榮與和平。你會發現,好奇、熱情和激情具有強大的感染力,我希望你們將它展現出來,你們擁有這些特質,因為你們是這個大家庭的一員。你會發現,沒有什麼比牽著孫子的手,帶領他邁出人生第一步更重要。你會發現,墨守成規、侷限於既定的框架中是心智和生命的浪費,絕不要這麼做。你會發現,人類的意志力相當驚人,這就是我們能度過第一次和第二次世界大戰的原因;它也能幫助我們順利克服眼前的挑戰。你會發現,現在是最好的機會,你必須開始不按牌理出牌、精益求精、推動變革、讓所有夢想成真。但當你這麼做時-這是給畢業生的忠告,請銘記在心-善待父母,忠於學校。

 

非常感謝,恭喜大家。

 

(掌聲)

 

以下為系統擷取之英文原文

 About this talk

 

Eric Schmidt, chairman of the board and chief executive officer for Google Inc., gave the keynote address at Carnegie Mellon's 112th commencement ceremony May 17, 2009. Schmidt underscored both the importance of technological innovation and understanding the value of the family, friends and people around you.

 


About Eric Schmidt

Google founders Larry Page and Sergey Brin recruited Eric Schmidt from Novell, where he led that company’s strategic planning, management and technology development as chairman and CEO.

 

Since coming to Google, Eric has focused on building the corporate infrastructure needed to maintain Google’s rapid growth as a company and on ensuring that quality remains high while product development cycle times are kept to a minimum. Along with Larry and Sergey, Eric shares responsibility for Google’s day-to-day operations. Eric’s Novell experience culminated a 20-year record of achievement as an Internet strategist, entrepreneur and developer of great technologies. His well-seasoned perspective perfectly complements Google’s needs as a young and rapidly growing search engine with a unique corporate culture.

 

Prior to his appointment at Novell, Eric was chief technology officer and corporate executive officer at Sun Microsystems, where he led the development of Java, Sun’s platform-independent programming technology, and defined Sun’s Internet software strategy. Before joining Sun in 1983, he was a member of the research staff at the Computer Science Lab at Xerox Palo Alto Research Center (PARC), and held positions at Bell Laboratories and Zilog.

 

Eric has a bachelor’s degree in electrical engineering from Princeton University, and a master’s and Ph.D. in computer science from the University of California, Berkeley. In 2006, Eric was elected to the National Academy of Engineering, which recognized his work on “the development of strategies for the world’s most successful Internet search engine company.” Eric was inducted into the American Academy of Arts and Sciences as a Hellman Fellow in 2007. He is also chairman of the board of directors for the New America Foundation.

 

Transcript

 

Well, thank you very much President Cohon.  I want to start by congratulating all the graduates, and I 

want to especially congratulate the parents.  And for the parents, remember that the students will still 

need you and maybe now they’ll listen to you now that they’ve graduated.  <audience laughter> And 

when I see computers and mobile phones, and I want you to look and think about everybody here has 

a mobile phone with you and a camera, I want you to remember that everything you touch was 

probably invented by computer scientists that came from Carnegie Mellon. <audience cheers>  

And this startling and surprising statistic is actually true, that in the ‘60s, much of what we know in 

modern computing was invented here by giants in my field.  And I as a young person, roughly your age, 

worked with people who seemed much older than me in their 30s, who had come through that 

program, who ultimately came to develop the networks, the workstations, the personal computers, and 

the mobile computing that we use today.  I was so impressed by what Carnegie Mellon had done for 

computer science that not only did I become a trustee for a while, but Google now has one of its very 

top ranked development centers here right on campus, <audience cheers> where we have, in many 

cases, the very best graduates and employees that we could possibly get.  These are people who do 

amazing things as part of our underlying system, and they occasionally do interesting things as well 

that you wouldn’t expect.  They just released a product called Star Joy.  You take your mobile phone 

and turn it towards the sky, and it tells you what the stars are doing.  Right, how neat is that. <audience 

laughter>  

Why is Carnegie Mellon the place that is so exceptional?  I think it’s because the culture is a culture of 

getting things done.  It’s not a purely theoretical culture, it’s not a purely tactical culture, it’s a culture 

that’s about accomplishing things for the world, and that is true regardless of the division, the 

department, the college, the institute that you are part of and that you graduated from.   

So when I think about you all, I think about you as the Facebook and the Google generation, the first 

generation that really grew up with the Internet. When I grew up, you know, we had Tang, you had Red   2 

Bull. We used a program that was called basic, you all used Java. We had VCRs that held a half an 

hour of video that cost $700, and you all can upload 15 hours of video in to You Tube every minute.  

We got our news from newspapers, you get yours from blogs and tweets.  And for those of you who 

don’t know, that’s not what you hear in zoos.  We stood in line to buy Pong, you stood in line to buy 

Wiis.  We just didn’t tell anyone about our most embarrassing moments, you record them and post 

them to Facebook and You Tube every day.  I am so happy that my record of my misachievements is 

not around for posterity.  I’m looking forward to yours being there for many, many years.  <audience 

laughs>  

Did you know that we use mainframe computers with 300 megabytes of storage to go to the moon six 

times?  Your iPods, 120 gigabytes have 500 times more just to get you to your next class. <audience 

laughs> We thought friend is a noun, right, you think it’s a verb.  We had phone booths, anybody seen 

a phone booth recently?  You have cell phones. We wore watches, took pictures with cameras, 

navigate with maps, and listened to transistor radios.  You have a cell phone. <audience laughter>  We 

thought that the marvels of computers and technology again, largely invented here, would change the 

world.  You agree, and we’re both right.   

Why did you all go to college?  To develop the kind of analytical thinking skills, confronting the spin, the 

crazy choices of information that you’ll have going forward.  And then I would argue that you have the 

opportunity to be the greatest generation because right in front of you now are tools that we never had, 

that you can take advantage of.  And you sit there and you say this guy must be made, and maybe 

that’s a little true, but in front of us you say oh, you know, the world’s falling apart, we have this 

recession and so forth.  I mean I did some research using my favorite search engine, of course, and 

the Great Depression spurred some incredible innovations … Rice Krispies, Twinkies and the beer can.  

You would never have gotten through college without these three things. <audience laughs>  So good 

things happen in recessions.   

Why is ubiquitous information so important?  Why is it so important that we have access to all these 

things?  It’s a tremendous equalizer.  In our lifetimes, literally, certainly in yours if not mine, essentially 

every human being in the planet will have access to every piece of information known on the planet.  

This is a remarkable achievement.  God knows what these people will do, and it’s going to be pretty 

amazing.  And information serves as a check and balance on politicians.  You know, if you were a 

dictator, which you’re not going to be because you’re fine graduates at Carnegie Mellon, the first thing 

you would do is shut off all communications to make sure that people couldn’t take advantage of 

knowledge and overthrow you.  So what you do now with oppressive regimes and people who do evil 

things is you attack them with information. You get that information out there, you use the tools and 

technologies that all of us have worked so hard on to make the world a better place.  

So what can we do with a vastly more powerful Web?  Right, the Web of information that comprises all 

of what we know. You can obviously have face-to-face meetings with colleagues around the world, but 

more importantly now we can do dynamic translations so we can translate between languages so you 

could actually understand.  You’re traveling in Mongolia and you’re on a motorcycle — many of you will 

do this right after you graduate, right, to get away — and you have an accident, and you can actually   3 

have a doctor consult with you around the world and they can translate and provide you the healthcare 

that you need.  These are very real wins.   

But most importantly, you can ask Google the most important questions that bother you, like where are 

my car keys after all.  You know, computers are really good at remembering some things, and in the 

new world much of this, again, technology that was invented here, we know where everything can be, 

we can find them, we can keep track of things, we can make your lives more functional.  But you can 

also ask questions like what’s the solution going to be to global warming, where’s the vaccine for 

pandemics … and you thought finals were hard.  Right, think about the challenges before you.   

So what should you do now?  It seems to me that you should, you know, think about George Bernard 

Shaw who said that all progress depends on the unreasonable man. Don’t bother to have a plan at all.  

All that stuff about plan, throw that out.  It seems to me that it’s all about opportunity and make your 

own luck.  You study the most successful people, and they work hard and they take advantage of 

opportunities that come that they don’t know are going to happen to them.  You cannot plan innovation, 

you cannot plan invention.  All you can do is try very hard to be in the right place and be ready.  You 

know, the pacemaker for example was invented 70 years in one form or another before it was applied. 

It was applied to this one poor fella, and 25 pacemakers later he was still alive.  But the important part 

is he wouldn’t have been at all had the pacemaker not have been invented.  You never know.   

And life is like that.  Life is … this is a John Lennon quote … life is what happens to you while you’re 

busy making other plans.  So live it with its fullness, and if you live your life and forego your plan, you 

could also forego fear. In some sense you’ve been penalized for making mistakes historically, now you 

have to go out and make them because mistakes allow you to learn and to innovate and try new things, 

and that’s a culture of innovation that is going to create the next great opportunities for all of you as you 

come to run and rule the world and the rest of us retire.  

What should you do?  How should you behave?  Well, do things in a group.  Don’t do things by 

yourself.  Groups are stronger, groups are faster.  None of us is as smart as all of us.  You can use 

Twitter as a form of social intelligence and its successors as well.  Watson and Crick who discovered 

the structure of DNA met at a university, today they would meet on Facebook, and they would find each 

other and then they would do these amazing things.  And they’d say to each other, “What are you doing 

right now?  Oh, finding the secret of life.  Oh, then off to a pub, LOL.”  You know, <audience laughs> 

sort of, it’s okay.  So, I would tell you that amidst all this change, some truths endure.  Leadership and 

personality matter, we saw that from our student speaker. Intelligence, education, and analytical 

reasoning matter. Trust matters in a network world. Trust is your most important currency, which brings 

me to my final question, what is the meaning of life?  Correct question to ask any university.  In a world 

where everything is remembered and kept forever, the world you’re graduating in to, you should live for 

the future and the things that you really care about.  Don’t live in the past, live in the future.   

And what are those things?  To figure this out, you need to actually turn off your computer.  I know this 

is difficult.  You need to turn off your phone, you need to actually look at the people who are near you 

and around you, and decide that it is humans who ultimately are the most important thing to us, not the   4 

other aspects.  You’ll find out, I hope, what I believe very strongly that people all around us of every 

race, color, and viewpoint fundamentally want the same things.  They want a great and safe world, and 

they want prosperity and peace among all of us.  You’ll find that curiosity, enthusiasm, and passion are 

very contagious, and I want you to show that because you have it by virtue of being here.  You’ll find 

that nothing beats the holding the hand of your grandchild as he takes his first step.  You’ll find that a 

mindset in its own ways, set in its ways locked down is a mind and life wasted. Don’t do it.  You’ll find 

that the resilience in the human spirit is amazing.  It’s what got us through World War I and World War 

II, and it will get us through our current challenges just fine.   

You’ll find today is the best chance you have to start being unreasonable, to demand excellence, to 

drive change to make everything happen.  But when you do, speaking to the graduates, always 

remember to be nice to your parents and true to your school.  Thank you very much and 

congratulations. 

 


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