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11.201 Gateway: Planning Action

Fall 2005

The Anacostia River in Washington, DC.The Anacostia River, which runs through the Washington, DC, area is the focus of one of the case studies examined in this course. (Image courtesy of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.)

Course Highlights

This course features most of the lecture notes as well as the course assignments.

Course Description

This course introduces persistent themes and challenges facing planners. It emphasizes the historical roots of contemporary urban planning problems and comparative study of practice in the U.S. and other countries. It is a nine week module intended for first semester Master in City Planning students.



Syllabus

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Overview

This course introduces incoming students in the Master in City Planning (MCP) program to the theory and practice of planning in the public interest. It relies primarily on challenging real-world cases to highlight persistent dilemmas, the power and limits of planning, the multiple roles in which planners find themselves in communities around the globe, and the political and other constraints that planners face as they try to be effective. In all these ways, our focus is on planning action, not the history of urban development or urban social theory, though we will explore the ways in which planning ideals and cities have shaped each other as society evolves.

The primary objectives of the course are:

In pursuit of these objectives, we'll visit and revisit fundamental questions: Where did planning come from, and where is it going? What are its core values and ethical commitments? What do planners do? Is there an identifiable public interest, and if so, how can planning promote it as cities and societies change-often in profound and confusing ways?



Format and Requirements

The course format and requirements emphasize the development of practice competencies and professionalism. Like much planning practice, much class time will be interactive, calling on you to be an active learner. Our work on real-world cases will be necessarily selective: That is, our work cannot be "mile-wide and inch-deep." So our cases will center on focal themes. The written and oral assignments emphasize professional audiences and tasks as well as intellectual inquiry. In several instances, the course will engage you as a peer coach, critiquing your colleagues' work, both to enrich the "360-degree" feedback available to them and to develop your own understanding of the varied demands of effective practice.



Structure

The course is in six compact units. The first introduces the course and core dilemmas of planning theory and action. The next three units revolve around major cases, each taught by a lead faculty member with a deep knowledge of the case and by a supporting instructor. The fifth unit focuses on interest-based negotiation and stakeholder mapping. The sixth and final unit focuses on cities of tomorrow and cities of difference-issues of human diversity in public life and professional work, as well as your own planning education. The final exam concludes the course.

A typical case-based unit of the course will include four (4) class sessions and a recommended, out-of-class Friday review:



Group Work

Getting work done with and through other people is central to effective practice. In the words of John Isaacson, an expert on public service careers, this is one of the three essentials of working in the public interest:

As such, you will work in a variety of group settings:



Evaluation and Feedback

Your grade will be based on:

The written and oral assignments will be linked to our cases, with specific instructions available in the assignments section.

Note: You will prepare and deliver an oral briefing for one case (according to your workgroup assignment) and written assignments for the other two cases. Written assignments are due in class on the date of the briefings.

In addition, you will complete a non-graded, brief writing diagnostic at the start of the semester, in the form of a 1-page memorandum, which will allow us to assess and develop your skills in outlining evidence and making arguments in professional settings. The teaching team will encourage some students to work intensively on writing skills through the linked course in planning communication (11.225), taught by Prof. Abbanat.

Beyond evaluation, the teaching team will work to offer specific, constructive, and critical feedback to you, both on written assignments and in debriefing presentations.



Grading


ACTIVITIESPERCENTAGES
Two Written Assignments (Individual)30%
Oral Briefing (Group)25%
Final Exam25%
Class Participation20%





Professional Communication and Groupwork

The main course assignments, along with special skill-building instruction and resource materials, are designed to make you a more competent communicator in a variety of planning contexts. Our work together will include two required workshops on professional communication (Workshops 1 and 2), covering: professional memoranda, press releases, and other common formats for professional writing (only some of which we will be able to practice in a meaningful way in this course); design and delivery of oral briefings (professional presentations) for decision-makers, which are supported by, not driven by, information technology or other media. We will also be able to discuss fundamentals of effective teamwork and self-management.

The presentations you give will be videotaped, and using the video, you will debrief your work with Prof. Cherie Abbanat, in addition to written feedback you receive from the teaching team on your content and delivery. These videos may also be used, at a later date, as part of the Department's video library for future students.



Democracy (And Responsibility) in the Classroom

A premise of the course is that our own efforts to engage challenging topics will reflect the very real-world challenges we wish to understand. The classroom is thus a case in point, and while faculty bear a special responsibility given their role in guiding the work, every class member is responsible for contributing to our success. Our discussions should therefore reflect a commitment to the very working principles - or ground rules and norms - on which effective action in a democracy depends, especially in diverse societies, for example:



Course Materials

For most class sessions and for your study group meetings as well, you will read assigned material guided by specific study questions, though you are welcome to go beyond them. The questions are linked to our central objectives for the case (or other discussion topic), which is linked in turn to the larger course focus on planning's defining traditions, roles, and dilemmas. In some instances, we will offer recommended readings or lists as take-away resources on important topics.



Required Texts

Amazon logo Friedmann, John. Planning in the Public Domain: From Knowledge to Action. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1987. ISBN: 0691022682.

Amazon logo Fisher, Roger, and William Ury. Getting to Yes: Negotiating Agreement Without Giving In. 2nd ed. New York, NY: Penguin, 1991. ISBN: 0395631246.





Calendar

The calendar below shows regular lecture sessions (L), review sessions (R), workshops (W), special sessions (S), assignment and final exam due dates, and other key dates.


SES #TOPICSKEY DATES
Unit One: Introduction to Planning Traditions and Dilemmas - Prof. de Souza Briggs
L1Course Overview, What is Planning, Learning from Theory and from Context (Cases)
W1Part One: Required Workshop on Professional Communication
L2Major Planning Traditions and Global InfluencesAssignment 1 due
L3From Traditions to Dilemmas
W2Part Two: Required Workshop on Professional Communication
Unit Two: (Case 1) Public Housing Redevelopment in Boston - Prof. Vale
L4Case Introduction: Expert vs. Indigenous Knowledge; Power and Limits of Physical Design; Planning in Diverse Contexts (Race and Class)
R1Review Session - Same Classroom, Remaining Reviews
L5Case Discussion (cont.)
L6Student BriefingsAssignment 2 due
R2Review Session
L7Revisiting Planning Theory and Action
Unit Three: (Case 2) Development and Mobilization - Narmada in India - Prof. Rajagopal
L8Case Introduction: Planning from Above vs. Planning from Below (Social Mobilization); Planning in a Global/Transnational Age; Planning Politics
S1Required Film on Narmada: Multiple Screenings
L9Case Discussion (cont.)
R3Review Session
L10Student BriefingsAssignment 3 due
L11Revisiting Planning Theory and Action
Unit Four: (Case 3) The Growth Machine and the Public Interest - Reinventing the Anacostia Waterfront in Washington, DC - Andrew Altman, MCP '88
L12Case Introduction: Comprehensiveness vs. Incrementalism; The City as Growth Machine; Power and Limits of Physical Design

Guest Lecturer: Andrew Altman, MCP '88
L13Case Discussion (cont.)
R4Review Session
L14Student BriefingsAssignment 4 due
L15Revisiting Planning Theory and Action
Unit Five: Stakeholders, Agreements, and Planners in the Middle
L16Negotiation and Facilitation: Stakeholder Analyses, Conflict and Consensus, Interested Parties vs. Neutrals
S2Out-of-class Negotiation Exercise, In Assigned Groups
L17Debrief Negotiation Exercise
Unit Six: Human Diversity and Cities of Tomorrow
L18Cities of Tomorrow, your Role and your EducationFinal exam distributed
L19Course ReviewReview of themes, final exam is discussed
L20Final ExamSubmit final exam




Readings

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Required Texts

Amazon logo [PPD] Friedmann, John. Planning in the Public Domain: From Knowledge to Action. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1987. ISBN: 0691022682.

Amazon logo Fisher, Roger, and William Ury. Getting to Yes: Negotiating Agreement Without Giving In. 2nd ed. New York, NY: Penguin, 1991. ISBN: 0395631246.



Readings by Session


SES #TOPICSREADINGS
Unit One: Introduction to Planning Traditions and Dilemmas - Prof. de Souza Briggs
L1Course Overview, What is Planning, Learning from Theory and from Context (Cases)Case: "Rebuilding Los Angeles: A Public-private-nonprofit partnership." VHS. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Kennedy School of Government Case Program, 1999.

Required Readings

Amazon logo Campbell, Scott, and Susan Fainstein. "Introduction: The Structure and Debates of Planning Theory." In Readings in Planning Theory. Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2003, pp. 1-2. ISBN: 0631223479.

PPD, pp. 3-15.

Amazon logo Klosterman. "Arguments for and against planning." In Readings in Planning Theory. Edited by Scott Campbell and Susan Fainstein. Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2003, pp. 86-101. ISBN: 0631223479.

Myers, Dowell, and Tridib Banerjee. "Longer view: Toward greater heights for planning." Journal of the American Planning Association 71, no. 2 (2005): 121-129.
W1Part One: Required Workshop on Professional CommunicationAmazon logo Zelazny, Gene. "From Data to Charts." In Say It With Charts. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 1996. ISBN: 078630894X.
L2Major Planning Traditions and Global InfluencesRequired Readings

PPD, pp. 19-29, 37-48, and 51-85.

Meyerson, Martin, and Edward Banfield. "Note on conceptual scheme." Politics, Planning, and the Public Interest. New York, NY: Free Press, 1964, pp. 303-329.

Amazon logo Sen, Amartya. Development as Freedom. New York, NY: Anchor Books, 1999, preface, pp. 3-11. ISBN: 0385720270.

Recommended Readings

Brooks, David. "Katrina's Silver Lining." The New York Times, op-ed, September 8, 2005.
L3From Traditions to DilemmasRequired Readings

Davidoff, Paul. "Advocacy and pluralism in planning." Journal of the American Institute of Planners 31 (1965): 544-555.

Altshuler, Alan. "The City Planning Process: A Political Analysis." Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1965, pp. 299-304, 311-332.

Lindblom, Charles E. "The science of muddling through." Public Administration Review 19 (1959): 79-88.

Wildavsky, Aaron. "If planning is everything, maybe it is nothing." Policy Sciences 4 (1973): 127-153.

Recommended Readings

"The Shaming of America." The Economist, September 10, 2005.

"Rebuilding and 'The Resilient City.'" NPR Broadcast. Morning Edition, September 13, 2005.
W2Part Two: Required Workshop on Professional Communication
Unit Two: (Case 1) Public Housing Redevelopment in Boston - Prof. Vale
L4Case Introduction: Expert vs. Indigenous Knowledge; Power and Limits of Physical Design; Planning in Diverse Contexts (Race and Class)Required Readings

Marcuse, Peter. "Interpreting 'Public Housing' History." Journal of Architectural and Planning Research 12, no. 3 (Autumn 1995): 240-258.

Amazon logo Vale, Lawrence J. "Introduction," and "Reclaiming Housing, Recovering Communities." In Reclaiming Public Housing. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2002, pp. 1-36, 362-411. ISBN: 0674008987.
(Additional chapters from this book provide useful background for completing both the group and individual assignments.)
R1Review Session - Same Classroom, Remaining ReviewsRecommended Readings

Housing Link. "Housing Terms." (PDF)

Housing Link. "Abbreviations commonly used in housing." (PDF)
L5Case Discussion (cont.)Required Readings

PPD. "Planning as Social Reform." Chapter 3, pp. 87-136.
L6Student Briefings
R2Review Session
L7Revisiting Planning Theory and ActionRequired Readings

Amazon logo Scott, James C. "Authoritarian high modernism." In Seeing Like a State: How Certain Schemes to Improve the Human Condition Have Failed. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1998, pp. 87-102, 376-381. ISBN: 0300070160.

Amazon logo Fishman, Robert. "Urban Utopias: Ebenezer Howard, Frank Lloyd Wright, and Le Corbusier." In Urban Utopias of the Twentieth Century. New York, NY: Basic Books, 1977, pp. 3-20, 23-51, 64-75, and 226-234. ISBN: 046508933X.

Amazon logo Jacobs, Jane. The Death and Life of Great American Cities. New York, NY: Vintage, 1961, introductory chapter. ISBN: 0679600477.

PPD. "Planning as social learning." Chapter 5, pp. 181-187, 216-223.

Amazon logo Fung, Archon. Empowered Participation: Reinventing Urban Democracy. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2004. ISBN: 0691115354.
Unit Three: (Case 2) Development and Mobilization - Narmada in India - Prof. Rajagopal
L8Case Introduction: Planning from Above vs. Planning from Below (Social Mobilization); Planning in a Global/Transnational Age; Planning PoliticsRequired Readings

Roy, Arundhati. "The Greater Common Good." 1999.

Amazon logo Khagram, Sanjeev. Dams and development: Transnational Struggles for Water and Power. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2005, chapter 3. ISBN: 0801489075.

Amazon logo Kothari, Smitu. "Damming the Narmada and the Politics of Development." In Toward Sustainable Development? Struggling over India's Narmada River. Edited by William Fisher. Armonk, NY: M. E. Sharpe, 1995, pp. 421-444. ISBN: 1563245256.

Rajagopal, Balakrishnan. "The Violence of Development." The Washington Post, August 8, 2001.
S1Required Film on Narmada: Multiple ScreeningsDrowned out: We Can't Wish Them Away. DVD. Directed by Franny Armstrong. Camden, England: Spanner Films, Ltd., 2002.
L9Case Discussion (cont.)Required Readings

Rajagopal, Balakrishnan. "Limits of law in counter-hegemonic globalization: The Indian Supreme Court and the Narmada valley struggle." Working Paper, Center for Law and Governance, Jawaharlal Nehru University, Delhi, May 2004.

Amazon logo Sethi, Harsh. "Survival and Democracy: Ecological Struggles in India." In New Social Movements in the South. Edited by Ponna Wignaraja. London, UK: Zed Books, 1993, pp. 122-148. ISBN: 1856491080.

Amazon logo Dams and Development: A New Framework for Decision-Making: The Report of the World Commission on Dams. London, UK: Earthscan, 2000, chapters 1, 4 and 7. ISBN: 1853837989.
R3Review Session
L10Student BriefingsRecommended Readings

Amazon logo Khagram, Sanjeev. Dams and development: Transnational Struggles for Water and Power. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2005, chapter 4. ISBN: 0801489075.

Amazon logo Fisher, William, ed. Toward Sustainable Development? Struggling over India's Narmada River. Armonk, NY: M. E. Sharpe, 1995. ISBN: 1563245256.

Jayal, Niraja Gopal. Democracy and the State: Welfare, Secularism and Development in Contemporary India. New Delhi, India: Oxford University Press, 2001.

Baviskar, Amita. In the Belly of the River: Tribal Conflicts Over Development in the Narmada Valley. New Delhi, India; New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 1995.

PBS. "The Dammed: Resources."

Friends of the River Narmada

The Narmada Valley Development Authority, the state-level organization that oversees the dam construction in Madhya Pradesh

The Narmada Control Authority (NCA): The overseeing organization for the whole project. See especially the 'Frequently asked questions' section in the NCA's Web site.

Report of the Indian People's Tribunal on Environment and Human Rights. (PDF)

National Water Policy, 2002, Government of India. (PDF)

Response to the WCD Report (see especially the World Bank's and ICOLD member's)

Independent Assessment of the WCD

World Bank Water Resources Sector Strategy 2004

World Bank's Inspection Panel
L11Revisiting Planning Theory and ActionRequired Readings

Amazon logo Rajagopal, Balakrishnan. International Law from Below: Development, Social Movements and Third World Resistance. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2003, chapters 2, 8. ISBN: 0521016711.

Amazon logo Sen, Amartya. Development as Freedom. New York, NY: Anchor Books, 1999, pp. 3-53. ISBN: 0385720270.

PPD. "Planning as social mobilization." Chapter 6, pp. 225-250, 257-308.

de Souza Briggs, Xavier. "Organizing Stakeholders, Building Movement, Setting the Agenda." The Community Problem-Solving Project, MIT, Cambridge, MA, 2003.
Unit Four: (Case 3) The Growth Machine and the Public Interest - Reinventing the Anacostia Waterfront in Washington, DC - Andrew Altman, MCP '88
L12Case Introduction: Comprehensiveness vs. Incrementalism; The City as Growth Machine; Power and Limits of Physical Design

Guest Lecturer: Andrew Altman, MCP '88
Required Readings

Katz, Bruce, and Andy Altman. "An Urban Renaissance in a Suburban Nation." Ford Foundation Report (Spring/summer 2005): 32-33. (PDF - 2.1 MB)

"The Anacostia Waterfront: Imagine, Act, Transform Washington, DC." Planning brochure, The Anacostia Waterfront Initiative, Washington, DC, 2003.

Bernstein, Fred. "Revitalizing the banks of Washington's 'Forgotten River.'" The New York Times, March 27, 2005.

Excerpt on political and social history of urban renewal in Washington, DC.

Amazon logo Logan, John, and Harvey Molotch. Urban Fortunes: The Political Economy of Place. Berkeley, CA: University of California, 1987, pp. 1-4, 50-85. ISBN: 0520063414.

Recommended Readings

Hedgpeth. "Altman's Departure has Developers Sighing." The Washington Post, October 10, 2005.

Amazon logo Gillette, Howard. Between Justice and Beauty. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1995, chapter 8, pp. 2-3. ISBN: 080185069X.
L13Case Discussion (cont.)Required Readings

Data and narrative: "East of the River" Community.

Equitable Development Material

Recommended Readings

Amazon logo Gillette, Howard. Between Justice and Beauty. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1995, chapter 3. ISBN: 080185069X.

Williams, Brett. "A River Runs Through Us." American Anthropologist 103, no. 2 (June 2001): 409-431.

PolicyLink. "Promoting Regional Equity." Framing Paper, November 2002. (PDF - 1.2 MB)

Fuller, Steven. "The Employment Sectors of Washington, DC." Center for Regional Analysis, School of Public Policy, George Mason University, Washington, DC, 2004. (PDF)

DC Tenants Advocacy Coalition
R4Review Session
L14Student BriefingsRecommended Readings

Lengel, Allan. "From Blight to Beautification." The Washington Post, May 26, 2005.

Summit Fund of Washington. "Building Support for Restoring the Anacostia River." December, 2004. (PDF)

DC Appleseed Center 

Byron, Joan. "Transforming the Southern Bronx River Watershed." Pratt Institute Center for Community and Environmental Development Working Paper. Presented at the Walk21-V Cities for People Conference, Copenhagen, Denmark, 2004. (PDF - 4.2 MB)

Hamilton, James. "Is It Justice or Redistribution?" Review of Foreman, Christopher, Jr. "The Promise and Peril of Environmental Justice." Regulation 22, no. 3 (Summer 1999). (PDF)

S.1472. "Anacostia Watershed Initiative Act of 2005." Introduced in the Senate, July 22, 2005.

DC's Transit Future: Anacostia Streetcar Project (PDF)

Ginsberg, Steven. "DC Shifts Light-Rail Plan from Waterfront to Streets in S.E." The Washington Post, Metro, B02, April 28, 2005.

Layton, Lyndsey. "D.C. to Study 2.7-Mile Light-Rail Line in Anacostia; Experimental Spur Could Lead to 33-Mile Citywide System." The Washington Post, Metro, B01, July 4, 2003.

"Anacostia Corridor Demonstration Project: Executive Summary of the General Plans and Environmental Assessment for the Anacostia Demonstration Project." District of Columbia Department of Transportation and Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority, September 2003. (PDF)

Anacostia Corridor Demonstration Project: Public Hearing Staff Report. Hearing 157, Docket R03-4, December 2003. (PDF)

Blumenberg, E., and Margy Waller. "The Long Journey to Work: A Federal Transportation Policy for Working Families." Brookings Institution Series on Transportation Reform, July 2003. (PDF)

Ruben, Barbara. "A New Appreciation for Living in the City." The Washington Post, DC Extra, T52, April 21, 2005.

Fox, R. K., and K. Rose. "Expanding Housing Opportunities in Washington, DC: The Case for Inclusionary Zoning." PolicyLink Report, Fall 2003. (PDF - 1.7 MB)

Rivlin, Alice. "Homes for an Inclusive City: A Comprehensive Housing Strategy for Washington, DC." Executive Summary. Brookings Institution, Washington, DC, April 2006. (PDF)

Turner, Margery, et al. "Housing in the Nation's Capital 2004." Fannie Mae Foundation and The Urban Institute, 2004.

Turner, Margery. "An Equitable Housing Strategy for the District of Columbia." Metropolitan Housing and Communities Center Brief no. 1, June 2004. (PDF)

Fuller, Steven. "The Economic Outlook for the Washington Area and the District of Columbia." Center for Regional Analysis Forecast Report, Washington, DC, October 2004. (PDF)

Amazon logo Holzer, Harry. What Employers Want: Job Prospects for Less-Educated Workers. New York, NY: Russel-Sage Foundation, 1996, pp. 1-6, 126-135. ISBN: 0871543915.

Turner, Margery, and Mark Rubin. "Geography of Low-Skilled Work and Workers." The Urban Institute, Washington, DC, February 1, 1998.

Turner, Margery, and Mark Rubin. "Current Patterns of Employment in the Washington Metropolitan Area." The Urban Institute, Washington, DC, May 1999. (PDF)

"Building Community Ownership in Neighborhood Revitalization." Annie E. Casey Foundation, Baltimore, MD, 2005. (PDF)

reSTORE DC: A Commercial Revitalization Center

Ross, Martha. "Neighborhood Economies." Issue Scan. The Brookings Institution, Washington, DC, 2004. (PDF)

Rubin, Mark, and Davis Kim. "Retail Challenges in Washington, DC: An Analysis of Six Retail Categories." The Urban Institute, Washington, DC, June 2001. (DOC)
L15Revisiting Planning Theory and ActionRequired Readings

Krumholz, Norman. "Equitable Approaches to Local Economic Development." Policy Studies Journal 27, no. 1 (1999): 83-95.

Amazon logo Holcomb, Briavel. "Place Marketing: Using Media to Promote Cities." Chapter 2 in Imaging the City. Edited by Lawrence Vale and Sam Bass Warner, Jr. New Brunswick, NJ: Center for Urban Policy Research, 2001, pp. 34-40, 53-54. ISBN: 0882851705.

Arnstein, Sherry R. "A Ladder of Citizen Participation." Journal of the American Institute of Planners 35, no. 4 (1969): 216-224.

Healey, P. "The communicative turn in planning theory and its implications for spatial strategy formation." Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 23 (1996): 217-234.
Unit Five: Stakeholders, Agreements, and Planners in the Middle
L16Negotiation and Facilitation: Stakeholder Analyses, Conflict and Consensus, Interested Parties vs. NeutralsRequired Readings

Amazon logo Susskind, Lawrence, and Jeffrey Cruikshank. Breaking the Impasse. New York, NY: Basic Books, 1987, pp. 3-15. ISBN: 0465007503.

Amazon logo Lewicki, Saunders, and Minton, eds. "Conflict." In Essentials of Negotiation. Chicago, IL: Irwin, 1997, pp. 15-24. ISBN: 0072545828.

Amazon logo Fisher, Roger, and William Ury. Getting to Yes: Negotiating Agreement Without Giving In. 2nd ed. New York, NY: Penguin, 1991, introduction and chapters 1-4. ISBN: 0395631246.

Recommended Readings

Amazon logo Thompson, Leigh L. "Creativity and Problem Solving in Negotiation." Chapter 8 in The Mind and Heart of the Negotiator. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson, 2004. ISBN: 0131407384.
S2Out-of-class Negotiation Exercise, In Assigned GroupsRequired Preparation

Use prep tool and role instructions.
L17Debrief Negotiation ExerciseRequired Readings

Briggs, Xavier de Souza. "We are all negotiators now." The Community Problem-Solving Project @ MIT (2003).

Amazon logo Moore, Christopher. "Circle of Conflict." In The Mediation Process. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass, 1996, pp. 60-61. ISBN: 0787902489.

Amazon logo Tannen, Deborah. "The power of talk: Who gets heard and why." In Negotiation. Edited by Lewicki, Saunders, and Minton. Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill, 1999, pp. 160-173. ISBN: 025621591X.

Recommended Readings

Amazon logo Fisher, R., and W. Davis. "Six Basic Interpersonal Skills for a Negotiator's Repertoire." In Negotiation: Readings, Exercises, and Cases. Edited by R. J. Lewicki, D. M. Saunders, and J. W. Minton. Boston, MA: Irwin/McGraw-Hill, 1999. ISBN: 025621591X.
Unit Six: Human Diversity and Cities of Tomorrow
L18Cities of Tomorrow, your Role and your EducationRequired Readings

Sandercock, Leonie. "When strangers become neighbors: Managing cities of difference." Planning Theory and Practice 1, no. 1 (2000): 13-30.

Briggs, Xavier de Souza. "Civilization in Color: The Multi-cultural City in Three Millennia." City and Community 3, no. 4 (2004): 311-342.

Recommended Readings

Fainstein, Susan. "Cities and Diversity: Should We Want It? Can We Plan For It?" Urban Affairs Review 41, no. 1 (September 2005): 3-19. (PDF)

Sandercock, Leonie. "Towards a Planning Imagination for the 21st Century." Journal of the American Planning Association 70, no. 2 (March 2004): 133-141.
L19Course ReviewRequired Readings

Amazon logo Campbell, and Fainstein. "Debates define theory: Five questions of planning theory." Readings in Planning Theory. Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2003, pp. 5-13. ISBN: 0631223479.

Lucy, William H. "APA's Ethical Principles Include Simplistic Planning Theories." Journal of the American Planning Assn 54, no. 2 (1988): 147-149.
L20Final Exam




Lecture Notes

SES #TOPICSLECTURE NOTES
Unit One: Introduction to Planning Traditions and Dilemmas - Prof. de Souza Briggs
L1Course Overview, What is Planning, Learning from Theory and from Context (Cases)Rebuilding Los Angeles: A public-private-nonprofit partnership.

"Effective Teamwork." - Prof. de Souza Briggs (PDF)

Study Questions (PDF)
W1Part One: Required Workshop on Professional Communication"A Briefing on Briefings." - Prof. Abbanat and Prof. de Souza Briggs (PDF)

Workshop Introduction (PDF)
L2Major Planning Traditions and Global InfluencesRLA re-analyzed + scoping the field of planning as a global concern, planning traditions.

"Planning Traditions." - Prof. de Souza Briggs (PDF)

Study Questions (PDF)
L3From Traditions to DilemmasCore dilemmas of the field (and course).

"Planning Dilemmas." - Prof. de Souza Briggs (PDF)

Study Questions (PDF)
W2Part Two: Required Workshop on Professional Communication
Unit Two: (Case 1) Public Housing Redevelopment in Boston - Prof. Vale
L4Case Introduction: Expert vs. Indigenous Knowledge; Power and Limits of Physical Design; Planning in Diverse Contexts (Race and Class)Housing the poor: Public housing redevelopment in Boston.

"Boston: Developing and Redeveloping Public Housing." - Prof. Vale (PDF - 4.5 MB)

Case Background (PDF)

Study Questions (PDF)
R1Review Session - Same Classroom, Remaining ReviewsTA's extend discussion of the case, assignment
L5Case Discussion (cont.)Study Questions (PDF)
L6Student Briefings
R2Review SessionTA's extend discussion of the case, assignment.
L7Revisiting Planning Theory and ActionDiscussion of planning traditions and dilemmas in light of the case unit just completed.

"Revisiting the Field." - Prof. Vale (PDF - 1.2 MB)

"Debriefing the briefings: Public Housing Redevelopment." - Prof. de Souza Briggs (PDF)

Study Questions (PDF)
Unit Three: (Case 2) Development and Mobilization - Narmada in India - Prof. Rajagopal
L8Case Introduction: Planning from Above vs. Planning from Below (Social Mobilization); Planning in a Global/Transnational Age; Planning Politics"Development and Mobilization: Narmada in India." - Prof. Rajagopal (PDF)

Case Background (PDF)

Study Questions (PDF)
S1Required Film on Narmada: Multiple Screenings
L9Case Discussion (cont.)Study Questions (PDF)
R3Review SessionTA's extend discussion of the case, assignment.
L10Student Briefings
L11Revisiting Planning Theory and ActionDiscussion of planning traditions and dilemmas in light of the case unit just completed.

"Revisiting the Field: Planning from 'above' and 'below'." - Prof. Rajagopal and Prof. de Souza Briggs (PDF)

Study Questions (PDF)
Unit Four: (Case 3) The Growth Machine and the Public Interest - Reinventing the Anacostia Waterfront in Washington, DC - Andrew Altman, MCP '88
L12Case Introduction: Comprehensiveness vs. Incrementalism; The City as Growth Machine; Power and Limits of Physical Design

Guest Lecturer: Andrew Altman, MCP '88
The Growth Machine and the Public: Reinventing the Anacostia Waterfront in Washington, DC. (PDF)

Altman, Andrew. "Washington, D.C." Presented to the Urban Age Mexico City Conference. Urban Age, New York, NY, February 2006. (PDF - 2.6 MB)

Study Questions (PDF)
L13Case Discussion (cont.)"Community Economic Development" - Prof. Seidman (PDF)

Economics Review - Prof. Levy (PDF)

Study Questions (PDF)
R4Review SessionTA's extend discussion of the case, assignment.
L14Student Briefings
L15Revisiting Planning Theory and ActionDiscussion of planning traditions and dilemmas in light of the case unit just completed.

Study Questions (PDF)
Unit Five: Stakeholders, Agreements, and Planners in the Middle
L16Negotiation and Facilitation: Stakeholder Analyses, Conflict and Consensus, Interested Parties vs. NeutralsIntroduction to concepts, planning as mediation and decision-making process design.

Role play instructions and prep materials distributed.

"Introduction to Negotiation and Dispute Resolution." - Prof. de Souza Briggs (PDF)

Study Questions (PDF)
S2Out-of-class Negotiation Exercise, In Assigned Groups
L17Debrief Negotiation ExerciseDiscussion of negotiation and its application to our three cases + practice in the field.

"Negotiation and Coalition Building Skills." - Prof. de Souza Briggs (PDF)

Study Questions (PDF)
Unit Six: Human Diversity and Cities of Tomorrow
L18Cities of Tomorrow, your Role and your EducationCities of difference, revisiting the case for planning.

"Planning and Human Diversity: Lessons from History and the World We Know Today." - Prof. de Souza Briggs (PDF)

Study Questions (PDF)
L19Course ReviewReview of themes, final exam is discussed.

"Course Review." - Prof. de Souza Briggs (PDF)

Study Questions (PDF)
L20Final Exam




Assignments

Students in this course are required to complete 4 assignments: 1 introductory diagnostic assignment to determine whether students should enroll in 11.225 Argumentation and Communication, and 3 case assignments.

Each student will be assigned to a team to create presentation to the class for 1 case assignment and will be required to complete a memo in response to the other two cases. In addition, students are required to prepare for and participate in a multi-party negotiation exercise.

Assignment 1: "Writing Diagnostic." (PDF)

Assignment 2 - Group: "Case 1: How Do Design, Planning, and Policy Matter in Public Housing Redevelopment?" (PDF)

Assignment 2 - Individual: "Case 1: Public Housing Redevelopment: Race, Physical Design, and Expertise in Planning." (PDF)

Assignment 4 - Group: "Case 3: The Growth Machine and the Public Interest: Reinventing the Anacostia Waterfront in Washington, DC." (PDF)

Assignment 4 - Individual: "Case 3: The Growth Machine and the Public Interest: Reinventing the Anacostia Waterfront in Washington, DC." (PDF)




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