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17.410 / 17.411 Globalization, Migration, and International Relations

Spring 2006

Roadside sign at the U.S.-Mexico border.Roadside sign at the U.S.-Mexico border. (Photo courtesy of Steev Hise .)

Course Highlights

This course features an extensive list of readings and a midterm in the exams section.

Course Description

Tracing the evolution of international interactions, this course examines the dimensions of globalization in terms of scale and scope. It is divided into three parts; together they are intended to provide theoretical, empirical, and policy perspectives on source and consequences of globalization, focusing on emergent structures and processes, and on the implications of flows of goods and services across national boundaries – with special attention to the issue of migration, on the assumption that people matter and matter a lot. An important concern addressed pertains to the dilemmas of international policies that are shaped by the macro-level consequences of micro-level behavior. 17.411 fulfills undergraduate public policy requirement in the major and minor. Graduate students are expected to explore the subject in greater depth through reading and individual research.



Syllabus

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Course Summary

This graduate course is in three Parts. Together they are intended to provide theoretical, empirical, and policy perspectives on source and consequences of globalization, focusing on emergent structures and processes, and on the implications of flows of goods and services across national boundaries – with special attention to the issue of migration, on the assumption that people matter and matter a lot. An important concern addressed pertains to the dilemmas of international policies that are shaped by the macro-level consequences of micro-level behavior.

Part I defines the dimensions of globalization. The focus is on empirical evidence, propositions about the 'causal logic', cross-border issues, and evolving policy dilemmas. A conceptual distinction is made between conventional views of globalization shaped by the perspectives and priorities of comparative politics as a field that focus largely on the integration of national economies, and those of international relations, shaped by the priorities of the IR/IPE field -- addressing security and sovereignty issues that transcend national boundaries, question the implications of these boundaries as traditionally defined, and contribute to the transformation of inter-state, supra-state, and non-state relations.

Part II is on crossing borders and focuses on sources, consequences, and modalities of migrations. The intent is to integrate a hitherto missing dimension of the study of international relations, namely the mobility of people – individually or collectively – and their implications for the configuration of the international system and relations among state and non-state actors. Special attention is given to matters of security, to the configuration of state systems and to sources and consequences of international conflict.

Part III is on the processes by which changes take place in the international domain, influenced by emergent sources and consequences of globalization – and its particular manifestation in patterns of population movements. Particular attention is given to insights from international relations theory and IPE theory and policy of understanding institutional challenges and responses that transcend the conventional frame of the state system defined by territorial boundaries. The concluding session reviews known legacies of the 20th century to date – given emergent understandings of the complexity of globalization.



Course Requirements

The course requirements consist of:

There are two options for meeting the Written Requirements:

Option A

Option B



Required Texts

Amazon logo Brawley, Mark R. The Politics of Globalization. Peterborough, Ontario: The Broadview Press, 2002. ISBN: 9781551112800.

Amazon logo Clark, Ian. Globalization and International Relations Theory. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 1999. ISBN: 9780198782094.

Amazon logo Weiner, Myron, and Sharon Stanton Russell, eds. Demography and National Security. New York, NY: Berghahn Books, 2002. ISBN: 9781571812629.



Web sites Focusing on International Migration

The Inter-University Committee on International Migration

Inter-University Initiative on Humanitarian Studies and Field Practice



Calendar


WEEK #TOPICS
Part I: Foundations and Fundamentals
1Introduction - Intersections and Interconnections
2Globalization Dimensions and Domains
3Theoretical Contentions and Historical Patterns
4Growth, Development, Environment and Complexity
5Knowledge, Technology, and International Transactions
Part II: Crossing Borders - Migration Matters
6Theories of Migration and Population Movements
7International Migration and National Security
8The State and Its Institutions
Part III: Shaping International Relations
9Insights from International Relations Theories
10Dynamics of International Political Economy
11Institutional Challenges - National and International
12Transcending the State - Globalization and Civil Society




Readings

Amazon logo When you click the Amazon logo to the left of any citation and purchase the book (or other media) from Amazon.com, MIT OpenCourseWare will receive up to 10% of this purchase and any other purchases you make during that visit. This will not increase the cost of your purchase. Links provided are to the US Amazon site, but you can also support OCW through Amazon sites in other regions. Learn more.

This section features the required texts for the course and the readings by session.



Required Texts

Amazon logo Brawley, Mark R. The Politics of Globalization. Peterborough, Ontario: The Broadview Press, 2002. ISBN: 9781551112800.

Amazon logo Clark, Ian. Globalization and International Relations Theory. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 1999. ISBN: 9780198782094.

Amazon logo Weiner, Myron, and Sharon Stanton Russell, eds. Demography and National Security. New York, NY: Berghahn Books, 2002. ISBN: 9781571812629.



Readings by Weekly Session


WEEK #TOPICSREADINGS
Part I: Foundations and Fundamentals
1Introduction - Intersections and InterconnectionsRequired Readings

Amazon logo Choucri, Nazli. "Introduction: Theoretical, Empirical, and Policy Perspectives." In Global Accord: Environmental Challenges and International Responses. Edited by Nazli Choucri. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1993, pp. 1-40. ISBN: 9780262032001.

Amazon logo Clark, Ian. Globalization and International Relations Theory. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 1999, introduction and chapter 1. ISBN: 9780198782094.

Amazon logo Litfin, Karen T. "The Greening of Sovereignty: An Introduction." In The Greening of Sovereignty in World Politics. Edited by Karen T. Litfin. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1998, pp. 1-27. ISBN:9780262621236.

Amazon logo Starr, Chauncey. "Sustaining the Human Environment: The Next Two Hundred Years." In Technological Trajectories and the Human Environment. Edited by Jesse H. Ausubel and H. Dale Langford. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1997, pp. 185-198. ISBN: 9780309051330.

Related Readings


Amazon logo Skolnikoff, Eugene B. "Science and Technology: The Sources of Change." In Global Accord: Environmental Challenges and International Responses. Edited by Nazli Choucri. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1993, pp. 255-280. ISBN: 9780262032001.
2Globalization Dimensions and DomainsHighlights on Globalization - Dimensions and Domains (PDF)

Required Readings

Amazon logo Brawley, Mark R. The Politics of Globalization. Peterborough, Ontario: The Broadview Press, 2002, chapter 1. ISBN: 9781551112800.

Amazon logo Clark, Ian. Globalization and International Relations Theory. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 1999, chapters 2 and 3. ISBN: 9780198782094.

Amazon logo Hirst, Paul, and Grahame Thompson. Globalization in Question: The International Economy and the Possibilities of Governance. 2nd ed. Malden, MA: Polity Press, 2001, chapter 3. ISBN: 9780745621647.

Amazon logo Sassen, Saskia. Globalization and its Discontents: Essays on the New Mobility of People and Money. New York, NY: The New Press, 1998, introduction, pp. XIX-XXXVI. ISBN: 9781565843950.

Cerny, Philip G. "Globalization and the Changing Logic of Collective Action." International Organization 49, no. 4 (1995): 595-625.

Related Readings

Vitousek, Peter M., Harold A. Mooney, Jane Lubchenco, and Jerry M. Melillo. "Human Domination of Earth's Ecosystems." Science 277, no. 5325 (July 25, 1997): 494-499.

Amazon logo Hirst, Paul, and Grahame Thompson. Globalization in Question: The International Economy and the Possibilities of Governance. 2nd ed. Malden, MA: Polity Press, 2001, chapter 2. ISBN: 9780745621647.

Collapse (PDF)

Graphs

Amazon logo Hirst, Paul, and Grahame Thompson. "Figure 2.1 Global Voluntary Migrations, 1815-1914." Globalization in Question: The International Economy and the Possibilities of Governance. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press, 1996. ISBN: 9780745612447. Originally in Amazon logo Segal, Aaron. An Atlas of International Migration. London, UK: Hans Zell Publishers, 1993, p. 17. ISBN: 9781873836309.

Amazon logo ———. "Figure 2.2 Global Voluntary Migrations, 1945-1980." Globalization in Question: The International Economy and the Possibilities of Governance. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press, 1996. ISBN: 9780745612447. Originally in Amazon logo Segal, Aaron. An Atlas of International Migration. London, UK: Hans Zell Publishers, 1993, p. 21. ISBN: 9781873836309.

Amazon logo ———. "Figure 2.3 Legal immigration to the United States 1820-1986 (numbers and as a percentage of population)." Globalization in Question: The International Economy and the Possibilities of Governance. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press, 1996. ISBN: 9780745612447. Originally in Amazon logo Nam, Charles B., William J. Serow, and David Sly. International Handbook on Internal Migration. New York, NY: Greenwood Press, 1990, Fig. 19.1. ISBN: 9780313258589.
3Theoretical Contentions and Historical PatternsRequired Readings

Amazon logo Brawley, Mark R. The Politics of Globalization. Peterborough, Ontario: The Broadview Press, 2002, chapters 2 and 8. ISBN: 9781551112800.

Amazon logo Choucri, Nazli, and Robert C. North. "Growth, Development, and Environmental Sustainability: Profile and Paradox." In Global Accord: Environmental Challenges and International Responses. Edited by Nazli Choucri. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1993, pp. 67-132. ISBN: 9780262032001.

Amazon logo Clark, Ian. Globalization and International Relations Theory. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 1999, chapters 4 and 5. ISBN: 9780198782094.

Amazon logo Hirst, Paul, and Grahame Thompson. Globalization in Question: The International Economy and the Possibilities of Governance. 2nd ed. Malden, MA: Polity Press, 2001, chapter 4. ISBN: 9780745621647.

Related Readings

Pollins, Brian M., and Randall L. Schweller. "Linking the Levels: The Long Wave and Shifts in U.S. Foreign Policy, 1790-1993." American Journal of Political Science 40, no. 2 (1999): 431-464.

Amazon logo Jervis, Robert. "Realism in the Study of World Politics." In Exploration and Contestation in the Study of World Politics. Edited by Peter J. Katzenstein, Robert O. Keohane, and Stephen D. Krasner. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1999, pp. 331-351. ISBN: 9780262611442.
4Growth, Development, Environment and ComplexityRequired Readings

Choucri, Nazli, ed. Multidisciplinary Perspectives on Population and Conflict. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1984, chapters 1 and 8. ISBN: 0815623151.

Amazon logo Kates, Robert W. "Population, Technology, and the Human Environment: A Thread Through Time." In Technological Trajectories and the Human Environment. Edited by Jesse H. Ausubel and H. Dale Langford. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1997, pp. 33-35. ISBN: 9780309051330.

Amazon logo Kuehls, Thom. "Between Sovereignty and Environment: An Exploration of the Discourse of Government." In The Greening of Sovereignty in World Politics. Edited by Karen T. Litfin. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1998, pp. 31-53. ISBN: 9780262621236.

Amazon logo Wapner, Paul. "Reorienting State Sovereignty: Rights and Responsibilities in the Environmental Age." In The Greening of Sovereignty in World Politics. Edited by Karen T. Litfin. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1998, pp. 275-297. ISBN: 9780262621236.

Related Readings

Amazon logo Grübler, Arnulf. "Time for a Change: On the Patterns of Diffusion of Innovation." In Technological Trajectories and the Human Environment. Edited by Jesse H. Ausubel and H. Dale Langford. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1997, pp. 14-32. ISBN: 9780309051330.
5Knowledge, Technology, and International TransactionsRequired Readings

Amazon logo Allenby, Braden R. "The Information Revolution and Sustainability: Mutually Reinforcing Dimensions of the Human Future." In Information Systems and the Environment. Edited by Deanna J. Richards, Braden R. Allenby, and W. Dale Compton. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 2001, pp. 15-43. ISBN: 9780309062435.

Amazon logo Choucri, Nazli. "Knowledge Networking for Global Sustainability: New Modes of Cyberpartnering." In Information Systems and the Environment. Edited by Deanna J. Richards, Braden R. Allenby, and W. Dale Compton. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 2001, pp. 195-210. ISBN: 9780309062435.

Amazon logo Litfin, Karen T. "Satellites and Sovereign Knowledge: Remote Sensing of the Global Environment." In The Greening of Sovereignty in World Politics. Edited by Karen T. Litfin. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1998, pp. 193-221. ISBN: 9780262621236.

Amazon logo Rothenberg, Jerome. "Economic Perspectives on Time Comparisons: An Evaluation of Time Discounting." In Global Accord: Environmental Challenges and International Responses. Edited by Nazli Choucri. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1993, pp. 307-332. ISBN: 9780262032001.

Related Readings


Amazon logo Rejeski, David. "Metrics, Systems, and Technological Choices." In The Industrial Green Game: Implications for Environmental Design and Management. Edited by Deanna J. Richards. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1997, pp. 48-72. ISBN: 9780309052948.

Amazon logo Wernick, Iddo K., Robert Herman, Shekhar Govind, and Jesse H. Ausubel. "Materialization and Dematerialization: Measures and Trends." In Technological Trajectories and the Human Environment. Edited by Jesse H. Ausubel and H. Dale Langford. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1997, pp. 135-156. ISBN: 9780309051330.
Part II: Crossing Borders - Migration Matters
6Theories of Migration and Population MovementsRequired Readings

Massey, Douglas S., Joaquin Arango, Graeme Hugo, Ali Kouaouci, Adela Pellegrino, and J. Edward Taylor. "Theories of International Migration: A Review and Appraisal." Population and Development Review 19, no. 3 (September, 1993): 431-466.

Amazon logo Teitelbaum, Michael S. "International Migration: Predicting the Unknowable." In Demography and National Security. Edited by Myron Weiner and Sharon Stanton Russell. New York, NY: Berghahn Books, 2001, pp. 21-37. ISBN: 9781571813398.

Choucri, Nazli. "Migration and Security: Some Key Linkages." Journal of International Affairs 56, no. 1 (Fall 2002): 98-122.

Therborn, Goeran. "Migration and Western Europe: The Old World Turning New." Science 237, no. 4819 (September 4, 1987): 1183-1187.

Amazon logo Weiner, Myron. "Security, Stability and International Migration." In International Migration and Security. Edited by Myron Weiner. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1993, pp. 1-35. ISBN: 9780813387741.

Related Readings


Kratochwil, Friedrich. "Of Systems, Boundaries, and Territoriality." World Politics 39, no. 1 (1986): 27-52.

Amazon logo Sassen, Saskia. Globalization and its Discontents: Essays on the New Mobility of People and Money. New York, NY: The New Press, 1998, chapters 4 and 8. ISBN: 9781565843950.
7International Migration and National SecurityRequired Readings

Amazon logo Clark, Ian. Globalization and International Relations Theory. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 1999, chapter 6. ISBN: 9780198782094.

Amazon logo Banister, Judith. "Impacts of Migration to China's Border Regions." In Demography and National Security. Edited by Myron Weiner and Sharon Stanton Russell. New York, NY: Berghahn Books, 2001, pp. 256-304. ISBN: 9781571813398.

Amazon logo Goldstone, Jack A. "Demography, Environment, and Security: An Overview." In Demography and National Security. Edited by Myron Weiner and Sharon Stanton Russell. New York, NY: Berghahn Books, 2001, pp. 38-61. ISBN: 9781571813398.

Amazon logo Krebs, Ronald R., and Jack S. Levy. "Demographic Change and the Sources of International Conflict." In Demography and National Security. Edited by Myron Weiner and Sharon Stanton Russell. New York, NY: Berghahn Books, 2001, pp. 62-105. ISBN: 9781571813398.

Amazon logo Brawley, Mark R. The Politics of Globalization. Peterborough, Ontario: The Broadview Press, 2002, chapter 7. ISBN: 9781551112800.

Related Readings

Amazon logo Martin, Terry. "Stalinist Forced Relocation Policies: Patterns, Causes, Consequences." In Demography and National Security. Edited by Myron Weiner and Sharon Stanton Russell. New York, NY: Berghahn Books, 2001, pp. 305-339. ISBN: 9781571813398.

Amazon logo Choucri, Nazli. "Population and the Global Environment." In Energy and the Environment in the 21st Century. Edited by Jefferson W. Tester, David O. Wood, Nancy A. Ferrari, and J. M. Beér. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1991, pp. 91-102. ISBN: 9780262200783.
8The State and Its InstitutionsRequired Readings

Amazon logo Brawley, Mark R. The Politics of Globalization. Peterborough, Ontario: The Broadview Press, 2002, chapters 4, 5, and 6. ISBN: 9781551112800.

Amazon logo Clark, Ian. Globalization and International Relations Theory. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 1999, chapters 7 and 8. ISBN: 9780198782094.

Amazon logo Aleinikoff, T. Alexander, and Douglas Klusmeyer. "Plural Nationality: Facing the Future in a Migratory World." In Demography and National Security. Edited by Myron Weiner and Sharon Stanton Russell. New York, NY: Berghahn Books, 2001, pp. 154-176. ISBN: 9781571813398.

Amazon logo Brubaker, Rogers. "Political Dimensions of Migration From and Among Soviet Successor States." In International Migration and Security. Edited by Myron Weiner. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1993, pp. 39-64. ISBN: 9780813387741.

Amazon logo Jacobsen, Karen with Steven Wilkinson. "Refugee movements as Security Threats in Sub-Saharan Africa." In International Migration and Security. Edited by Myron Weiner. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1993, pp. 201-228. ISBN: 9780813387741.

Amazon logo Durch, William J. "Keepers of the Gates: National Militaries in an Age of International Population Movement." In Demography and National Security. Edited by Myron Weiner and Sharon Stanton Russell. New York, NY: Berghahn Books, 2001, pp. 109-153. ISBN: 9781571813398.

Related Readings


Amazon logo Rogers, Rosemarie. "Western European Responses to Migration." In International Migration and Security. Edited by Myron Weiner. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1993, pp. 107-146. ISBN: 9780813387741.

Amazon logo Martin, Susan. "Migration and Foreign Policy: Emerging Bilateral and Regional Approaches in the Americas." In Demography and National Security. Edited by Myron Weiner and Sharon Stanton Russell. New York, NY: Berghahn Books, 2001, pp. 177-196. ISBN: 9781571813398.
Part III: Shaping International Relations
9Insights from International Relations TheoriesRequired Readings

Alker, Hayward R., Jr., and Thomas J. Biersteker. "The Dialectics of World Order: Notes for a Future Archeologist of International Savoir Faire." International Studies Quarterly 28 (1984): 121-42.

Gourevitch, Peter. "The Second Image Reversed: the International Sources of Domestic Politics." International Organization 32, no. 4 (1978): 881-912.

Amazon logo Haas, Peter M. with Jan Sundgren. "Evolving International Environmental Law: Changing Practices of National Sovereignty." In Global Accord: Environmental Challenges and International Responses. Edited by Nazli Choucri. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1993, pp. 401-429. ISBN: 9780262032001.

Putnam, Robert D. "Diplomacy and Domestic Politics: the Logic of Two-Level Games." International Organization 42, no. 3 (1988): 427-460.

Amazon logo Ruggie, John Gerard. "What Makes the World Hang Together? Neo-utilitarianism and the Social Constructivist Challenge." In Exploration and Contestation in the Study of World Politics. Edited by Peter J. Katzenstein, Robert O. Keohane, and Stephen D. Krasner. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1999, pp. 215-245. ISBN: 9780262611442.

Related Readings

Amazon logo Torpey, Jon. The Invention of the Passport: Surveillance, Citizenship, and the State. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1999, chapter 1 and "Conclusion". ISBN: 9780521634939.
10Dynamics of International Political EconomyRequired Readings

Amazon logo Choucri, Nazli. "Multinational Corporations and the Global Environment." In Global Accord: Environmental Challenges and International Responses. Edited by Nazli Choucri. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1993, pp. 205-253. ISBN: 9780262032001.

Amazon logo Allenby, Braden R. "Environmental Constraints and the Evolution of the Private Firm." In The Industrial Green Game: Implications for Environmental Design and Management. Edited by Deanna J. Richards. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1997, pp. 101-113. ISBN: 9780309052948.

Jackson, John J. "World Trade Rules and Environmental Policies: Congruence or Conflict?" Washington and Lee Law Review 49 (1992): 1227-1277.

Amazon logo Lofdahl, Corey L. Environmental Impacts of Globalization and Trade: A Systems Study. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2002, chapters 1 and 2. ISBN: 9780262122450.

Amazon logo Williamson, Jeffrey A. "Globalization and Inequality, Past and Present." In International Political Economy: Perspectives on Global Power and Wealth . 4th ed. Edited by Frieden, Jeffry A. and David A. Lake. New York, NY: Routledge, 1999, pp. 405-416. ISBN: 9780415222792.

Related Readings

Amazon logo Ostrom, Elinor. Governing the Commons: The Evolution of Institutions for Collective Action. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 1990, chapter 4. ISBN: 9780521405997.
11Institutional Challenges - National and InternationalRequired Readings

Amazon logo Hardin, Garrett. "The Tragedy of the Commons." In Economics of the Environment: Selected Readings. Edited by Robert Dorfman and Nancy S. Dorfman. New York, NY: W.W. Norton & Company, 1993, pp. 5-19. ISBN: 9780393963106.

Keohane, Robert O. "International Institutions: Two Approaches." International Studies Quarterly 32 (1988): 379-96.

Amazon logo March, James G., and Johan P. Olsen. "The Institutional Dynamics of International Political Orders." In Exploration and Contestation in the Study of World Politics. Edited by Peter J. Katzenstein, Robert O. Keohane, and Stephen D. Krasner. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1999, pp. 303-329. ISBN: 9780262611442.

Amazon logo Martin, Lisa L., and Beth A. Simmons. "Theories and Empirical Studies of International Institutions." In Exploration and Contestation in the Study of World Politics. Edited by Peter J. Katzenstein, Robert O. Keohane, and Stephen D. Krasner. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1999, pp. 89-117. ISBN: 9780262611442.

Amazon logo Rothenberg, Jerome. "Economic Perspectives on Time comparisons: An Evaluation of Time Discounting." In Global Accord: Environmental Challenges and International Responses. Edited by Nazli Choucri. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1993, pp. 355-397. ISBN: 9780262032001.

Shepsle, Kenneth A. "Studying Institutions: Some Lessons from the Rational Choice Approach." Journal of Theoretical Politics 1, no. 2 (1989): 131-147.

Related Readings


Amazon logo Ostrom, Elinor. Governing the Commons: The Evolution of Institutions for Collective Action. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 1990, chapter 1. ISBN: 9780521405997.

———. "New Horizons in Institutional Analysis." American Political Science Review 89, no. 1 (1995): 174-178.
12Transcending the State - Globalization and Civil SocietyRequired Readings

Amazon logo Deudney, Daniel. "Global Village Sovereignty: Intergenerational Sovereign Publics, Federal-Republican Earth Constitutions, and Planetary Identities." In The Greening of Sovereignty in World Politics. Edited by Karen T. Litfin. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1998, pp. 299-325. ISBN: 9780262621236.

Amazon logo Brawley, Mark R. The Politics of Globalization. Peterborough, Ontario: The Broadview Press, 2002, chapter 9. ISBN: 9781551112800.

Amazon logo Young, Oran R. "Negotiating an International Climate Regime: The Institutional Bargaining for Environmental Governance." In Global Accord: Environmental Challenges and International Responses. Edited by Nazli Choucri. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1993, pp. 431-452. ISBN: 9780262032001.

Amazon logo Lipschutz, Ronnie D. "The Nature of Sovereignty and the Sovereignty of Nature: Problematizing the Boundaries between Self, Society, State, and System." In The Greening of Sovereignty in World Politics. Edited by Karen T. Litfin. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1998, pp. 109-138. ISBN: 9780262621236.

Amazon logo Clark, Ian. Globalization and International Relations Theory. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 1999, chapters 7 and 8. ISBN: 9780198782094.

Related Readings


Amazon logo Hirst, Paul, and Grahame Thompson. Globalization in Question: The International Economy and the Possibilities of Governance. 2nd ed. Malden, MA: Polity Press, 2001, chapter 9. ISBN: 9780745621647.

Amazon logo Victor, David G., Abram Chayes, and Eugene B. Skolnikoff. "Pragmatic Approaches to Regime Building for Complex International Problems." In Global Accord: Environmental Challenges and International Responses. Edited by Nazli Choucri. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1993, pp. 453-474. ISBN: 9780262032001.




Assignments

There are two options for meeting the written requirements for this course; they are outlined in the syllabus. Option A consists of exams, one of which can be found in the exams section. Option B consists of writing a paper, instructions for which appear below.



The Process for Option B

First, define the topic, develop a title (tentative), and obtain the Instructor's approval in terms of meeting the content requirements for the course.

Second, prepare a short statement (three paragraphs) summarizing the general topic, the issues that are of interest to you, and the specific problems that you wish to investigate.

Third, discuss the above with the Instructor. Based on the discussion some reframing or revisions may be needed.

Fourth, develop a bibliography for the paper, reflecting the materials that you intend to consult or that you believe at this stage would be relevant to your paper.

Fifth, prepare a general outline of the paper. This is only so that you have an overview of what you intend to explore. You will be free to alter the sequence and items on the outline as you prepare the paper. Prepare a bibliography.

Sixth, once the outline is generally approved by the Instructor in terms of coverage and content, you are now expected to focus on completing the research, preparing for, and then writing the paper.





Exams

This section includes the instructions and questions for the mid-term exam, a component of Option A of the course's written requirement (see syllabus).



Mid Term Exam – Take Home

Due Week 7.



Instructions

The purpose of this mid-term is to:

It would be useful to outline your answers before actually writing. Since you will demonstrate familiarity with the assigned readings, please feel free to draw from materials across various weeks – as needed. When doing so, please indicate the specific reference(s). Please be sure to note references for general points you make, and specific pages for any direct quotes.

Finally, please make sure that the first and last paragraphs of your essays are coherent and related to each other. It would be a simple reminder that you are retaining your chosen focus.



The Questions

Please answer 2 of the 4 questions below – with no more than 5-6 pages each question – double space (roughly 250 words per page). Each answer is in essence an 'essay'.

  1. Please write an essay comparing and contrasting "globalization" in historical versus contemporary contexts. In so doing, define the way in which you are using the concept of globalization, and specify the time frames for your comparisons. In your view, are there some generic features of 'globalization'? If so, what might these be? If not, why not?


  2. What are the implications, if any, of the globalization process for the sovereignty of states? Please define your use of "globalization" and "sovereignty". In your response, be sure to address general as well as specific "implications" as relevant. If possible, please illustrate with reference to specific examples.



  3. Or

    What is the relevance of technology (or technology issues) to the shaping of "globalization"? Please address ways in which different authors (or analysts) factor in the technology variable(s) in discussions of "globalization". In so doing, please address issues pertaining to "technology" in general, and then illustrate with reference to a specific "technology" of your choice.





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