MIT OpenCourseWare

人類學(Anthropology)

人類學從對比的角度研究人類,強調人類行為的多樣性和在解釋多樣性中文化的重要性。學科包括我們種類的生物本性,以及人類適應性的物質方面內容。它的基本觀點是,在大部分文化中我們隨自然和自然因素而改變。而人類學是把人類作為文化動物來研究。社會文化人類學從幾方面的直接研究中獲得資料:研究同時代生活在各種環境下的人們;研究現代社會的農民、熱帶森林狩獵者和生活在城市群體的人;以及研究那些人群的歷史和史前史。

麻省理工學院的人類學項目在該領域向學生提供了一系列課程,在一些和其它領域相關的問題和論點上提出了人類學的觀點,其它領域包括人文學科、社會科學和工程學。它還進一步介紹了教學的專門性,其中包括社會和政治組織,經濟學和人類生態學,宗教和象徵主義,醫學和科研的人類學。地理專門性包括拉丁美洲、中東和美國的文化。

人類學課程分成六組,有重點地顯示出該領域的內容範圍:介紹,社會人類學,文化背景下的科技,以及地區和歷史研究。還有人類學的特別主題和研究生高級課程。

麻省理工學院人類學專業的學生要學習文化概念,人類學實地調查的種類,還有人類學與其他社會科學的聯繫。要研究各種各樣的理論,努力解釋人類行為和人類學家用來解釋數據的各種方法。學生可以把重點放在地理方面,關注新殖民主義、性別研究、宗教和象徵主義或者比較政治組織等問題。

若要瞭解更多資訊,請前往http://web.mit.edu/anthropology/


Anthropology studies humankind from a comparative perspective that emphasizes the diversity of human behavior and the importance of culture in explaining that diversity. While the discipline encompasses the biological nature of our species and the material aspects of human adaptation, it takes as fundamental the idea that we respond to nature and natural forces in large part through culture. Anthropology, then, is the study of human beings as cultural animals. Sociocultural anthropology draws its data from the direct study of contemporary peoples living in a wide variety of circumstances, from peasant villagers and tropical forest hunters and gatherers to urban populations in modern societies, as well as from the history and prehistory of those peoples.

The Anthropology Program at MIT offers students a broad exposure to the discipline as well as an anthropological perspective on problems and issues relevant to other fields in the humanities, social sciences, and engineering. It also provides more intensive introduction to areas of faculty specialization, which include social and political organization, economics and human ecology, religion and symbolism, and the anthropology of medicine and scientific research. Geographical specializations include cultures of Latin America, the Middle East, and the United States.

The anthropology curriculum is divided into six groups that show the breadth of the field, with particular emphases: introductory, social anthropology, technology in cultural context, and areal and historical studies. Special topics in anthropology and advanced graduate subjects are also offered.

MIT Anthropology students learn about the concept of culture, the nature of anthropological fieldwork, and the connections between anthropology and the other social sciences. They study the various theories that attempt to explain human behavior as well as the range of methods anthropologists use to analyze data. Students can focus on geographical areas, and on issues like neocolonialism, gender studies, religion and symbolism, or comparative political organization.

For more information, go to http://web.mit.edu/anthropology/

目前上線課程


大學部
課號課程名稱
21A.100
2004秋季課程:人類學導論
(Introduction to Anthropology, Fall 2004)
21A.110
2003春季課程:人類學理論
(Anthropological Theory, Spring 2003)
21A.112
2003秋季課程:民族誌與田野調查研討
(Seminar in Ethnography and Fieldwork, Fall 2003)
21A.211
2003秋季課程:魔法、巫術和靈魂世界
(Magic, Witchcraft, and the Spirit World, Fall 2003)
21A.212
2004春季課程:神話、儀式和象徵主義
(Myth, Ritual, and Symbolism, Spring 2004)
21A.215
2002秋季課程:醫療人類學
(Medical Anthropology, Fall 2002)
21A.215
2004秋季課程:醫療人類學
(Medical Anthropology, Fall 2004)
NEW!
21A.216J
2005春季課程:生物醫學道德中之兩難:逆天而行抑或擇善固執?
(Dilemmas in Bio-Medical Ethics: Playing God or Doing Good?, Spring 2005)
NEW!
21A.218J
2002秋季課程:認同性與差異性
(Identity and Difference, Fall 2002)
21A.219
2003春季課程:法律與社會
(Law and Society, Spring 2003)
21A.224J
2002春季課程:拉丁美洲研究導論
(Introduction to Latin American Studies, Spring 2002)
21A.224J
2005秋季課程:拉丁美洲研究導論
(Introduction to Latin American Studies, Fall 2005)
NEW!
21A.225J
2004秋季課程:暴力、人權與正義
(Violence, Human Rights, and Justice, Fall 2004)
21A.226
2003春季課程:族群與國家認同
(Ethnic and National Identity, Spring 2003)
21A.226
2005春季課程:族群與國家認同
(Ethnic and National Identity, Spring 2005)
NEW!
21A.230J
2004春季課程:當代美國家庭
(The Contemporary American Family, Spring 2004)
21A.240
2004春季課程:種族與科學
(Race and Science, Spring 2004)
21A.245J
2005秋季課程:權力:人際、組織與全球規模
(Power: Interpersonal, Organizational and Global Dimensions, Fall 2005)
NEW!
21A.260
2005秋季課程:文化、具體化與感知
(Culture, Embodiment and the Senses, Fall 2005)
NEW!
21A.336
2004春季課程:行銷、微晶片和麥當勞:全球化的辯論
(Marketing, Microchips and McDonalds: Debating Globalization, Spring 2004)
21A.338J
2003秋季課程:性別、權力與國際發展
(Gender, Power, and International Development, Fall 2003)
21A.340J
2003秋季課程:科技與文化
(Technology and Culture, Fall 2003)
21A.342
2004秋季課程:環境掙扎
(Environmental Struggles, Fall 2004)
21A.344J
2003春季課程:藥物、政治與文化
(Drugs, Politics, and Culture, Spring 2003)
21A.348
2005春季課程:攝影與真實
(Photography and Truth, Spring 2005)
NEW!
21A.350J
2004秋季課程:計算人類學
(The Anthropology of Computing, Fall 2004)
21A.441
2004春季課程:征服美洲
(The Conquest of America, Spring 2004)
21A.453
2004春季課程:中東人類學
(Anthropology of the Middle East, Spring 2004)
21A.460J
2005春季課程:非洲及其宗教團體中之醫學、宗教與政治學
(Medicine, Religion and Politics in Africa and the African Diaspora, Spring 2005)
NEW!

研究所
課號課程名稱
21A.750J
2004秋季課程:社會理論分析
(Social Theory and Analysis, Fall 2004)

大學部/研究所
課號課程名稱
21A.337J
2004春季課程:記錄文化
(Documenting Culture, Spring 2004)