MIT OpenCourseWare

作業


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審定:無
翻譯:龍海曌(簡介並寄信)
編輯:馬景文(簡介並寄信)
(編註:輔助教室
編輯所設置自學書院網站設有本課程的輔助教室,內容包括部份閱讀文章的翻譯本,中文文獻連結,和自學者論壇。)

課程有兩個主要作業:一個鉛筆盒及期末專題。

鉛筆盒

鉛筆盒作業,學生按照指導的步驟製作一個非常簡單,約8英寸長的鉛筆盒。材料是一般的松木或白蠟木,全用手工工具和細木工工藝組裝。盒子四側以手工切削的燕尾榫接合,頂面和底面開槽卡住。使用手工工具做木工活,爲學習木工藝開了個好頭,教會學生如一開始就使用電動工具可能忽略的技能。

期末專題

期末專題,學生必須設計和鋸材製作成品,要能承受200磅的重量。傳統上,這是設計桌子、書桌或椅子,但是以往學生在設計要求內自由發揮。學生設計作品,繪製全尺寸製圖,然後預訂所需木料。接下來會學習如何切削和削方木材,製成所需尺寸和形狀。視乎學生設計的需要,亦會教授層壓技術和木材彎曲。組裝需要使用細木工製作,避免使用金屬緊固件。評審前的最後步驟是表面修整,砂光和决定採用的任何表面塗飾。

專題部份有這兩個專題的圖片。



There are two main assignments for the course, a pencil box and a final project.

Pencil Box

For the pencil box assignment, the class is instructed on the steps required to build a very simple pencil box, roughly 8" long. The box is made of simple pine or ash, and assembled entirely using hand tools and wood joinery. The sides of the box are connected with hand-cut dovetail joints, and the top and bottom are held in place by grooves cut in the top and bottom. This introduction to woodworking through hand tools serves as a good beginning to the craft, and teaches the students skills that might be overlooked if they had started with power tools.

Final Project

For the final project, each student must design and build from rough lumber a final project that will support 200 pounds. Traditionally, this is a design for a table, desk, or chair, but students in the past have taken liberties with the design parameters. Students will design the piece, drawing at full scale, and then order all the rough lumber they will need for the project. They then learn how to mill and square the lumber, sizing and shaping it to fit their needs. Laminate techniques and wood bending are taught, depending on the design needs of the class. Wood joinery is used to assemble the piece - metal fasteners are avoided. The final steps before the review are to finish the piece, sanding and applying whatever finish is decided upon.

Images of both of these projects can be seen in the projects section.