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教學大綱


本頁翻譯進度

燈號說明

審定:無
翻譯:江式鴻(簡介並寄信)
編輯:侯嘉玨(簡介並寄信)

必備先修

課程4.441、4.462或教師的許可。

課程描述

建築物的上部結構與其圍封皮層自文明之始對於建築而言早已是基本元件。事實上,吾人也可論證說在理論(Laugier)與技術(Ashby)上,此兩系統定義了建築。現代建築實務上則以多樣的實質形態、性能要求與設計方法,完全分離了此兩集合而形成明確清楚的結構。本課程將聚焦於這些主要的材料系統以及其各自的性能屬性,而強調兩者之間介面的整合需求與建築可能性。

因此,課程會呈現包括結構設計與分析和外部圍封工程技術的議題。本課程的結構部份是透過對於議題的詳細檢視而組成,這些議題以主要的材料成員:金屬、陶瓷、聚合物和複合物,來管控架構、薄殼與其他類型的形成。此外,控制這些個別材料成員於載重轉換方案之使用的極限狀態將分別詳細探討。經由對於材料性質及其使用於建築結構之極限狀態結果的完善了解,本課程會以連結細部的組成來為結構設計提供方針。有兩項主題特別重要:主要結構構材(特別是那些造成長跨的結構和其他「先進結構」)以及連結部份的設計。因為由一結構構材至另一結構構材之能量轉換的實質連繫,使得連結部份成為構造上之關鍵,而此關鍵係依據工程需求來調整,以及經由建築構想之安排而誘導。

相關於外部圍封之性能與實質營造的議題陳述,可透過材料成員的表列而將會整合於課程之中。譬如,當討論木作結構的組成時,我們將專注於使用木作構造之標準外部圍封集合的說明。主題包括有各類被覆之外部圍封設計準則,並且著重於系統之能量性能與使用耐久性。同時,我們也會強調外露規範,以及關心有關外部圍封集合的空氣滲透、溼度入侵和熱液性質。

(譯註:M.A.Laugier在「論建築」中,描述了建築的自然起源—原始屋架(The primitive hut)理論,認為一切都是出於必要,只有必要的構件才是美的,並形成一個以自然秩序為基礎之城市建築類型學的基本框架。
參考資料:http://www. yuntech.edu.tw/~yangyf/ff/grb063.html

構成與時程

教學時程表列出本課程的五個面向。在此期間提出三個問題組,各有一週時間來回應。同時在問題組回應之後12天,也各有三個小考。在時程時間上可充分解答從問題組中提出之疑問,以及課程上額外主題的介紹。並請利用該期間具體化你對於材料面向的了解。除非是宗教習俗的直接衝突、生病緣故,或是其他無法避免的狀況,否則小考無法延期或補考。若有任何可能導致遲交作業或缺席的爭議,也請儘可能預先通知我們。

閱讀

每個面向會有大量的文字閱讀。閱讀是在整合所傳達之課程內容和任何你被指定的讀物(可用作小考或問題集之參考資料)。閱讀將會成組(由各種來源之摘錄組成)的給予。

成績評分

評分依下列方式計算:

活動 百分比
問題組 50
小考 50

無期中與期末測驗。

出席

出席是完全獲取課堂內容的不二法門。本人會在前述時程架構下來討論設計與營造方法,但通常也會提供許多另外的「軼事」資料。請努力準時到堂,並勿錯過任何課程。而且,本人會確實遵守規定-如同在許多學院課程一般--即三次無故缺席將導致評分降低一個字母等級(A到B,B到C等等,以下類推)。

本課程對於所有建築碩士班學生是必要的,並且符合國家建築檢定委員會在NAAB12.17結構系統章節(了解抵抗重力與橫向力之結構行為原則,以及現代結構系統其發展、範圍和適當應用)下,所建立之要求的實現。然而,本課程則企圖追求結構元件與外部圍封組件的處理,會如同建築發明程序的基本顯現一般;就像交織不可逆之科技與設計領域的有影響力例證。


Prerequisite

4.441, 4.462 or permission of instructor.

Course Description

The superstructure of a building and its enclosing skin have been fundamental elements of architecture since the beginning of civilization. In fact one could argue that these two systems define architecture, both in theoretical (Laugier) and technological terms (Ashby). Contemporary building practices have fully separated these two assemblies into distinct constructs with diverse physical morphologies, performance requirements and design processes. This course will focus on these primary material systems and their respective performance attributes with an emphasis on the integration requirements and architectural potentials of the interface between the two.

Therefore, the course will present both issues of structural design and analysis, and exterior envelope engineering. The structural portion of the course is organized through a detailed survey of the issues that govern the making of frameworks, shells and other typologies with the primary material families: metals, ceramics, polymers and composites. In addition, the limit states that govern the use of these distinct material families in load transfer scenarios will be treated separately and in detail. Through a good understanding of the properties of the material and the resulting limit states for use in architectural structures, the course will offer strategies for structural design through the making of connection details. Two topics are of particular importance; the design of primary structural members (in particular those that contribute to long span structures and other "advanced structures") and the design of connections. As the physical nexus of the transfer of energy from one structural member to another, the connection becomes a tectonic moment that is regulated by the requirements of engineering and motivated by an array of architectural aspirations.

The presentation of issues related to the performance and physical construct of the exterior envelope will be integrated into the course through the material families listed. For example, when discussing the making of structures in wood, we will address typical exterior envelope assemblies used with wood construction. Topics will include principles of exterior envelope design for a wide variety of enclosures with an emphasis on the energy performance and lifetime durability of the system. In addition, we will address the emerging codes and concerns regarding air infiltration, moisture incursion and the hygrothermal properties of exterior envelope assemblies.

Organization and Schedule

The calendar lists the five Phases of the course. Three problem sets are assigned during the term, due one week after they have been given. There will also be three quizzes, scheduled 12 days after the problem set is due. The timing will allow for questions from the problem sets to be fully answered and additional topics to be introduced during class. Please take advantage of this period to solidify your understanding of the material of the phase. No extensions or make up quizzes will be given except in the case of a direct conflict with religious observance, medical reasons or other unavoidable circumstance. Please inform us of any conflicts that may result in late assignments or absences beforehand, if possible. 

Readings

Each Phase will be supported by readings from numerous texts. The readings are integral to the delivery of the course material and anything you are assigned to read can be referenced in a quiz or problem set. Readings will be given in packets comprised of excerpts from a variety of sources.

Grading

Grades are calculated as follows:

ACTIVITIES PERCENTAGES
Problem Sets 50
Quizzes 50

No Midterm, no Final Exam.

Attendance

Attendance is the only way in which to fully take advantage of the material presented in this class. I discuss the process of design and construction within the framework of the schedule above but often with a great deal of additional "anecdotal" material. Please make an effort to arrive in class on time and not miss any classes. Also, I do observe the rule -- common in many Institute courses -- that three unexcused absences will result in a lowering of the final grade one full letter (A to B, B to C, etc.).

This course is a requirement of all Master of Architecture candidates and satisfies the completion of the requirements established by the NAAB under the section, NAAB 12.17 Structural Systems: "Understanding of the principles of structural behavior in withstanding gravity and lateral forces, and the evolution, range, and appropriate applications of contemporary structural systems." However, the ambition of the course extends to the treatment of structural elements and components of the exterior envelope as fundamental manifestations of the process of architectural invention; and as such, powerful examples of the irreversibly intertwined domains of technology and design.


 
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