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作業


本頁翻譯進度

燈號說明

審定:無

翻譯:王湘瑋(簡介並寄信)
編輯:朱學(簡介並寄信)

書面作業的分數占總成績的一半。

Papers

  1. 第一份報告需要你在心理學當中研究一些與人文學科、藝術、或社會學科直接有關的主題。你的主題必須符合兩項要求:該主題必須已經過充分的實徵研究(符合心理學研究法的標準,如Gray書中第二章所述),同時它必須與下列領域中的議題有關:法律、社會、藝術、宗教、哲學、教育,或其他相關領域。對某些議題進行猜測或討論,卻沒有討論心理學對此議題有何科學研究的報告,以及只有回顧科學文獻,卻沒有討論這些發現有何意涵的報告,都不適合拿來當成這次作業。
    第一份報告:
    (英文pdf)

    你可以翻閱教科書,尋找一個吸引你的主題,或者和講師或助教談談,來找尋適合的主題。繳交期限約在學期的第四週,報告的長度約六至八頁(1800至2400字)。以下列出數個主題提供參考:
    • 知覺與法庭中目擊證人證詞之信度;
    • 記憶與性侵害之回復記憶之信度;
    • 基因對行為之影響,以及它在優生學中可能的濫用;
    • 心理治療之成效,心理治療與藥物治療之比較,以及健康保險是否應給付心理治療;
    • 夢的來源,以及它們如何關聯到心理治療、宗教、及/或文學;
    • 精神分裂之治療,以及它與無家可歸之關聯(如果有的話);
    • 人類理性之本質,以及它對社會、政治決策之意涵(如:是否只因為它們的危險被過度誇大,我們就可以建造核能發電廠,?);
    • 語言之心理學,以及它對閱讀教學之意涵;
    • 語言和思考,以及它對語言改革之意涵(如:消除性別主義用詞);
    • 腦部之化學,以及它對藥物政策之意涵(或對可能增進心智功能的藥物之意涵);
    • 同性戀之緣由,以及它對同志人權之意涵;
    • 男女心理能力差異之來源,以及它對性別平權行動之意涵;
    • 兒童發展之本質,以及它對針對兒童的計劃之意涵;
      還有數不清的其他主題。

  2. 第二份作業是要你根據助教的評論,修改第一份報告。在這個世界上,為了改進產品而付出的努力,比起初版的努力,對它的品質有更重要的影響,對寫作而言更是如此。這份作業的期限是在你收到第一份報告的回饋訊息後一週,長度是八至十頁(2400-3000字)。這兩份作業的成績互相獨立:你可能在第一份作業得高分,第二次得低分,或者正好相反。

  3. 第三份作業,是要你探索關於心智某些面向的重要爭議,並嘗試解決它。期限是在課程結束前二至一週,長度是十二至十五頁(3600-4500字)。

  4. 此外,學期中你必須繳交二或三份短(一頁)作業。裡面可能要求你思考某些主要議題,以及預覽你對主要報告的寫作計劃。
    短作業:
    (英文pdf)




Half of the grade is determined by the writing assignments.

Papers

  1. The first paper (PDF) will require you to research some topic in psychology that is directly relevant to the humanities, arts, or social sciences. Your topic must meet two requirements: there must be a substantial body of empirical research on the topic (conforming to the methodological standards of psychology, as outlined in Chapter 2 of Gray), and it must be relevant to some issue in law, society, politics, the arts, religion, philosophy, education, or related fields. Papers that speculate or debate some issue without discussing relevant research from scientific psychology, and papers that are just reviews of the scientific literature, without discussing their larger implications, are not suitable for this assignment.
    You can flip through the textbook, come up with a topic that interests you, or talk to the instructor or your TA to find a suitable topic. The paper is due about four weeks into the semester and should be about six to eight pages (1800-2400 words) long. Possible topics include:
    • perception and the reliability of eyewitness testimony in court;
    • memory and the reliability of recovered memories of sexual abuse;
    • genetic influences on behavior and their possible abuses in eugenics;
    • the effectiveness of psychotherapy, how it compares to drug treatments, and whether it should be covered by health insurance;
    • the source of dreams and how their relevance to psychotherapy, religion, and/or literature;
    • the treatment of schizophrenia and its relevance, if any, to homelessness;
    • the nature of human rationality and its implications for social and political decision-making (e.g., should nuclear power plants be built becaufears of their dangers are exaggerated?);
    • the psychology of language and its implications for the teaching of reading;
    • language and thought and its implications for reforming the language (e.g., eliminating sexist terms);
    • brain chemistry and its implications for drug policy (or for future drugs that might improve mental functioning);
    • the sources of homosexuality and its implications for gay rights;
    • the source of male-female differences in some psychological ability and its implications for gender-based affirmative action;
    • the nature of child development and its implications for programs directed at children;
      There are countless other possibilities.

  2. The second assignment will require you to revise your first paper in light of comments from the teaching assistant. Out in the world, the work spent revising a product is more important to its final quality than the work spent on the first version, and that is especially true of writing. It is due about a week after you get feedback on the first paper and should be about eight to ten pages (2400-3000 words). The grades for the two assignments are independent: you can get a high grade for the first version and a low grade for the second, or vice versa.

  3. The third assignment will ask you to explore a major controversy about some aspect of the mind and try to resolve it. It is due the second to last week of class and should be about twelve to fifteen pages (3600-4500 words).

  4. In addition, you will be asked to submit two or three short (one-page) assignments (PDF) during the semester. They may include requests for you to think about some issue, and previews of what you plan to write for your major papers.



 
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