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本頁翻譯進度

燈號說明

審定:無

翻譯:王湘瑋(簡介並寄信)
編輯:朱學(簡介並寄信)

教師授課

每週2節
每節1.5小時
學生必須出席。課堂資料會出現在期中考與期末考之中。


分組討論

學生必須出席。本課程有一小時的分組討論。在第一堂課我們會請你寄一封電子郵件過來,列出你對討論時間前六個選擇。很快你就會收到我們的回覆,告知你被指定到哪一個討論課。

課程主題

目錄上的描述:

9.00是心理學的第一門課程:我們如何思考、觀察、感覺、學習、說話、行動、成長、恐懼、喜歡、愛戀、憎恨、慾望、和尋找意義。它帶出人類智性生活中許多重大爭議:先天與後天、自由意志、意識、人類個體差異、自我與社會。這門課涵蓋的大部分是行為實驗與田野研究,以及其他相關主題,包括演化生物學、遺傳學、大腦科學、哲學、經濟學、社會學、以及藝術。

心理學就是研究心智的科學。它是一門科學,因為心理學的目標在以最少的假設解釋最多的事實,心理學的假設容許被實徵檢驗推翻,心理學的理論合理地銜接其他科學,特別是生物學。不過心理學也緊密地銜接社會科學,因為當個別的人對其他人有所知覺與反應的時候,社會現象就產生了。而心理學又與藝術和人文學科銜接,因為這些作品是人類心智的產物。

心理學是很廣的學科,從海蛞蝓的縮鰓反射到引起戰爭的思考歷程都在它的範圍之內,從分子生物學到文學批評都是它的研究方法。其他大學的學生常抱怨說心理學的導論課程是個讓人糊塗的大雜燴,一堆互不相干的事實和理論。他們說的對,但這無可避免,因為這就是心理學。我的解決之道是給你兩個資訊來源。Gray的教科書會用五花八門的各種領域向你介紹整個心理學(雖然它比大部分的教科書傾向生物學)。我的授課,以及建議選讀的兩本書《心智如何運作》(1997)、《語言本能》(1994),會試著為心智編織出一個融貫的故事。當然,這是我的故事,不代表所有心理學家的觀點。這兩個來源應該能提供你這兩方面最好的資訊。此外,你在學期報告中有機會探討你自己選擇的主題。

課程要求與計分:

15% 期中考,內容以Gray之教科書與授課為主。
25% 期末考,涵蓋整學期的課,內容以Gray之教科書與授課為主。
10% 分組討論(5% 口頭報告;5% 出席、參與、或作業分數,由分組討論之組長決定)。
50% 報告(10% 第一份報告,10% 第一份報告之修改延伸版,20% 第二份報告,10% 報告之預覽與作業)。



Lectures

Two sessions / week
1.5 hours / session
Lecture attendance is mandatory. Lecture material will be covered in the midterm and final exams.


Sections

Section attendance is mandatory. Sections are of one hour. During the first class, we will ask you to send us email listing your top six choices of meeting times. You will hear back from us shortly about which section you have been assigned to.

About the Subject

Catalogue Description:

9.00 is a first course in psychology: how we think, see, feel, learn, talk, act, grow, fear, love, hate, lust, and find meaning. It raises many of the great controversies of intellectual life: nature and nurture, free will, consciousness, human differences, self and society. It largely covers laboratory and field studies of behavior, with relevant ideas from evolutionary biology, genetics, brain science, philosophy, economics, sociology, and the arts.

Psychology is the science of the mind. It is a science because it aims to explain the greatest number of facts with the fewest number of assumptions, its hypotheses are supposed to be falsifiable by empirical tests, and its theories are lawfully connected to other sciences, particularly biology. But psychology is also intimately connected to the social sciences, because social phenomena arise when individual people perceive and react to one another. And it is connected to the arts and humanities, because works of art and scholarship are products of the human mind.

Psychology is a vast discipline. It ranges from the gill-withdrawal reflex of the sea slug to the thought processes that make people fight wars. Its methods range from molecular biology to literary criticism. Students at other universities often complain that an introductory course in psychology is a bewildering hodgepodge of unconnected facts and theories. They are right, but it is unavoidable, because that's what psychology is. I deal with this dilemma by giving you two sources of information. The Gray textbook introduces you to the entire field of psychology in all its wondrous variety (though with more of a biological slant than most textbooks). My lectures, and the recommended reading from my books How the Mind Works (1997) and The Language Instinct (1994) try to weave a coherent story about the mind. Of course, it is my story, and it does not represent the view of all psychologists. The plan is that the two information streams should give you the best of both worlds. In addition, you will have the opportunity to pursue topics of your choice in the term papers.

Requirements and Grading:

15% Midterm exam, based on Gray textbook and lectures.
25% Final exam, covering whole course, based on Gray textbook and lectures.
10% Section participation (5% for an oral presentation; 5% for attendance, participation, or short assignments, to be determined by the section leader).
50% Papers (10% first paper, 10% revision and expansion of first paper, 20% second paper, 10% paper previews and short assignments).



 
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