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本頁翻譯進度

燈號說明

審定:無
翻譯:李碩(簡介並寄信)
編輯:朱學(簡介並寄信)

下面列的書目是學習這門課的基礎。點擊鏈結察看期刊文章的摘要。閱讀書目和研究報告文章按照講座題目歸類。
The readings listed below provide the foundation of this course. Click on the links to view abstracts for the journal articles, where available. Readings and research report articles are arranged by lecture topic.


視覺系統介紹:視網膜的組成
Introduction to the Visual System. Organization of the Retina.

主要題目:視網膜的解剖和生理,神經節細胞接收區組成,前神經節元件
Major Topics: Anatomy and Physiology of the Retina, Ganglion-cell Receptive Field Organization, Pre-ganglionic Elements.

規定閱讀內容:
Assigned Readings:

背景:Schiller, Peter H.〈中樞視覺系統〉,《視覺研究》26 (1986): 1351-1355(閱讀關於視網膜的部分)
Background: Schiller, Peter H. "The Central Visual System." Vision Research 26 (1986): 1351-1355. (Read sections on retina.)

Werblin ,F,W 和J,E,Dowling.〈泥螈視網膜的組成2:細胞內記錄〉,《神經生理學期刊》32 (1969): 339-355.
Werblin, F. W., and J. E. Dowling. "Organization of the Retina of the Mudpuppy, Necturus maculosus. II. Intracellular Recording." J. Neurophysiol. 32 (1969): 339-355.

Wassle,H,和B,B,Boycott.〈哺乳動物的視網膜的功能構造〉,《生理學概論》71 (1991): 447-480.
Wassle, H., and B. B. Boycott. "Functional Architecture of the Mammalian Retina." Physiological Reviews 71 (1991): 447-480.

Dacey,Dennis M.〈人類視網膜的侏儒節細胞的鑲嵌體〉,《神經科學期刊》13 (1993): 5334-5355.
Dacey, Dennis M. "The Mosaic of Midget Ganglion Cells in the Human Retina." J. Neurosci. 13 (1993): 5334-5355.



A. 側膝核
A. The Lateral Geniculate Nucleus

主要題目: 側膝核的層組成,單細胞的接收區特性
Major Topics: Laminar Organization of the LGN, Receptive Field Properties of Single Cells.

規定閱讀:
Assigned Readings:

背景:Schiller, Peter H.〈中樞視覺系統〉,《視覺研究》26 (1986): 1355-1357.(閱讀側膝核的部分)
Background: Schiller, P. H. "The Central Visual System." Vision Research 26 (1986): 1355-1357. (Read sections on LGN.)

Schiller, P. H.和J. G.Malpeli.〈琲e猴的側膝核邊緣層的功能特性〉,《神經生理學期刊》 41 (1978): 788-797.
Schiller, P. H., and J. G. Malpeli. "Functional Specificity of Lateral Geniculate Nucleus Laminae of the Rhesus Monkey." J. Neurophysiol. 41 (1978): 788-797.

Hendry,S.H.C 和T.Y.Yoshioka.〈獼猴背側側膝核神經化學性質獨特的3區《科學》 264 (1994): 575-577.
Hendry, S. H. C., and T. Y. Yoshioka. "A Neurochemically Distinct Third Channel in the Macaque Dorsal Lateral Geniculate Nucleus." Science 264 (1994): 575-577.



B. 紋狀皮質
B. The Striate Cortex

主要題目:紋狀皮質接收區組成,細胞結構,模型組成,成像
Major Topics: Striate Cortex Receptive Field Organization, Cytoarchitecture, Modular Organization, Imaging.

規定閱讀:
Assigned Readings:

背景:Schiller, P. H.〈中樞視覺系統總述〉,《視覺研究》26(1986);1357-1363(讀關於紋狀皮質的部分)
Background: Schiller, P. H. "The Central Visual System." Vision Research 26 (1986): 1357-1363. (Read sections on the striate cortex.)

胡貝爾.D(Hubel, D.)和T.威舍爾(T. Wiesel).〈貓的視覺皮質中的接收區、雙眼相互作用和功能結構〉,《生理學期刊》160(1962):106-154.
Hubel, D., and T. Wiesel. "Receptive Fields, Binocular Interaction and Functional Architecutre in the Cat's Visual Cortex." J. Physiol. 160 (1962): 106-154.

Leventhal, A. G., K. G. Thompson, D. Liu, Y. Zhou, and S. J. Ault.〈猴紋狀皮質中2,3,4層細胞對方位,方向和顏色的共同敏感性〉,《神經科學期刊》 15 (1995): 1808-1818.
Leventhal, A. G., K. G. Thompson, D. Liu, Y. Zhou, and S. J. Ault. "Concomitant Sensitivity to Orientation, Direction and Color of Cells in Layers 2,3, and 4 of Monkey Striate Cortex." J. Neurosci. 15 (1995): 1808-1818.

推薦閱讀:
Recommended Readings:

Hubel,D.H.和T.W.Wiesel. 〈猴紋狀皮質地接收區和功能結構〉,《生理學期刊》195, 倫敦 (1968): 215-243.
Hubel, D. H., and T. W. Wiesel. "Receptive Fields and Functional Architecture of Monkey Striate Cortex." J. Physiol. 195, London (1968): 215-243.

Blasdel, G.G. 〈猴紋狀皮質的方位選擇、優先性和持續性〉,《神經科學期刊》12 (1992): 3139-3161.
Blasdel, G. G. "Orientation Selectivity, Preference, and Continuity in Monkey Striate Cortex." J. Neurosci. 12 (1992): 3139-3161.

Blasdel, G. G.〈猴紋狀皮質的視覺顯著性和方位選擇性的不同成像〉,《神經科學期刊》 12 (1992): 3115-3138.
Blasdel, G. G. "Differential Imaging of Ocular Dominance and Orientation Selectivity in Monkey Striate Cortex." J. Neurosci. 12 (1992): 3115-3138.

Frostig, R. D. 〈活體動物體內光學成像告訴我們關於靈長類動物的初級視覺皮質的哪些知識?〉,《大腦皮質》第10卷, A. Peters, K. S. Rockland編輯,紐約, Plenum出版社,1994
Frostig, R. D. "What Does in Vivo Optical Imaging Tell Us About the Primary Visual Cortex in Primates?" In Cerebral Cortex. Vol. 10. Edited by A. Peters, and K. S. Rockland. New York: Plenum Press, 1994.

Peters, A. 〈獼猴的初級視覺皮質的組成〉,《大腦皮質》 第10卷, A. Peters, K. S. Rockland編輯,紐約, Plenum出版社,1994
Peters, A. "The Organization of the Primary Visual Cortex in the Macaque." In Cerebral Cortex. Vol. 10. Edited by A. Peters, and K. S. Rockland, New York: Plenum Press, 1994.

Schiller, P. H., B. L. Finlay, and S. F. Volman.〈猴紋狀皮質1,2,3區的單細胞的量化研究〉,《神經生理學期刊》 39 (1976): 1288-1351.
Schiller, P. H., B. L. Finlay, and S. F. Volman. "Quantitative Studies of Single-cell Properties in Monkey Striate Cortex I, II and III." J. Neurophysiol. 39 (1976): 1288-1351.

研究報告:
Research Reports:

Roorda, A.和 D. R. Williams. 〈人類眼中的三種視網膜錐體的排列〉, 《自然》397 (1999): 520-522.
Roorda, A., and D. R. Williams. "The Arrangement of the Three Cone Classes in the Living Human Eye." Nature 397 (1999): 520-522.

Nirenberg,S.,S.M. Carciery. A.L. Jacobs.和 P.E.Latham 〈視網膜界細胞很大程度上起著獨立編碼器的作用〉,《自然》411 (2001): 698-700.
Nirenberg, S., S. M. Carciery, A. L. Jacobs, and P. E. Latham. "Retinal Ganglion Cells Act Largely as Independent Encoders." Nature 411 (2001): 698-700.

Zrenner,E.〈視網膜植入物會恢復視覺嗎?〉,《科學》295 (2002): 1022-1025
Zrenner, E. "Will Retinal Implants Restore Vision?" Science 295 (2002): 1022-1025.



紋狀外區域
Extrastriate Areas

主要題目: 區域的特性,單級細胞接收區的特性,局部解剖,成像,功能和解剖的聯繫
Major Topics: Specificity of Areas, Single-cell Receptive Field Properties, Topography, Imaging, Functional and Anatomical Connections.

規定閱讀:
Assigned Readings:

背景:Schiller, P. H. 〈中樞視覺系統〉,《視覺研究》26 (1986): 1363-1372. (閱讀關於高級皮質區的部分)
Background: Schiller, P. H. "The Central Visual System." Vision Research 26 (1986): 1363-1372. (Read sections on higher cortical areas.)

Kaas, J. H.和 D. C. Lyon.〈靈長類動物的視覺皮質組成:V3和鄰近視覺區域學說〉,《視覺:從神經元到認知》第18章. C. Casanova和M. Ptito.編輯,《大腦研究》第134卷, Amsterdam, Elsevier, 2001.
Kaas, J. H., and D. C. Lyon. "Visual Cortex Organization in Primates: Theories of V3 and Adjoining Visual Areas." Chap. 18 in Vision: from Neurons to Cognition. Edited by C. Casanova, and M. Ptito. Progress in Brain Research. Vol. 134. Amsterdam, Elsevier, 2001.

Levitt, J. B., D. C. Kiper和J. A. Movshon.〈獼猴的V2的接收區和功能構造〉,《神經生理學期刊》71 (1994): 2517-2542.
Levitt, J. B., D. C. Kiper, and J. A. Movshon. "Receptive Fields and Functional Architecture of Macaque V2." Journal of Neurophysiol. 71 (1994): 2517-2542.

Maunsell, J. H. R.和 D. C. VanEssen.〈獼猴的內側顳葉視覺區的功能特性I和 II〉,《神經生理學期刊》 49 (1983): 1127-1167.
Maunsell, J. H. R., and D. C. VanEssen. "Functional Properties of Neurons in Middle Temporal Visual Area of the Macaque Monkey I and II." J. Neurophysiol. 49 (1983): 1127-1167.

推薦閱讀:
Recommended Readings:

Gross, C. G.〈從Imhotep到Hubel和Wiesel:視覺皮質的故事〉,《大腦皮質》, Rockland, Kaas和 Peters編輯,Plenum出版,1997.
Gross, C. G. "From Imhotep to Hubel and Wiesel: The Story of Visual Cortex." In Cerebral Cortex. Edited by Rockland, Kaas, and Peters. Plenum Press, 1997.

Kaas, J. H. 〈靈長類動物的視覺皮質組成理論〉,《大腦皮質》, Rockland, Kaas和 Peters編輯,Plenum出版,1997.
Kaas, J. H. "Theories of Visual Cortex Organization in Primates." In Cerebral Cortex. Edited by Rockland, Kaas, and Peters. Plenum Press, 1997.

研究報告:
Research Reports:

Sereno, M. I.等,〈功能磁共振顯像研究揭示人類眾多視覺區域的邊緣〉,《科學》268 (1995): 889-893.
Sereno, M. I., et al. "Borders of Multiple Visual Areas in Humans Revealed by Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging." Science 268 (1995): 889-893.

DeYoe, E. A., D. J. Felleman, D. C. Van Essen, and E. McClendon.〈枕顳葉視覺皮質的眾多處理流〉,《自然》 371 (1994): 151-154
DeYoe, E. A., D. J. Felleman, D. C. Van Essen, and E. McClendon. "Multiple Processing Streams in Occipitotemporal Visual Cortex." Nature 371 (1994): 151-154.

Murphy, P. C., S. G. Duckett, 和 A. M. Sillito.〈側膝核和皮質反應特性的反饋連接〉,《科學》 286 (1999): 1552-1554
Murphy, P. C., S. G. Duckett, and A. M. Sillito. "Feedback Connections to the Lateral Geniculate Nucleus and Cortical Reponse Properties." Science 286 (1999): 1552-1554.



開關系統和亮度知覺
The ON and OFF Channels and Brightness Perception

主要題目:開關通道及其在視覺中的功能
Major Topic: The ON and OFF Channels and Their Function in Vision.

規定閱讀:
Assigned Readings:

Hartline, H. K.〈脊椎動物眼睛的單個視覺神經纖維對視網膜明區的反映〉,《美國生理學期刊》121 (1938): 400-415.
Hartline, H. K. "The Responses of Single Optic Nerve Fibers of the Vertebrate Eye to Illumination of the Retina." Am. J. Physiol 121 (1938): 400-415.

Kuffler, S. W.〈哺乳動物視網膜的放電模式和功能組成〉,《神經生理學期刊》16 (1953): 37-68.
Kuffler, S. W. "Discharge Patterns and Functional Organization of Mammalian Retina." J. Neurophysiol 16 (1953): 37-68.

Schiller, P. H.〈哺乳動物視覺系統的開關通道〉,《視網膜和眼睛研究的進展》15(1995)
Schiller, P. H. "The ON and OFF Channels of the Mammalian Visual System." Progress in Retinal and Eye Research 15 (1995).

Schiller, P. H.〈視網膜開關通路的中樞聯繫〉,《自然》297 (1982): 580-583.
Schiller, P. H. "The Central Connections of the Retinal ON and OFF Pathways." Nature 297 (1982): 580-583.

Schiller, P. H., J. H. Sandell, 和J. H. R. Maunsell.〈視覺系統的開關通道的功能〉,《自然》322 (1986): 824-825
Schiller, P. H., J. H. Sandell, and J. H. R. Maunsell. "The functions of the ON and OFF channels of the visual system." Nature 322 (1986): 824-825.

研究報告:
Research Reports:

Adelson, E. H. 〈知覺的組成和亮度判斷〉,《科學》262 (1993): 2042-2044.
Adelson, E. H. "Perceptual Organization and the Judgment of Brightness." Science 262 (1993): 2042-2044.

Rossi, A. F., C. D. Rittenhouse和 M. A. Paradiso.〈初級視覺皮質的亮度重現〉,《科學》 273 (1996): 1104-7.
Rossi, A. F., C. D. Rittenhouse, and M. A. Paradiso. "The Representation of Brightness in Primary Visual Cortex." Science 273 (1996): 1104-7.



侏儒和傘狀系統
The Midget and Parasol Systems

主要題目: 侏儒和傘狀系統的特性、聯繫和功能
Major Topics: Characteristics, Connections and Functions of the Midget and Parasol Systems.

規定閱讀:
Assigned Readings:

Livingstone,M. 和 D.H.Hubel.〈組成、顏色、運動和深度分述:解剖、生理和知覺〉,《科學》240 (1988): 740-749.
Livingstone, M., and D. H. Hubel. "Segregation of Form, Color, Movement and Depth: Anatomy, Physiology and Perception." Science 240 (1988): 740-749.

Schiller, P. H., N. K. Logothetis和E. R. Charles.〈顏色元件和寬輻通道在視覺中的作用〉,《視覺神經科學》 5 (1990): 321-346.
Schiller, P. H., N. K. Logothetis, and E. R. Charles. "The Role of the Color-opponent and Broad-band Channels in Vision." Visual Neuroscience 5 (1990): 321-346.

Schiller, P. H., N. K. Logothetis和E. R. Charles.〈靈長類動物的顏色元件和寬輻通道〉,《神經科學趨勢》13(1990);392-398.
Schiller, P. H., and N. K. Logothetis. "The Color-opponent and Broad-band Channels of the Primate." Trends in Neurosciences 13 (1990): 392-398.

研究報告:
Research Reports:

Maunsell, J. H. R, T. A. Nealy和 D. D. DePriest.〈大小墨漬細胞分佈情形對琲e猴中顳葉區反應的影響〉,《神經科學期刊》10 (1990): 3323-3334.
Maunsell, J. H. R, T. A. Nealy, and D. D. DePriest. "Magnocellular and Parovcellular Contributions to Responses in the Middle Temporal Area (MT) of the Macaque Monkey." J. Neurosci. 10 (1990): 3323-3334.

Ferrera, V. P., T. A. Nealy和J. H. R. Maunsell.〈大腦枕葉視覺區皮質的V4區的大小墨漬混合細胞的膝狀訊息〉,《自然》358 (1992): 756-758.
Ferrera, V. P., T. A. Nealy, and J. H. R. Maunsell. "Mixed Parvocellular and Magnocellular Geniculate Signals in Visual Area V4." Nature 358 (1992): 756-758.



顏色視覺
Color Vision

主要題目:視覺系統的波長資訊的處理,等亮度知覺
Major Topic: The Processing of Wavelength Information in the Visual System, Perception at Isoluminance.

規定閱讀:
Assigned Readings:

Derrington, A. M., J. Krauskopf和 P. Lennie.〈獼猴側膝核的染色體機制〉,《生理學期刊》357 (1984): 241-265.
Derrington, A. M., J. Krauskopf, and P. Lennie. "Chromatic Mechanisms in Lateral Geniculate Nucleus of Macaque." J. Physiol. 357 (1984): 241-265.

Dacey, D. M. 〈靈長類動物視網膜光譜編碼的平行通路〉,《神經科學回顧年鑒》23 (2000): 743-775.
Dacey, D. M. "Parallel Pathways for Spectral Coding in Primate Retina." Annu. Rev. Neurosci. 23 (2000): 743-775.

Schiller, P. H. 〈V4區和內側顳葉區域損傷對獼猴視覺表現的影響〉,《視覺神經科學》10 (1993): 717-746.
Schiller, P. H. "The Effects of V4 and Middle Temporal (MT) Area Lesions on Visual Performance in the Rhesus Monkey." Visual Neuroscience 10 (1993): 717-746.
(閱讀以下部分:pp. 733-4,〈等亮度知覺〉(圖19和20 ))
(Read the following section: pp. 733-4, "Perception at Isoluminance" (Figs 19 and 20)).

推薦閱讀:
Recommended Readings:

Kaiser, P. H.和 R. M. Boynton.〈顏色的編碼〉,《人類顏色視覺》第7章,美國光學協會,1996
Kaiser, P. H., and R. M. Boynton. "The Encoding of Color." Chap. 7 in Human Color Vision. Optical Society of America, 1996.

Sekuler, R.和 R. Blake. 〈顏色知覺〉,《知覺》第6章,McGraw-Hill ,1994
Sekuler, R., and R. Blake. "Color Perception." Chap. 6 in Perception. McGraw-Hill, 1994.

Schiller, P. H. 〈靈長類動物視覺皮質的V4區〉,《心理學的當前趨勢》3 (1994): 89-92.
Schiller, P. H. "Area V4 of the Primate Visual Cortex." Current Directions in Psychological Science 3 (1994): 89-92.

Schiller, P. H., N. K. Logothetis和 E. R. Charles. 〈視覺系統中的並行途徑:它們在等亮度狀態下的知覺作用〉,《神經心理學期刊》29 (1991): 433-441.,BR>Schiller, P. H., N. K. Logothetis, and E. R. Charles. "Parallel Pathways in the Visual System: Their Role in Perception at Isoluminance." J. Neuropsychologia 29 (1991): 433-441.

研究報告:
Research Reports:

Dacey,D,M,B.B.Lee,K.K.Stafford,J.Pokorny和V.C,Smith.〈靈長類動物視網膜的水平細胞:錐狀細胞對顏色的轉移性不包括對比色〉,《科學》 271 (1996): 656-9.
Dacey, D. M., B. B. Lee, D. K. Stafford, J. Pokorny, and V. C. Smith. "Horizontal Cells of the Primate Retina: Cone Specificity without Spectral Opponency." Science 271 (1996): 656-9.

Chichilnisky, E. J.和 D. A. Baylor.〈靈長類動物視網膜的藍-黃節細胞的接收區微結構〉,《自然神經科學》2 (1999): 889-893.
Chichilnisky, E. J., and D. A. Baylor. "Receptive-field Microstructure of Blue-yellow Ganglion Cells in Primate Retina." Nature Neuroscience 2 (1999): 889-893.

Dacey,D.M.,B.B.Peterson,F.R.Robinson和P.D.Gamlin. 〈靈長類動物視網膜的結構:虛擬動態成像揭示不同的側膝核中的節細胞類型〉,《神經元》37 (2003): 15-27.
Dacey, D. M., B. B. Peterson, F. R. Robinson, and P. D. Gamlin. "Fireworks in the Primate Retina: In Vitro Photodynamics Reveals Diverse LGN-projecting Ganglion Cell Types." Neuron 37 (2003): 15-27.



適應
Adaptation

主要題目:視覺適應的適應現象及其神經機制
Major Topics: Adaptation Phenomena and the Neural Mechanisms of Visual Adaptation

規定閱讀:
Assigned Readings:

Spillman, L.和J. S. Werner.《視覺知覺》,Academic 出版,1990,第5章
Spillman, L., and J. S. Werner. Visual Perception. Academic Press, 1990, Chap. 5.

MacLeod, D. I. A.和M. Hayhoe. 《延長後成像的視杆細胞起點》《科學》185 (1976): 1171-1172.
MacLeod, D. I. A., and M. Hayhoe. "Rod Origin of Prolonged After Images." Science 185 (1976): 1171-1172.

Kaiser, P. K.和R. M. Boynton.〈敏感性調節〉,《人類色彩視覺》第六章,美國光學協會 ,1996
Kaiser, P. K., and R. M. Boynton. "Sensitivity Regulation." Chap. 6 in Human Color Vision. Optical Society of America, 1996.

Schiller, P. H.和 R. P. Dolan.〈獼猴視覺系統損傷的視覺後效應和後果對知覺的影響〉,《神經科學期刊》11 (1994): 643-665.
Schiller, P. H., and R. P. Dolan. "Visual Aftereffects and the Consequences of Visual System Lesions on their Perception in the Rhesus Monkey." Vis. Neurosci. 11 (1994): 643-665.

推薦閱讀:
Recommended Readings:

Hood, D. C. 〈明適應的低水平視覺處理過程和模型〉,《心理學回顧年鑒》49 (1998): 503-35.
Hood, D. C. "Lower-level Visual Processing and Models of Light Adaptation." Ann Rev Psychol. 49 (1998): 503-35.

研究報告:
Research Reports:

周邊靈長類動物視網膜的節細胞的染色體敏感性〉,《自然》 410 (2001): 933-936.
Martin, P. R., B. B. Lee, A. J. R. White, S. G. Solomon, and L. Ruettinger. "Chromatic Sensitivity of Ganglon Cells in the Peripheral Primate Retina." Nature 410 (2001): 933-936.

Xiao, Y., Y. Wang和 D. J. Felleman.〈獼猴皮質V2區的色彩空間組成表現〉,《自然》 421 (2003): 535-539.
Xiao, Y., Y. Wang, and D. J. Felleman. "A Spatially Organized Representation of Colour in Macaque Cortical Area V2." Nature 421 (2003): 535-539.

Webster, M. A.和 J. D. Mollon.〈後受體適應後的色彩表現的改變〉,《自然》 349 (1991): 235-238.
Webster, M. A., and J. D. Mollon. "Changes in Colour Appearance Following Post-receptoral Adaptation." Nature 349 (1991): 235-238.

Arshavsky, V. Y.. 〈如同黑夜和白天:視杆細胞和視錐細胞有著不同的色素再生途徑〉,《神經元》36 (2002): 1-4.
Arshavsky, V. Y. "Like Night and Day: Rods and Cones have Different Pigment Regeneration Pathways." Neuron 36 (2002): 1-4.



眼球運動調控:皮層下結構
Eye Movement Control, Subcortical Structures

主要題目:關於視覺引導的眼球運動的產生規則,眼球運動產生的興奮和抑制機制的作用
Major Topics: Codes for the Generation of Visually Guided Eye Movements, the Role of Excitatory and Inhibitory Mechanisms in Eye Movement Generation.

推薦背景閱讀資料:
Recommended Readings for Background:

Schiller, P. H. 〈中樞視覺系統〉,《視覺研究》26.(閱讀關於頂蓋系統的部分,1372-1377頁)
Schiller, P. H. "The Central Visual System." Vision Research 26. (Read section on the tectal system, pp.1372-1377.)

規定閱讀:
vAssigned Readings:

Schiller, P. H. 〈視覺引導的眼球運動的神經控制〉,《注意力的認知神經科學》, J. Richards. Erlbaum編輯,1998
Schiller, P. H. "The Neural Control of Visually Guided Eye Movements." In Cognitive Neuroscience of Attention. Edited by J. Richards. Erlbaum, 1998.

研究報告:
Research Reports:

Hikosaka.O.和R.H.Wurtz.〈GABA相關物質對眼球掃視運動的調控I:促進劑(如muscimol)抑制劑(如Bicuculine)對猴類上視丘的影響〉,《神經生理學期刊》53 (1985): 266-291.
Hikosaka, O., and R. H. Wurtz. "Modification of Saccadic Eye Movements by GABA-Related Substances. I. Effect of Muscimol and Bicuculine in Monkey Superior Colliculus." J. Neurophysiol. 53 (1985): 266-291.

Hikosaka.O.和R.H.Wurtz.〈GABA相關物質對眼球掃視運動的調控II:促進劑(Muscimol)對猴類黑質網狀部的影響〉,《神經生理學期刊》53 (1985): 292-308.
Hikosaka, O., and R. H. Wurtz. "Modification of Saccadic Eye Movements by GABA-Related Substances. II. Effects of Muscimol in Monkey Substantia Nigra." J. Neurophysiol. 53 (1985): 292-308.



眼球運動調控,皮質結構
Eye Movement Control, Cortical Structures

主要題目:調控視覺引導的眼球運動的並行途徑,眼球運動產生中皮質區的功能
Major Topics: Parallel Pathways for the Control of Visually Guided Eye Movements, Functions of Cortical Areas in Eye-movement Generation.

規定閱讀:
Assigned Readings:

Schiller, P. H.和I. Chou.〈前額部視野區和背內側額部的皮質損傷對視覺引導的眼球運動的影響〉,《自然神經科學》1 (1998): 248-253.
Schiller, P. H., and I. Chou. "The Effect of Frontal Eye Field and Dorsomedial Frontal Cortex Lesions on Visually Guided Eye Movements." Nature Neuroscience 1 (1998): 248-253.

Tehovnik, E. J., W. M. Slocum和 P. H. Schiller.〈獼猴的V1區皮質的邊緣刺激對靶組織的不同影響〉,《歐洲神經科學期刊》16 (2002): 751-760.
Tehovnik, E. J., W. M. Slocum, and P. H. Schiller. "Differential Effects of Laminar Stimulation of V1 Cortex on Target Selection by Macaque Monkeys." European Journal of Neuroscience 16 (2002): 751-760.

Tehovnik, E. J., M. A. Sommer, I. Chou, W. M. Slocum和 P. H. Schiller.〈靈長類動物額葉的視區〉,《大腦研究評論》32 (2000): 413-448.
Tehovnik, E. J., M. A. Sommer, I. Chou, W. M. Slocum, and P. H. Schiller. "Eye Fields in the Frontal Lobes of Primates." Brain Research Reviews 32 (2000): 413-448.

Schiller, P. H.和 J. E. Tehovnik.〈流覽並關注:大腦怎樣讓你的眼球四處轉動〉,《視覺: 從神經元到認知》第9章. C. Casanova和 M. Ptito.編輯.《大腦研究的進展》134,Amsterdam , Elsevier
Schiller, P. H., and J. E. Tehovnik. "Look and See: How the Brain Moves Your Eyes About." Chap. 9 in Vision: from Neurons to Cognition. Edited by C. Casanova, and M. Ptito. Progress in Brain Research 134, Amsterdam, Elsevier.



運動知覺和平靜連續的眼球運動
Motion Perception and Smooth-pursuit Eye Movements

主要題目:皮質和亞皮質視覺結構的運動處理過程;追蹤眼球運動
Major Topics: Motion Processing in Cortical and Subcortical Visual Structures; Pursuit Eye Movements.

規定閱讀:
Assigned Readings:

背景:Schiller, P. H. 〈中樞視覺系統〉,《視覺研究》26(1986).(閱讀關於副光學系統的部分.1377-1378)
Background: Schiller, P. H. "The Central Visual System." Vision Research 26 (1986). (Read section on the accessory optic system, pp. 1377-1378.)

Albright, T. D.〈靈長類視覺皮質的形態不變的運動處理過程〉,《科學》255 (1991): 1141-1143.
Albright, T. D. "Form-cue Invariant Motion Processing in Primate Visual Cortex." Science 255 (1991): 1141-1143.

Duffy, C. J.和 R. H. Wurtz.〈內上顳區神經元對光刺激的敏感性I.大範圍刺激的反映選擇性的持續性〉,《神經生理學期刊》65 (1991): 1329-1345.
Duffy, C. J., and R. H. Wurtz. "Sensitivity of MST Neurons to Optic Flow Stimuli. I. A Continuum of Response Selectivity to Large-field Stimuli." J. Neurophysiol. 65 (1991): 1329-1345.

Duffy, C. J.和 R. H. Wurtz.〈猴內上顳區神經元對光溜刺激的反映及其運動中心的轉移〉,《神經科學期刊》,15 (1995): 5192-5208.
Duffy, C. J., and R. H. Wurtz. "Response of Monkey MST Neurons to Optic Flow Stimuli with Shifted Centers of Motion." J. Neurosci. 15 (1995): 5192-5208.

推薦閱讀:
Recommended Readings:

Salzman, C. C.和 W. T. Newsome.〈形成知覺決定的神經機制〉,《科學》264 (1994): 231-237.
Salzman, C. C., and W. T. Newsome. "Neural Mechanisms for Forming a Perceptual Decision." Science 264 (1994): 231-237.

Nakayama, K.〈生物成像運動過程:回顧〉,《視覺研究》25 (1985): 625-660.
Nakayama, K. "Biological Image Motion Processing: A Review." Vis. Res. 25 (1985): 625-660.

研究報告:
Research Reports:

Stoner.G.R,R.D.Albright和V.S.Ramachandran. 〈人類運動知覺的透明性和協調性〉,《自然》344 (1990): 153-155.
Stoner, G. R., R. D. Albright, and V. S. Ramachandran. "Transparency and Coherence in Human Motion Perception." Nature 344 (1990): 153-155.

Fukushima, K., T. Yamanobe, Y. Shinmel, J. Fukushima, S. Kurkin,和 B. W. Peterson.〈前額皮質編碼三維空間中的平緩眼球運動〉,《自然》419 (2002): 157-162.
Fukushima, K., T. Yamanobe, Y. Shinmel, J. Fukushima, S. Kurkin, and B. W. Peterson. "Coding Smooth Eye Movements in Three-dimensional Space by Frontal Cortex." Nature 419 (2002): 157-162.

Gamlin, P. D.和 K. Yoon.〈靈長類動物前額皮質中負責眼球轉向運動的區域〉,《自然》 407 (2000): 1003-1007.
Gamlin, P. D., and K. Yoon. "An Area for Vergence Eye Movement in Primate Frontal Cortex." Nature 407 (2000): 1003-1007.



深度知覺
Depth Perception

主要題目: 深度知覺及潛在神經機制
Major Topics: Depth Perception and Underlying Neural Mechanisms.

規定閱讀:
Assigned Readings:

Howard, I. P.和B. J. Rogers.〈實體視覺測試〉(149-155頁),〈運動視差〉(571-584頁)和〈動物中的實體〉(16章,645-657頁),《雙側視覺和實體視覺》,牛津大學出版社,1995
Howard, I. P., and B. J. Rogers. "Tests of Stereopsis" (pp. 149-155), "Motion Parallax" (pp. 571-584), and "Stereo in Animals" (chap. 16, pp. 645-657). In Binocular Vision and Stereopsis. Oxford University Press, 1995.

Parker, A. J.和 B. G. Cumming. 〈雙側實體視覺的皮質機制〉,〈視覺:從神經元到認知〉14章.由C. Casanova和 M. Ptito.編輯.《大腦研究進展》134,Amsterdam ,Elsevier,2001.
Parker, A. J., and B. G. Cumming. "Cortical Mechanisms of Binocular Stereoscopic Vision." Chap. 14 in Vision: from Neurons to Cognition. Edited by C. Casanova, and M. Ptito. Progress in Brain Research 134, Amsterdam, Elsevier, 2001.

Poggio, G. F., F. Gonzalez和 F. Krause.〈猴視覺皮質的實體視覺機制:雙側聯繫和差異選擇性〉,《神經科學期刊》8 (1989): 4531-4551.
Poggio, G. F., F. Gonzalez, and F. Krause. "Stereoscopic Mechanisms in Monkey Visual Cortex: Binocular Correlation and Disparity Selectivity." J. Neurosci. 8 (1989): 4531-4551.

Schiller, P. H., N. K. Logothetis和E. R. Charles.〈視覺系統的對比色和寬頻通道的作用〉,《視覺神經科學》5 (1990): 321-346.(閱讀關於圖22,23和 24的內容)
Schiller, P. H., N. K. Logothetis, and E. R. Charles. "The Role of the Color-opponent and Broad-band Channels in Vision." Visual Neuroscience 5 (1990): 321-346. (Read material pertaining to Figs. 22, 23 and 24.)

Schiller, P.H.〈V4區和中顳葉區損傷對琲e猴視覺表現的影響〉,《視覺神經科學》10 (1993): 717-746.(閱讀關於圖18,20,25和28的內容)
Schiller, P.H. "The Effects of V4 and Middle Temporal (MT) Area Lesions on Visual Performance in the Rhesus Monkey." Visual Neuroscience 10 (1993): 717-746. (Read material pertaining to Figs. 18, 20, 25 and 28.)

推薦閱讀:
Recommended Readings:

Sekuler, R.和R. Blake編輯.《知覺》第7章McGraw-Hill.
Sekuler, R., and R. Blake, eds. Perception. McGraw-Hill, chap. 7.

Spillman, L.和J. S. Werner編輯. 〈視覺知覺〉第12章Academic 出版,1990.
Spillman, L., and J. S. Werner, eds. Visual Perception. Academic Press, 1990, chap. 12.

研究報告:
Research Reports:

DeAngelis, G.C.B.G.Cumming和W.T.Newsome.〈皮質區內顳葉和實體視覺深度知覺〉,《自然》394 (1998): 677-680.
DeAngelis, G. C., B. G. Cumming, and W. T. Newsome. "Cortical Area MT and the Perception of Stereoscopic Depth." Nature 394 (1998): 677-680.

Thomas, O. W., B. G. Cumming和 A. J. Parker.〈V2區的相對差異的特性〉,《自然神經科學》5 (2002): 472-478.
Thomas, O. W., B. G. Cumming, and A. J. Parker. "A Specialization for Relative Disparity in V2." Nature Neuroscience 5 (2002): 472-478.



圖樣知覺和復習
Pattern Perception and Review

主要題目:圖樣知覺及其神經機制
Major Topics: Pattern Perception, Underlying Neural Mechanisms and the Significance of Topographic Organization. Review of the Course.

規定閱讀:
Assigned Readings:

Schiller, P. H. 〈V4區和中顳葉區損傷對琲e猴視覺表現的影響〉,《視覺神經科學》10 (1993): 717-746.(閱讀關於圖12,13,14,21,22,23,24,25,27和29的部分)
Schiller, P. H. "The Effects of V4 and Middle Temporal (MT) Area Lesions on Visual Performance in the Rhesus Monkey." Visual Neuroscience 10 (1993): 717-746. (Read material pertaining to Figs. 12, 13, 14, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 27 and 29.)

Schiller, P. H.〈生物對視覺影像現在與過去感覺的不同是由大腦來判斷的〉, 《大腦皮質》,Rockland, Kaas和 Peters.編輯,Blenum出版社,1997.
Schiller, P. H. "Past and Present Ideas About How the Visual Scene is Analyzed by the Brain." In Cerebral Cortex. Edited by Rockland, Kaas, and Peters. Plenum Press, 1997.

Von der Hevdt, R 和 E.Peterhans.〈猴視覺皮質的輪廓知覺機制:1.行為不連續性的界線〉,《神經科學期刊》9 (1989): 1731-1748.
Von der Heydt, R., and E. Peterhans. "Mechanisms of Contour Perception in Monkey Visual Cortex: 1. Lines of Pattern Discontinuity." J. Neurosci. 9 (1989): 1731-1748.

Schwartz, E. L. 〈靈長類動物視覺皮質的空間構造的電腦化研究:專欄,圖形和示意圖〉,《大腦皮質》第10卷. A. Peters 和K. S. Rockland編輯 Plenum出版社,紐約 ,1994
Schwartz, E. L. "Computational Studies of the Spatial Architecture of Primate Visual Cortex: Columns, Maps, and Protomaps." In Cerebral Cortex. Vol. 10. Edited by A. Peters, and K. S. Rockland. Plenum Press, New York, 1994.

推薦閱讀:
Recommended Readings:

Sekuler, R.和R. Blake編輯,《知覺》第5章, McGraw-Hill.
Sekuler, R., and R. Blake, eds. Perception. McGraw-Hill, chap. 5.




 
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