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以下所列出的是本課程的基礎內容。點擊鏈結閱讀期刊文章摘要。摘要按照主題排列。

The readings listed below provide the foundation of this course. Click on the links to view abstracts for the journal articles, where available. The readings are arranged by topic.


脊髓和反射
Spinal Cord and Reflexes

Bizzi, E., M . C. Tresch, P. Saltiel, and A. d'Avella,〈脊髓運動系統的新觀點。〉《自然綜述/神經科學》1 (2000): 101-108.
Bizzi, E., M . C. Tresch, P. Saltiel, and A. d'Avella. "New Perspectives on Spinal Motor Systems." Nature Reviews/Neuroscience 1 (2000): 101-108.

Kandel, Schwartz, and Jessell,《神經科學原理》第四版 McGraw Hill, 第34、36 和37章。
Kandel, Schwartz, and Jessell. Principles of Neural Science. 4th ed. McGraw Hill, chap. 34, 36 and 37.



運動皮層和前運動皮層
Motor Cortex and Premotor Cortex

指定閱讀材料:
Assigned Reading:

Kandel, E., 等,《神經科學原理》2002, 第38、42 和43章。
Kandel, E., et al. Principles of Neuroscience. 2002, chap. 38, 42 and 43.

討論用文章:
Papers for Discussion:

Graziano, M. S., C. S. Taylor, and T. Moore,〈微刺激中央前回引發的複雜運動〉《神經元》 34 (2002): 841-851.
Graziano, M. S., C. S. Taylor, and T. Moore. "Complex Movements Evoked by Microstimulation of Precentral Cortex." Neuron 34 (2002): 841-851.

Graziano, M. S., C. S. Taylor, T. Moore and D. F. Cooke,〈重訪運動的皮層控制〉《神經元》36 (2002): 349-362.
Graziano, M. S., C. S. Taylor, T. Moore and D. F. Cooke. "The Cortical Control of Movement Revisited." Neuron 36 (2002): 349-362.

Wessberg, J., 等,〈靈長類皮層神經元群體對手動軌跡的即時預測〉《自然》408 (2000): 361-365.
Wessberg, J., et al. "Real-Time Prediction of Hand Trajectory by Ensembles of Cortical Neurons in Primates." Nature 408 (2000): 361-365.



體感覺
Somatosensory

Kandel, E., 等,《神經科學原理》2002, 第21、22和23章。
Kandel, E., et al. Principles of Neuroscience. 2002, chap. 21, 22, and 23.


眼動系統
Oculomotor System

視覺引導的眼球運動的神經控制。 第3-46頁。
The Neural Control of Visually Guided Eye Movements
. Pp. 3-46.

Schiller, Peter H., Edward J. Tehovnik,〈觀看和看見:腦如何指揮眼球運動〉《腦研究進展》。134 (2001).
Schiller, Peter H., Edward J. Tehovnik. "Look and see: How the Brain Moves Your Eyes About." Prog. Brain Res. 134 (2001).

Simpson, J.,〈附屬光學系統〉《年度神經科學評論》(1984)
Simpson, J. "The Accessory Optic System." Ann Rev Neurosci (1984).

Tehovnik, Edward J., Marc A. Sommer, I-Han Chou, Warren M. Slocum, and Peter H. Schiller,〈靈長類額葉中的動眼區〉《腦研究評論》32 (2000): 413-448.
Tehovnik, Edward J., Marc A. Sommer, I-Han Chou, Warren M. Slocum, and Peter H. Schiller "Eye Fields in the Frontal Lobes of Primates." Brain Res Reviews 32 (2000): 413-448.



基底核
Basal Ganglia

Blazquez, P., N. Fujii, J. Kojima, and A. M. Graybiel,〈紋狀體中應答可能性的網絡狀表徵〉於於《神經元》33 (2002): 973-982.
Blazquez, P., N. Fujii, J. Kojima, and A. M. Graybiel. "A Network Representation of Response Probability in the Striatum." Neuron 33 (2002): 973-982.

Fiorillo, C. D., P. N. Tobler, and W. Schultz,〈多巴胺神經元的酬賞可能性和不確定性的離散編碼〉《科學》299 (2003): 1898-1902.
Fiorillo, C. D., P. N. Tobler, and W. Schultz. "Discrete Coding of Reward Probability and Uncertainty by Dopamine Neurons." Science 299 (2003): 1898-1902.

Graybiel, A. M. and Y. Kubota,〈對皮層-基底核網路參與習慣形成系統的理解。〉於《運動疾病中的精神、行為障礙》,Bedard, M. A. 等編寫. Totawa, N.J: Humana, 2003.
Graybiel, A. M. and Y. Kubota. "Understanding Corticobasal Ganglia Networks As Part of a Habit Formation System." In Mental and Behavioral Dysfunction in Movement Disorders, by Bédard, M. A. et al. Totawa, N.J: Humana, 2003.

Graziano, M. S., C. S. Taylor, and T. Moore,〈微刺激中央前回引發的複雜運動〉《神經元》 34 (2002): 841-851.
Graziano, M. S., C. S. Taylor, and T. Moore. "Complex Movements Evoked by Microstimulation of Precentral Cortex." Neuron 34 (2002): 841-851.

Graziano, M. S., C. S. Taylor, T. Moore and D. F. Cooke,〈重訪運動的皮層控制〉《神經元》36 (2002): 349-362.
Graziano, M. S., C. S. Taylor, T. Moore and D. F. Cooke. "The Cortical Control of Movement Revisited." Neuron 36 (2002): 349-62.

Kandel, E. 等,〈基底核〉於《神經科學原理》第四十三章。2002
Kandel, E. et al. "The Basal Ganglia." Chap. 43 in Principles of Neuroscience. 2002.

———. 《神經科學原理》. 2002, 第38、42與43章。
———. Principles of Neuroscience. 2002, chap. 38, 42 and 43.

Kawagaoe, R., Y. Takikawa, and O. Hikosaka,〈獎賞期待對基底核的認知信號進行調控〉自然神經科學。1 (1998): 411-416.
Kawagaoe, R., Y. Takikawa, and O. Hikosaka. "Expectation of Reward Modulates Cognitive Signals in the Basal Ganglia." Nat. Neurosci. 1 (1998): 411-416.

Wessberg, J., 等,〈靈長類皮層神經元群體對手運動軌跡的即時預測〉《自然》408 (2000): 361-365.
Wessberg, J., et al. "Real-Time Prediction of Hand Trajectory by Ensembles of Cortical Neurons in Primates." Nature 408 (2000): 361-365.

Wichmann, T. and M. R. DeLong,〈基底核的功能和病理生理學模型〉《當代神經生物學見解》 6 (1996): 751-758.
Wichmann, T. and M. R. DeLong. "Functional and Pathophysiological Models of the Basal Ganglia". Curr. Opin. Neurobiol. 6 (1996): 751-758.


皮層可塑性
Cortical Plasticity

Pons, T. P., P. E. Garraghty, D. P. Friedman, and M. Mishkin,〈體感覺皮層序列性處理的生理學證據〉《科學》237 (1987): 417-442.
Pons, T. P., P. E. Garraghty, A. K. Ommaya, J. H. Kaas, E. Taub, and M. Mishkin,〈成年琲e猴感覺傳入神經阻滯後的大範圍皮層重組〉《科學》252 (1991): 1857-1860.
Pons, T. P., P. E. Garraghty, D. P. Friedman, and M. Mishkin. "Physiological Evidence for Serial Processing in Somatosensory Cortex." Science 237 (1987): 417-442.

Pons, T. P., P. E. Garraghty, A. K. Ommaya, J. H. Kaas, E. Taub, and M. Mishkin. "Massive Cortical Reorganization After Sensory Deafferentation in Adult Macaques." Science 252 (1991): 1857-1860.

Sur, M.,〈體感覺皮層,時間和空間的地圖〉《自然》378 (1995): 13-14.
Sur, M. "Somatosensory cortex. Maps of Time and Space." Nature 378 (1995): 13-14.

Wang, X., M. M. Merzenich, K. Sameshima, and W. M. Jenkins,〈觸覺刺激時間決定成人皮層手代表區的重新塑造〉《自然》378 (1995): 71-75.
Wang, X., M. M. Merzenich, K. Sameshima, and W. M. Jenkins. "Remodelling of Hand Representation in Adult Cortex Determined by Timing of Tactile Stimulation." Nature 378 (1995): 71-75.




 
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