MIT OpenCourseWare


» 進階搜尋
 課程首頁
 教學大綱
 教學時程
 相關閱讀資料
 作業
 下載課程

教學大綱


本頁翻譯進度

燈號說明

審定:邱富敏(簡介並寄信)
翻譯:徐慎謀(簡介並寄信)
編輯:王永珍(簡介並寄信)


描述

課程目標是幫助你執行、評判認知科學的研究。為了達成這個目標,這門課包含下列五項主題。

1. 基本研究方法論. 藉由一系列的教師授課和個案研究(當中有許多個案故意出現謬誤)向你介紹有關實驗設計、取樣收集和道德規範的基本議題。

2. 資料分析. 我們如何總結實驗資料並從中做出明智的推論? 藉由研讀這些技巧是如何被應用在真正的研究文章中,你將學習到重要的統計分析技巧。

3. 撰寫研究文章以及簡報你的作品.無論你是位多麼棒的科學家,如果你無法在你的文章及演講中有效地傳達你的想法,你的研究影響力有可能會大幅度地降低。這個課程將提示一些寫作和簡報技巧的重點。

4. 研讀、評判過去的實驗.研讀其他實驗室過去的成果以及現在正在進行的工作,並了解他們研究成果的優點和侷限是成為一個科學家必備的一部分。經由個案研究,我們將試著說明如何培養閱讀文獻時所需的敏銳態度。

5. 執行獨立的實驗. 為加強你對研究方法和寫作風格的學習,你將設計、執行,還有撰寫一些包括(但不限於)人類注意力、視覺、記憶、心像和推理等認知科學領域範疇的實驗報告。這項習作不但能幫助同學整合這門課程所涵蓋的主題,它也能讓你創作出可發表的文章。

課程需求

以下因素將決定你的課堂成績:

課程參與 (5%)
期中考 (20%)
三份小組實驗書面作業及口頭報告 (45%)
一份獨立進行實驗的書面報告 (30%)
學習滿意度(無價)





Description

The goal of this course is to prepare you for conducting and critiquing research in cognitive science. To achieve this goal, the course will cover the following five topics.

1. Basic research methodologies. A series of lectures and case studies (many of them deliberately flawed) will introduce you to fundamental issues of experimental design, sample collection and ethics.

2. Data analysis. How can one summarize experimental data and make intelligent inferences from them? You will learn about important statistical analysis techniques in a 'hands-on' fashion - by examining how these techniques have been used in several real research papers.

3. Writing research papers and presenting your work. No matter how good a scientist you are, if you cannot communicate your ideas effectively in your papers and talks, the impact of your research will likely be greatly diminished. The course will provide some pointers about good writing and presenting style.

4. Studying and critiquing past experiments. A necessary part of being a scientist is reading past and ongoing work from other laboratories and understanding the strengths and limitations of their findings. Through example case studies, we shall try to indicate how to develop a discerning attitude when reading papers.

5. Conducting independent experiments. To reinforce your learning of research methodologies and writing style, you will design, run and writeup several experiments in various areas of cognitive science including (but not limited to) human attention, vision, memory, imagery and reasoning. Not only will this exercise help bring together all the topics touched upon in the course, it may also allow you to produce a publishable paper.

Requirements

Your grade in class will be determined by:

In-class participation (5%)
Mid-term examination (20%)
3 write-ups and presentations of team experiments (45%)
1 write-up of an independently conducted experiment (30%)
Satisfaction of learning (priceless)




 
MIT Home
Massachusetts Institute of Technology Terms of Use Privacy