MIT OpenCourseWare

腦與認知科學(Brain and Cognitive Sciences)

The Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences at MIT

人類的大腦是目前已知的最複雜、最先進、最強而有力的資訊處理裝置。為了要研究它的複雜組成,麻省理工學院的腦與認知科學科系結合了神經生物學、神經科學和心裡學的實驗技術,搭配上由電腦輔助的神經科學和認知科學的理論依據。

本科繫在一九六四年由Hans-Lukas Teuber創建,舊稱為心理系,那時便開創新見解,主張腦與心智的研究是不可分割的。今日,在日趨專業分工時代中,我們的研究目標仍為探索認知領域:從分子、神經元神經網路和認知模組的層次瞭解它的過程和機制。在神經科學和認知科學的各科系領域中,我們的研究範疇和目標讓我們獨樹一幟。我們對腦和心智的研究領域非常廣泛,結合了許多不同層次的分析,從分子、細胞、系統、電腦運算認知角度探索分析。

由於腦和認知科學的發展時間尚短,變動也十分的快,在本系所大多數的課程中幾乎都沒有單一的教本可以涵蓋所有課程內容。課內讀物主要是期刊論文和研究報告。這樣的作法提供學子們既深且廣知識範疇,讓這些未來的科學家可以直接接觸神經科學和認知科學中最先進領域。當您閱讀麻省理工學院開放式課程系統中的教材時,最珍貴的就是每個科目中所提供的詳細書目,讓您洞悉目前學術界對該主題的思考。

我們科系的主要目的是訓練研究生瞭解腦和認知科學,以及教育大學部的學生。我們的研究生從我們廣泛的科目安排中獲益甚多,更可以和本系的教職員共同參與研究;我們的師資在各領域中都是一時之選。本系所目前將神經科學和認知科學納入大學部課程,而我們的主修生增加的速度也是本校中最快速的。

若要瞭解更多資訊,請見:http://web.mit.edu/bcs/


The human brain is the most complex, sophisticated, and powerful information-processing device known. To study its complexities, the Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology combines the experimental technologies of neurobiology, neuroscience, and psychology, with the theoretical power that comes from the fields of computational neuroscience and cognitive science.

The Department was founded by Hans-Lukas Teuber in 1964 as a Department of Psychology, with the then-radical vision that the study of brain and mind are inseparable. Today, at a time of increasing specialization and fragmentation, our goal remains to understand cognition- its processes, and its mechanisms at the level of molecules, neurons, networks of neurons, and cognitive modules. We are unique among neuroscience and cognitive science departments in our breadth, and in the scope of our ambition. We span a very large range of inquiry into the brain and mind, and our work bridges many different levels of analysis including molecular, cellular, systems, computational and cognitive approaches.

Since the field of brain and cognitive sciences is relatively young and extremely dynamic, there is no single text that encompasses the subject matter covered in most of the classes offered by the department. To educate and train future scientists, readings are from primary journal articles or research papers. This approach provides broad coverage, as well as the depth needed, so that students are exposed to cutting-edge knowledge in the various specialties of neuroscience and cognitive science. Browsing the course materials in MIT OpenCourseWare, the jewels are revealed in the detailed reading lists that provide a window on the current thinking in each subject.

Central to our mission is the training of graduate students in the brain and cognitive sciences, and the education of undergraduate students. Our graduate students benefit from the comprehensiveness of our program as well as by conducting research with individual faculty members who are on the cutting edge of their fields. The Department recently expanded its undergraduate program to include both neuroscience and cognitive science and our major is now one of the fastest growing in the institute.

For more information, go tohttp://web.mit.edu/bcs/

目前上線課程


大學部
課號課程名稱
9.00
2004秋季課程:心理學導論
(Introduction to Psychology, Fall 2004)
NEW!
9.00P
2001秋季課程:心理學導論
(Introduction to Psychology, Fall 2001)
9.00W
2002秋季課程:心理學導論
(Introduction to Psychology, Fall 2002)
9.01
2001秋季課程:神經科學與行為
(Neuroscience and Behavior, Fall 2001)
9.01
2004秋季課程:神經科學導論
(Introduction to Neuroscience, Fall 2004)
9.01
2003秋季課程:神經科學與行為
(Neuroscience and Behavior, Fall 2003)
NEW!
9.02
2002春季課程:腦部研究實驗
(Brain Laboratory, Spring 2002)
9.04
2002秋季課程:視覺與聽覺的神經基礎
(Neural Basis of Vision and Audition, Fall 2002)
9.04
2004秋季課程:視覺與聽覺的神經基礎
(Neural Basis of Vision and Audtion, Fall 2004)
NEW!
9.05
2003春季課程:運動的神經基礎
(Neural Basis of Movement, Spring 2003)
9.07
2004春季課程:大腦與認知科學之統計方法
(Statistical Methods in Brain and Cognitive Science, Spring 2004)
NEW!
9.09J
2002春季課程:細胞神經生物學
(Cellular Neurobiology, Spring 2002)
9.09J
2005春季課程:細胞神經生物學
(Cellular Neurobiology, Spring 2005)
NEW!
9.14
2002春季課程:哺乳類的腦結構和發育
(Structure & Development of the Mammalian Brain, Spring 2002)
9.20
2001秋季課程:動物行為學
(Animal Behavior, Fall 2001)
9.20
2005秋季課程:動物行為學
(Animal Behavior, Fall 2005)
NEW!
9.29J
2004春季課程:計算神經科學導論
(Introduction to Computational Neuroscience, Spring 2004)
NEW!
9.35
2001春季課程:感覺與知覺
(Sensation and Perception, Spring 2001)
9.35
2004春季課程:感覺與知覺
(Sensation and Perception, Spring 2004)
9.51
2003春季課程:瞬間情緒的曝光促發效果
(Affective Priming at Short and Extremely Short Exposures, Spring 2003)
9.52-A
2003春季課程:以fMRI探索遠端記憶之神經基質
(Investigating the Neural Substrates of Remote Memory using fMRI, Spring 2003)
9.52-B
2001春季課程:腦與認知科學、人類行為學專題
(Topics in Brain and Cognitive Sciences Human Ethology, Spring 2001)
9.57J
2001秋季課程:語言習得
(Language Acquisition, Fall 2001)
9.59J
2002秋季課程:心理語言學
(Psycholinguistics, Fall 2002)
9.59J
2005春季課程:心理語言學
(Psycholinguistics, Spring 2005)
NEW!
9.63
2002秋季課程:認知科學實驗
(Laboratory in Cognitive Science, Fall 2002)
9.63
2005秋季課程:認知科學實驗
(Laboratory in Cognitive Science, Fall 2005)
NEW!
9.65
2001秋季課程:認知歷程
(Cognitive Processes, Fall 2001)
9.65
2004秋季課程:認知歷程
(Cognitive Processes, Spring 2004)
9.68
2002春季課程:情緒:「感覺」的生物、心理和社會面
(Affect: Biological, Psychological, and Social Aspects of Feelings, Spring 2002)
9.68
2005春季課程:情緒:「感覺」的生物、心理和社會面
(Affect: Biological, Psychological, and Social Aspects of Feelings, Spring 2005)
NEW!
9.70
2002春季課程:社會心理學
(Social Psychology, Spring 2002)
9.70
2005春季課程:社會心理學
(Social Psychology, Spring 2005)
NEW!
9.71
2002秋季課程:功能性磁振影像之高階視覺研究
(Functional MRI of High-Level Vision, Fall 2002)
9.71
2004秋季課程:功能性磁振影像之高階視覺研究
(Functional MRI of High-Level Vision, Fall 2004)
NEW!
9.74
2002春季課程:人類記憶與學習基礎理論
(Foundations of Human Memory and Learning, Spring 2002)
9.75J
2003春季課程:性別心理學
(Psychology of Gender, Spring 2003)
9.85
2005秋季課程:嬰兒與早期兒童認知
(Infant and Early Childhood Cognition, Fall 2005)
NEW!
9.912J
2004春季課程:計算神經科學導論
(Introduction to Computational Neuroscience, Spring 2004)
NEW!
9.93
2002一月(自由活動月)課程:記憶的認知神經科學:創造與控制記憶
(Cognitive Neuroscience of Remembering:Creating and Controlling Memory, January (IAP) 2002)
9.97
2003一月(自由活動月)課程:神經解剖學導論
(Introduction to Neuroanatomy, January (IAP) 2003)
9.98
2003一月(自由活動月)課程:語言與心智
(Language and Mind, January (IAP) 2003)

研究所
課號課程名稱
9.011
2002秋季課程:腦與認知科學I
(The Brain and Cognitive Sciences I, Fall 2002)
9.012
2002春季課程:腦與認知科學II
(The Brain and Cognitive Sciences II, Spring 2002)
9.013J
2003春季課程:細胞與分子神經生物學:腦與認知科學III
(Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology: The Brain and Cognitive Sciences III, Spring 2003)
9.036
2003春季課程:視覺系統
(The Visual System, Spring 2003)
9.036
2005春季課程:視覺系統
(The Visual System, Spring 2005)
NEW!
9.044J
2005秋季課程:大腦之聽覺及語言機制
(Brain Mechanisms for Hearing and Speech, Fall 2005)
NEW!
9.081
2002秋季課程:人類記憶與學習
(Human Memory and Learning, Fall 2002)
9.110J
2003春季課程:老化之神經學、神經生理學、神經生物學
(Neurology, Neuropsychology, and Neurobiology of Aging, Spring 2003)
9.110J
2005春季課程:老化之神經學、神經生理學、神經生物學
(Neurology, Neuropsychology, and Neurobiology of Aging, Spring 2005)
NEW!
9.201
2000春季課程:進階動物行為學
(Advanced Animal Behavior, Spring 2000)
9.250
1999春季課程:演化心理學
(Evolutionary Psychology, Spring 1999)
9.322J
2002秋季課程:遺傳神經生物學
(Genetic Neurobiology, Fall 2002)
9.322J
2005秋季課程:遺傳神經生物學
(Genetic Neurobiology, Fall 2005)
NEW!
9.357
2001秋季課程:視覺科學特論
(Special Topics in Vision Science, Fall 2001)
9.373
2002春季課程:體感覺和運動神經
(Somatosensory and Motor Systems, Spring 2002)
9.402
2002秋季課程:語言與思考
(Language and Thought, Fall 2002)
9.520
2003春季課程:統計學習理論及應用
(Statistical Learning Theory and Applications, Spring 2003)
9.520-A
2001春季課程:學習網路:回歸與分類
(Networks for Learning:Regression and Classification, Spring 2001)
9.530
2002春季課程:細胞與分子計算
(Cellular and Molecular Computation, Spring 2000)
9.531J
2004秋季課程:系統生物學
(Systems Biology, Fall 2004)
9.591J
2002秋季課程:語言處理
(Language Processing, Fall 2002)
9.591J
2004秋季課程:語言處理
(Language Processing, Fall 2004)
NEW!
9.601J
2002春季課程:語言習得I
(Language Acquisition I, Spring 2002)
9.611J
2003春季課程:自然語言和電腦對知識的表徵
(Natural Language and the Computer Representation of Knowledge, Spring 2003)
9.641J
2005春季課程:神經網路導論
(Introduction to Neural Networks, Spring 2005)
NEW!
9.641J
2002秋季課程:神經網路導論
(Introduction to Neural Networks, Fall 2002)
9.911
2002一月(自由活動月)課程:科學的合理研究方法
(Reasonable Conduct in Science, January (IAP) 2002)
9.913
2004秋季課程:機械視覺的圖樣辨識
(Pattern Recognition for Machine Vision, Fall 2004)
NEW!
9.913-A
2002一月(自由活動月)課程:神經解剖學深入探討
(Intensive Neuroanatomy, January (IAP) 2002)
9.913-C
2002春季課程:機械視覺的圖樣辨識
(Pattern Recognition for Machine Vision, Spring 2002)
9.916
2001秋季課程:模塊、域特異性、知識組織
(Modularity, Domain-specificity, and the Organization of Knowledge, Fall 2001)
9.916
2005春季課程:猴子與人類中視覺物體辨識的神經基礎
(The Neural Basis of Visual Object Recognition in Monkeys and Humans, Spring 2005)
NEW!
9.95-A
2003一月(自由活動月)課程:神經科學的研究專題
(Research Topics in Neuroscience, January (IAP) 2003)
9.96
2001一月(自由活動月)課程:神經生理學可調變四極管陣列的實驗方法
(Experimental Methods of Adjustable Tetrode Array Neurophysiology, January (IAP) 2001)

大學部/研究所
課號課程名稱
9.03
2001秋季課程:學習和記憶的神經基礎
(Neural Basis of Learning and Memory, Fall 2001)
9.03
2003秋季課程:學習和記憶的神經基礎
(Neural Basis of Learning and Memory, Fall 2003)
NEW!
9.031
2003秋季課程:學習和記憶的神經基礎
(Neural Basis of Learning and Memory, Fall 2003)
NEW!
9.10
2002春季課程:認知神經科學
(Cognitive Neuroscience, Spring 2002)
9.10
2004春季課程:認知神經科學
(Cognitive Neuroscience, Spring 2004)
NEW!
9.100
2004春季課程:認知神經科學
(Cognitive Neuroscience, Spring 2004)
NEW!
9.15
2001秋季課程:突觸傳遞的生化學與藥理學
(Biochemistry and Pharmacology of Synaptic Transmission, Fall 2001)
9.15
2003秋季課程:突觸傳遞的生化學與藥理學
(Biochemistry and Pharmacology of Synaptic Transmission, Fall 2003)
NEW!
9.150
2003秋季課程:突觸傳遞的生化學與藥理學
(Biochemistry and Pharmacology of Synaptic Transmission, Fall 2003)
NEW!
9.16
2002春季課程:細胞神經生理學
(Cellular Neurophysiology, Spring 2002)
9.18
2003春季課程:發育神經生物學
(Developmental Neurobiology, Spring 2003)
9.18
2005春季課程:發育神經生物學
(Developmental Neurobiology, Spring 2005)
NEW!
9.181J
2005春季課程:發育神經生物學
(Developmental Neurobiology, Spring 2005)
NEW!
9.19J
2001春季課程:認知和行為遺傳學
(Cognitive & Behavioral Genetics, Spring 2001)
9.29J
2002春季課程:神經科學的電腦應用導論
(Introduction to Computational Neuroscience, Spring 2002)
9.301J
2002春季課程:學習與發育的神經可塑性
(Neural Plasticity in Learning and Development, Spring 2002)
9.52-C
2003春季課程:計算認知科學
(Computational Cognitive Science, Spring 2003)
9.56J
2004秋季課程:不規則語言
(Abnormal Language, Fall 2004)
9.660J
2004秋季課程:計算認知科學
(Computational Cognitive Science, Fall 2004)
NEW!
9.66J
2004秋季課程:計算認知科學
(Computational Cognitive Science, Fall 2004)
NEW!
9.67
2001春季課程:物體與臉孔辨識
(Object and Face Recognition, Spring 2001)
9.69
2003春季課程:認知的基礎理論
(Foundations of Cognition, Spring 2003)
9.912
2001秋季課程:腦與認知科學特論
(Special Topics in Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Fall 2001)
9.916-A
2003春季課程:人類認知對機率與因果的評估
(Probability and Causality in Human Cognition, Spring 2003)




朱註:IAP(自由活動月)是麻省理工學院從一月第一週至當月結束的四週期間,這個期間大家可以參與或舉辦各種有趣的活動。(請見:http://web.mit.edu/iap/overview.html)。

《腦與認知科學》領域譯文感謝謝怡玲老師協助校閱
謝怡玲老師
伊利諾大學口語傳播研究所博士候選人
主修:醫療傳播、人際傳播、跨文化傳播
美國蒙特瑞國際研究學院筆譯暨口譯研究所口筆譯碩士