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課堂講稿


本頁翻譯進度

燈號說明

審定:無
翻譯:張良正(簡介並寄信)
編輯:侯嘉玨(簡介並寄信)

下表提供學生課堂上的補充講義。下表只列出有講義的課堂授課。
The table below contains the handouts provided to students to supplement the lecture (LE) sessions. Only lectures with handouts are included below.


課程單元
課堂授課 1-3
LE1-3
概論和背景。著手研究語音和語言的方法:語音的產生、聲學理論、(語音)感知、(語音)區段和特徵係數、音系學、句子結構。語音錄製。語音信號處理。語音解剖學和呼吸細統的探討、氣流和壓力。聽覺系統和人類對聲音的反應。一些基本的聲學理論關於:共鳴體、聲源和聲源濾波的概念。(PDF 1) (PDF 2)
Introduction and Background. Methods of Approach to Study of Speech and Language: Speech Production, Acoustics, Perception, Segments and Features, Phonology, Syntax. Phonetic Transcription. Signal Processing for Speech. Survey of Speech Anatomy, Respiratory System, Airflows and Pressures. Auditory System and Human Response to Sound. Some Basic Acoustics of Resonators and Sources, Source-filter Concepts. (PDF 1) (PDF 2)
課堂授課 4-6
LE4-6
母音(元音)。位於聲門的聲源。聲音交疊振盪的機制。女性和男性的聲源特性。不同的聲道外形的:發音特性、聲學上的結論。描述(舌頭位置)高、低和後的發音特徵,以及它們在發音學和聲學上的關聯。其他母音特徵:圓滑性、鼻音、鬆緊。不同母音的喉頭變化;呼吸式的和緊氣式的發聲;聲調;重音。母音在聽覺感知的過程。(PDF 1) (PDF 2) (PDF 3)
Vowels. Acoustic Source at the Glottis. Mechanism of Vocal-fold Vibration. Source Characteristics for Females and Males. Different Vocal-tract Shapes: Articulatory Attributes, Acoustic Consequences. Features High, Low, Back, and their Articulatory and Acoustic Correlates. Other Vowel Features: Rounding, Nasalization, Tense-lax. Laryngeal Variations for Vowels; Breathy and Pressed Voicing; Tones; Stress. Auditory Processing of Vowels. (PDF 1) (PDF 2) (PDF 3)
課堂授課7-10
LE7-10
子音(輔音)。聲道的空氣動力學,紊流噪音,瞬間釋放,突發音。子音的發音位置:發音特性、聲學上的結論,(聲道)共振峰(譯註:人聲的自然頻率)的轉換,以(音學)特徵來分類。呼吸和發聲。停止式、鼻音式和摩擦式的子音產生模型。對子音的感知。流音、滑音、觸擊以及其他的特性。在不同的上下文中的子音和子音序列。(PDF 1) (PDF 2) (PDF 3 - 1.1 MB) (PDF 4)
Consonants. Aerodynamics of the Vocal Tract, Turbulence Noise, Abrupt Release, Bursts. Place of Articulation for Consonants: Articulatory Attributes, Acoustic Consequences, Formant Transitions, Classification in Terms of Features. Aspiration and Voicing. Models of Stop, Nasal, and Fricative Consonant Production. Perception of Consonants. Liquids, Glides, Clicks, Other Features. Consonants and Consonant Sequences in Various Contexts. (PDF 1) (PDF 2) (PDF 3 - 1.1 MB) (PDF 4)
課堂授課13-15
LE13-15
介紹句法(句子結構)、(語文)形態學和音系學。回顧特徵係數和特徵係數階層:特徵係數的幾何性以及其和產生語音的關係。可區別的特徵係數在音系學上的證據。字彙的表達。英語和其他語言中的範例。(PDF 1) (PDF 2) (PDF 3)
Introduction to Syntax, Morphology and Phonology. Review of Features and Feature Hierarchies; Feature Geometry and its Relation to Speech Production. Phonological Evidence for Distinctive Features. Lexical Representation. Examples from English and Other Languages. (PDF 1) (PDF 2) (PDF 3)
課堂授課 16-18
LE16-18
韻律學。語言規劃模型。語言錯誤的實證。特徵係數的改變和流暢語言中的聲學特性。姿態的重疊、簡化和增加。(PDF 1) (PDF 2)
Prosody. Models of Speech Planning; Evidence from Speech Errors. Modification of Features and Acoustic Properties in Fluent Speech; Gestural Overlap, Reduction, Enhancement. (PDF 1) (PDF 2)
課堂授課20
LE20
字彙使用的方法:人類和機器辨識語言的模型。(PDF)
Approaches to Lexical Access; Models of Human and Machine Recognition of Speech. (PDF)
課堂授課22-23
LE22-23
受損的語音產生和感知;聽力衰減、失語症、神經的失序、喉頭的失序及其他的損傷。對於語言能力和聽力受損的協助。兒童語言和表達能力的發展。兒童語音在聲學上的分析。(PDF - 1.0 MB)
Impaired Speech Production and Perception; Hearing Loss, Aphasia, Neurogenic Disorders, Laryngeal Disorders, Other Impairments; Aids for Speech and Hearing-impaired. Speech and Language Development in Children; Acoustic Analysis of Children's Speech. (PDF - 1.0 MB)

 
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