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本頁翻譯進度

燈號說明

審定:無
翻譯:張良正(簡介並寄信)
編輯:侯嘉玨(簡介並寄信)

以下所列的閱讀資料,配合本課程的講課時間表,是選自本課程的指定教科書:Stevens, Kenneth所著的語音聲學由位於美國麻薩諸塞省劍橋市麻省理工出版社,1999年出版國際標準圖書編號:0-262-19404-X在這也提供了額外的參考資料
The readings listed below for the course's lecture (LE) sessions are from the required course textbook: Stevens, Kenneth. Acoustic Phonetics. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1999. ISBN: 0-262-19404-X. Additional references are also provided in this section.


課程單元 閱讀資料
課堂授課1-3
LE1-3
概論和背景。著手研究語音和語言的方法:語音的產生、聲學理論、(語音)感知、(語音)區段和特徵係數、音系學、句子結構。語音錄製。語音信號處理。語音解剖學和呼吸系統的探討、氣流和壓力。聽覺系統和人類對聲音的反應。一些基本的聲學理論關於:共鳴體、聲源和聲源濾波的概念。
Introduction and Background. Methods of Approach to Study of Speech and Language: Speech Production, Acoustics, Perception, Segments and Features, Phonology, Syntax. Phonetic Transcription. Signal Processing for Speech. Survey of Speech Anatomy, Respiratory System, Airflows and Pressures. Auditory System and Human Response to Sound. Some Basic Acoustics of Resonators and Sources, Source-filter Concepts.
第一章、第三章和部份的第四章
Chapters 1, 3, parts of Chapter 4
課堂授課4-6
LE4-6
母音(元音)。位於聲門的聲源。聲音交疊振盪的機制。女性和男性的聲源特性。不同的聲道外形的:發音特性、聲學上的結論。描述(舌頭位置)高、低和後的發音特徵,以及它們在發音學和聲學上的關聯。其他母音特徵:圓滑性、鼻音、鬆緊。不同母音的喉頭變化;呼吸式的和緊氣式的發聲;聲調;重音。母音在聽覺感知的過程。
Vowels. Acoustic Source at the Glottis. Mechanism of Vocal-fold Vibration. Source Characteristics for Females and Males. Different Vocal-tract Shapes: Articulatory Attributes, Acoustic Consequences. Features High, Low, Back, and their Articulatory and Acoustic Correlates. Other Vowel Features: Rounding, Nasalization, Tense-lax. Laryngeal Variations for Vowels; Breathy and Pressed Voicing; Tones; Stress. Auditory Processing of Vowels.
第二章、第六章
Chapters 2 and 6
課堂授課7-10
LE7-10
子音(輔音)。聲道的空氣動力學,紊流噪音,瞬間釋放,突發音。子音的發音位置:發音特性、聲學上的結論,(聲道)共振峰(譯註:人聲的自然頻率)的轉換,以(音學)特徵來分類。呼吸和發聲。停止式、鼻音式和摩擦式的子音產生模型。對子音的感知。流音、滑音、觸擊以及其他的特性。在不同的上下文中的子音和子音序列。
Consonants. Aerodynamics of the Vocal Tract, Turbulence Noise, Abrupt Release, Bursts. Place of Articulation for Consonants: Articulatory Attributes, Acoustic Consequences, Formant Transitions, Classification in Terms of Features. Aspiration and Voicing. Models of Stop, Nasal, and Fricative Consonant Production. Perception of Consonants. Liquids, Glides, Clicks, Other Features. Consonants and Consonant Sequences in Various Contexts.
第七章、第八章、第九章、第十章
Chapters 7, 8, 9 and 10
課堂授課13-15
LE13-15
介紹句法(句子結構)、(語文)形態學和音系學。回顧特徵係數和特徵係數階層:特徵係數的幾何性以及其和產生語音的關係。可區別的特徵係數在音系學上的證據。字彙的表達。英語和其他語言中的範例。
Introduction to Syntax, Morphology and Phonology. Review of Features and Feature Hierarchies; Feature Geometry and its Relation to Speech Production. Phonological Evidence for Distinctive Features. Lexical Representation. Examples from English and Other Languages.
第五章
Chapter 5
課堂授課16-18
LE16-18
韻律學。語言規劃模型。語言錯誤的實證。特徵係數的改變和流暢語言中的聲學特性。姿態的重疊、簡化和加強。
Prosody. Models of Speech Planning; Evidence from Speech Errors. Modification of Features and Acoustic Properties in Fluent Speech; Gestural Overlap, Reduction, Enhancement.
第十章
Chapter 10


額外參考資料
Additional References

《英語聲紋》,Chomsky, N.與M. Halle合著,New York: Harper & Row, 1968版
Chomsky, N., and M. Halle. The Sound Pattern of English. New York: Harper & Row, 1968.

《產生語音的原理》,Fant, G.著,The Hague: Mouton, 1960版
Fant, G. Acoustic Theory of Speech Production. The Hague: Mouton, 1960.

《語音分析、合成與感知》,Flanagan, J. L.著,New York: Springer-Verlag, 1972版
Flanagan, J. L. Speech Analysis, Synthesis and Perception. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1972.

<言之學識和語之聲響>Halle, M.與 K. N. Stevens.合著,收錄於《在音樂、語言、談話與大腦之中》第1到19頁,J. Sundberg、L. Nord與 R. Carlson編輯,Basingstoke, Hampshire: Macmillan Press, 1991版
Halle, M., and K. N. Stevens. "Knowledge of Language and The Sounds of Speech." In Music, Language, Speech and Brain. Edited by J. Sundberg, L. Nord, and R. Carlson. Basingstoke, Hampshire: Macmillan Press, 1991, pp. 1-19.

《語音分析初步》,Jakobson, R.、G. Fant和 M. Halle合著,Cambridge MA: MIT Press, 1963版
Jakobson, R., G. Fant, and M. Halle. Preliminaries to Speech Analysis. Cambridge MA: MIT Press, 1963.

<特徵幾何學和聲道>,Keyser, S. J.與 K. N. Stevens合著,收錄於《音系學》第11期,1994年,第207到236頁
Keyser, S. J., and K. N. Stevens. "Feature Geometry and The Vocal Tract." Phonology 11 (1994), 207-236.

<在女性和男性的談話者之中,語音品質差異性的分析、合成與感知>,Klatt, D. H.與 L. C. Klatt合著,收錄於《北美聲學協會期刊》第87期,1990年,第820到857頁
Klatt, D. H., and L. C. Klatt. "Analysis, Synthesis, and Perception of Voice Quality Variations Among Female and Male Talkers." J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 87 (1990): 820-857.

《世界語言之聲》,Ladefoged, P.與 I. Maddieson合著,Cambridge MA: Blackwell, 1996版
Ladefoged, P., and I. Maddieson. The Sounds of the World's Languages. Cambridge MA: Blackwell, 1996.

《聲紋樣式》Maddieson, I.著,Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984版
Maddieson, I. Patterns of Sounds. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984.

《簡介交談的科學與失序》,Minifie, F.編輯,San Diego: Singular, 1994版
Minifie, F., ed. Introduction to Communication Sciences and Disorders. San Diego: Singular, 1994.

《人機語音通訊》,O'Shaughnessy, D.著,New York: IEEE Press, 2000版
O'Shaughnessy, D. Speech Communication: Human and Machine. New York: IEEE Press, 2000.

《語音辨識原理》,Rabiner, L. R.與 B. -H. Juang合著,Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1993版
Rabiner, L. R., and B. -H. Juang. Fundamentals of Speech Recognition. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1993.

《語音通訊論文集之語音處理》,Atal, B. S.,J. L. Miller與 R. D. Kent合輯,.Woodbury NY: Acoustical Society of America, 1991版
Atal, B. S., J. L. Miller, and R. D. Kent, eds. Papers in Speech Communication: Speech Processing. Woodbury NY: Acoustical Society of America, 1991.

《語音通訊論文集之語音感知》,Atal, B. S.,J. L. Miller與 R. D. Kent合輯,.Woodbury NY: Acoustical Society of America, 1991版
———, eds. Papers in Speech Communication: Speech Perception. Woodbury NY: Acoustical Society of America, 1991.

《語音通訊論文集之語音產生》,Atal, B. S.,J. L. Miller與 R. D. Kent合輯,.Woodbury NY: Acoustical Society of America, 1991版
———, eds. Papers in Speech Communication: Speech Production. Woodbury NY: Acoustical Society of America, 1991.

《語音通訊聲學:原理,語音感知理論和技術》,Pickett, J. M.著,Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon: 1998版
Pickett, J. M. The Acoustics of Speech Communication: Fundamentals, Speech Perception Theory, and Technology. Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon: 1998.

《語音學手冊》,Hardcastle, W. J.與J. Laver合輯,UK: Blackwell Publishers, Ltd., 1997版
Hardcastle, W. J., and J. Laver, eds. The Handbook of Phonetic Sciences. UK: Blackwell Publishers, Ltd., 1997.


 
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