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教學大綱


本頁翻譯進度

燈號說明

審定:無
翻譯:任然(簡介並寄信)
編輯:馬景文(簡介並寄信)
(編註:輔助教室
編輯所設置自學書院網站設有本課程的輔助教室,內容包括部份閱讀文章的翻譯本,中文文獻連結,和自學者論壇。)


課程信息

課程提供了在現實世界媔i行工程實踐的綜合方法。修這門課程的學生從多角度研究一項大型工程項目的生命週期、新技術或者新成立公司;這些角度包括技術、經濟、政治和文化。研究包括訪問發明家,閱讀實驗室筆記,評估專利以及從旁觀察開發明現今技術的工程師。這門課的主要主題,是讓學生認識到,精通技術僅僅是科技成功的部分因素。

課程講師

David A. Mindell教授

課時安排

每週2節
每節2小時


閱讀材料

(可通過amazon.com購買)

Latour, Bruno. 《行動中的科學:怎樣通過社會跟上科學家和工程師》. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, October 1988. ISBN: 0674792912.

MacKenzie, Donald《創造精確:核彈制導的歷史社會學》Reprint ed. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, January 29, 1993. ISBN: 0262631474.

Christensen, Clayton. 《發明者的困境:革命性的全國銷售榜冠軍改變了我們做生意的方式》第一版,New York, NY: Harper Business, May 2, 2000. ISBN: 0066620694.

Tufte, Edward. 《視覺和統計的思維:為決策而展示實証》 Cheshire, CT: Graphics Press, April 1997. ISBN: 0961392134.



1. 必備先修條件/工程學核心領域方向學分

只有五年制工程碩士生,科學技術與社會專業的研究生,或者得到導師批準的學生才有資格選這門課程。電器工程和電腦科學系的工程碩士生,這門課會自動算作七個工程學核心領域中之一所規定兩門工程學選修課的一門。 如果工程學碩士生選擇的學期專題,是符合工程學核心領域的某一題目,可以申請把這門課算作特定領域的選修課程。我們不能提前保證講課程包含所有工程學核心領域。

2.授課和研討會

(佔期末成績的20%:出勤、準備和參與)

學生必須來上課。學生每星期帶上書和每週閱讀的資料到課堂,因為在分組討論中會提及這些材料。上半學期定時講課。然後學生分成小組去完成學期專題。課堂有相當時間是投入討論和學期專題的工作。



3.講義

在每次上課開始時發放講義。

4.討論論文

(佔期末成績的30%,三篇論文,每篇佔10分)

多份兩頁的論文作為基礎「問題集」;一些有指定作業,而另一些的形式則相對開放,全都在每次上課開始時遞交。所有寫作作業將以論述力度,表達清晰和與課程內容相關三方面打分。作業必須以電子郵件用ASCII碼提交。導師有全權決定把任何一份作業在網站匿名發佈。應當依隨適當的引文方式(如果不清楚細節,請提問)。詳情請參閱附加的寫作作業講義。



5.學期專題

(佔期末成績的50%)

下半學期,學生將著重進行學期專題的小組工作,撰寫一項重要技術發展的歷史。學生分為若干小組,每組被指定研究一個特定的專題,還會獲得一套相關資料(例如:書籍、論文或者是某人的電話號碼)去開始他們的研究工作。在第18次課的前一天,小組必須提交他們對於學期專題的研究計畫,包括研究主題、問題以及研究策略。課堂投入相當時間來研究專題,和小組聯合撰寫出一份專題歷史報告(約20頁,6000字)。每個小組在最後的三至四節課中向全班發表他們的專題。我們會在此之前提供更多指導。



6.打分

最終成績的評定比重如下:

50% 學期專題
30% 討論論文
20% 出勤,準備和參與

任何遲交的作業均按照一天降一級來處理。除非有導師事先批准,否則五天之內未交的作業將不被接受。

學期中段的時候,我們將會為每位學生打出一個初步成績,為學生在學期剩下時間的進步提供建議。




Course Information

This course provides an integrated approach to engineering practice in the real world. Students of 6.933J research the life cycle of a major engineering project, new technology, or startup company from multiple perspectives: technical, economic, political, and cultural. Research involves interviewing inventors, reading laboratory notebooks, evaluating patents, and looking over the shoulders of engineers as they developed today's technologies. This subject is for students who recognize that technical proficiency alone is only part of the formula for success in technology.

Lecturer

Prof. David A. Mindell

Course Meetings

每週2節
每節2小時


Readings

(available through amazon.com)

Latour, Bruno. Science in Action: How to Follow Scientists and Engineers through Society.

MacKenzie, Donald. Inventing Accuracy: A Historical Sociology of Nuclear Missile Guidance.

Christensen, Clayton. The Innovator's Dilemma.

Tufte, Edward. Visual and Statistical Thinking or Visual Explanations.



1. Prerequisites / EC Credit

Course is limited to fifth-year M. Eng. students, graduate students in STS, or others by permission of instructor. For EECS M. Eng. students, subject will automatically count as one of the two EC electives that can come from any of the seven Engineering Concentration fields. Alternatively M. Eng. students may by petition use it as an elective in a specific EC if they have chosen a term project on a topic appropriate to that EC. We cannot guarantee in advance that all EC's will be represented.

2. Lectures and Seminar

(20%: attendance, preparation, participation)

Attendance is mandatory at lectures. Bring the books with the week's reading to class each week, as they will be referred to in discussion. Lectures will meet regularly for about the first half of the term. Then, students will be divided into groups to work on term projects. Significant in-class time is then devoted to discussion and work on projects.



3. Handouts

Handouts will be available at the beginning of lecture.

4. Discussion Papers

(30%, 3 papers, 10 points each)

A series of two-page discussion papers serve as the basic "problem sets." Some will have specific assignments whereas others will be more open format. They are due at the beginning of class. All writing assignments will be graded on force of argument, clarity of presentation and relevance to course material. We may ask for writing assignments to be submitted in ASCII via email as well. Any writing may appear anonymously on the website, at the discretion of the instructors. Proper citation practices should be followed throughout (ask if you are unsure of the details). See additional writing assignment handout sheet for more information.



5. Term Project

(50% of final grade)

The latter half of the term is largely taken up with group work on writing a project history of the development of a significant technology. Students will be divided up into groups, and each group will be assigned a particular project to study, and given a set of relevant materials (i.e. books, papers, phone numbers of individuals) to get the research started. A day before the 18th session, groups should submit a plan of research for the term project, including overarching themes and questions and research strategy. Significant in-class time will then be devoted to the project, and preparing a project history (~20 pages, 6000 words) written collaboratively by the group. Groups will present their projects to the entire class during the last three or four sessions. We will provide more guidelines as the time approaches.



6. Grading

Grades will be apportioned as follows:

50% Term Project
30% Discussion Papers
20% Attendance, Preparation, Participation

Late submissions of any assignments lose one letter grade per day, with no assignments accepted more than five days late without prior permission of instructor.

Halfway through the term, we will issue a preliminary grade, with suggestions for improvement for the remainder of the semester.




 
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