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本頁翻譯進度

燈號說明

審定:無
翻譯:吳室慧(簡介並寄信)、周賢明(簡介並寄信)
編輯:朱學(簡介並寄信)

個案
Cases

個案中包括了一些藥學上重要的議題。這些議題在課堂上也許不會提及,或只是簡單帶過。這些議題將在學生主導的個案研討中提出,時間訂在由講師主導的個案研討之外 。每一個個案研討都是基於真實事件,但是也許會加以修飾好呈現出重點所在。我們盼望學生將注意力集中在藥理學課題上,而非陷於有趣的旁枝細節的繁瑣當中。
The cases cover some important topics in pharmacology which are not covered or dealt with only briefly in formal lectures. These will be presented as student-led case discussions and are scheduled in addition to cases presented by individual lecturers. Each case is based on a real incident, but many have been embellished to bring out useful points. We hope you will concentrate primarily on pharmacologic issues and not get bogged down on interesting clinical sidelights.

個案總共有二十一則,每兩個學生共同分析一個個案。每個學生都要提出十分鐘的口頭報告:比方說,第一個學生的報告也許包括了個案的藥理學背景,然後第二個學生將其引述到特定臨床案件之上。學生有責任尋找與列出所引用的書目資料 – 教科書以及評論文章也許就已經足夠,但是有時候原始資料則是必要的。請在課堂之後和我討論報告的內容和格式。每個學生都要準備一份清楚而簡短不超過兩頁的講義,假使真的須要則可再加長一些。不過請可憐你老花眼的課程指導老師,字體不要太小。通常我希望你們不用微軟PowerPoint®的投影片作為講義。第一個個案將由我們來示範好讓學生們對報告的要求有更清楚的想法。
There are 21 of these case discussions, and each will be analyzed by 2 students. Each student will be expected to give an oral presentation for about 10 minutes: For example, the first presenter might cover the pharmacologic background of the case, and the second could then apply it to the specific clinical problem. The bibliographic search will be your responsibility--textbooks and review articles may suffice, but primary literature is sometimes necessary. Please meet me once after class to review the content and format of your presentation. Each student should prepare a clear, concise handout which does not exceed 2 pages-a little longer if you need it, but take pity on your presbyopic Course Director and don't use microscopic type! Ordinarily, I would prefer that you don't use copies of Microsoft® PowerPoint® slides as a handout. We will present the first case, so you all will have a clearer idea of what is expected.

每一組學生必須要與助教安排至少一次排練 他們也可以在影印與微軟PowerPoint®等等方面提供協助 課程與報告時間都很緊湊 所以我們必須加以二十分鐘的限制。
Each pair of students must arrange to run through the presentation at least once with a TA. They will also be available for assistance with photocopies, Microsoft® PowerPoint®, etc. The lectures and cases are closely scheduled, so we have to enforce the 20 minute limit.

基於兩個理由我們期望學生們出席與加入討論:
We expect all students to attend and participate in the discussion for two reasons:

  • 對同學表達禮貌尊重
    It is a courtesy to your fellow students
  • 考試範圍包括了討論內容
    You will be responsible for this material on the exams(!)

以下是個案主題的列表
Below is a list of the case topics:

  1. 有機磷酸中毒
    Organophosphate Poisoning
  2. 毒性控制
    Poison Control
  3. 抗凝血
    Anticoagulation
  4. 潰瘍性大腸炎與Sulfasazine
    Ulcerative Colitis and Sulfasazine
  5. 嗜鉻細胞瘤
    Pheochromocytoma
  6. 氣喘
    Asthma
  7. 古柯鹼 -- 心肌梗塞
    Cocaine - MI
  8. 甲狀腺機能亢進
    Hyperthyroidism
  9. 青光眼
    Glaucoma
  10. 痛風
    Gout
  11. 急性腎衰竭
    Acute Renal Failure
  12. 止痛 -- 安慰劑反應
    Analgesia - Placebo Response
  13. 鋰中毒
    Lithium Toxicity
  14. 胎盤傳輸
    Placental Transfer
  15. 酒精
    Alcohol
  16. 過敏
    Allergy
  17. 偏頭痛
    Migraine
  18. 葉酸
    Folate
  19. 口服降血糖藥
    Oral Hypoglycemics
  20. 止痛- 癌症末期
    Anagesia - Terminal Cancer
  21. 藥物濫用
    Drug Abuse



Microsoft® 與 PowerPoint® 均為 Microsoft Corporation 於美國及其他國家的商標或註冊商標。
Microsoft® and PowerPoint® are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other countries.




 
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