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本頁翻譯進度

燈號說明

審定:楊宗瑩(簡介並寄信)
翻譯:林孟芬(Meng-Fen Lin)(簡介並寄信)
編輯:鄭玨(簡介並寄信)

上課形式

與課程相關的個案資料會在前一週公佈,上課前半段的時間將教授相關資料,後半段將是個案討論時間。個案討論時的分析,強調由學生來推動,發掘問題,作深入的探討,學生都應事前準備好參與個案討論。

作業與評量

根據出席率,三份文字作業,個案討論的準備與參與,任課老師將給與通過與不通過的兩種成績。

參考書籍

Macrina, Francis L. 《科學的嚴謹性:個案實例序論》
(朱註:本書無中文版:
http://www.edu-books.com/Scientific_Integrity_An_Introductory_Text_with_Cases_1555811523.html


個案討論指引

個案討論的目的,不是來決定誰對誰錯,它的目的是:
  • 培養面對相關問題的策略,並探討各種處理過程的牽連性與正反面的影響。
  • 辨識和釐清科學研究的職業標準,道德價值以及約定俗成的習俗。
  • 澄清被世俗認可的不同價值觀的差異性,了解不同價值觀認可的基礎,並辨認不可接受的科學研究手段。

大部分的個案都十分複雜,而且解決的方法也不見得很清楚。為了準備每一個個案研究,請在每堂課前讀完個案材料,同時準備一頁的摘要,並列出:

  • 個案的問題與衝突點。
  • 被影響的當事人。
  • 每位當事人可能採取的行動。

並請思考

  • 每一個當事人採取行動的可能後果。
  • 每一個當事人的義務,這些義務是他們道德良心上的責任嗎?為什麼?

注意:每一個個案可能有一個以上的爭論點,應該試著評估所有的爭論點。

這一頁的摘要,需在課堂結束時交上來。



參考

Bebeau, M. J. 「培養科學研究道德問題的理性思考對策」(Developing a Well-reasoned Response to a Moral Problem in Scientific Research Ethics.),摘錄於1995年印第安那大學《教導研究道德的培訓中》(Teaching Research Ethics: A Workshop at Indiana University.)


Format

The case(s) relating to the class session topic will be distributed the week before class. The first half of the class time will be a lecture presentation of relevant materials and the last half will be a discussion of the case(s) with emphasis on student-driven analysis. Class members are expected to be prepared to discuss the case(s). (see "Instructions for Case Discussions")

Assignments and Assessment

Pass/Fail grades will be determined by the instructors based on attendance, preparation of three written assignments, preparation for case discussions, and participation in case discussions.

Recommended Text

Macrina, Francis L. Scientific Integrity: An Introductory Text with Cases.

Instructions for Case Discussions

The goal of case discussions is not to decide on right and wrong. Rather, the purpose is to:
  • Develop strategies for addressing the issues and the problems raised, and explore the implications of each course of action and its pros and cons.
  • Identify and clarify professional standards and ethical values of scientific research as well as conventions.
  • Clarify accepted differences in values, understand the underlying assumptions, and identify unacceptable practices.

Most cases are complex, and the resolution may not be clear.

To prepare for each case study, read the case before class and prepare a one-page summary identifying:

  • Issues or points of conflict.
  • Affected parties.
  • Possible actions to be taken by each character.

Also think about:

  • Possible consequences for each action considered.
  • Obligations of each character, whether you believe these are moral duties and why.

Note that each case may contain more than one issue. You should try to evaluate all issues in a case.

The one-page summary will be collected at the end of class.



Reference

Bebeau, M. J. "Developing a Well-reasoned Response to a Moral Problem in Scientific Research Ethics." In Teaching Research Ethics: A Workshop at Indiana University. May, 1995.


 
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