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本頁翻譯進度

燈號說明

審定:無
翻譯:孫兆朕(簡介並寄信)
編輯:方珮維(簡介並寄信)


課本

還需要一本教材來作為課堂閱讀材料的補充:Costanzo, Linda S.生理學.第二版. Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders, 2002. ISBN: 0721695493.這是本課程材料中基本的參考書籍。

另一本推薦的給期望獲得更詳細參考內容的學生:Berne, R. M., and M. N. Levy. 生理學. 第5版. St. Louis: Mosby, 2003. ISBN: 0323022251。

隨堂測驗

有三次隨堂測驗,每次測驗占最後成績的15%。

期末考

最後會有期末考,占最終成績的35%。

最後會有期末考,占最終成績的35%。

共有10套課後習題,會定期佈置。問題會公佈在網頁上,不分發列印的副本。希望同學們完成作業並遞交上來,經批改後會返還。此部分占最後成績10%。請盡自己最大努力及時完成(在答案公佈前)。請記住經嘗試後取得部分成功和完全不嘗試兩者存在著巨大的不同!沒有做課後習題你只得0分,但是,  即使交得遲了, 你也能得最高至50%的學分。

實驗課
Laboratory Exercises

本課程共有6節實驗課,每節持續3小時左右,除了教學時程有特殊標明的以外(實驗3包括三個獨立的部分)。分別是:

實驗1:心臟解剖

實驗2:蛙心臟電生理活動(要求實驗報告)

實驗3:哺乳動物循環系統:(要求實驗報告)

  • 實驗初始討論(3小時)

  • 進行實驗(本實驗要求一整日)

  • 結果討論(3小時)

實驗4:肺的建模

實驗5:急救心血管技術:病例展示

實驗6:畢業生專題討論和晚餐

本課程包括二項動物實驗(實驗2和3)。第一項展示心臟的電生理活動,第二項關注於心血管血流動力學和控制調節。這些實驗經驗對完成本課程的學習目標非常重要,它教會同學們複雜的生理學和實驗技術。這些實踐經驗不能通過課本和數學模型來取代。所有學生都應該參加這些實驗。

實驗報告

要求進行實驗後有實驗報告。我們希望實驗報告簡潔而明瞭。雖然一組同學可以合作處理資料,但是每個同學都應遞交實驗報告。我們評判實驗報告優劣的基於:

  • 詳細清楚地記錄你的實驗過程。但是不必重複在上課時分發的材料上已經有的部分。

  • 簡潔精確的描述你實驗的結果。解釋和表明實驗過程中你所測量的資料,注出你所遇到的問題、困難處或資料的特點,這對以後的解釋結果可能有用(雜訊信號,不穩定性等等)。無論何時都應該做到保存原始實驗資料。你可以複印你搭檔的數據,並保存在你的筆記本中。

  • 對你的結果進行簡明地探討。用文獻來幫助你解釋你所測量的。努力思考發生了什麼,然後用必要的文字來表達你的解釋。

  請記錄每次實驗和你搭檔的同學的名字。

  報告在實驗後一周內遞交(除非另有規定),並交給助教即可。

過時遞交報告是不被接受的,除非在某些緊急的情況下助教已預先有了安排。在某些實驗中,在你離開實驗室之前,實驗室工作人員會要求看你的資料,以確定你合理的使用了儀器。注意:實驗報告是完成課程必須的而且占最後成績的10%。每年總有一到二個同學忘記這點,而以未完成的成績來結束課程。別成為其中之一!

成績

歸納起來,最後成績的評定基於下表:

活動 所占比例
課後習題 10%
隨堂測驗 #1 15%
隨堂測驗#2 15%
隨堂測驗#3 15%
實驗課程 10%
實驗課程 35%

課程中行為準則

課程中行為準則

設計課後習題的最終目的是幫助你進行學習。你可以獨立完成也可以和別人合作完成。你可以使用所有可得的參考資料。如果和別人合作,你應該正式承認並寫出這個事實,如「這個問題由我和___共同完成」。這個方式和撰寫所有科學文章是完全一致的,承認合作的結果。注意課後習題的合作不會減去你自己的學分,另外未經說明的合作是不符合準則的。

實驗報告

每個學生必須交上自己個人的報告。數據應該複製保存。鼓勵進行群組討論結果。你的報告應該指明你研究小組的組成。


Texts

As a supplement to material in the class notes, there is a required text for the course: Costanzo, Linda S. Physiology. 2nd ed. Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders, 2002. ISBN: 0721695493. This is a basic reference for the material to be covered.

An alternative text is recommended for students desiring a more comprehensive reference: Berne, R. M., and M. N. Levy. Physiology. 5th ed. St. Louis: Mosby, 2003. ISBN: 0323022251.

Quizzes

There are three quizzes. Each quiz will count 15% of the final grade for the course.

Final Exam

There will be a final examination, which will count 35% of the course grade.

Home Problems

A total of 10 home problem sets will be assigned. Periodic home problem sets will be assigned. Problem sets will be posted on the web site; no hard copies will be handed out. Students are expected to do the problems and hand in their solutions, which will be reviewed and returned. Performance on homework will count 10% toward the final grade. Please hand in your best effort on time (before the answers are provided). But remember, there is an enormous difference between a partially successful attempt, and no attempt at all! You get a zero for no homework, but will get up to 50% of full credit even if late.

Laboratory Exercises

There are 6 laboratory exercises in the course, each lasting approximately 3 hours, except where noted. (Lab 3 consists of three individual sessions.) These include:

Lab 1: Anatomy of the Heart

Lab 2: Electrophysiology of the Frog Heart (write-up required)

Lab 3: Mammalian Circulation: (write-up required)

  • Orientation Discussion (Orientation discussion takes 3 hours)

  • Laboratory (Lab is a day-long activity)

  • Discussion of Results (Discussion of results takes 3 hours)

Lab 4: Pulmonary Modeling

Lab 5: Life-saving Cardiovascular Technology: Case Presentation

Lab 6: Graduate Student Symposium and Dinner

This course includes two animal labs (Labs 2 and 3). The first demonstrates cardiac electrophysiology and the second focuses on cardiovascular hemodynamics and control. These laboratory experiences are of great importance to the objectives of the course, and teach both complex physiology and also experimental technique. They cannot be replaced by textbooks or mathematical simulation. All students are expected to participate in these labs.

Laboratory Reports

Lab reports are required for laboratory exercises. We expect the lab reports to be written neatly and concisely. Each student submits a report, although a group may collaborate in data analysis. The standards by which we judge the lab reports are based upon:

  • Adequate, clear record of your experimental procedures. It is not necessary to repeat material already described in the hand-outs!

  • A brief but accurate description of your experimental results. Explain and show what you measured in lab, and make note of any problems, difficulties, or characteristics in the data that may be useful later in making interpretations (noisy signals, instabilities, etc.). Copies of actual data should be included whenever possible. You may make a (xerox) copy of the data (only) from your partner's notebook and include the copy in your notebook.

  • Succinct discussions of your results. Use the literature to help you interpret what you measured. Think hard about what happened, and then write the number of words necessary to convey your interpretation.

Please record the names of those you worked with in each experiment.

Reports are due not later than one week after your lab period (unless otherwise established by the staff), and should be handed in to the teaching assistant.

Late reports are unacceptable, except in emergency situations for which arrangements have been worked out in advance with the teaching assistant. In some experiments, the lab staff will want to look at your data before you leave the laboratory to be sure that you got something reasonable with which to work. Note: Lab reports are required in order to complete the course and are worth 10% of the final grade. Every year one or two students forget this point and end up getting "incompletes" for grades. Don't be one of them!

Grades

In summary, the final grade will be assessed on the following basis:

ACTIVITIES PERCENTAGES
Homework 10%
Quiz #1 15%
Quiz #2 15%
Quiz #3 15%
Labs 10%
Final Exam 35%

Course Ethics

Homework Exercises

Homework Exercises are designed primarily to help you to learn. You may do them alone, or you may work with others. You may make use of all available reference material. If you work together with other student(s) you should formally recognize that fact in writing. For example, "This problem was solved jointly by myself and ______________." This policy is completely consistent with all scientific writing, and recognizes joint efforts. Note that collaboration on homework does not in any way detract from your own credit. On the other hand, undeclared collaboration is not ethical.

Laboratory Reports

Each student must submit his/her individual write-up. Data should be duplicated. Group discussions of results are encouraged. Your report should indicate the composition of your research group.


 
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