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本頁翻譯進度

燈號說明

審定:無
翻譯:林彣(簡介並寄信)
編輯:侯嘉玨(簡介並寄信)

學生需要完成三份科學論文口頭報告以及遞交五份專題論文。以下為兩者之注意事項與各專題論文詳細資料的連結。

Students are required to make three oral paper presentations and to submit five theme papers. Below are instructions for both, along with links to detailed resources for each of the theme papers.


科學論文口頭報告指示方針
Oral Paper Presentation Directions

將口頭報告保持在15分鐘內(報告過程中的提問時間不在此限)。要呈現論文的精闢處而不是逐一細部描述。

Keep your presentation to less than 15 minutes (not counting time for questions during the presentation). This means presenting the highlights of the paper, not all of the figures.


報告中一張典型的資料幻燈片平均費時約2分鐘左右,因此,需準備約六張幻燈片。越簡單的幻燈片(如只含標題)花費時間越少。你可能需要準備額外的幻燈片以供特殊論點遭詢問時可以放映解釋。

A typical data slide takes an average of 2 minutes for presentation. Therefore, plan on presenting about half a dozen slides. Simpler slides (e.g. consisting only of text) may take less time. You may prepare extra slides which you would only show if you get a question about a specific point.


報告開頭先交代此論文所探求的背景脈絡,通常論文的引言部分會提及。

Start by putting the paper in the context of what it was trying to do. This will usually be given by its introduction.


要解釋實驗方法,但是盡量簡潔。在報告過程中,假定其他同學已經閱讀過該篇論文所有部份,而你只是提醒他們最重要的中心論點。

Always explain the methods but keep this short. As with all parts of the presentation, assume that the other students have read the paper and that you are reminding them of the most important points.


簡短地描述實驗結果並提供論文中對此所提出的詮釋。只有在完成前述事項後,才可以表達你對此著作的批評、或標註出你所不了解的地方甚至整理出原著作未提供的整體評註。其他需提醒的是,在報告結果時盡量以一個短句呈現,且在論說終結時回到中心論點。

Briefly present the results and give the interpretation provided by the paper. Only after doing this should you present your criticisms of the work, note points you don't understand, or make big-picture comments not made by the authors. If something about these must be said while presenting the results, keep it to one sentence and come back to the point at the end of your talk.


摘要此論文已完成的重點及留下待探尋的疑問或錯誤處,並建議討論的題目。

End by summarizing what the paper accomplished and what it left undone or did wrong. Suggest topics for discussion.

盡量吹毛求疵。即使是最好的科學論文(包含那些大學教授的著作)都有其薄弱的地方。有時候我們可能會審慎地指定某些有缺點的論文以說明方法學的陷阱。

You are encouraged to be critical. Even the best papers (including those authored by instructors) have weaknesses. Sometimes we may deliberately assign flawed papers to illustrate methodological pitfalls.


避免艱澀難懂的形容,直接地對你的觀眾演說,並試著讓他們被你的演說所吸引。要有被打斷的心理準備,這表示其他同學正傾聽領會著你的報告內容。

Avoid jargon, address your audience directly, and try to appear engaged. Be prepared to be interrupted: It means the other students are following you.




專題報告指示方針
Theme Report Directions

在專題討論結束後,你必須寫一篇「專題報告」。這篇報告的目的是證明你對專題討論的這些論文之理解度,而且最重要的是,它們間的相互關係。因此,你的報告將不僅僅是每篇論文摘要的收集。更確切的說,你應該去探索驗明數篇論文中貫穿的相關串聯或爭議,而且組織你的報告,對每一個爭議在論文中如何被闡明(或仍然混淆)加以討論。陳述論文中贊同的論點,以及依舊衝突、不確定,未來尚待研究的部分。

At the end of each Theme Discussion, you are asked to write a "theme report". The purpose of this report is to demonstrate your understanding of the papers discussed in the theme and, most importantly, of their interrelationships. Thus, your report should not be a mere collection of abstracts, one for each paper. Rather, you should seek to identify threads or issues that run through several of the papers, and organize your report to discuss how each issue is illuminated (or possibly obscured) by the papers. State points on which the papers agree, those for which they are in conflict, and those for which results are inconclusive, so that future research is needed.


專題報告是你期末成績的重要根據。將針對論證的清晰、簡潔、創新、中肯與否,和綜合不同思路的能力,來評定你的成績。

Theme reports make up a significant fraction of your final grade. You will be graded for clarity, conciseness, originality, cogency of arguments, and ability to synthesize different lines of thinking.




特別指示

Specific Instructions

你的報告不空行打字不可超過4頁。

Your report should not exceed 4 single-spaced pages.


盡量用圖形與摘要表格呈現,它們不包含於頁數限制內。圖形可自行用手描畫或從論文或課程筆記複製而來,可穿插於正文中或附加於報告結尾。綠色文字是否須刪除

Figures and summary tables are encouraged and not included in the page limit. Figures can be hand-drawn or copied from a paper or course notes, and either inserted with the text or attached at the end.


依據一個有學術水平的程序。如果你的報告含有圖形或引證,需在正文中附上精確的出處,並包含於報告結尾的參考書目內(若出處為課程中討論的專題論文則可以省略),參考書目不包括於頁數限制內。

Follow scholarly procedures. If you include a figure or a quotation, give the exact reference in text, and include a bibliography at the end of your report (this is not necessary for the theme papers discussed in class). The bibliography is not included in the page limit.


盡量吹毛求疵。科學論文並非完美。假如你不同意其中某個結論,請說明源由。

Be critical. Papers are not perfect. If you disagree with one of the conclusions, say so and why.


簡單地陳述(以1-2個句子)你在此論文中最重要的收穫,並以此為結論。

Conclude your report with a brief (1-2 sentence) statement of the most important thing you learned from the papers.


報告繳交期限是專題討論結束後的一星期內

Your report is normally due a week after end of the theme discussion.

  • 專題報告一:遮蔽與耳蝸的非線性
    Theme Report 1: Masking and Cochlear Nonlinearity
    (英文PDF)、 (英文DOC)

  • 專題報告二:耳蝸神經核的細胞機制
    Theme Report 2: Cellular Mechanisms in the Cochlear Nucleus
    (英文PDF)、 (英文DOC)

  • 專題報告三:雙耳的交互作用
    Theme Report 3: Binaural Interactions
    (英文PDF)、 (英文DOC)

  • 專題報告四:音高與時間編碼程式
    Theme Report 4: Pitch and Temporal Coding
    (英文PDF)、 (英文DOC)

  • 專題報告五:神經系統地圖和可塑性
    Theme Report 5: Neural Maps and Plasticity
    (英文PDF)、 (英文DOC)




 
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