將口頭報告保持在15分鐘內（報告過程中的提問時間不在此限）。要呈現論文的精闢處而不是逐一細部描述。Keep your presentation to less than 15 minutes (not counting time for questions during the presentation). This means presenting the highlights of the paper, not all of the figures.
報告中一張典型的資料幻燈片平均費時約2分鐘左右，因此，需準備約六張幻燈片。越簡單的幻燈片（如只含標題）花費時間越少。你可能需要準備額外的幻燈片以供特殊論點遭詢問時可以放映解釋。A typical data slide takes an average of 2 minutes for presentation. Therefore, plan on presenting about half a dozen slides. Simpler slides (e.g. consisting only of text) may take less time. You may prepare extra slides which you would only show if you get a question about a specific point.
報告開頭先交代此論文所探求的背景脈絡，通常論文的引言部分會提及。Start by putting the paper in the context of what it was trying to do. This will usually be given by its introduction.
要解釋實驗方法，但是盡量簡潔。在報告過程中，假定其他同學已經閱讀過該篇論文所有部份，而你只是提醒他們最重要的中心論點。Always explain the methods but keep this short. As with all parts of the presentation, assume that the other students have read the paper and that you are reminding them of the most important points.
簡短地描述實驗結果並提供論文中對此所提出的詮釋。只有在完成前述事項後，才可以表達你對此著作的批評、或標註出你所不了解的地方甚至整理出原著作未提供的整體評註。其他需提醒的是，在報告結果時盡量以一個短句呈現，且在論說終結時回到中心論點。Briefly present the results and give the interpretation provided by the paper. Only after doing this should you present your criticisms of the work, note points you don't understand, or make big-picture comments not made by the authors. If something about these must be said while presenting the results, keep it to one sentence and come back to the point at the end of your talk.
摘要此論文已完成的重點及留下待探尋的疑問或錯誤處，並建議討論的題目。End by summarizing what the paper accomplished and what it left undone or did wrong. Suggest topics for discussion.
盡量吹毛求疵。即使是最好的科學論文（包含那些大學教授的著作）都有其薄弱的地方。有時候我們可能會審慎地指定某些有缺點的論文以說明方法學的陷阱。You are encouraged to be critical. Even the best papers (including those authored by instructors) have weaknesses. Sometimes we may deliberately assign flawed papers to illustrate methodological pitfalls.
避免艱澀難懂的形容，直接地對你的觀眾演說，並試著讓他們被你的演說所吸引。要有被打斷的心理準備，這表示其他同學正傾聽領會著你的報告內容。Avoid jargon, address your audience directly, and try to appear engaged. Be prepared to be interrupted: It means the other students are following you.