MIT OpenCourseWare

教學大綱


本頁翻譯進度

燈號說明

審定:無
翻譯:周昀蓉(簡介並寄信)
編輯:陳玉侖(簡介並寄信)


概論 & 目的
學生除了本課程以外,還必須連同HST.923一起學習,課程中助教課和實習課程部份,透過演講和實驗,學生將會以跨學科小組的方式共同學習(其中包含醫學、商學、法律、工程、電腦科學、多媒體、公共衛生、以及政務學各領域的學生)如何分析、發展、與呈現針對目前或未來臨床管理計畫或健康照護的創新解決方案,這將合併(但不局限於)管理科學、服務、和科技等領域,就如同我們在課堂上、實驗課中所呈現的。 學生們所建議的解決方案是根據這個課程所學習到的工具和原理,並且會在課程的最後一天報告,做為一個應用設計。透過與贊助商的互動的機會將會提高解決方案用於真實世界的實用性。過去幾年贊助導向的計畫包含從輝瑞保健公司、默克集團、強生集團、麻省總醫院、和華納蘭伯特藥廠。(注意:今年全體教授執行與支援一項特殊計畫,幫助學生了解如何透過改善臨床和生物資訊系統的使用,盡力支援反生物恐怖主義。)

我們將展示資訊科技(IT)如何塑形和重新定義健康照護市場。學生們將會學習到資訊科技如何透過下列事項進而強化醫療照護:1)已改善的規模經濟、2)在提供病人照護上,更高科技、商業效益、3)病人教育與自我看護的進階工具、4)適用於臨床醫生的網路整合決策系統、5)透過網路實現E化健康照護的機會。學生們將會以跨學科小組的方式運作,針對目前或未來的健康照護問題去設計一個創新的解決方案。學生們所建議的解決方案是根據這個課程所學習到的工具和原理,並且會在課程的最後一天報告,做為一個應用設計。

領域
跨領域課程將教導學生評論與分析目前常見於專業健康照護的各種管理計畫和技術系統。講課與實習課將會提供受訓與經驗學習的機會。實習課將會提供相互討論與訓練時間,介紹學生們將會應用於設計嶄新的提供健康照護系統的技能和軟體工具。技能涵蓋那些衛生經濟學、疾病管理、決策支援、臨床效益、和自動化臨床試驗設計的專家所使用的技術。
任務
為了提供一個獨一無二的學習環境,集合了來自不同背景的學生和教授,包括醫學、商學、法律、工程、公共衛生、教育、和社會政策,希望能夠駕馭他們的想像力和經驗達到提高提供健康照護的目的。
教授方式
就如同演講或是實習課程所呈現的,來自各領域的學生共同分析、發展、和提出特殊疾病或是臨床管理計畫,這將會合併(但不局限於)管理科學、服務、和科技。課程材料將會在第一堂實習課的時候發放,其中包含閱讀資料、寫作練習、和電腦實習課程。評分會依照出席率(10%)、課堂練習 和/或 書面作業(10%)、期末口頭報告(25%)、和期末報告(40%)。口頭報告與期末書面報告將由課程總監、聯合總監、講師/督學、和講者共同審查。以小組為基礎的評分方式也將會結合考量個體的評量作為最後分數的依據。學生們能否選修這一堂課程取決於他們大學所註冊的課程許可。

學生小組計畫時程包含:

第二個星期:繳交專題提案

第三個星期:專題選件

第五個星期:利害關係人分析

第八個星期:事件圖與波特分析

第十個星期:專題追蹤檢閱

第十三、十四個星期:小組專題:報告發表與完稿

第十四個星期:完稿期限

修課條件
沒有。這一個跨領域課程給對於保健相關商業的策略性發展、療效研究、和照護病患服務有興趣的學生。

Overview & Objectives
Students are required to take this course in conjunction with HST.923, the tutorial/practicum portion of the course, where they will work in interdisciplinary teams (including students in medicine, business, law, engineering, computer science, media, public health, and government) to analyze, develop, and present an innovative solution to a current or future clinical management program or health care problem which will incorporate (but is not limited to) management techniques, services, and technologies as presented during lectures and laboratories. Students' proposed solutions will draw upon their understanding of tools and principles acquired during the course and will be presented as an application design on the final day of the course. Opportunities to interact with corporate sponsors will enhance the emphasis on practical solutions to real world problems.Sponsored driven projects in past years have included those from Pfizer Health Solutions, Merck, Johnson and Johnson, Mass General, and Warner Lambert. (Note: A special project will be organized and supported by the faculty this year to help students identify ways to support efforts to combat bio-terrorism through improved uses of clinical and bioinformatic systems.)

We will show how information technologies (IT) shape and redefine the health care marketplace. Students will learn how IT enhances medical care through: 1) improved economies of scale, 2) greater technical efficiencies in the delivery of care, 3) advanced tools for patient education and self-care, 4) network-integrated decision support tools for clinicians, and 5) opportunities for e-health delivery over the internet. Students will work in interdisciplinary teams to design an innovative solution to a current or future health care problem. Students' proposed solutions will draw upon understanding of tools and principles acquired and will be presented as an application design during the final days of the course.

Scope
This interdisciplinary course will teach students how to critique and analyze various management programs and technology systems currently available to health care professionals. Lectures and tutorials will offer didactic and experiential learning opportunities. The tutorials will serve as interactive discussion and training sessions to introduce the skills and software toolsets that will be used by the students to design an original health care delivery system application. Skills will include those used by professionals in health economics, disease management, decision support, clinical effectiveness, and automated clinical trials design.
Mission
To provide a unique learning environment that brings together students and faculty from diverse backgrounds including medicine, business, law, engineering, public health, education, and social policy to harness their creativity and experience for the purpose of enhancing health care delivery.
Teaching Methods
The students will form multidisciplinary groups to analyze, develop, and present a specific disease or clinical management program which will incorporate (but is not limited to) management techniques, services, and technologies as presented during lectures and tutorials. A packet of materials will be distributed at the first tutorial that includes readings, written exercises, and instructions for the computer laboratories. Evaluation will be based upon class participation (10%), class exercises and/or written assignments (25%), final oral presentation (25%), and final report (40%). The oral presentation and the written final report will be reviewed by the course director, co-directors, tutors/supervisors, and lecturers. These group-based assessments will be combined with an individual assessment to determine the final grade. Students may elect to take the course on a Pass-Fail basis with permission from the Registrar for their academic programs.

Student group project milestones include:

Week 2 : Project Proposals Due

Week 3 : Project Selections Due

Week 5 : Stakeholder Aanalysis

Week 8 : Event Diagram and Porter Analysis

Week 10: Project Track Review

Week 13, 14: Group Project: Presentations and Final Paper

Week 14: Final Papers Due

Prerequisites
None. This interdisciplinary course is for students interested in strategic development of health-related businesses, outcomes research, and point of care patient services.