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本頁翻譯進度

燈號說明

審定:無
翻譯:劉鋮(簡介並寄信)
編輯:馬景文(簡介並寄信)
(編註:輔助教室
編輯所設置自學書院網站設有本課程的輔助教室,內容包括部份閱讀文章的翻譯本,中文文獻連結,和自學者論壇。)

第11課:第一份論文(約5頁)

陳述研究的整個事件,提供一份最佳資料來源的參考書目,幷闡明哪些資料支持你的陳述。

第17課:第二份論文(約3-5頁)

列出一系列的主要問題,通常5至8個,和一些適當的補充問題、貫穿檢視的事件始終。挑選其中一個主要問題在期末論文中深入研究幷解釋爲什麽選中這個問題。指出研究這一問題所需的一手和二手資料,幷標明這些資料(尤其是第一手資料)的出處。

雖然第二份論文大部分是列舉主要及補充問題,但也要確保涵蓋作業的其餘部份。作為進一步研究的主要問題沒有參考書目,論文不會被接受。這份參考書目有別於第一份論文的一般參考書目(雖然有可能一些作品會出現在兩份書目)。

第25課:期末論文(約15-18頁)

回答之前論文提出的問題。所有論文都要基於一手和二手資料;這就是說,參照當時的文獻和之後的研究。論文不能只簡單提取第二手研究的信息,因爲這作業的重點是要學生得到第一手歷史研究的經驗。所有論文必須包含脚注、參考書目或參考文獻,以完整、清晰,一致的格式發表。

鑒於這是一門溝通密集課程,學生通常會被要求重寫之前的兩份論文之中最少一份。重寫論文時,學生可向寫作導師請教。請注意,重寫的目的在於提高寫作技巧,不僅是那些有寫作困難的學生,也有助那些具備寫作能力的學生。重寫的論文必須在收到原論文後的兩周之內交出。儘管期末論文不可重寫,學生可以在準備最後版本前,向導師遞交期末論文的草稿,尋求評論和建議。

以下是一篇學生的期末論文,得到署名學生授權使用。

《紐約市的持續暴力—1863年徵兵暴動》-Arian Shahdadi (PDF)

 



Session 11: First Paper, circa 5 pages

Provide a narrative of the entire event to be studied, with a bibliography of the best sources on the event. Indicate which of these sources provided the basis for your narrative.

Session 17: Second Paper, circa 3-5 pages

List a set of major questions, usually from five to eight, and appropriate subsidiary questions that cover the entire event being examined, from its beginning to end. Choose one of those major questions for closer study in the final paper and explain why that question was chosen. Identify the relevant secondary and primary sources on that specific question, indicating where (particularly with regard to primary sources) those sources are available.

Although the greater part of the second paper will probably be devoted to the list of major and subsidiary questions, be sure that it also covers the rest of the assignment! No paper will be accepted without a bibliography on the specific question chosen for further work, which is different from the general bibliography submitted with the first paper (although of course some works will probably appear on both).

Session 25: Final Paper, circa 15-18 pages

Answer the question chosen in the previous paper. All papers must be based on both primary and secondary sources, that is, on documents of the time as well as subsequent studies. Papers should not simply distill information from other secondary studies since the point of this exercise is to give students experience in doing first-hand historical research. All papers must also include footnotes and a bibliography or bibliographical essay presented in a full, clear, and consistent form.

Since this is a Communications Intensive Subject, students will normally be asked to rewrite at least one of the first two papers. In rewriting papers, students are encouraged to consult a writing tutor. Note that the purpose of rewrites is to improve the skills not only of students who have difficulty writing but also those who are already capable writers. Rewrites must be turned in within two weeks of when the original papers were handed back. Although there can be no rewrites of final papers, students can submit drafts of the final paper for comments and suggestions to the instructors or the writing tutor before preparing the final version.

One of the final papers from the class is presented here. All work is courtesy of the student named and used with permission.

The Continued Violence of the New York City Draft Riots of 1863 - Arian Shahdadi (PDF)