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Years Events
1929 Stock Markety Crash
Robert and Helen Lynd publish Middletown
1930 Midwestern drought begins
Hawley-Smoot Tariff
1931 Great Britain abandons gold standard
Hoover declares moratorium on Allied war debts
Miners strike in Harlan County, Kentucky
1932 Reconstruction Finance Corporation
Bonus Army marches on Washington
Lindbergh kidnapping
Revenue Act of 1933
Height of deportation of Mexican migrant workers
Farm Holiday Association founded
Strike at Ford’s River Rouge plant in Michigan
Communist-led hunger marches
1933 Unemployment rises to highest level
Banking crisis
Franklin Delano Roosevelt becomes president
Birth rate drops to lowest level
FDR’s first fireside chat
Emergency Banking Act
Glass-Steagall Act establishes FDIC
Agricultural Adjustment Act
National Industrial Recovery Act
Tennessee Valley Authority
Prohibition ends with repeal of 21st Amendment
United States abandons the gold standard
Townsend Clubs
1934 Securities and Exchange Commission
Indian Reorganization Act
Southern Tenant Farmers Union founded
It Happened One Night wins Oscars
Resettlement Administration
Conservatives create American Liberty League
Upton Sinclair loses California governor race
1935 National Union for Social Justice (Father Charles Coughlin)
National Youth Administration
Harlem Race Riot
Resettlement Administration
National Labor Relations (Wagner) Act
Social Security Act
Works Progress Administration
Huey Long assassinated
CIO formed
1935-1939 Communists at height of influence
1936 Student strike against War
Margaret Mitchell’s Gone with the Wind
Supreme Court finds Agricultural Adjustment Act unconstitutional
Black cabinet
Jesse Owens wins four gold medals at Berlin Olympics
Birth control legalized
Roosevelt reelected
Life magazine founded
John Maynard Keynes publishes The General Theory
1936-1939 Spanish Civil War
1937 Hindenberg crash
Amelia Earhart disappears
Sit-down strikes
Memorial Day Massacre
Supreme Court Reorganization fails
National Housing Act
1937-1938 "Roosevelt Recession"
1938 Fair Labor Standards Act
Temporary National Economic Committee established
Munich Agreement
1939 John Steinbeck’s Grapes of Wrath
Federal Theater Project terminated
Nazi-Soviet pact
Executive Reorganization Act
Marion Anderson sings at Lincoln Memorial
World War II breaks out in Europe
1940 Conscription reinstated
American First movement
Roosevelt wins reelection against Wendell Wilkie
1941 Lend-Lease Act passed
Roosevelt declares Four Freedoms
Fair Employment Practices Commission
Atlantic Charter signed
Japanese attack Pearl Harbor
1942 Civil rights activists establish Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)
U.S. Navy wins Battle of Midway
Roosevelt authorized Manhattan Project
U.S. forces invade North Africa
Roosevelt authorizes internment of Japanese Americans
Women recruited for war industries
Revenue Act of 1942
Office of Price Adminstration created
News of Holocaust reaches U.S.
Temporary Mexican workers allowed entrance into US
1943 Allies launch invasion of Italy
Smith-Connally Act passed
Race riot breaks out in Detroit
"Zoot-Suit" riot in Los Angeles
Chinese Exclusion Act repealed
Fascism falls in Italy
Teheran Conference
1944 Gunnar Myrdal publishes An American Dilemma
GI Bill of Rights
Roosevelt wins reelection against Thomas Dewey
Demonstrators protest segregation in DC restaurant
1945 Roosevelt dies; Truman becomes president
Germany surrenders
Yalta and Postdam Conferences
United Nation founded
Atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Japan surrenders
1946 Atomic Energy Commission established
Employment Act of 1946 passed
Churchill’s Iron Curtain speech
Postwar inflation
Severe labor unrest throughout US
Republicans win control of Congress