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本頁翻譯進度

燈號說明

審定:無
翻譯:黃筱婷(簡介並寄信)
編輯:李詩健(簡介並寄信)

期中考試範例

寫一份5-7頁的文章(不要多也不要少)來回應下列其中一個問題。運用一些《嘉莉妹妹》《巴比特》書中的特有例子來當成歷史證據。除此之外,你也可以取材於討論、演說內容和一些補充閱讀資料。《多民族國家:一部美國人民的歷史》這本書的19和23章也提供了許多歷史事件的細節。請務必要寫出一套清楚的論述,並提供具體的例子說明。請參照「快速但質量差」的寫作指引。

  1. 德萊塞和劉易士對新消費者文化的興起,提供了大量負面的描寫。但是許多觀察家卻認為,1880-1930這數十年是一個生活水準上升的時代。而美國的新消費者文化是否真的帶來了進步?

  2. 在許多社會及歷史時代,科技的發展和文化的改變常常是相互融合的。而在1880-1930這幾年間,科技又是如何重新改造了美國文化?


期末考試範例

寫一份5-7頁的文章(不要多也不要少)來回應下列其中一個問題。運用一些《攀權附貴者》《 BOBO族--新社會菁英的崛起》書中的具體實例來當成歷史證據。除此之外,你也可以取材於討論、演說內容和一些補充閱讀資料。《多民族國家:一部美國人民的歷史》這本書的19和23章也提供了許多歷史事件的細節描述。請務必要寫出一套清楚的論述還得提供具體的例子說明。請參考「快速但質量差之型態」寫作指引。

  1. 當 Vance Packard 於1950年代寫作之際,許多社會上之知識份子嘲笑美國社會消費產業的同質性和一致性。Dwight Macdonald 提出了「大眾消費對每個人都發揮了相同的影響力」這個論點。「大眾消費是由一群受僱於商人的技工所創造出來的;他的觀眾都是被動的消費者,他們所能選擇的只是買或不買這兩項選項而已。」在大戰之後,「大眾消費傾向於同質性」這句話的描述是對的還是錯的?又如何形成這種情形?請記得解釋並思考出於 Packard 和 Brooks 書中之資料。

  2. 在英國經濟學家威卜蘭的書《有閒階級論》中,威卜蘭認為,在富足的社會裡,人們透過消費、購買來建立他們的社會地位,也就是所謂的「炫耀財富型消費」。上個世紀裡,許多評論家,從德萊塞到Brooks 都曾批評過消費活動,只是批評觀點並不完全相同。當消費者文化進化時,評論也會跟著進化。戰後消費評論又是那些?而它們又改變到何種程度?

Sample Mid-term Exam

Write a 5-7 page paper (no shorter and no longer) in response to one of the following questions. Use specific examples from Sister Carrie and Babbitt as historical evidence. In addition, you may draw on discussions, lectures, and supplemental readings on reserve. Chapters 19 and 23 in Out of Many may be particularly useful in providing additional historical details. Make sure to have a clear argument and provide specific examples. Please consult the "Quick and Dirty" writing guide.

  1. Both Theodore Dreiser and Sinclair Lewis offer largely negative portrayals of the rise of a new consumer culture. But many observers regard the decades from roughly 1880-1930 as an era of progress with improved standards of living. Did America's new consumer culture bring progress in this period?

  2. In many societies and historical periods, technological development and cultural change are often intertwined. How did technology reshape American culture from roughly 1880-1930?


Sample Final Exam

Write a 5-7 page paper (no shorter and no longer) in response to one of the following questions. Use specific examples from Status Seekers and Bobos as historical evidence. In addition, you may draw on discussions, lectures, and supplemental readings on reserve. Chapters on postwar America in Out of Many may be particularly useful in providing additional historical details. Make sure to have a clear argument and provide specific examples. Please consult the "Quick and Dirty" writing guide.

  1. When Vance Packard was writing in the 1950s, intellectuals derided the consumerism of American society for its tendencies toward conformity and homogeneity. Dwight Macdonald argued that mass consumption had the same impact on and affected everyone in the same way. "It is fabricated by technicians hired by businessmen; its audiences are passive consumers, their participation limited to the choice between buying and not buying." In the postwar period, was this tendency toward homogenization true or false, and how so? Be sure to explain and to consider material from both Packard and Brooks.

  2. In Thorstein Veblen's, The Theory of the Leisure Class (1899), Veblen maintained that in affluent societies, people establish their social position through spending, hence the phrase "conspicuous consumption." Over the last century, critics from Dreiser to Brooks have criticized consumption, but not always in the same ways. As consumer culture evolved so too did the critiques. What were the critiques of postwar consumption? To what extent and how have they changed?

 
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