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本頁翻譯進度

燈號說明

審定:無
翻譯:劉艷(簡介並寄信)
編輯:侯嘉玨(簡介並寄信)

第一次作業
First Assignment

PDF版本 (PDF)

早期共和國的產權規則
Property Regulation in the Early Republic

在以下兩個作業中選擇一個。論文在第8課的時候截止提交。論文可以在最後期限前一天的課堂上提交,或者透過電子郵件附件的模式提交。如果透過附件的模式提交論文,則必須保留論文的備份拷貝以備在電腦發生問題無法讀取時補交。除非事先提供了充分的理由,否則不接受延期繳交;電腦故障從來不被認為是可以遲交作業的充分理由。堅持學術誠實的標準是必須的。只要索引清晰完整,可以使用任何引用系統(現代語言學會(MLA)附加說明參考格式,《芝加哥格式手冊》,法律引用部分)。
Choose one of the following two assignments. Your paper is due in Class 8. You may submit the paper in class one day before the due date, or by email attachment. If you send the paper by attachment, you must keep a backup paper copy and be ready to submit that if there are any computer difficulties. Extensions will be granted only for good reasons explained well in advance; computer malfunctions are never an acceptable excuse for a late submission. Adherence to standards of academic honesty is required. You may use any citation system that you wish (MLA parenthetical reference style, Chicago Manual of Style, legal citation), as long as your references are clear and complete.

選項一︰案例要點陳述。從第5課以來所研究的四個案例中選擇一個案例作出要點陳述和分析。你需要利用案例要點的筆記作為思考和寫作的指引,並需要以敘述性重點的模式書寫兩到三頁的陳述。要點陳述應該說明案例的事實內容,法律和憲法的密切關係,法院的裁決及其理性根據。另外,還應該包括你認為法院裁決是正確或錯誤的個人論說。可以使用嚴格的憲法理據來支持你的觀點,或者把案例放到共和國早期的廣義社會和歷史發展的背景中。
Option One: Case Brief. Write a brief and analysis on one of the four cases that we studied for Class 5. You should write this as a 2-3 pp. narrative summary of the case, but you will want to use the case brief handout as a way to guide your thinking and writing. Your brief should address the facts of the case, the legal and constitutional issues at stake, the Court's holding, and its rationale. In addition, you should include your own argument as to why you believe that the case you are writing about was rightly or wrongly decided. You may use strictly constitutional reasons for your point, or you may place the case in the context of broader social and historical developments of the early republic.

選項二︰問題回答。我們在自第5課中所研究的4個案例有否在國家保護和調整財產權所扮演的角色上提供了一致性的現象?這個現象是什麼?如果你選擇回答這個問題,你需要就此作答2至3頁,集中解釋這些案例因什麼而緊密結合(或者沒有),應當選擇性地從這些案例中解釋而不是做出四者的概述。可以使用嚴格的憲法理據來支持你的文章,或者把案例放到共和國早期廣義的社會和歷史發展的背景中。
Option Two: Response Paper. Do the four cases that we have studied for Class 5 offer a coherent vision of the role of the state in protecting and regulating property rights? What is that vision? If you choose to answer this question, you should write a 2-3 pp. response paper that focuses on explaining what holds the cases together (or not), drawing from the cases selectively rather than summarizing all four of them. You may use strictly constitutional reasons for your essay, or you may place the cases in the context of broader social and historical developments of the early republic.



第二次作業
Second Assignment

PDF版本 (PDF)

第十四修正案的不尋常過程
The Strange Career of the Fourteenth Amendment

從以下三個作業中選擇一個。你的論文應該是五至六頁(以標準的字體和頁邊空白為準),並且應該在第15課後一天截止提交。論文可以在最後期限提前一天的課堂上提交,或者透過電子郵件附件的模式提交。如果透過附件的模式提交,必須保留論文的備份拷貝以備在電腦發生問題無法讀取時補交。除非事先提供了充分的理由,否則不接受延期繳交;電腦故障從來不被認為是可以遲交作業的充分理由。堅持學術誠實的標準是必須的。只要索引清晰完整,可以使用任何引用系統(現代語言學會(MLA)附加說明參考格式,《芝加哥格式手冊》,法律引用部分)。
Choose one of the following three assignments. Your paper should be five to six pages long (with standard font and margins) and is due one day after Class 15. You may submit the paper in class one day before the due date, or by email attachment. If you send the paper by attachment, you must keep a backup paper copy and be ready to submit that if there are any computer difficulties. Extensions will be granted only for good reasons explained well in advance; computer malfunctions are never an acceptable excuse for a late submission. Adherence to standards of academic honesty is required. You may use any citation system that you wish (MLA parenthetical reference style, Chicago Manual of Style, legal citation), as long as your references are clear and complete.

選項一︰最高法院在從屠宰場案到20世紀初有否曲解了第十四修正案?為什麼?你可以利用一十四修正案的歷史、重建、以及戰後的美國歷史作歷史性的爭論,或者可以選擇集中於案例本身。
Option One: Did the Supreme Court misinterpret the Fourteenth Amendment in the cases from Slaughterhouse to the turn of the century? Why or why not? You may construct a historical argument that draws on the history of the Fourteenth Amendment, Reconstruction, and postwar American history, or you may choose to focus on the cases themselves.

選項二Muller訴俄勒岡州(1908)案是婦女的勝利嗎?為什麼?
Option Two: Was Muller v. Oregon (1908) a victory for women? Why or why not?

選項三︰如果你想對我們在最近二至三周中所研究的某個案例寫一篇更深層次的歷史研究論文,只要事先與我協商,同樣也是可以的。例子可以包括18世紀70年代新奧爾良的屠宰場案的歷史、1890年左右的鐵路運輸法律調整與關於中國移民的法庭判決等等。
Option Three: If you would like to write a paper that involves more in-depth historical research into one of the cases that we have studied in the last two or three weeks, you can do that as well, as long as you consult with me in advance. Examples could include the history of slaughterhouses in New Orleans in the 1870s; laws regulating railroad travel in the 1890s; court decisions about Chinese immigrants, and so on.



第三次作業
Third Assignment

PDF版本 (PDF)

從以下三個作業中選擇一個。你的論文應該在第23課截止提交。論文可以在最後期限提前一天的課堂上提交,或者透過電子郵件附件的模式提交。如果透過附件的模式提交論文,必須保留論文的備份拷貝以備在電腦發生問題無法讀取時補交。除非事先提供了充分的理由,否則不接受延期繳交;電腦故障從來不被認為是可以遲交作業的充分理由。堅持學術誠實的標準是必須的,請特別注意從網路上所找到的資料。只要索引清晰完整,可以使用任意引用系統(現代語言學會(MLA)附加說明參考格式,《芝加哥格式手冊》,法律引用部分)。 Third Assignment
Choose one of the following three assignments. Your paper is due in Class 23. You may submit the paper in class one day before the due date, or by email attachment. If you send the paper by attachment, you must keep a backup paper copy and be ready to submit that if there are any computer difficulties. Extensions will be granted only for good reasons explained well in advance; computer malfunctions are never an acceptable excuse for a late submission. Adherence to standards of academic honesty is required; please exercise special care with sources found on the worldwide web. You may use any citation system that you wish (MLA parenthetical reference style, Chicago Manual of Style, legal citation), as long as your references are clear and complete.

1.重寫布朗。在最近出版的一本名為《布朗訴教育部案說了什麼》(紐約大學出版社, 2001年),一流的法學教授分享了他們對布朗案件判決的觀點。現在是你的機會。如果你是一位1954年的法官,你的判決會是什麼?你說明第十四修正案和Plessy訴Ferguson案(1896)中的論題。考慮以下問題︰你是否會推翻Plessy案的判例或者僅敘述該修正案並不適用在本案當中?Plessy案是否在1896年錯判或者隨時代的改變已經使得它已不再適用?第十四修正案(以其制定者的目的)的歷史對你的判斷有哪些影響?你對於這判決的執行有什麼意見?注意︰如果你選擇了本論文,你應該通讀布朗案的全文(在課程網站上以及循347 U.S. 483 [1954]可以找到),同時你可以使用任何其他的授權著作(特別是Kelly和Horwitz的)。你也將需要回過來閱讀與Plessy案有關的資料以寫出你的判決。
1. Rewriting Brown. In a recent book entitled What Brown v. Board of Education Should Have Said (New York University Press, 2001), leading law professors shared their versions of the Brown decision. Now it's your chance. If you were a Justice in 1954, what would your decision say? You should address the issues presented by the Fourteenth Amendment and Plessy v. Ferguson (1896). Among the questions to consider: will you overturn Plessy or merely state that it does not apply in this case? Was Plessy wrongly decided in 1896 or have changing times made it no longer applicable? What difference does the history of the Fourteenth Amendment (and the intentions of its framers) make for your decision? What will you say about enforcement of the decision? Note: if you choose this paper, you should read the full text of Brown (available on the class website or at 347 U.S. 483 [1954]) and you may use any additional authorities (especially Kelly and Horwitz) that you wish. You may also need to go back to the readings about Plessy to write your decision.

2.友方陳述。2003年5月7日,第九屆美國巡航法庭將聆聽俄勒岡州訴Ashcroft案的口頭爭論,這被認為是對於俄勒岡州的安樂死法案的挑戰。作為法院之友的身分寫一個陳述書,為法院提供這個法律適憲性的建議。你可以引用廣泛的歷史潮流和特定的憲法權利。注意︰如果你選擇這篇論文,檢查課程網站,那裡有關於俄勒岡州訴Ashcroft案的材料連結。
2. Amicus Brief. On May 7, 2003, the Ninth Circuit United States Court of Appeals will hear oral argument in the case of Oregon v. Ashcroft, which considers a challenge to Oregon's Death with Dignity Act. Write a brief as amicus curiæ (a friend of the Court) in which you advise the Court on the law's constitutionality. You may wish to draw on broad historical trends as well as specific constitutional claims in your argument. Note: if you choose this paper, check out the class website, which has links to materials surrounding Oregon v. Ashcroft.

3.自己設計的主題。一如以往,如果你想對我們在最近二至三周中所研究的某個案例寫一篇更深層次的歷史研究論文,只要事先與我協商,同樣也是可以的。例子可以包括納粹或者 三K黨中言論自由的權利、信仰耶和華者或其他少數宗教人士在法庭的經歷、在被告和受害者的權利之間的緊張局勢、或者對於沃倫法院工作的廣泛討論。
3. Design Your Own Topic. As before, if you would like to write a paper that involves more in-depth historical research into one of the cases that we have studied in the last two or three weeks, you can do that as well, as long as you consult with me in advance. Examples could include the free-speech rights of Nazis or Klansmen, the experience of Jehovah's Witnesses or other religious minorities in the courts, tensions between the rights of the accused and victims' rights, or broad issues raised by the work of the Warren Court.



第四次作業
Fourth Assignment

PDF版本 (PDF)

從以下三個作業中選擇一個。你的論文(5至6頁)應該在第28課截止提交。論文可以在比最後期限提前一天的課堂上提交,或者透過電子郵件附件的模式提交。如果透過附件的模式提交論文,必須保留論文的備份拷貝以備在電腦發生問題無法讀取時補交。除非事先提供了充分的理由,否則不接受延期繳交;電腦故障從來不被認為是可以作業的充分理由。堅持學術誠實的標準是必須的,請特別注意從網路上找到的資料。只要索引清晰完整,可以使用任意引用系統(現代語言學會(MLA)附加說明參考格式,《芝加哥格式手冊》,法律引用部分)。
Choose one of the following three assignments. Your paper (5-6 pages) is due in Class 28. You may submit the paper in class one day before the due date, or by email attachment. If you send the paper by attachment, you must keep a backup paper copy and be ready to submit that if there are any computer difficulties. Extensions will be granted only for good reasons explained well in advance; computer malfunctions are never an acceptable excuse for a late submission. Adherence to standards of academic honesty is required; please exercise special care with sources found on the worldwide web. You may use any citation system that you wish (MLA parenthetical reference style, Chicago Manual of Style, legal citation), as long as your references are clear and complete.

1.嫌疑犯的分類。多數圍繞平等(包括第十四修正案自身)的法律概念是在種族的理念下形成。像是強化詳細審查和對嫌疑犯進行性別和/或性取向的分類性應用是否成功?或者性別和/或性取向的社會分類根本有別於種族嗎?你可以寫關於性別、性取向、或兩者。選擇兩到三個案例來探討你的觀點,主要集中在二次世界大戰後這段時期(縱然你可能會選擇一個較早的案例比較)。
1. Suspect Classifications. Much of the law surrounding equality (including the Fourteenth Amendment itself) was conceptualized around the idea of race. Has the application of concepts like heightened scrutiny and suspect classifications to gender and/or sexual orientation been successful? Or are gender and/or sexual orientation social categories that are fundamentally different from race? You can write about either gender, sexual orientation, or both. Choose two or three cases to explore your argument, focusing primarily on the period after World War II (although you might choose to contrast an earlier case with a later one).

2.行為惡劣的男人。如果Jones先生以製造對Smith先生敵視的工作環境來奚落Smith先生,這是否是1964年公權利法案第七條所規定的,可控訴的的「在性別的基礎上」歧視?你需要閱讀Margaret Talbot的文章,以及她引用的其他相關案例,以寫這篇文章。你可以從她的案例中選擇一個作為你的文章的重心,或者你也可以純粹的假設。(你還可以自己決定Jones 先生和Smith先生是否異性戀,以及這些對於你的觀點是否有影響。)
2. Men Behaving Badly. If Mr. Jones taunts Mr. Smith in a way that makes a hostile work environment for Mr. Smith, is this a form of discrimination "on the basis of sex" actionable under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964? To write this essay, you will want to read the Margaret Talbot essay, as well as some of the related cases that she cites. You may choose one of her cases as the focus of your essay, or you may stick to the purely hypothetical. (You may also decide for yourself whether Mr. Jones and Mr. Smith are heterosexual or not, and whether that makes any difference to your argument.)

3.自己設計的主題。一如以往,如果你想對我們在最近二至三周中所研究的某個案例寫一篇更深層次的歷史研究論文,只要事先與我協商,同樣也是可以的。例子可以包括反歧視行動、性騷擾、同性戀的權利、或者下周即將涵蓋的主題,例如新的聯邦主義或者9-11事件後的公權利論題。
3. Design Your Own Topic. As before, if you would like to write a paper that involves more in-depth historical research into one of the cases that we have studied in the last two or three weeks, you can do that as well, as long as you consult with me in advance. Examples could include affirmative action, sexual harassment, gay rights--or topics that we will cover next week, like new federalism or post-September 11th civil liberties issues.




 
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