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教學大綱


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審定:無
翻譯:劉艷(簡介並寄信)
編輯:侯嘉玨(簡介並寄信)


教學大綱 (PDF)

如同過去幾年的事件所顯示的,最高法院在美國的政治生活中扮演了一個重要的角色。事實上,在美國歷史中大部分的社會焦點問題在不同程度上都是在法庭中結束的,然而憲法的不少部分至今模糊不清。本課程計畫向學生介紹從1787年以來的美國憲法的重要內容和事件。它介紹了法律的術語和概念以及法律史,特別集中在重覆發生於美國大眾生活中的三個主題︰自由、平等和產權。閱讀部分主要由法庭案例組成,特別是美國聯邦最高法院的案例,但課程的重心是這些案例和大眾社會、政治以及文化潮流之間的歷史聯繫。



要求

這門課程的成功有賴於全體學生的主動參與。課堂參與(15%)是課程評核中很重要的一部分,並根據在學期內的課前準備、不同分組中的討論參與、積極聽課、相互合作和對課堂過程的貢獻來評估。不用說,如果沒有上課,是不可能對課堂有貢獻的。既然課堂討論和閱讀通常不會重疊,學生應該定期跟上閱讀進度和課堂參與。

書面作業頻繁而簡短。所有學生應該在指定的案例中選擇一個並提交案例要點陳述書(10%)。所有的學生都應該在三個課程主題中選擇兩個以提交其論文見解(5至6頁)(每篇佔25%),並參加期末考試(25%)。書面作業應於該作業到期當日的課程一開始時,由學生親自繳交。如果到期日是周五,論文可以以電子郵件附件提交,同學必須保留論文的備份以防附件不能被閱讀。除非事先提供了充分的理由,否則不接受延期繳交;電腦故障從來不被認為是可以遲交作業的充分理由。堅持學術誠實的標準是必須的;如果對於怎樣著手寫作或者引用原始資料有任何疑問,可以隨時提問。



書籍

在人文圖書館中有所有需要的書籍。大部分所列舉的案例都包括在Hall等所編輯的《美國法律史》中。近期的案例能在http://www.findlaw.com/網站中找到。除非另作說明,以下閱讀應該在該課程開始之前完成。
  • Hall, Kermit等所編輯的《美國法律史︰案例和素材》(American Legal History: Cases and Materials)。第二版,紐約︰牛津大學出版社,1996年。
  • Garraty, John A.所著的《形成憲法的爭論》(Quarrels That Have Shaped the Constitution)。第二版,紐約︰Perennial 圖書館,1987年。
  • Horwitz, Morton J.所著的《沃倫法院和對正義的追求》(The Warren Court and the Pursuit of Justice),紐約︰Hill 和 Wang,1998年。
  • Greenberg, Ellen所著的《最高法院解釋》(The Supreme Court Explained)。紐約︰W.W. Norton,1997年。




Syllabus (PDF)

As events of the last few years have shown, the Supreme Court has played a crucial role in American political life. There is practically no issue of social significance in the American past that did not at some point end up in the nation's courtrooms, yet much of the workings of the constitution remain obscure. This subject is designed to introduce students to the main themes and events of American constitutional law since 1787. It introduces terms and concepts of law and legal history, focusing on three recurring themes in American public life: liberty, equality, and property. Readings consist mostly of original court cases, especially from the U.S. Supreme Court, but the focus of the class is on the historical connections between those cases and broader social, political, and cultural trends.



Requirements

The success of this class depends on the active participation of all students. Classroom participation (15%) represents a substantial portion of the grade, and will be evaluated in terms of preparation, participation in large and small group discussion, active listening, collaboration, and overall contributions to the class experience during the term. Needless to say, if you do not attend a class it is impossible for you to contribute to it. Students are expected to keep up with the readings and attend class regularly, as classroom discussions and readings do not always overlap.

Writing assignments are frequent, but short. All students will submit a case brief on one of the assigned cases (10%). All students will submit position papers (5-6 pp.) on two of the three class themes (25% each), and take the final examination (25%). Writing assignments are generally due on paper in person at the beginning of the class in which they are due. If the due date is set for a Friday, papers may be submitted by attachment, on the condition that you keep a backup paper copy of the paper in case there is difficulty reading the attachment. Extensions will be granted only for good reasons explained well in advance; computer malfunctions are never an acceptable excuse for a late submission. Adherence to standards of academic honesty is required; if you have any questions about how to go about your writing or cite your sources, don't hesitate to ask.



Books

Copies of all required books have been placed on reserve in the Humanities Library. Most of the cases listed are included in Hall et al., eds., American Legal History. Recent cases can be found online at http://www.findlaw.com. Readings should be completed by the beginning of the class under which they appear, unless otherwise stated.
  • Hall, Kermit, et al., eds. American Legal History: Cases and Materials. 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.
  • Garraty, John A., ed. Quarrels That Have Shaped the Constitution. 2nd ed. New York: Perennial Library, 1987.
  • Horwitz, Morton J. The Warren Court and the Pursuit of Justice. New York: Hill and Wang, 1998.
  • Greenberg, Ellen. The Supreme Court Explained. New York: W.W. Norton, 1997.



 
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