MIT OpenCourseWare


» 進階搜尋
 課程首頁
 教學大綱
 教學時程
 相關閱讀資料
 作業
 測驗

教學大綱


本頁翻譯進度

燈號說明

審定:無
審定簡介:

翻譯:陳斌漢(簡介並寄信)
編輯:朱學(簡介並寄信)

概論

中世紀與近現代的俄羅斯是興起於歐洲與亞洲的交叉口。在這課程中,我們將探討有關俄羅斯本土發展與外國影響,哪一種勢力對俄羅斯歷史發展影響最多。詳細的主題包含:基輔公國的興起、蒙古的束縛、莫斯科公國的興起、恐怖伊凡、彼得大帝以及與歐洲的關係。外國人該如何瞭解俄羅斯?居住在俄羅斯土地上的人們又如何理解外國人?貴族與農民、城市與鄉村、男人與女人之間存在著什麼樣的社會關係?以上的族群與國家間又有何種關連性?俄羅斯基輔公國與莫斯科公國有著什麼樣的國家組織?政治、宗教信仰、經濟與許多社會要素在國家與社會之間有什麼樣的影響關係?在探討這些問題時,我們將研究各種消息來源,包含當時的記事(包括國內與國外)、法律與政治上的文獻、歷史專論與說明的文章等。

評分

成績評分參考如下:

  1. 每週心得報告(每篇1-2頁)與課堂參與(20%)
  2. 第七堂課後,繳交一篇有關「俄羅斯基輔公國衰敗」的論文(5-7頁)(20%))
  3. 選定一個主題進行研究論文撰寫及口頭報告(6-13週)(7-10頁)(30%)
  4. 期末考(30%)

本課程教科書

  • Anisimov, Evgenii V. 彼得大帝的改革:俄羅斯高壓統治下的發展. Armonk: M.E. Sharpe, 1993.
  • Dmytryshyn, Basil. 中世紀的俄羅斯: 工具書, 850-1700. 第三版 Fort Worth: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich, 1991.
  • Kaiser, Daniel H., and Gary Marker, eds. 再述俄羅斯歷史 , 牛津出版社:牛津大學印刷出版, 1994.
  • Kliuchevsky, V. O. 俄羅斯歷史發展的進程:十七世紀 Armonk出版社,紐約: M.E. Sharpe, 1994.
  • Martin, Janet. 中世紀俄羅斯, 980-1584. 劍橋出版社:劍橋大學印刷出版, 1995.


Overview

Medieval and early modern Russia stood at the crossroads of Europe and Asia. In this course we will examine some of the native developments and foreign influences which most affected the course of Russian history. Particular topics include the rise of the Kievan State, the Mongol Yoke, the rise of Muscovy, Ivan the Terrible, Peter the Great, relations with Western Europe. How did foreigners perceive Russia? How did those living in the Russian lands perceive foreigners? What social relations were developing between nobility and peasantry, town and country, women and men? What were the relations of each of these groups to the state? How did state formation come about in Kievan and Muscovite Russia? What were the political, religious, economic, and social factors affecting relations between state and society? In examining these questions we will consider a variety of sources including contemporary accounts (both domestic and foreign), legal and political documents, historical monographs and interpretive essays.

Grading

Participation in the course will be evaluated as follows:

  1. Weekly response papers (1-2 pages each) and class participation (20%)
  2. Essay on the decline of Kievan Rus' (5-7 pages) due after lecture 7 (20%)
  3. Research paper and presentation on one topic (weeks 6-13) (7-10 pages) (30%)
  4. Final examination (30%)

Texts for the Course

  • Anisimov, Evgenii V. The Reforms of Peter the Great: Progress Through Coercion in Russia. Armonk: M.E. Sharpe, 1993.
  • Dmytryshyn, Basil. Medieval Russia: A Source Book, 850-1700. 3rd ed. Fort Worth: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich, 1991.
  • Kaiser, Daniel H., and Gary Marker, eds. Reinterpreting Russian History. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994.
  • Kliuchevsky, V. O. A Course in Russian History: The Seventeenth Century. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe, 1994.
  • Martin, Janet. Medieval Russia, 980-1584. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

 
MIT Home
Massachusetts Institute of Technology Terms of Use Privacy