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燈號說明

審定:無
翻譯:姚凱(簡介並寄信)
編輯:陳玉侖(簡介並寄信)、馬景文(簡介並寄信)
(編註:輔助教室
編輯所設置自學書院網站設有本課程的輔助教室,內容包括部份閱讀文章的翻譯本,中文文獻連結,和自學者論壇。)


課程描述

本課程以奧古斯都和尼祿兩個皇帝為重點,研究羅馬皇帝如何通過藝術、建築、鑄幣以及其他它方式來塑造和表現自己的形象,以及羅馬時期殘存下來的文學資源又如何鞏固或推翻這種形象,還有這兩種現象如何形成後古典時期對羅馬皇帝的觀感。研究內容涉及奧古斯都和尼祿統治時期羅馬的藝術、建築、鑄幣,蘇埃托尼烏斯和塔西佗的著作,以及在《羅馬帝國興亡史》《暴君焚城記》這類電影作品對皇帝的現代表達。

評分


活動 百分比
課堂參與 25%
論文一(五頁) 20%
論文二(五頁) 20%
論文三(十頁) 35%

課堂參與

這門課程的成功需要學員在課堂上積極參與。總評成績的25%來自課堂參與,依據如下:

  • 出席每堂課
  • 完成所有的閱讀作業
  • 積極參與研討

論文

一般指南

要想論文取得高分,需在以下方面表現出色:

論據和結構

你的論文要力圖讓讀者信服你對問題集提出答案的論點和論題。論題要在論文的介紹部分清楚明確地提出來。論文的正文要通過整理編排大量的古代歷史資料,以清晰的結構,連貫的表達,和層層相扣的論述來支持你的論點。最後,結論要提醒讀者你所支持的論題,同時表達該論點是如何與更廣泛的歷史內容聯繫。記住,你的論文是一篇評論性的分析文章。

知識與理解

論文要表現出你十分熟悉論點依據的古代資料:熟悉相關段落的細節以及整部作品。你對資料的論證分析能力,以及你對資料重要性的個人見解應在論文清楚地體現出來。

寫作質量

你的論點應該用清楚、簡明、易讀的英語表達;不應出現語法、句法或拼寫錯誤。精確和優雅的表述將得到獎勵。

引用資料參考書目

你一定要註明資料的出處。每次無論是直接引用材料還只是簡單地提到,都必須完整地列明出處。由於你的論文論據要依據大量的古老資料,因此有可能你會經常引用蘇埃托尼烏斯和(或)塔西佗。古歷史學界慣於在文章正文,而不是在註腳或章節附註,引述古代作者。例如:塔西佗強調……(塔西佗《編年史》1.1)或蘇埃托尼烏斯記?……(蘇埃托尼烏斯《尼祿》10)。由於你的論文要有大量的論據來支持你的論點,因此,文中會有很多這樣的引述。

如果你要選擇參考蘇埃托尼烏斯和(或)塔西佗以外的現代資料來源,你必須完整地標明引文的出處。通常,這些在註腳標出。

抄襲

完整列明出處是避免抄襲的唯一方法。任何沒有列明出處,就借用他人觀點、論點或直接引用的行為,無論是有意還是無意,都是抄襲,必須避免。如果你不清楚抄襲的含義,請到麻省理工學院線上寫作交流中心瀏覽〈資料出處的引述和使用方法〉,或查看人文圖書館的公告:《抄襲與如何避免抄襲》

利用互聯網

網上可以找到古代歷史學家的許多有用資料,也有大量胡說八道的文章。請隨意使用互聯網;但需意識到你有責任對見到的內容作出判斷,採用胡說八道的網站將會受到處罰。正如使用任何資料來源,你必需完整提供在互聯網查閱的內容出處,包括該網頁的題目和作者,編撰或最近更新的日期,鏈結位址以及你訪問的日期。

正規的格式

所有論文必須遵守以下格式要求:

  • 用12號的Arial字體,1.5倍的行距
  • 標準的頁邊距。(左邊距和右邊距各1.25",頁眉和頁腳各1" )

論文遲交的處罰

論文應該按預定日期在上課開始時提交。任何論文在有關課堂開始之後提交都被視為遲交了一天。論文在預定日期一天後提交將被認作遲交了兩天,如此類推。無故遲交,每遲交一天論文將受到降低一個等級的處罰(例如,由A-變為B+)。只有在有證據的嚴重情況才被接受為理由(如嚴重的健康問題或其他個人突發事件)。遲交的論文要送到Broadhead教授的信箱。


Description

Focusing on the emperors Augustus and Nero, this course investigates the ways in which Roman emperors used art, architecture, coinage and other media to create and project an image of themselves, the ways in which the surviving literary sources from the Roman period reinforced or subverted that image, and the ways in which both phenomena have contributed to post-classical perceptions of Roman emperors. Material studied will include the art, architecture, and coinage of Augustan and Neronian Rome, the works of Suetonius and Tacitus, and modern representations of the emperors such as those found in I, Claudius and Quo Vadis.

Grading


ACTIVITIES PERCENTAGES
Class Participation 25%
Paper 1 (5 pages) 20%
Paper 2 (5 pages) 20%
Paper 3 (10 pages) 35%

Class Participation

The success of this course depends on the active participation of students in class meetings. The 25% of your overall grade coming from class participation will be based on the following:

  • Attendance at all class meetings
  • Completion of all reading assignments
  • Active participation in seminar discussion

Papers

General Guidelines

Papers receiving high grades will excel in each of the following:

Argument and Structure

Your paper should seek to convince its reader of an argument, a thesis, offered in answer to one of the questions set. The thesis should be clearly stated in the introduction to the paper. The body of the paper should then seek to support your thesis by marshalling an abundance of evidence from the ancient sources in a clearly structured, coherent, and linear argument. Finally, a conclusion should remind your reader of the thesis you have been supporting and show how that thesis is relevant to a wider historical context. Remember throughout that your paper should be a work of critical analysis.

Knowledge and Understanding

Your paper should display a close knowledge of the ancient source(s) on which your argument rests: knowledge both of the details of relevant passages as well as of the work as a whole. Your ability to subject the sources to critical analysis and to come to your own understanding of their significance should also emerge clearly from your paper.

Quality of Writing

Your argument should be expressed in clear, concise, and readable English. There should be no errors of grammar, syntax, or spelling. Precision and elegance of expression will be rewarded.

Referencing

You must always acknowledge your sources. Every time you either quote directly from a source or even simply refer to a source, you must provide a full citation. Since this paper is intended to be written entirely from ancient sources, your citations will most likely be to Suetonius and/or Tacitus only. It is conventional in the field of ancient history to cite ancient authors in the text of an essay, not in footnotes or endnotes; so, for example: 'Tacitus here highlights... (Tacitus, Annals 1.1)' or 'Suetonius' description of... (Suetonius, Nero 10)'. Since your paper should include an abundance of ancient evidence in support of your argument, there should be many such citations along the way.

Should you choose to consult modern sources in addition to Suetonius and/or Tacitus themselves, you must be sure to provide full references to those sources. Such references should usually be provided in footnotes.

Plagiarism

Full referencing is the only way to avoid plagiarism. Any unacknowledged borrowing of ideas, arguments, or direct quotes - whether intentional or not - is plagiarism and must be avoided. If you are not sure what plagiarism is, go to the MIT Online Writing Communication Center and follow the 'Citing and Using Sources' link or see the Humanities Library's publication, Plagiarism and How to Avoid It.

Using the Internet

There is much of use to the ancient historian on the internet. There is also a lot of nonsense. Feel free to use the internet; but be aware that you are responsible for being critical of the material you encounter there and will be penalized for making use of sites that spout nonsense. As with any source, you must provide full references to material you consult on the internet, including the title and author of the page in question, the date on which it was written or last updated, the URL, and the date on which you accessed the site.

Formal Presentation

All papers must comply with the following presentational guidelines:

  • Papers must be typed in 12-point Arial font, with 1½ line spacing.
  • Standard margins (1.25" left and right, 1" top and bottom) must be used.

Penalty for Late Submission

Papers are due at the beginning of the lecture on the scheduled due date. Any paper submitted after the beginning of the relevant lecture will be considered late by one day. Any paper submitted on the day after the due date will be considered late by two days, and so on. Unexcused late submissions will incur a penalty of one partial grade step (e.g. from A- to B+) for each day late. Only serious and documented circumstances will be accepted as excuses (e.g. serious matters of health or other personal emergencies). Late papers should be submitted to Prof. Broadhead's mailbox.