Cleveland, William. A History of the Modern Middle East. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1994.
Daneshvar, Simin. Savushun: A Novel About Modern Iran. Translated by M. R. Ghanoonparvar. Washington, D.C.: Mage Publishers, 1990.
Hurewitz, J. C., trans. and ed. The Middle East and North Africa in World Politics: A Documentary Record. 2nd ed. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1975. Vol. 1: European Expansion, 1535-1914. "Reuter Concession for the Imperial Bank of Persia" (1899), "Concession of Tobacco Regie in Persia" (1890), "Russian-Persian Railroad Agreement" (1890), "The William Knox D'Arcy Oil Concession" (1901), pp. 382-391, 457-464, 482-484. Vol. 2: British-French Supremacy, 1914-1945. "Great Britain and Persia Agreement" (1919), "The Turkish National Pact" (1920), "Treaty of Friendship: Turkey and Russia" (1921), pp. 182-183, 209-211, 250-253.
Ibrahim, Sun' Allah. The Committee: A Novel. Translated by Mary St. Germain and Charlene Constable. Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press, 2001.
Kanafani, Ghassan. Palestine's Children: Returning to Haifa and Other Stories. Translated by Barbara Harlow and Karen E. Riley. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 2000.
Khalifeh, Sahar. Wild Thorns. Translated by Trevor LeGassick and Elizabeth Fernea. New York: Interlink Books, 2000.
Mahfouz, Naguib. Midaq Alley. Translated by Trevor Le Gassick. New York: Anchor Books, 1992.
Muwaylihi, Muhammad. A Period of Time. Translated by Roger Allen. Reading: Ithaca Press, 1992, pp. 107-139, 155-163, 202-210, 231-379.
Naraghi, Ehsan. From Palace to Prison: Inside the Iranian Revolution. Translated by Nilou Mobasser. Chicago: Ivan R. Dee, 1994 (for week #13 presentations).
Nesin, Aziz. Memoirs of an Exile. Translated by Joseph S. Jacobson. Holladay, Utah: Southmoor Studios, 2000 (for week #13 presentations).
Rapaport, Era. Letters from Tel Mond Prison. New York: Free Press, 1996 (for week #13 presentations).
Salibi, Kamal S. A House of Many Mansions: The history of Lebanon Reconsidered. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1988, chap. 1.
Schulze, Kirsten. The Arab-Israeli Conflict. London: Longman, 1999.
Tawil, Raymonda. My Home, My Prison. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 1980 (for week #13 presentations).