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燈號說明

審定:楊金峰(簡介並寄信)
翻譯:楊谷川(簡介並寄信)
編輯:簡志先(簡介並寄信)



課程單元 閱讀資料
1

什麼是民間音樂?
做一個關於當代民間節日和網路原始資料的概括綜述-如當代民間社會可利用的部分
What is folkmusic?
A survey of contemporary folk festivals and internet sources--examples of what is available in the folk world nowadays.

2

什麼是英國和北美這些英語國家的歌唱和用小提琴演奏傳統的本質?
什麼樣的個人與文化力量形成了樂曲的結構、曲調和演奏風格?
什麼是歌曲和曲調?
誰是歌手和小提琴演奏者?
什麼是區域和歷史階段?
民間音樂" 和"流行音樂"之間的區別是什麼?
What is the nature of the singing and fiddling traditions of the English language communities of Britain and North America?
What personal and cultural forces shape the structure of the texts, tunes and performance styles?
What are the songs and tunes?
Who are the singers and fiddlers?
What are the regions and historical periods?
What is the difference between "folk" and "popular" music?

Dundes, Alan. 《什麼是民俗學》
Dundes, Alan. "What is Folklore?"

Dundes, Alan. 《誰是人民?》
Dundes, Alan
. "Who Are the Folk?"

Thoms, William. 《民俗學》
Thoms, William. "Folklore."

Lloyd, A. L. 《民歌的根基》摘於《英格蘭民歌》頁 11-90 (略讀36-53, 這部分是Lloyd對民間音樂的音樂特性的闡述)
Lloyd, A. L. "The Foundations of Folk Song." In Folk Song in England. Pp. 11-90. (Skim pp. 36-53, which is Lloyd's account of the special musical qualities of folkmusic)

Muir, Willa. 《孩子的歌唱遊戲》和《歌唱和傾聽吟唱詩》
Muir, Willa. "Children's Singing Games," and "Singing and Listening to Oral Poetry."
3 Alison 和 Geordie 來上課。
讓我們問他們:這些音樂作品是在什麼時候(和怎麼)製作的,它們描寫的是什麼,它們是怎麼流傳下來的和它們的社會背景是什麼?民間音樂是怎麼作為文化和歷史的指印?
Alison and Geordie come to class.
Let's ask them: when (and how) were these musical compositions made, what were they about, how did they circulate, what was their social context? How does folk music serve as indicators of culture and history?
民間音樂的特色
What are the qualities of folk music?
Bronson, Bertrand. 《民歌和調式》
Bronson, Bertrand. "Folk-Song and the Modes."
4 在文字出現以前民間音樂的背景是什麼?
What was the pre-literate context of folkmusic?
Buchan, David. 《農業社會》、 《邊境區域》 《部族群體社會》
Buchan, David. "The Agricultural Society," "The Border Region," and "The Clannit Society."
Muir, Willa. 《民歌背景2》、《北蘇格蘭背景》和《故事素材》
Muir, Willa. "Ballad Background II," "The Northern Scottish Background," and "Story Material."
5 印刷普及的影響
The effects of printing broadsides.
MacDowell, Paula. 《居住在窮地方的女人們》頁58-62, 81-92.
MacDowell, Paula. The Women of Grub Street. Pp. 58-62, 81-92.

Dugaw, Dianne《舊歌謠的大眾推廣:歌謠的復興和18世紀的再次研究》
Dugaw, Dianne. "The Popular Marketing of 'Old Ballads': The Ballad Revival and Eighteenth-Century Antiquarianism Reconsidered."
傳統的保存。收集的開端。
Preserving the tradition. The beginning of collecting.
Harker, Dave. 《導言》 (頁 ix-xvii), 《早期的仲裁者》 (頁 3-14) 摘於《假唱》
Harker, Dave. "Introduction" (pp. ix-xvii); and "The Early Mediators" (pp. 3-14). In Fakesong...
6 Harker, Dave. 《從 Thomas Percy 到Joseph Ritson》和《從 Walter Scott 到 Robert Chambers》
Harker, Dave. "From Thomas Percy to Joseph Ritson"; and "From Walter Scott to Robert Chambers."

Dugaw, Dianne, ed. 《Addison》、《Percy》、《Ritson》、《Scott》、《Motherwell》
Dugaw, Dianne, ed. "Addison," "Percy," "Ritson," "Scott," and "Motherwell."
Buchan, David《民謠和遊吟詩歌》、《布朗夫人的吟唱歌謠》、《民歌的實質》
Buchan, David. "Balladry and Oral Poetry," "The Oral Ballads of Mrs. Brown," and "The Substance of Ballads."

Bronson, Bertrand. 《民謠和曲式》、《民歌風俗》和《童謠的文字和音樂》
Bronson, Bertrand. "Folk-Song and the Modes," "Habits of the Ballad as Song," and "Words and Music in Child Ballads."
7 從兒童卷中挑選出一首歌謠,聽、唱、演奏、閱讀歌詞。寫一篇五頁的報告,報告中描繪出民歌中普遍存在的文學特點,詳細分析你挑選出的那首民謠的文學特點。這篇論文應該在第八周交.
Pick a ballad from Child volume that will be yours. Listen to it, sing it, play it, read about it. Write a 5-page paper on the literary qualities of the ballad in general and yours in particular.
The paper will be due in Week #8.
Buchan, David. 《結論》摘於《民謠和人民》(頁 271-77).
Buchan, David. "Conclusion." In The Ballad and the Folk. Pp. 271-77.

Harker, Dave. 《假唱:英國民歌1700 至現今的產生》頁101-37.
Harker, Dave. Fakesong: The Manufacture of British "Folksong" 1700 to the Present Day. Pp. 101-37.

Dugaw, Dianne, ed《昂格魯美國歌謠》頁57-67.
Dugaw, Dianne, ed. The Anglo-American Ballad. Pp. 57-67.

Francis James Child 對兒童的《英格蘭和蘇格蘭的流行歌謠》卷1的簡介
聽CD《英格蘭和愛爾蘭的經典歌謠》、Alan Lomax 的收集品和閱讀唱片資料。
"Francis James Child," the Introduction to Child's The English and Scottish Popular Ballads. Vol. I.
Listen to the CD "Classic Ballads of Britain and Ireland," Alan Lomax collection, and read the liner notes.
8 對在整個美洲地區的提琴風格的變遷作仔細地研究。我們會考慮到傳統音樂的特色;如,調式,曲式, 舞曲類型,節律變化,運弓法,樂器音諧的調整,伴奏樂器,合奏。音樂片段摘自於, among others, Gerald Milnes, Play of a Fiddle.
A closer examination of the migration of fiddle styles all over the New World. We will consider the musical qualities of traditional fiddle music: modalities, tune types, dance types, rhythmic variations, bowings, instrument tunings, accompanying instruments, ensemble playing. Selections from, among others, Gerald Milnes, Play of a Fiddle.
9 安排一個小時收看《振翅飛翔》
Schedule an hour to watch Sprout Wings and Fly.
10 美洲的音樂
Music in the New World
Ritchie, Jean. 《坎伯蘭郡的歌唱家庭》頁 1-49, 95-178, 224-256.
N. B. 這是從 "Lord Bateman" CD上剪下來的片斷
在Lomaxes的《我們的歌唱國家》中察看 "John Riley" 和 "John Henry"
Ritchie, Jean. Singing Family of the Cumberlands. Pp. 1-49, 95-178, 224-256. N.B. There is a cut of "Lord Bateman" on the CD. Look at "John Riley" and "John Henry" in the Lomaxes' Our Singing Country.
美國黑人的影響
African-American Influence
Southern, Eileen J《 美國黑人音樂知識》 頁 4-26, 91-121.
Southern, Eileen J. Readings in Black American Music. Pp. 4-26, 91-121.
11 Whisnant, David. 《Hindman 寄宿學校》
Whisnant, David. "Hindman Settlement School."
12 Whisnant, David.《Olive Dame Campbell》
Whisnant, David
. "Olive Dame Campbell."

Harker, Dave《On Cecil Sharp》
Harker, Dave. "On Cecil Sharp."
Whisnant, David. 《白色上衣節日》
Whisnant, David
. "The White Top Festival."
13 John 和 Alan Lomax
John and Alan Lomax
《我們的歌唱國家》:《導論》、《前言》和《音樂序言》 (xiii-xxxv)和頁149-177.
Our Singing Country. Introduction, Preface, and Musical Preface (xiii-xxxv) and pp. 149-177.

比較《Old Bangum》(歌名) 到Child 18 (Sir Lionel) 和《Sweet William》(歌名) 到 Child 7 (Earl Brand) 的文學和音樂特點。
Compare "Old Bangum" to Child 18 (Sir Lionel) and "Sweet William" to Child 7 (Earl Brand) both musically and literally.
本周需上交一篇5頁紙的報告。報告要求分析音樂風格,曲調形式,藝術家,以及整個波斯頓地區小提琴家通過眼和耳記述的音樂文化
A 5-page paper will be due this week, with analyses of styles, tune-types, artists, and/or the description of a musical culture through the eyes and ears of fiddlers in the greater Boston area.
14 對交響樂中的歌曲的進一步討論
Further discussion of songs in OSC
表演
Performances
15 整理.課程的最後一天.
Wrap up. Last day of class.

 
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