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本頁翻譯進度

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審定:無
翻譯:汪海(簡介並寄信)
編輯:王晶(簡介並寄信)

回家試卷
Questions for a Take-Home Exam

繳交時間:第十九堂課
Due in Session 19

從下列題目中任選一題,寫出4-5頁的作業。把問題窄化為一系列相關、容易處理的主題。我鼓勵你儘量回答地越具體越好,利用目前已讀作品中的例子來說明你的觀點。當然,我並不期望你對題目提出什麼確定的「解答」,這些問題都很寬泛,因此希望你能深入思考。我希望你有自己的觀點立場,盡力詳細說明並辯護自己的看法。如果你需要澄清相關問題,或是想要在正式開始寫論文前從我這尋求一些靈感,歡迎電話聯繫或者造訪。
Choose any ONE of the questions below and write a 4-5 page paper that responds to the chosen question. Narrow the question down to a coherent and manageable set of issues. I would encourage you to try and make your responses as specific as possible, using examples from the literary texts we have read thus far to illustrate your argument. I don't, of course, expect definitive "solutions" to the problems raised by the question — the questions are broad and thus speculation is encouraged. However, I do wish you to take positions, to try to articulate and to defend your point of view. Please feel free to call me or drop by if you need clarification regarding the questions, or want to bounce some ideas off me before actually writing the paper.

  1. 俄國形式主義潮流中的重要人物奧希普•布里克(Osip Brik),曾這樣論及普希金的《尤金•奧涅金》(Eugene Onegin),說是即便普希金從未存在過,還是有人會創作出這部作品。你怎麼理解這個論斷?利用本學期研究的理論觀點,支援或者反駁這一觀點。請適當舉例說明。
    Osip Brik, an important figure in the Russian formalist movement, once remarked that Pushkin's Eugene Onegin would have been written even if Pushkin had not lived. What do you understand by this assertion? Defend or critique it by drawing on some of the theoretical positions we have examined this term. Use examples as and when appropriate.

  2. 德里達經常被引用的句子是:Il n'y a pas de hors-texte。這句子很難翻譯,字面意義是「沒有外在的文本」(there is no outside-text),或者更笨拙地翻譯為「沒有的外在文本」(there is not of the outside-text)。這句子該如何解讀?你認為德里達的意思為何?運用適當的例子討論。
    An often-quoted phrase of Derrida's is: Il n'y a pas de hors-texte. The sentence is hard to translate. Literally, it reads "there is no outside-text" or even more clumsily "there is not of the outside-text." In what sorts of ways might this be interpreted? What do you think Derrida might mean? Discuss, using examples as appropriate.

  3. 結構主義與後結構主義之間的關係為何?另一種問法則是:我們怎麼理解後結構主義中的「後」字?這是個相當概括的問題,應試著進一步具體說明,舉個例子,你可能想要比較在結構主義和後結構主義理論中,文本和互文性概念的分析方式(或隱或顯的);或通過比較字首「後」字的不同作用方式,發展為對後結構主義之「後」字的分析;或者是採取完全不同的視角。為文儘量詳細而明確,並舉例形象說明你的觀點。
    What is the relationship between structuralism and post-structuralism? Another way of asking this question is: how should we make sense of the "post" in "post-structuralism"? Since this is a broad question, you might want to try and specify it further. For example, you might want to compare the ways in which the idea of the text and of intertextuality is construed (either implicitly or explicitly) in structuralist and poststructuralist theories. Or you might want to begin by considering the different ways in which the prefix "post" functions, and develop this into an analysis of the "post" in post-structuralism. Or you could take a different tack. Be specific and try and use examples to illustrate your points.

  4. 拉康寫到,無意識是「它者」(Other)的論述。你覺得他意指何意?根據你閱讀佛洛伊德、拉康和齊澤克的作品,試著理解這一說法的含義。請儘量明確詳細,並用文本/影片資料適當舉例。(你需要決定你論文內容的重點。舉例來說,審視這主題的問題,即發話的聲音或意圖自我與其語境之間的關係。或者,你可以集中討論拉康對語言運作的思考。或者,尋找一個完全不同的重點)
    The Unconscious, Lacan writes, is the discourse of the Other. What do you think he means by this? Using your reading of Freud, Lacan and Zizek, pursue the implications of this statement. Again, be specific and use textual/filmic examples as and when appropriate. (Here, too, you will need to decide how to focus your paper. You could, for example, examine the question of the subject, that is, of the speaking voice or intending self in its relation to the structures that surround it. Or, you could focus on Lacan's sense of how language works. Or figure out a different emphasis.)

  5. 傅柯思想中的一個顯著特點就是,對知識與權力糾纏關係。簡述傅柯如何思考這兩者間的聯結。窄化你的論文中心,舉例來說,考察作者身份的概念:傅柯認為我們是如何建立作者概念的?另一思路是考察傅柯對建構知識的客體(比如「性狀」(sexuality))的觀點。請採用已閱讀的材料作為具體的說明示例。
    One of the distinctive features of Michel Foucault's thought is the intertwining of knowledge and power. Write a brief essay on how Foucault conceives this coupling. Again, you will need to narrow your focus. You could, for example, examine the issue through the notion of authorship: how does Foucault think we establish the idea of an author? Another approach might be to consider Foucault's argument regarding what constitutes an object of knowledge such as sexuality. Again, use the texts you have read to provide concrete illustrations.

第二部分
Part 2

寫一篇4-5頁的論文,十二級Times Roman字體或相等的字體,一英寸的邊距,選擇下列五篇「文本」之一(有些作品屬於期中部分內容)。論文採用我們迄今已研究的理論方法之一或者幾種綜合,內容要明確詳細,陳述觀點要明晰且有說服力,避免明列條目和不必要的情節概括。
Write a 4-5 page essay — 12pt Times Roman or equivalent, one inch margins — on one of the following five "texts" named below (some of these are attached to the midterm). Your essay should make use of one or a combination of the theoretical methods we have examined thus far. Be specific, make sure you have clear and cogent argument, avoid lists and unnecessary plot summary.

約翰•濟慈《這只活生生的手》
Keats, John. This Living Hand.

以撒•丁尼生《悲傷的土地》
Dinesen, Isak. Sorrow Acre.

E. T. A•霍夫曼《睡魔》
Hoffman, E. T. A. The Sandman.

Rich, Adrienne《潛入沉船》
Rich, Adrienne. Diving into the Wreck.

羅曼•波蘭斯基《唐人街》
Polanski, Roman. Chinatown.

論文範例
Example Papers

〈一個平等與對立的反應:《湖畔樹林》中的辯證關係〉(An Equal and Opposite Reaction: DialecticRelationships in In the Lake of the Woods )(PDF) 作者:Laurel Ruhlen(經作者同意允許使用)
"An Equal and Opposite Reaction: Dialectic Relationships in In the Lake of the Woods" by Laurel Ruhlen (PDF) (Courtesy of Laurel Ruhlen. Used with permission.)

〈妄想與論述的循環〉(PDF) 作者:Tim Suen(經作者同意允許使用)
" Paranoia and the Circulation of Discourse" by Tim Suen (PDF) (Courtesy of Timothy Suen. Used with permission.)

〈共同語言中的夢〉(PDF) 作者:Laurel Ruhlen(經作者同意允許使用)
"Dreams in the Common Language" by Laurel Ruhlen (PDF) (Courtesy of Laurel Ruhlen. Used with permission.)

〈真實的沉船:瑞奇《潛入沉船》中的拉康〉(PDF) 作者:Laurel Ruhlen(經作者同意允許使用)
"A Real Wreck: Lacan in Rich's Diving Into the Wreck" by Laurel Ruhlen (PDF) (Courtesy of Laurel Ruhlen. Used with permission.)

〈外在文本〉(PDF) 作者:Leila Agha(經作者同意允許使用)
"Il n'y a pas de hors-texte" by Leila Agha (PDF)

〈政治無意識與《簡愛》〉(PDF)作者:Leila Agha(經作者同意允許使用)
"The Political Unconscious and Jane Eyre" by Leila Agha (PDF)


 
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