MIT OpenCourseWare


» 進階搜尋
 課程首頁
 教學大綱
 教學時程
 相關閱讀資料
 課堂講稿
 作業
 測驗
 下載課程

教學大綱


本頁翻譯進度

燈號說明

審定:無
翻譯:汪海(簡介並寄信)
編輯:王晶(簡介並寄信)

本課程的重點在研究我們閱讀的方法,並概述二十世紀發展出來不同的閱讀、理解以及處理文學文本的方式。課程內容根據各種特定的理論範式加以組織。首先,我們閱讀理論範式的選定教材,並分辨如何判定或定義文學的闡釋工作;然後,揭示每一特定方法的局限所在,並描繪繼起的文學理論範式是針對先前理論的成功與不足之處而加以回應。學習理論材料的同時,我還將提供文學文本和電影作為具體實例,以使大家體會理論的實際應用。我們每週都會將一部文學文本或電影與特定闡釋方法並列,通過對前者的分析,呈現出當下討論的理論範式的優點。我們的目的並不是對文學或電影作品提供決定性或完整的分析,而是通過對作品的探索以進一步理解文學闡釋的理論。

上課要求按時出席、經常參與。你對學習材料的投入情況將決定課程的效果。

必讀書目

課程讀本會涵蓋大部分的理論教材,雖然我可能會根據課堂的實際進程趨向或者進一步討論的需要,而增加或改變閱讀材料。除此以外,你應該閱讀如下的部分或全部書目:

夏洛蒂•勃朗特,《簡愛》(Jane Eyre)(從古滕堡計畫下載)(簡愛,夏綠蒂勃朗特著,白雅莉譯,中和市:啟思出版,2004)

西格蒙•佛洛伊德,《夢的解析》(The Interpretation of Dreams)(佛洛依德之夢的解析,佛洛依德著,楊韶剛譯,中和市:百善書房,2004)

米歇爾•傅柯《性史》(History of Sexuality)第一卷,London: Penguin, 1990. ISBN: 0140268685(性意識史,米歇爾傅柯著,尚衡譯,台北市:久大,1998)

簡•里斯《藻海無邊》(Wide Sargasso Sea)New York: W.W. Norton, 1999. ISBN: 008134030(藻海無邊:簡愛前篇,簡.里斯著,陳良廷,劉文瀾譯,上海:上海譯文出版社,1966)

威廉•莎士比亞《仲夏夜之夢》(A Midsummer Night's Dream)(從古滕堡計畫下載)(仲夏夜之夢,莎士比亞著,朱生豪譯,台北市:世界,2002)

課程要求

首先,我希望大家能夠在上課討論前仔細閱讀或重讀文本材料。

回饋文章

根據第一部分(2頁)的閱讀模式書寫概要。

口頭報告

15-20分鐘關於指定閱讀材料的報告。

期中回家作業

根據發給的問題書寫短文論述(7-9頁)

期末論文(10-12頁)

理論導向或自選文本細讀的長篇論文,後者可是學期中讀過的任何作品。

在整個學期中,學生應該按時上課,積極參與討論。

書面作業要打字或者文書處理(兩倍行距,12級字,英文字體Times,標準間距)。我會對每一書面作業的要求提供更詳細地描述。我還會發給文體樣式表,包括如何正確引用文獻的資訊;如果你還有疑問——如何使用課文以外的材料或者剽竊的定義,請在交作業前和我談談。(參見下面的文學院對於剽竊行為的處理政策)。如果你想對課堂內容或者閱讀材料作進一步探討,熱忱歡迎在工作時間找我!

只有經允許才可延期交作業(沒有我的首肯遲交作業將被扣分)。請記住:必須達到課程的每一要求才能合格通過。各要求所占最終成績的比重大致如下:

活動 百分比
出勤與課堂參與 15%
口頭報告 20%
書面回饋 5%
期中家庭作業 30%
期末論文 30%

最後,我希望這是我無需執行的準則:

文學院對於剽竊行為的處理政策

剽竊行為

未經允許採用他人的智慧成果是嚴重違法行為。文學院的政策是:有剽竊行為的學生,該課程成績判定為不及格(F),指導教師將此事提交到紀律委員會。從課堂以外獲取的所有資訊,必須在所有呈交的書面作業中清楚說明。所有取自他人作品的想法、論據、直接改述必須澄清來源出處並正確注釋。引用他人文句必須標記,以與學生自己的作品清晰區別。有關標註他人作品的正確形式,可在網上的文體指導(見麻省理工學院針對剽竊的說明網頁)作進一步查詢。


This subject focuses on the ways in which we read, providing an overview of some of the different strategies of reading, comprehending and engaging with literary texts developed in the twentieth century. The course is organized around specific theoretical paradigms. In each case our task will be, first, to work through the selected reading in order to see how it determines or defines the task of literary interpretation; second, to locate the limits of each particular approach; and finally, to trace the emergence of subsequent theoretical paradigms as responses to the achievements and limitations of what came before. The literary texts and films that accompany the theoretical material will serve as concrete cases that allow us to see theory in action. In general, then, each week we will pair a text or film with a particular interpretative approach, using the former to explore the strengths of the theoretical paradigm under discussion. Our task will not be to provide a definitive or full analysis of the literary or filmic work, but to exploit it to understand better theories of literary interpretation.

The class will require regular participation and attendance. Your engagement with the material will determine how well the course works.

Required Texts

A course Reader will contain most of the theoretical readings, though I may add or change some of the readings depending on the direction the class is taking or what issues seem to call for further discussion. In addition, you will be asked to read a part or all of the following required texts:

Bronte, Charlotte. Jane Eyre. (Download a version from Project Gutenberg.)

Freud, Sigmund. The Interpretation of Dreams.

Foucault, Michel. History of Sexuality. Vol. 1. London: Penguin, 1990. ISBN: 0140268685.

Rhys, Jean. Wide Sargasso Sea. New York: W.W. Norton, 1999. ISBN: 008134030.

Shakespeare, William. A Midsummer Night's Dream. (Download a version from Project Gutenberg.)

Course Requirements

First and foremost, I expect careful reading and re-reading of the texts as we discuss them. In addition:

Response Paper

A brief response to modes of reading covered in the first section (2 pages)

Oral Presentation

15-20 minute Presentation of Assigned Readings.

Take-Home Midterm

Short Essays responding to questions handed out (7-9 pages).

Final Paper (10-12 pages)

Longer essay either theoretically-oriented or doing a careful reading of a text of your choice, drawing on what you have read over the term.

You are expected to attend class regularly and participate energetically in our discussion throughout the semester.

Written work should be typed or word-processed (double-spaced, 12pt Times or equivalent, with standard margins). I will provide more detailed descriptions for each written assignment. I will also provide a style sheet including information about proper citation of sources; if you have any doubts about use of material beyond the text itself or about the definition of plagiarism, please speak to me before submitting your work. (See the Literature Faculty Plagiarism Policy below). And, don't hesitate to come to office hours if you wish to discuss further any dimension of the class or the readings.

Extensions only with permission (I will dock your grade for assignments handed in late without my prior approval). Bear in mind that passing the courses requires meeting each individual requirement. The weighting of requirements for the final grade will be approximately as follows:

ACTIVITIES PERCENTAGES
Participation and Attendance 15%
Oral Presentation 20%
Response Paper 5%
Take-Home Midterm 30%
Final Essay 30%

Finally, a guideline that I hope I will never have to enforce:

The Literature Faculty Plagiarism Policy

Plagiarism

use of another's intellectual work without acknowledgement - is a serious offense. It is the policy of the Literature Faculty that students who plagiarize will receive an F in the subject, and that the instructor will forward the case to the Committee on Discipline. Full acknowledgement for all information obtained from sources outside the classroom must be clearly stated in all written work submitted. All ideas, arguments, and direct phrasings taken from someone else's work must be identified and properly footnoted. Quotations from other sources must be clearly marked as distinct from the student's own work. For further guidance on the proper forms of attribution, consult the style guides available on the MIT Website on Plagiarism.


 
MIT Home
Massachusetts Institute of Technology Terms of Use Privacy