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教學大綱


本頁翻譯進度

燈號說明

審定:無
翻譯:陳曉曉(簡介並寄信)
編輯:王晶(簡介並寄信)

課程描述

此課程從當時女性作家的觀點出發,針對文化、社會背景和歷史對中世紀歐洲文學(從古典晚期至15世紀)進行了大體介紹。本課程主要在檢視西方新興女性所主導的新文學傳統的發展,並研究更為寬泛的歷史文化運動,其中包括:羅馬帝國的衰亡、宗教團體的發展、從口述文學到書面文學的轉變、宮廷文化和優雅的愛、經院哲學和大學的興起、宗教習俗的變化、異教徒遭受迫害以及民族主義和階級意識的出現。作家涵蓋當時大部分的著名女作家:平吉的黑爾德嘉(Hildegard of Bingen)、巴黎的埃羅伊茲(Heloise of Paris)、馬麗·德·法蘭西(Marie de France)、皮桑的克莉絲蒂娜 (Christine de Pizan)、聖女貞德(Joan of Arc)、馬傑堙P肯普(Margery Kempe)及其他雖然不太著名卻有趣迷人的女作家們。

課程要求和評分標準

此課程的最終成績將根據以下比例計算:

教學活動 比例
積極的課堂參與 25%
4篇讀書報告 (每篇2頁) 25%
口頭報告(10分鐘的報告及一周後繳交的5頁書面作品) 20%
學期論文(8頁) 30%


HASS-CI課程的標準

人文、藝術和社會科學(HASSI)的學科必須繳交3至5次的作業(20頁),並至少有一次複查和重交。HASS-CI課程藉由報告、學生的討論或者課堂參與提供學生大量的口頭表達的機會。為確保學生充分的寫作和口頭表達機會,一堂HASS-CI課程的最大學生容量為18人,除非此課程教授不按照課表進行(該院系的主管人員為導師)。在此情況下,如有一位寫作導師參與此課程,學生人數可增至25人。

讀書報告

讀書報告為2頁,用12級字列印,雙倍行距, 頁邊距為1英寸,各頁用釘書機裝訂並標上頁數。每篇讀書報告必須包括以下3大內容:

  1. 提出文中奇異、不熟悉、獨特或是疑難處,並給你留下深刻印象的特色(例如:描寫、主題、事件、文章、敘事構架、結構組織、風格、句型釋譯、特殊資訊或者道德問題等等)。解釋你認為的特別處或者它與你的想像間的差異。
  2. 思考這個特色在課文中是如何鋪陳的,在上下文或者整體敘述中的可能功能和目的,為什麼此特色要用此方式表現。
  3. 解釋此特色在探究文本的特定含義與影響時,是如何幫助你理解課文大意的。

口頭報告

在學期中,你將進行一次針對特殊專題研究的口頭報告。報告一周後,你需繳交一份5頁的書面作業。

學期論文

你選擇的主題和學期所進行的學習報告所組成的學期論文(10頁)將在期末繳交。作業的評分基礎為:前後一致的邏輯論證、論據的合理使用、思想的清晰展開和修辭效果。論文的第一份完整草稿在正式論文繳交的兩周前繳交。

課堂表現規定

每次上課必須準時。無故缺席會在評分的「課堂參與部分」扣除5分,遲到則扣除3分。在上課開始10分鐘後才到達並無任何理由者視為遲到。缺席和遲到只有在預先和當堂導師聯繫並獲得批准的情況下才能免除扣分。

論文遲交規定

在和導師協商後,任何讀書報告和口頭報告可自動延後一堂課繳交,若還延遲繳交,會隨著遲交的課堂數目依次扣除學年總分的1/3。 學期論文不得遲交。

論文重寫規定

任何重寫的論文或讀書報告需符合下列要求:

  1. 原稿按時繳交。
  2. 學生與導師當面討論論文。
  3. 論文重頭寫起而非根據舊稿修改。
  4. 重寫論文的繳交時間不得晚於原稿退回的一周內。

重寫論文的最高得分為B+。另外,需重寫的論文必須在學期的四分之三階段而寫。

論文剽竊懲罰規定

剽竊——在未經許可的情況下擅用他人智慧成果——是極嚴重的違規行為。文學院的政策規定,剽竊論文的學生將在此科目上得F,並由導師將此事件遞交紀律委員會。所有在課外取得的資訊必須在繳交的作業中標示清楚。所有從他人著作中取得的構想、論點和直接用詞必須標示並做適當註腳。其他引言必須清楚標明以和學生自己的作業區分。關於適當形式的進一步的標準,請查閱寫作交流中心和麻省理工網站所提供的指南。


 

Description

This survey provides a general introduction to medieval European literature (from Late Antiquity to the Fifteenth Century) from the perspective of women writers from a variety of cultures, social backgrounds, and historical timeperiods. Though much of the class will be devoted to exploring the evolution of a new literary tradition by and for women from its earliest emergence in the West, wider historical and cultural movements will also be addressed: the Fall of the Roman Empire, the growth of religious communities, the shift from orality to literacy, the culture of chivalry and courtly love, the emergence of scholasticism and universities, changes in devotional practices, the persecution of heretics, the rise of nationalism and class consciousness. Authors will include some of the most famous women of the period: Hildegard of Bingen, Heloise of Paris, Marie de France, Christine de Pizan, Joan of Arc, Margery Kempe, along with many interesting and intriguing though lesser known figures.

Requirements and Grading

The final grade for this class will be computed according to the following weighted scale:

ACTIVITIES PERCENTAGES
Active Class Participation 25%
4 Short Reader Response Papers (each 2 pages in length) 25%
Oral Report (10 minute presentation with 5-page write-up due one week afterwards) 20%
Final Paper (8 pages in length) 30%


Criteria for HASS-CI Subjects

Communication Intensive Subjects in the humanities, arts, and social sciences should require at least 20 pages of writing divided among 3-5 assignments. Of these 3-5 assignments, at least one should be revised and resubmitted. HASS-CI subjects should further offer students substantial opportunity for oral expression through presentations, student-led discussion, or class participation. In order to guarantee sufficient attention to student writing and substantial opportunity for oral expression, the maximum number of students per section in a HASS-CI subject is 18, except in the case of a subject taught without sections (where the faculty member in charge is the only instructor). In that case, enrollments can rise to 25, if a writing fellow is attached to the subject.

Reader Responses

Reader Responses should be 2 pages in length, typewritten in 12-point type, double-spaced with 1-inch margins on all sides, stapled together, and each page must be numbered. Each Reader Response will consist of three principal parts as described below:

  1. Identify some feature within the text (e.g., imagery, theme, incident, passage, narrative structure, framing device, style, sentence construction, message or moral, etc.) which happens to strike you as strange, unfamiliar, remarkable, or problematic, and explain what it is that you find so unusual about that particular element or how it differs from what you might have expected.
  2. Consider how that feature is operating within the text, what function or purpose it might be serving within its immediate context or within the broader narrative as a whole, and why it might have been represented in this particular manner rather than some other way.
  3. Then explain how this feature helps you to interpret the general meaning of the text as you explore the particular implications and consequences of your new understanding.

Oral Report

Once during the semester you will give a 10-minute presentation to the class based on independent research you have conducted on an assigned topic. One week afterwards, you will be required to turn in a 5-page write-up of your presentation.

Final Paper

A final paper (10 pages in length), selected from a list of assigned topics and integrating the work you have been doing throughout the term, will be due towards the end of the semester. This work will be evaluated on the basis of consistent logical argumentation, judicious use of evidence, coherent development of ideas, and rhetorical effectiveness. A complete first draft will be required two weeks before the final paper is due.

Attendance Policy

Punctual attendance is required at every class meeting. Each unexcused absence will result in a lowering of the Class Participation component of the grade by 5 points, each lateness by 3 points. Lateness will be considered as arriving to class more than 10 minutes after the beginning of class without an excuse. Absences and latenesses may be excused only by contacting the instructor in advance of the class to be missed and receiving confirmation.

Late Paper Policy

Any of the reader responses and the write-up of the oral report may receive an automatic extension for one class period upon consultation with the instructor. Further lateness will result in a reduction of 1/3 of a grade for each class the paper is overdue beyond that time. No extensions will be permitted for the final paper.

Rewrite Policy

Any paper or reader response may be rewritten upon satisfying the following requirements:

  1. The original paper was submitted on time.
  2. The student meets with the instructor to go over the paper.
  3. The paper is completely rewritten from scratch and not just edited.
  4. The rewritten paper is resubmitted no later than one week after the original was returned in class.

The highest grade that a rewritten paper may receive is a B+. In addition, one paper needs to be rewritten completely for CI Credit, three quarters of the way through the term.

Plagiarism Policy

Plagiarism - use of another's intellectual work without acknowledgement - is a serious offense. It is the policy of the Literature Faculty that students who plagiarize will receive an F in the subject, and that the instructor will forward the case to the Committee on Discipline. Full acknowledgement for all information obtained from sources outside the classroom must be clearly stated in all written work submitted. All ideas, arguments, and direct phrasings taken from someone else's work must be identified and properly footnoted. Quotations from other sources must be clearly marked as distinct from the student's own work. For further guidance on the proper forms of attribution, consult the style guides available in the Writing and Communication Center and the MIT Website on Plagiarism.


 
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