下午 11:19 2008/2/13 麻省理工學院「開放式課程網頁」 | 文學 | 21L.705 2005秋季課程:美國短篇小說精選 | 教學大綱
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審定:無
翻譯:吳娉婷(簡介並寄信)
編輯:王晶(簡介並寄信)

簡介

聆聽「大家來我家」(A Prairie Home Companion(註1)節目,星期六下午六時,WGBH電台-89.7或其他全國性的公共電台)是你們的固定功課。自從Spaulding Grey(註2)去世之後,Garrison Keillor是美國現存最會說故事(不是寫故事)的人。

基於某種原因,美國文學(如法國、愛爾蘭和俄羅斯)在短篇小說方面,傑出作品一向特別豐富。在本課程中,我們將從審查作品的重要性來探討這個領域。此外,我們也將研討一些文學法則的運用與演變,以及敘事結構元素所造成的某些影響。

本課程是種研討會,即你們講、我聆聽。你們很快會發現,「聆聽」對我來說是個挑戰,但我會盡力而為。在討論時充分表達――訂出議程、提問題――這會很有幫助。當然,上課出席和定期完成書寫作業是絕對必要的。

評分

我會根據下列各項來評分:

  • 出席及在課堂上的參與
  • 書寫報告
  • 學期末的報告

沒有「最低分」的限制

我的評分標準如下:

A=非常優秀(我從學生身上學到不少的一種表示)

B=相當紮實和完整

C=差強人意,頂多是低空略過

D=不令人滿意

F=怠慢,常缺席,常常不交作業



Overview

You have a standing assignment to listen to "A Prairie Home Companion" (Saturday, 6 PM, WGBH radio - 89.7 or other National Public Radio station). Since the death of Spaulding Grey, Garrison Keillor is the best living practitioner of the American story-telling (not story-writing) tradition.

For some reason, American literature (like French, Irish, and Russian, among others) has been especially productive in major works in fictional forms shorter than the novel. Our task this term will be to survey that field, by looking at particular moments of high accomplishment. We will, in addition, consider some of the ways in which literary formulae can be used and varied, and some of the impacts of elements of narrative construction.

This is a seminar. That means you talk, I listen. As you will soon realize, this latter expectation is a challenge for me. I promise to do my best. You can help by being exceedingly pro-active in discussion - setting agendas and asking questions. And of course attendance and regular completion of the assigned written work is an absolute prerequisite.

Grading

For grading, I review and reflect upon the following factors:

  • Attendance and involvement in the class
  • Journal entries
  • Final presentation

No one "low point" is determinative.

Having made my reflections, I assign grades:

A = excellence (one sign of which is how much I was taught by the student)

B = solid competence and consistency

C = minimal adequacy. Seemingly, the student is sliding by on low power

D = clearly unacceptable

F = major dereliction. Frequent absence, frequent failure to submit assigned work.