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審定:無
翻譯:鄧若玲(簡介並寄信)
編輯:王晶(簡介並寄信)


本課程提供對當代政治哲學的導讀,以及探索多元論(pluralism)和多元文化論(multiculturalism)議題的方法。種族和民族團體、國家中的少數、原住民、女性、性別上的少數,以及其他突顯出不正義,並要求依據其差異給予認同和接納所組成的團體。事實上,民主國家已授予不同類型的團體各式各樣的團體差異權,譬如對普遍適用法的豁免、特殊代表權、語言權,或有限的自治權。本課程將檢視不同的公民權理論,及如何處理由不同形式之多元論所提出的挑戰。我們將特別著重在下述問題:
  • 正義需授予團體差異權嗎?
  • 團體差異權是否與平等和正義對待所有公民的自由與民主承諾相牴觸?
  • 什麼能團結一個具多元宗教和文化的社會?在這樣的社會中,公民何以希望團結一致?


課程用書

Anderson, Benedict(班納迪克.安德森) 《想像的共同體》 Verso,1991年。

Barry, Brian 《文化與平等:對多元文化論的平等主義評論》 哈佛,2001年。

Kymlicka, Will 《多元文化的公民權》 牛津,1995年。

Kymlicka, Will編輯 《少數文化的權利》 牛津,1995年。

Okin, Susan 《多元文化論不利於女性嗎?》 普林斯頓,1999年。

Parekh, Bhiku 《重新思考多元論:文化差異和政治理論》 哈佛,2002年。

Taylor, Charles 《多元文化論:檢視認同的政治活動》 普林斯頓,1994年。


課程規定及評分

  • 討論 (占學科成績20%):學生每週閱讀當週指定讀物並參與討論。
  • 第一份報告,8-10 頁(占學科成績40%):上課時給題目,繳交截止日是第8講後的5天內。
  • 第二份報告,8-10 頁(占學科成績40%):上課時給題目,截止日是第14講後的2天之內。

學生可選擇以一篇自選題目的長篇報告取代兩份報告。這篇報告將占學科成績的80% 。做此選擇者須於第8講後的5天內交一頁該長篇報告的寫作大綱,報告繳交截止日是第14講後的2天內。


This course will serve as both an introduction to contemporary political philosophy and a way to explore issues of pluralism and multiculturalism. Racial and ethnic groups, national minorities, aboriginals, women, sexual minorities, and other groups have organized to highlight injustice and demand recognition and accommodation on the basis of their differences. In practice, democratic states have granted a variety of group-differentiated rights, such as exemptions from generally applicable laws, special representation rights, language rights, or limited self-government rights, to different types of groups. This course will examine how different theories of citizenship address the challenges raised by different forms of pluralism. We will focus in particular on the following questions:
  • Does justice require granting group-differentiated rights?
  • Do group-differentiated rights conflict with liberal and democratic commitments to equality and justice for all citizens?
  • What, if anything, can hold a multi-religious, multicultural society together? Why should the citizens of such a society want to hold together?


Books Used in the Course

Anderson, Benedict. Imagined Communities. Verso, 1991.

Barry, Brian. Culture and Equality: An Egalitarian Critique of Multiculturalism. Harvard, 2001.

Kymlicka, Will. Multicultural Citizenship. Oxford, 1995.

Kymlicka, Will, ed. The Rights of Minority Cultures. Oxford, 1995.

Okin, Susan. Is Multiculturalism Bad for Women? Princeton, 1999.

Parekh, Bhiku. Rethinking Multiculturalism: Cultural Diversity and Political Theory. Harvard, 2002.

Taylor, Charles. Multiculturalism: Examining the Politics of Recognition. Princeton, 1994.


Course Requirements and Grading

  • Discussion (20% of course grade): Students are expected to read all of the week's assigned readings and participate in discussions every week.
  • First Paper, 8-10 pages (40% of course grade): Topics will be given in class, and papers will be due five days after lecture 8.
  • Second Paper, 8-10 pages (40% of course grade): Topics will be given in class, and papers will be due two days after lecture 14.

Instead of writing two papers, students have the option of writing one long paper on a topic of their own choosing. This paper will count for 80% of the course grade. Those choosing this option must submit a one-page proposal for a paper latest, five days after lecture 8. This paper will be due two days after lecture 14.


 
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