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燈號說明

審定:無
翻譯:馬景文(簡介並寄信)
譯者註:輔助教室
譯者所設置自學書院網站設有本課程的輔助教室,內容包括部份閱讀文章的翻譯本,中文文獻連結,和自學者論壇。

編輯:侯嘉玨(簡介並寄信)

除課程中所使用的閱讀資料外,請見下列之每週書目
In addition to the bibliography of readings used in the course, see the readings by week below.

必讀文獻
Required Texts

Berinsky, Adam J.,《沈默的聲音》,Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2004. ISBN: 0691115877.
Berinsky, Adam J. Silent Voices. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2004. ISBN: 0691115877.

Campbell, Angus,《美國選民》,Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1980. ISBN: 0226092542.
Campbell, Angus. The American Voter. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1980. ISBN: 0226092542.

Carpini, Delli, Michael X.與Scott Keeter,《美國人了解的政治為何以及這為什麼重要》,New Haven: Yale University Press, 1997. ISBN: 0300072759.
Carpini, Delli, Michael X., and Scott Keeter. What Americans Know About Politics and Why It Matters. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1997. ISBN: 0300072759.

Gilens, Martin,《為什麼美國人痛恨福利》, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000. ISBN: 022629653.
Gilens, Martin. Why Americans Hate Welfare. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000. ISBN: 022629653.

Herbst, Susan,《數目之聲: 民意調查如何形成美國政治》,Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995. ISBN: 0226327434.
Herbst, Susan. Numbered Voices: How Opinion Polling Has Shaped American Politics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995. ISBN: 0226327434.

Holsti, Ole R.,《民意和美國外交》, Michigan: University of Michigan Press, 1996. ISBN: 0472066196.
Holsti, Ole R. Public Opinion and American Foreign Policy. Michigan: University of Michigan Press, 1996. ISBN: 0472066196.

Iyengar, Shanto, Donald R. Kinder與Benjamin I. Page,《事關重要的新聞》,Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1989. ISBN: 0226388573.
Iyengar, Shanto, Donald R. Kinder, and Benjamin I. Page. News That Matters. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1989. ISBN: 0226388573.

Kinder, Donald R.與Lynn M. Sanders,《膚色隔離:種族政治與民主理想》,Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1997. ISBN: 0226425741.
Kinder, Donald R., and Lynn M. Sanders. Divided by Color: Racial Politics and Democratic Ideals. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1997. ISBN: 0226425741.

Kuklinski, James H.,《市民與政治》,Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001. ISBN: 052159376X.
Kuklinski, James H. Citizens and Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001. ISBN: 052159376X.

Mutz, Daina C.,《客觀的影響:集體觀感如何影響政治態度》,Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998. ISBN: 0521637260.
Mutz, Daina C. Impersonal Influence: How Perceptions of Mass Collectives Affect Political Attitudes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998. ISBN: 0521637260.

Mackuen, Michael B.與George Rabinowitz,《選舉民主》,Michigan: University of Michigan Press, 2003. ISBN: 0472068202.
Mackuen, Michael B., and George Rabinowitz. Electoral Democracy. Michigan: University of Michigan Press, 2003. ISBN: 0472068202.


Mendelberg, Tali. The Race Card. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2001. ISBN: 0691070717.

Page, Benjamin I.與Robert Y. Shapiro,《理性的公眾》, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992. ISBN: 0226644782.
Page, Benjamin I., and Robert Y. Shapiro. The Rational Public. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992. ISBN: 0226644782.

Sears, David O., Jim Sidanius與Lawrence Bobo,《政治種族化:美國的種族辯論》, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000. ISBN: 0226744078.
Sears, David O., Jim Sidanius, and Lawrence Bobo. Racialized Politics: The Debate about Racism in America. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000. ISBN: 0226744078.

Zaller, John R.,《群眾意見的本質和起源》,Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992. ISBN: 0521407869.
Zaller, John R. The Nature and Origins of Mass Opinion. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992. ISBN: 0521407869.

每周閱讀書目
Readings by Week

課程單元 閱讀資料
1 導讀和課程概覽
Introduction and Overview of the Course
預讀
Preliminaries
2 民意的意義和衡量
The Meaning and Measurement of Public Opinion
必讀書目
Required Readings

Herbst, Susan,《編了號的聲音:民意調查如何形成美國政治》,Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1993, 導讀和第3章

Key, V. O.,《民意和美國民主》,New York: Knopf, 1961, pp. 3-18.

Blumer, Herbert,〈民意與民意調查〉於《美國社會學評論》,13 (1948): 542-554頁

Converse, Philip. E.,〈政治流程中民意概念的演變〉於《民意季刊》,51/補遺(1987): 12-24頁

Sanders, Lynn M.,〈民主政治與調查研究〉於《社會科學的哲學》,29 (1999): 248-80頁

Berinsky, Adam J.,〈1930和 1940年代的民意:配額管制抽樣調查數據的分析〉,工作稿(2004), 讀至第 25頁

推薦書目
Recommended Readings

Tilly, Charles,〈跳過選舉、調查或社會運動來說出你的心聲〉於《民意季刊》,47 (1983): 461-478頁
Tilly, Charles. "Speaking Your Mind Without Elections, Surveys, or Social Movements." Public Opinion Quarterly 47 (1983): 461-478.

Lippman, Walter,《民意》,New York: Free Press平裝本(1922), 1997, 第 1, 3和 4章
Lippman, Walter. Public Opinion. New York: Free Press Paperbacks (1922), 1997, chapters 1, 3, and 4.

Bryce, James,〈民意的本質〉,1916。重刊於《民意和宣傳》,Katz, D., Dorwin Cartwright, Samuel Eldersveld和Alfred McClung Lee編輯,New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1954, 3-11頁
Bryce, James. "The Nature of Public Opinion." 1916. Reprinted in Public Opinion and Propaganda. Edited by Katz, D., Dorwin Cartwright, Samuel Eldersveld, and Alfred McClung Lee. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1954, pp. 3-11.

Fishkin, James S.,《人民的聲音》,New Haven, CT.: Yale University Press, 1995.
Fishkin, James S. The Voice of the People. New Haven, CT.: Yale University Press, 1995.

Brehm, John,《虛假的調查對象》,Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 1993.
Brehm, John. The Phantom Respondents. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 1993.
能力的問題
Questions of Competence
3 政治無知:成因和效果
Political Ignorance: Causes and Effects
必讀書目
Required Readings

Downs, Anthony,《民主的經濟理論》,New York: Harper and Row, 1957, 第11-13章.
Downs, Anthony. An Economic Theory of Democracy. New York: Harper and Row, 1957, chapters 11-13 .

Zaller, John,《群眾意見的本質和起源》, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992, 第 2, 3和 6章
Zaller, John. The Nature and Origins of Mass Opinion. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992, chapters 2, 3, and 6.

Delli Carpini, Michael X.與Scott Keeter,《美國人了解的政治為何以及這為什麼重要》, New Haven: Yale University Press, 1996, 導讀和第4章
Delli Carpini, Michael X., and Scott Keeter. What Americans Know About Politics and Why It Matters. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1996, Introduction and chapter 4 .

Mondak, Jeffrey,〈發展有效的知識規模〉於《美國政治科學期刊》, 45 (2001): 224-238頁
Mondak, Jeffrey. "Developing Valid Knowledge Scales." American Journal of Political Science 45 (2001): 224-238.

Lupia, Arthur,〈捷徑相對於百科全書:加州保險改革選舉的資訊和投票行為〉於《美國政治科學評論》,88 (1994): 63-76.
Lupia, Arthur. "Shortcuts Versus Encyclopedias: Information and Voting Behavior in California Insurance Reform Elections." American Political Science Review 88 (1994): 63-76.

Lodge, Milton, Marco R. Steenbergen與Shawn Brau,〈有反應的投票者:競選訊息和評估候選人的動態〉於《美國政治科學評論》,89 (1995): 309-26頁
Lodge, Milton, Marco R. Steenbergen, and Shawn Brau. "The Responsive Voter: Campaign Information and The Dynamics of Candidate Evaluation." American Political Science Review 89 (1995): 309-26.
4 追求至關重要的原則:意識形態和政治理解
The Search for Overarching Principles: Ideology and Political Reasoning
必讀書目
Required Readings

Campbell, Angus, Philip E. Converse, Warren E. Miller與Donald E. Stokes,《美國選民》,Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1960, 第10章(速讀!).
Campbell, Angus, Philip E. Converse, Warren E. Miller, and Donald E. Stokes. The American Voter. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1960, chapter 10 (SKIM!).

Converse, Philip E.,〈群眾信念系統的本質〉於《意識形態和不滿》,David Apter編輯. New York: Free Press.
Converse, Philip E. "The Nature of Belief Systems in the Mass Publics." In Ideology and Discontent. Edited by David Apter. New York: Free Press.

Lane, Robert E., 《政治意識形態:普通人為什麼相信自己的行為》,New York: Free Press, 1962, 第4和22章.
Lane, Robert E. Political Ideology: Why the Common Man Believes What He Does. New York: Free Press, 1962, chapters 4, and 22.

Achen, Christopher H.,〈群眾的政治態度和調查反應〉於《美國政治科學評論》,69 (1975): 1218-1231頁
Achen, Christopher H. "Mass Political Attitudes and the Survey Response." American Political Science Review 69 (1975): 1218-1231.

Kinder, Donald R.,〈美國民意的分散性和複雜性〉於 《政治科學的現況》,Ada Finifter編輯. Washington, DC: APSA Press, 1983.
Kinder, Donald R. "Diversity and Complexity in American Public Opinion." In Political Science: The State of the Discipline. Edited by Ada Finifter. Washington, DC: APSA Press, 1983.

Zaller, John,《群眾意見的本質和起源》, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992, 第 4和 5章
Zaller, John. The Nature and Origins of Mass Opinion. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992, chapters 4, and 5.

Converse, Philip,〈評估大眾選民的能力〉於《政治科學評論年刊》, 3 (2000): 331-353頁
Converse, Philip. "Assessing the Capacity of Mass Electorates." Annual Review of Political Science 3 (2000): 331-353.
從頭說起:民意內涵和公眾愛好的個體基礎
Building From the Ground Up: Opinion Ingredients and The Micro-Foundations of Public Preferences
5 物質利益(或象徵政治?)
Material Interests (Or Symbolic Politics?)
必讀書目
Required Readings

Downs, Anthony,《民主的經濟理論》,New York: Harper and Row, 1957, 第 1-3章
Downs, Anthony. An Economic Theory of Democracy. New York: Harper and Row, 1957, chapters 1-3.

Sears, David O., Richard R. Lau, Tom Tyler與A. M. Allen Jr. 〈一己之利相對於政治態度及總統選舉中的象徵政治〉於《美國政治科學評論》,74 (1980): 670-684頁
Sears, David O., Richard R. Lau, Tom Tyler, and A. M. Allen Jr. "Self-Interest versus Symbolic Politics in Policy Attitudes and Presidential Voting." American Political Science Review 74 (1980): 670-684.

Green, Donald Philip與Jonathan A. Cowden,〈誰在抗議:私利與白人反對種族平等〉於《政治期刊》,54 (1992): 471-496頁
Green, Donald Philip, and Jonathan A. Cowden. "Who Protests: Self-Interest and White Opposition to Busing." The Journal of Politics 54 (1992): 471-496.

Kinder, Donald與Roderick Kiewiet,〈向社會性政治:美國個案>於《英國政治科學期刊》,11 (1981): 129-41頁
Kinder, Donald, and Roderick Kiewiet. "Sociotropic Politics: The American Case." British Journal of Political Science 11 (1981): 129–41.

Kramer, Gerald,〈再探生態謬論:經濟、選舉和向社會性投票整體相對於個體層次的調查〉於《美國政治科學評論》,77 (1983): 92-111頁
Kramer, Gerald. "The Ecological Fallacy Revisited: Aggregate - Versus Individual - Level Findings on Economics and Elections, and Sociotropic Voting." American Political Science Review 77 (1983): 92–111.

Cambell, Andrea,〈耆艾市民的私利、社會保障和獨特的參與模型〉於《美國政治科學評論》,96 (2002): 565-574頁
Cambell, Andrea. "Self-Interest, Social Security, and the Distinctive Participation Patterns of Senior Citizens." American Political Science Review 96 (2002): 565-574.

推薦書目
Recommended Readings

Markus, Gregory B.,〈個人及國家經濟對總統選舉的影響:跨地域綜合分析〉於《美國政治科學期刊》,32 (1988): 137-54頁
Markus, Gregory B. "The Impact of Personal and National Economic Conditions On the Presidential Vote: A Pooled Cross-Sectional Analysis." American Journal of Political Science 32 (1988): 137-54.
6 美國政治的團體:兩陣對立
Groups in American Politics: Us and Them
必讀書目
Required Readings


Conover, Pamela J.,〈團體認同對政治認知和評估的影響〉於《政治期刊》, 46 (1984): 760-784頁
Conover, Pamela J. "The Influence of Group Identifications on Political Perception and Evaluation." The Journal of Politics 46 (1984): 760-784.

Converse, Philip E.,〈公眾群體信念制度的本質〉於《意識形態與不滿》,D. E. Apter編輯. New York: The Free Press, 1964, 重讀234-238頁
Converse, Philip E. "The nature of belief systems in mass publics." In Ideology and Discontent. Edited by D. E. Apter. New York: The Free Press, 1964, re-read pp. 234-238.

Kinder, Donald R.,〈Converse後的信念制度〉於《選舉民主》,Michael MacKuen和George Rabinowitz編輯. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2003.
Kinder, Donald R. "Belief Systems after Converse." In Electoral Democracy. Edited by Michael MacKuen and George Rabinowitz. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2003.

Sears, David O.等編著,《政治種族化:美國對種族歧視的辯論》,Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000, 第 1章
Sears, David O. et al. Racialized Politics: The Debate About Racism in America. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000, chapter 1.

Kinder, Donald R.與Lynn M. Sanders,《膚色隔離:種族政治與民主理想》,Chicago: Chicago University Press, 1996, 第 2和 5章
Kinder, Donald R., and Lynn M. Sanders. Divided by Color: Racial Politics and Democratic Ideals. Chicago: Chicago University Press, 1996, chapters 2, and 5.

Mendelberg, Tali,《種族牌》,2001, 第 1, 6和 7章
Mendelberg, Tali. The Race Card, 2001, chapters 1, 6, and 7.

推薦書目
Recommended Readings

Brady, Henry E.與Paul M. Sniderman,〈態度的屬性:政治理解的群眾基礎〉於《美國政治科學評論》,79 (1985): 1061-1078.
Brady, Henry E., and Paul M. Sniderman. "Attitude Attribution: A Group Basis for Political Reasoning." American Political Science Review 79 (1985): 1061-1078.

Dawson, Michael,《騾子的背後:非洲裔美國政治的種族和階級》,Princeton University Press, 1994.
Dawson, Michael. Behind the Mule: Race and Class in African American Politics. Princeton University Press, 1994.

Lee, Taeku,《動員民意:民權時代中的黑人暴動和種族態度》,Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2002.
Lee, Taeku. Mobilizing Public Opinion: Black Insurgency and Racial Attitudes in the Civil Rights Era. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2002.
7 原則和價值
Principles and Values
必讀書目
Required Readings


Feldman, Stanley,〈民意的結構和連貫性:核心信念和價值的角色〉於《美國政治科學期刊》,32 (1988): 416-440頁
Feldman, Stanley. "Structure and Consistency in Public Opinion: The Role of Core Beliefs and Values." American Journal of Political Science 32 (1988): 416-440.

Feldman, Stanley與John Zaller,〈矛盾心態的政治文化〉於《美國政治科學期刊》36 (1992): 268-307頁
Feldman, Stanley, and John Zaller. "The Political Culture of Ambivalence." American Journal of Political Science 36 (1992): 268-307.

Chong, Dennis,〈人們如何思索、理解和感受權利和自由〉於《美國政治科學期刊》,37 (1993): 867-99.
Chong, Dennis. "How People Think, Reason, and Feel about Rights and Liberties." American Journal of Political Science 37 (1993): 867-99.

Alvarez, R. Michael與John Brehm,〈美國人對種族政策是否深感矛盾?〉於《美國政治科學期刊》,41 (1997): 345-75
Alvarez, R. Michael, and John Brehm. "Are Americans Ambivalent Toward Racial Policies?" American Journal of Political Science 41 (1997): 345-75.

Stoker, Laura,〈政治價值判斷〉於《民眾與政治》,James H. Kuklinski編輯,Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 433-468頁
Stoker, Laura. "Political Value Judgments." In Citizens and Politics. Edited by James H. Kuklinski Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 433-468.

Feldman, Stanley與Marco Steenbergen,〈公眾支持社會福利的人道基礎〉於《美國政治科學期刊》,45 (2001): 658-677頁
Feldman, Stanley, and Marco Steenbergen. "The Humanitarian Foundations of Public Support for Social Welfare." American Journal of Political Science 45 (2001): 658-677.

推薦書目
Recommended Readings


Alvarez, R. Michael與John Brehm,《困難抉擇,簡易求答:價值、訊息和美國民意》,Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2002.
Alvarez, R. Michael, and John Brehm. Hard Choices, Easy Answers: Values, Information, and American Public Opinion. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2002.

Hochschild, Jennifer L.,《公平是什麼?美國對分配公義的信念》, Cambridge Harvard University Press, 1981.
Hochschild, Jennifer L. What’s Fair? American Beliefs about Distributive Justice. Cambridge Harvard University Press, 1981.

Luker, Kristin,《墮胎和母性政治》,Berkely: University of California Press, 1984, 第1, 7和8章
Luker, Kristin. Abortion and the Politics of Motherhood. Berkely: University of California Press, 1984, chapters 1, 7, and 8.

McClosky, Herbert與Jon Zaller,《美國的精神特質:對資本主義和民主的公眾態度》, Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1984.
McClosky, Herbert, and Jon Zaller. The American Ethos: Public Attitudes Toward Capitalism and Democracy. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1984.

Smith, Rogers,〈在Tocqueville, Myrdal和Hartz之外:美國的多種傳統〉於《美國政治科學評論》,87 (1993): 549-566頁
Smith, Rogers. "Beyond Tocqueville, Myrdal, and Hartz: The Multiple Traditions of America." American Political Science Review 87 (1993): 549-566.
外面的世界:社會和政治
The World Out There: Society and Politics
8 8 社會影響
Social Influence
必讀書目
Required Readings


Huckfeld, Robert與John Sprague,〈網絡的背景:政治訊息的社會流向〉於《美國政治科學評論》,81 (1987): 1197-1216頁
Huckfeld, Robert, and John Sprague. "Networks in Context: The Social Flow of Political Information." American Political Science Review 81 (1987): 1197-1216.

Oliver, Eric與Tali Mendelberg,〈再探種族態度的環境成因〉於《美國政治科學期刊》,44 (2000): 574-589頁
Oliver, Eric, and Tali Mendelberg. "Reconsidering the Environmental Determinants of Racial Attitudes." American Journal of Political Science 44 (2000): 574-589.

Mutz, Diana C.,《客觀的影響:集體觀感如何影響政治態度》,New York: Cambridge University Press, 1998, 第1, 4, 8和 9章
Mutz, Diana C. Impersonal Influence: How Perceptions of Mass Collectives Affect Political Attitudes. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1998, chapters 1, 4, 8, and 9.

Berinsky, Adam J.,《沉默的聲音:美國的民意和政治代議》,2004, 第2和3章
Berinsky, Adam J. Silent Voices: Public Opinion and Political Representation in America. 2004, chapters 2, and 3.

推薦書目
Recommended Readings


Krysan, Maria,〈隱私和白人種族態度的表達〉於《民意季刊》,62 (1998): 506-544頁
Krysan, Maria. "Privacy and the Expression of White Racial Attitudes." Public Opinion Quarterly 62 (1998): 506-544.

Schuman, Howard與Jean M. Converse,〈訪問者的黑白膚色對黑人被訪者的影響〉於《民意季刊》,35 (1971): 44-68.
Schuman, Howard, and Jean M. Converse. "The Effect of Black and White Interviewers on Black Responses." Public Opinion Quarterly 35 (1971): 44-68.

Tourangeau, Roger與Tom W. Smith,〈提出敏感性問題:數據收集模型,問卷模式和問卷內容的影響〉於《民意季刊》於60 (1996): 275-304.
Tourangeau, Roger, and Tom W. Smith. "Asking Sensitive Questions: The Impact of Data Collection Mode, Question Format, and Question Context." Public Opinion Quarterly 60 (1996): 275-304.
9 9 框架,預設信息和媒體效果
Framing, Priming and Media Effects
必讀書目
Required Readings


Iyengar, Shanto與Donald Kinder,《事關重要的新聞》, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987, 第1-3和6-12章
Iyengar, Shanto, and Donald Kinder. News that Matters. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987, chapters 1-3, and 6-12.

Miller, Joanne與Jon Krosnick,〈新聞媒體對評價總統要素的影響〉於《美國政治科學評論》,44, no. 2 (2000): 301-15頁
Miller, Joanne, and Jon Krosnick. "News Media Impact on the Ingredients of Presidential Evaluations." American Journal of Political Science 44, no. 2 (2000): 301-15.

Nelson, Thomas E., Rosalee A. Clausen與Zoe M. Oxley,〈媒體對一宗關乎公民自由的民事糾紛的框架及其對容忍度的影響〉於《美國政治科學評論》,91 (1997): 567-83頁
Nelson, Thomas E., Rosalee A. Clausen, and Zoe M. Oxley. "Media Framing of a Civil Liberties Conflict and Its Effect on Tolerance." The American Political Science Review 91 (1997): 567-83.

Gilens, Martin,《為什麼美國人痛恨福利》, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999, 第5和6章
Gilens, Martin. Why Americans Hate Welfare. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999, chapters 5, and 6.

Kinder, Donald R.,〈溝通和意見〉於《政治科學評論年刊》,1 (1998): 167-197頁
Kinder, Donald R. "Communication and Opinion." Annual Review of Political Science 1 (1998): 167-197.

Druckman, Jamie,<框架效應對民眾能力的涵義>於《政治行為》,23 (2001): 225-256頁
Druckman, Jamie. "The Implications of Framing Effects for Citizen Competence." Political Behavior 23 (2001): 225-256.

推薦書目
Recommended Readings


Bartels, Larry M.,〈信息收到:媒體曝光的政治影響〉於《美國政治科學評論》,87 (1993): 267-285.
Bartels, Larry M. "Messages Received: The Political Impact of Media Exposure." American Political Science Review 87 (1993): 267-285.

Zaller, John.,〈再探討大眾媒體影響的神話:重新支持一個破產的概念〉於《政治游說和態度改變》,Diana C. Mutz, Paul M. Sniderman和Richard A. Brody編輯,1996, 17-78頁
Zaller, John. "The Myth of Massive Media Impact Revived: New Support for a Discredited Idea." In Political Persuasion and Attitude Change. Edited by Diana C. Mutz, Paul M. Sniderman, and Richard A. Brody. 1996, pp-17-78.
10 10 總合與開明偏愛的奇蹟(有誰是對的?)
The Miracle of Aggregation and Enlightened Preferences (Is Anyone Right?)
必讀書目
Required Readings


Page, Benjamin I.與Robert Y. Shapiro,《理性的大眾:美國政策偏好潮流五十年》,Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992, 第1, 2, 8和9章
Page, Benjamin I., and Robert Y. Shapiro. The Rational Public: Fifty Years of Trends in American Policy Preferences. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992, chapters 1, 2, 8, and 9.

Converse, Philip E.,〈民選代議和訊息發布〉於《訊息與民主流程》, John Ferejohn和James Kuklinski編輯. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois, 1990.
Converse, Philip E. "Popular Representation and the Distribution of Information." In Information and Democratic Processes. Edited by John Ferejohn and James Kuklinski. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois, 1990.

Bartels, Larry M.,〈不知情的投票:總統選舉中的訊息效應〉於《美國政治科學期刊》,40 (1996): 194-230頁
Bartels, Larry M. "Uninformed Votes: Information Effects in Presidential Elections." American Journal of Political Science 40 (1996): 194-230.

Althaus, Scott L.,〈集體偏好的訊息效應〉於《美國政治科學評論》,2 (1996): 545-558.
Althaus, Scott L. "Information Effects in Collective Preferences." American Political Science Review 92, no.2 (1996): 545-558.

Gilens, Marty.,〈政治無知與集體政治偏好〉於《美國政治科學評論》,95 (2001): 379-396.
Gilens, Marty. "Political Ignorance and Collective Policy Preferences." American Political Science Review 95 (2001): 379-396.

推薦書目
Recommended Readings


Stimson, James A.,《美國民意:情緒、循環和轉向》,第2版. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1999.
Stimson, James A. Public Opinion in America. Moods, Cycles, and Swings. 2nd ed. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1999.
11 民意和公共政策
Public Opinion and Public Policy
必讀書目
Required Readings

Stimson, James A., Michael B. MacKuen與Robert S. Erikson,〈動態代議〉於《美國政治科學評論》,89 (1995): 543-565頁
Stimson, James A., Michael B. MacKuen, and Robert S. Erikson. "Dynamic Representation." American Political Science Review 89 (1995): 543-565.

Page, Benjamin I.與Robert Y. Shapiro,〈民意對政策的影響〉於《美國政治科學評論》,77 (1983): 175-190頁
Page, Benjamin I., and Robert Y. Shapiro. "Effects of Public Opinion on Policy." American Political Science Review 77 (1983): 175-190.

Zaller, John,〈明白V. O. Key的潛隱民意概念〉於《選舉民主》,Michael MacKuen和George Rabinowitz編輯. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2003.
Zaller, John. "Coming to Grips with V. O. Key’s Concept of Latent Opinion." In Electoral Democracy. Edited by Michael MacKuen and George Rabinowitz. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2003.

Wlezien, Christopher,〈公眾恆溫器:開支偏好的動態〉於《美國政治科學期刊》,39 (1995): 981-1000頁
Wlezien, Christopher. "The Public as Thermostat: Dynamics of Preferences for Spending." American Journal of Political Science 39 (1995): 981-1000.

Hansen, Mark,〈公共財政的個體、團體和公眾的偏好〉於《美國政治科學評論》,92 (1998): 513-531頁
Hansen, Mark. "Individuals, Institutions, and Public Preferences over Public Finance." American Political Science Review 92 (1998): 513-531.

Bartels, Larry M.,〈Homer減了稅:公眾心中的不平等和公共政策〉,Princeton University(向導師索取印刷本), 2003.
Bartels, Larry M. "Homer Gets A Tax Cut: Inequality and Public Policy in the Public Mind." Typescript, Princeton University (available from instructor), 2003.

推薦書目
Recommended Readings

Bartels, Larry M.,〈選區民意和國會政策制定:雷根的國防增長〉於《美國政治科學評論》,85 (1991): 457-474頁
Bartels, Larry M. "Constituency Opinion and Congressional Policy Making: The Reagan Defense Buildup." American Political Science Review 85 (1991): 457-474.

Jacobs, Lawrence R.與Robert Y. Shapiro,《政客不拉客:政治操控和民主回應的消逝》,Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000, 第1, 2和9章
Jacobs, Lawrence R., and Robert Y. Shapiro. Politicians Don’t Pander: Political Manipulation and the Loss of Democratic Responsiveness. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000, chapters 1, 2, and 9.
12 民意和外交政策
Public Opinion and Foreign Policy
必讀書目
Required Readings


Mueller, John,〈韓戰和越戰的民意支持趨勢〉於《美國政治科學評論》,65 (1971): 358-75.
Mueller, John. "Trends in Popular Support for the Wars in Korea and Vietnam." American Political Science Review 65 (1971): 358-75.

Modigliani, Andre,〈鷹派與鴿派、孤立與政治不信任:分析軍事政策中的民意〉於《美國政治科學評論》,56 (1972): 960-978頁
Modigliani, Andre. "Hawks and Doves, Isolation and Political Distrust: An Analysis of Public Opinion on Military Policy." American Political Science Review 56 (1972): 960-978.

Zaller, John,《群眾意見的本質和起源》, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992, 第9章
Zaller, John. The Nature and Origins of Mass Opinion. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992, chapter 9.

Hurwitz, Jon與Mark Peffley,〈外交政策的態度是如何構成?一個分級系統模式〉於《美國政治科學評論》,81 (1987): 1099-120.
Hurwitz, Jon, and Mark Peffley. "How Are Foreign Policy Attitudes Structured? A Hierarchical Model." American Political Science Review 81 (1987): 1099-120.

Berinsky, Adam J.,《沉默的聲音:美國的民意和政治代議》,第5章
Berinsky, Adam J. Silent Voices: Public Opinion and Political Representation in America. Chapter 5.

———.〈民意和第二次世界大戰〉,印刷本.
———. "Public Opinion and World War II." Typescript.

推薦書目
Recommended Readings


Holsti, Olie,《民意與美國外交政策》,1996.
Holsti, Olie. Public Opinion and American Foreign Policy. 1996.
反省
Reflections
13 最後想一想:民意在民主政治的地位
Final Thoughts: The Place of Public Opinion in Democratic Politics
必讀書目
Required Readings


Berelson, Bernard,〈民主理論和民意〉於《民意季刊》,16 (1950): 313-330頁
Berelson, Bernard. "Democratic Theory and Public Opinion." Public Opinion Quarterly 16 (1950): 313-330.

Bartels, Larry,〈表態的民主〉於《選舉民主》,Michael MacKuen和George Rabinowitz編輯. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
Bartels, Larry. "Democracy with Attitudes." In Electoral Democracy. Edited by Michael MacKuen and George Rabinowitz. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Key, V. O.,《民意與美國民主》,New York: Knopf, 1961, 第21章
Key, V. O. Public Opinion and American Democracy. New York: Knopf, 1961, chapter 21.

Zaller, John,《群眾意見的本質和起源》, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992, chapter 12.
Zaller, John. The Nature and Origins of Mass Opinion. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992, chapter 12.

Page, Benjamin I.與Robert Y. Shapiro,《理性的大眾:美國政策偏好五十年》, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992, 第10章
Page, Benjamin I., and Robert Y. Shapiro. The Rational Public: Fifty Years of Trends in American Policy Preferences. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992, chapter 10.

Verba, Sidney,〈市民是調查對象:抽樣調查和美國民主〉於《美國政治科學評論》,90 (1996): 1-7頁
Verba, Sidney. "The Citizen as Respondent: Sample Surveys and American Democracy." American Political Science Review 90 (1996): 1-7.

Berinsky, Adam J.,《沉默的聲音:美國的民意和政治代議》,結論篇
Berinsky, Adam J. Silent Voices: Public Opinion and Political Representation in America. Conclusion.

推薦書目
Recommended Readings


Jacobs, Lawrence R.與Robert Y. Shapiro,《政客不拉客:政治操控和民主回應的消逝》,Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000, 第10章
Jacobs, Lawrence R., and Robert Y. Shapiro. Politicians Don’t Pander: Political Manipulation and the Loss of Democratic Responsiveness. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000, chapter 10.

Ginsberg, Benjamin,《被俘虜的群眾》,New York: Basic Books, 1986, 第3章
Ginsberg, Benjamin. The Captive Public. New York: Basic Books, 1986, chapter 3.

 
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