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教學大綱


本頁翻譯進度

燈號說明

審定:無
翻譯:黃瑞權(簡介並寄信)
編輯:馬景文(簡介並寄信)


概論

在20世紀,物理學的思想和內容都產生了劇烈的變化。在這門課程中我們將學習現代物理學中一些正在改變的思想,從相對論和量子力學到固體物理學、原子核以及基本微粒、宇宙論。同時,我們將把這些理論置於不斷變化的制度、文化以及政治環境中。總體目標即是理解物理及物理學家在20世紀進程中不斷變換著的角色。


作業

作為一門HASS-CI (STS.042) 和CI-M (8.225)課程,將會非常注重寫作和口頭交流。在這學期將會安排總共20到24頁的寫作練習。第一篇論文(4-5頁)將在第7節課提交。第二篇(6-7頁)將在第14節課提交。學生們修改第二篇論文並再提交,以便在準備期末論文之前給學生們提供一個專注於具體寫作技能的機會;重寫的第二篇論文將在第21節課提交。最後一篇(10-12頁)將在第26節課提交。論文作業的細節將在課堂上傳達。這學期堙A該課程的學生們也將準備輪流做口頭陳述報告。報告內容將包括對指定讀物的總結和對本周內容相關的學習問題的陳述。基於其公開陳述,學生將引導接下來的課堂討論。另外除了這些書面和口頭交流作業之外,在第12節課時有一次堂上期中考試。不接受任何遲交的論文.


評分

書面和口頭交流將佔期末成績的75%。注意HASS-CI課程完成了麻省理工學院對三年級和四年級學生寫作要求的第一階段。學生們必須獲得B-或者更高以便通過第一階段。最終成績將基於:
第一篇論文(20%);
第二篇論文(20%);
第三篇論文(25%);
期中考試(25%);
參與課堂討論(包括口頭陳述報告)(10%).


閱讀

閱讀作業應在每次課前完成。另外除了課程學習資料外,下列書也是必需的:

McCormmach, Russell《一個經典物理學家的午夜思考》。劍橋:哈佛大學出版社,1991。

Frayn, Michael《哥本哈根》。紐約:Anchor Books,2000

Badash,Lawrence。《科學家及核武器的發展:從核分裂到部分禁止核子試驗條約,1939-1963》Atlantic Highlands: Humanity Press,1995.


Overview

During the 20th century, both the ideas and the contexts of physics changed dramatically. In this class we will study some of the changing ideas within modern physics, ranging from relativity theory and quantum mechanics to solid-state physics, nuclear and elementary particles, and cosmology. At the same time, we will situate these ideas within shifting institutional, cultural, and political contexts. The overall aim will be to understand the changing roles of physics and of physicists over the course of the twentieth century.


Assignments

As a HASS-CI (STS.042) and CI-M (8.225) Subject, there will be a heavy emphasis upon writing and oral communication. There will be three papers assigned for a total of 20-24 pages of writing over the course of the semester. The first paper (4-5 pp.) will be due in class in session #7. The second paper (6-7 pp.) will be due in class in session #14. Students will revise and resubmit their second papers, to give them an opportunity to work on specific writing skills before preparing the final paper; the paper 2 re-writes will be due in class in session #21. The final paper (10-12 pp.) will be due in class in session #26. Details of the paper assignments will be circulated in class. Students will also take turns making prepared oral presentations over the course of the semester. Presentations will involve a summary of assigned readings and presentation of study questions pertinent to that week's material. The student will then lead the ensuing class discussion, based on her or his opening presentation. In addition to these written and oral communication assignments, there will be an in-class midterm in session #12. No late papers will be accepted.


Grading

Written and oral communication performance will account for 75% of the final grade. Note that HASS-CI subjects fulfill Phase One of the MIT Writing Requirement for juniors and seniors. Students must receive a grade of B- or better in order to pass Phase One. Your final grade will be based on:
Paper 1 (20%);
Paper 2 (20%);
Paper 3 (25%);
Midterm (25%);
Participation in class discussions (including oral presentation) (10%).


Readings

Reading assignments should be completed before each lecture. The following books are required, in addition to course study materials:

McCormmach, Russell. Night Thoughts of a Classical Physicist. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1991.

Frayn, Michael. Copenhagen. New York: Anchor Books, 2000.

Badash, Lawrence. Scientists and the Development of Nuclear Weapons: From Fission to the Limited Test Ban Treaty, 1939-1963. Atlantic Highlands: Humanity Press, 1995.


 
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