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作業


本頁翻譯進度

燈號說明

審定:無

翻譯:何軍民(簡介並寄信)
編輯:王博律(Rosa Wang)(簡介並寄信)

以下是STS.069 「危機世界中的科學技術」的作業
Assignments below are from STS.069 Technology in a Dangerous World.


家庭作業1
Homework 1

第四次課
Class #4

第三次課中你們做了一些筆記,記錄你們在錄影中所看到的技術系統,或你所看到內容的一些暗示。我們將在課堂上討論這些筆記。你應該回顧並修改筆記,將筆記編排成清晰可讀的文件。依據你個人喜好,可條列做成書面格式,在第四次課作為家庭作業上交。
During Class #3 you will be making notes about the technological systems you see in the video, or that are implied by what you see. We will discuss these notes in class that day. You should review and revise these notes to arrange them in a legible document, which can be a list or spreadsheet depending upon your preference, for submission as a homework assignment in Class #4.

可以透過本課程網址中的「討論」功能,課上前交這份作業。列印出一份,帶到課堂。
You should try to submit this assignment ahead of class through the "discussion" function of this website. Bring a hard copy to class.



家庭作業2
Homework 2

第五次課
Class #5
  1. 課程主題為「危機世界中的科學技術」。針對與主題相關的當今事件,寫一篇一至二段的小文章。描述這個(些)重大事件並對其與課程主題相關性略作說明。
    Paragraph or two on current events pertaining to technology in a dangerous world. Just describe the significant event or events and add a few words about how it/they relate to the topic of this class.

  2. 當Claude Canizares在第六次課來訪時,擬出一個問題請教他。該問題應與他擔任MIT副教務長職務有關,或與他的科研工作有關。無論哪種情況,你的問題應從他那兒得到一些資訊或引出觀點。而這些資訊或觀點,與他所從事的軍用與民用之間邊界研究工作經驗有關; 或者,這些資訊或觀點,與他所從事的另一項工作經驗有關,即定義在9.11之後的世界中MIT的責任。
    Write a question to ask Claude Canizares when he visits you in Class #6. The question can relate to his role as associate provost at MIT or to his scientific research work. In either case your question should elicit from him some information or perspective that relates to his experience working on the frontier between civilian and military research, or to his experience in defining MIT's responsibilities in the post 9/11 world.

對第一項作業的附加說明:學生們一直被要求定期閱讀《紐約時報》(或另一種相近的印刷出版物),尋找與課程主題相關的新聞。作業是:就某一與課程主題相關的當今事件,寫一篇長約一段的小文章,描述事件內容及其與課程主題的關係。
Additional comments on the first assignment: Students have been asked to read The New York Times (or a similarly substantial publication) regularly to look for news relating to the topic of the class. The assignment is to write a paragraph on some current story that relates to the topic, describing what the story is and what the relationship is.



家庭作業 3
Homework 3

第六次課
Class #6

學生應仔細閱讀剪報集,並從中選擇使他們感興趣的新聞(可以在正常辦公時間接待學生)。學生也可能找到屬於自己的剪報新聞。學生寫一篇二頁的文章:(1)概括說明新聞故事及解說詞如何闡述主題,即「危機世界中的科學技術」;(2)推薦一些方法方式,使他們對此主題可以進行深入研究。這篇論文可以發展成更長的論文,在第十九次課交老師。
Students should go through the collection of clippings and choose one that interests them. (They are available during regular office hours). Students may also find a clipping of their own. They should write two pages (1) summarizing how the news story/commentary addresses the topic of technology in a dangerous world, and (2) suggesting ways that they could do further research into this topic. This paper might evolve into the longer paper that is due in Class #19.



家庭作業4
Homework 4

第八次課
Class #8

作為你將獨立完成的研究論文--你計畫從事的工作,應在今天上交的提案中描述。提案應包括以下組成部分:一、用一段篇幅描述主題;二、利用在課堂上討論的概念分析主題,用一段篇幅描述你將如何進行分析;三、你的研究計畫,包括原始資料的範圍和類型;四、用一段篇幅說明預計的成就和發現;五、用一段篇幅勾勒預期將碰到的難題(實際問題和概念性問題);六、(任務)大事預計完成時間表:1.研究工作;2. 粗略的提綱;3. 附加研究;4. 初稿(初稿在第十三次課交)。其他任何我必須知道且與報告有關的事情(例如,除了標準的書面報告格式外,假如你還有其他計畫),你也可以包括進來,但是你必須包含以上資訊。整個提案可能長達3-4頁雙行格式。在第八次課,就你的項目,對班上其他同學,做一個不超過三分鐘的概要說明。如果你願意,你可利用帶有視覺效果的輔助說明。
The proposal due today should describe the project you intend to do as your single-authored research paper. The proposal should include the following components: one-paragraph description of the topic; one paragraph describing how you will analyze the topic using concepts we are discussing in this class; your research plan, including range and types of sources; one paragraph on anticipated contribution/findings; one paragraph on anticipated problems, either practical or conceptual; and a time-line of target dates for completion of research, rough outline, additional research, and first draft (first draft is due in Class #13). You can include anything else about the report that I need to know (e.g. if you plan anything but the standard written report format), but you must include the above information. The entire proposal will probably run about three-four double-spaced pages. In Class #8 you will give a three-minute (maximum) summary of your project to the rest of the class. Use visual aids if you wish.



家庭作業5
Homework 5

第十二次課
Class #12

此次參觀的目的就是為了讓你們加深理解,MIT作為一個公共機構,它在危機四伏的世界中所起的作用。為了達到這個目的,你們集中注意有關MIT教育的展覽。解說員將對展覽做一個總的解說,並可回答問題和提供建議。首先,從從容容地仔細參觀整個展覽,並找到一些特別吸引你注意力的部分。然後將注意力集中在可能與主題密切相關的某一件人工製品上(或可能是人工製品的展品,注意力集中)。此人工製品可能暗示,作為一個社會機構,MIT如何試圖使世界少些危險;它也可能是這麼一件人造品,暗示著MIT(無意中)使世界變得更危險。 在家庭作業中,盡可能地仔細描述這個(些)人造品。以該物體為焦點:既可用語言描述,如果你願意,也可用草圖勾勒。盡你所能弄清楚:它如何運轉,其質地材料,它如何被設計,誰可能設計和使用了它,等等。依據該物體進行推斷,回答下列二個問題:一、關於我們這個充滿危險的世界中的技術,此人造品告訴你什麼?此人造品及其從屬的那個系統,關於這二者的關係,你們應特別深入思考。這個系統是暗示的而非顯而易見, 試圖把人造品與它所屬其中的大環境聯繫起來。二、你們應該追問:,這個物品告訴你哪些有關MIT作為一個社會機構的具體情況?這個物品幕後是什麼人?你能推斷出他們的知識、教育、訓練和目標等方面的哪些資訊?完整的作業應列印出來長約3 頁雙行格式。以上問題意欲作為一種引導,而非嚴格的限制。最重要的是,就此人造品深入地思考和聰慧地創作。該作業在第十三次課交,並評分。在第十三次課,我們將討論博物館和你們的作業,我們也會開始討論Castells的文章。為了不至於閱讀量太大,我已減少閱讀作業。我建議,在參觀博物館之前,你們現在就開始閱讀Castells的文章,以便你們在參觀後能夠集中精力寫書面家庭作業。
The purpose of your visit is to deepen your understanding of MIT's institutional role in a dangerous world. You will focus on the exhibit about MIT education in order to do this. A guide will give you an overview of the exhibit and be available to answer your questions and to offer suggestions. First, take time to go through the entire exhibit and to find some parts of it that especially attract your attention. Then focus in on one artifact (or possibly artifacts, but try to focus) that seem to relate closely to the theme of MIT's role in a dangerous world. The artifact might suggest how MIT as an institution has tried to make the world less dangerous; it might also be an artifact that suggests how MIT (maybe unintentionally) might make the world a more dangerous place. For your homework assignment, describe the artifact (or artifacts) as carefully as you can. Focus on the object: describe it in words and if you wish in a sketch. Try to figure out everything you can about how it works, what it is made of, how it was designed, who might have designed or used it, and so forth. Then extrapolate out from the object to answer two questions: what does this object tell you about technology in a dangerous world? You should think especially hard about the relation between the artifact and the system of which it is a part. The system is implied, not visible, but try to connect the object with its larger context. Next, you should ask what this object tells you specifically about MIT as an institution. Who are the people behind the object and what can you infer about their knowledge, education, training, and goals? The full homework assignment should run about three pages (typed, double-spaced). The above questions are intended as guides, not as rigid constraints. It is more important to think deeply and to write intelligently about the artifact than anything else. The assignment will be due in Class #13 and it will be graded. In Class #13, we will discuss the museum and your assignments, and we will also begin to discuss the Castells reading. I have reduced the reading assignment so it won't be too heavy. I recommend that you get started on it now, before the museum tour, so that you can focus on the written homework assignment after the tour.




 
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