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教學大綱


本頁翻譯進度

燈號說明

審定:無
翻譯:朱峰(簡介並寄信)
編輯:陳玉侖(簡介並寄信)


研討課描述

這個研討課程回顧科學史的新近史學研究方法。學生閱讀各種最近的研究,包括了從17世紀到20世紀的內容。本課程重點是各種背景下認識論和制度的關係。

研討課要求

所有的學生要在每節研討課開始前閱讀指定的閱讀資料。另外,學生以綜述閱讀資料(包括討論主題並評論)的方式輪流主持研討課,然後以書評和其他相關資料為依據提出問題進行討論。兩個寫作作業:評論大綱中的一本書(4-5頁,在第 5課提交),一篇史學研究論文(20-25頁,在第8課提交)。在期末論文中,學生至少要從大綱中選擇兩本書,閱讀同一個作者的其他作品,並和其他作者的相同主題作品進行比較,把主要的作品放在更廣大的史學中研究。

歷史學家必須培養的一個重要技能是能夠快速熟練閱讀大量史料。該研討課程是幫助你練習這個重要技能。每節課的閱讀量是很大的。你應該練習“主動閱讀”(或者“大致流覽”)。要帶者一些問題去閱讀:你能總結作者的主要論點和論據嗎?哪些例子是用來支持主要論點的?作者運用了那些材料?主要論據在該主題下或該領域中如何適用於更廣泛的文獻?閱讀材料並回答這些問題比停留在特定研究的某些細節上更重要。


Seminar Description

This seminar offers a review of recent historiographical approaches within the history of science. Students read a wide variety of recent studies covering topics from the seventeenth through the twentieth centuries. Emphasis is placed on the intertwining of epistemology with institutions in various settings.

Seminar Requirements

All students are responsible for doing the assigned reading before each session of the seminar. In addition, students take turns leading a session of the seminar by presenting an overview of the reading (including discussion of major themes, as well as critiques), and presenting questions for discussion based on book reviews and other relevant sources. There are also two writing assignments: a book review (4-5 pages) of one of the books on the syllabus (due in class in Ses #5), and a historiographical essay (20-25 pages, due in Ses #8). For the final essay, students should select at least two books from the syllabus, read other works by the same authors along with contrasting works on the same topic by other authors, and situate the main books within the wider historiography.

One of the key skills that historians must cultivate is to be able to read large amounts of material quickly. This seminar is designed to help you practice this crucial skill. Reading loads are heavy for each session. You should practice 'active reading' (or 'aggressive skimming'). As you read, it is helpful to keep several questions in mind: Can you summarize the author's main thesis or argument? What kinds of examples are brought forth to bolster the main thesis? Upon what kinds of sources does the author draw? How does the main argument fit into the broader literature on the subject or within the field? Reading to answer these questions is more important than dwelling on particular details within a given study.


 
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