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本頁翻譯進度

燈號說明

審定:無
翻譯:王以仁(簡介並寄信)
編輯:朱學(簡介並寄信)

課程區別

兩門課程皆使用相同的授課順序與閱讀資料。15.565以具有較深的技術背景的同學,且主要以麻省理工的大學生、非商管學生、與工程系統組的學生為授課對象。15.578以具有較多策略和組織背景的同學,且主要以史隆管理學院的商管學生為授課對象。



課程架構

本課程分為大致上等量的四個部份:

  • 第一部份: 策略性連結 (架構和應用概論)

    一開始,我們將提出組織間與組織內溝通與連結的策略性優勢及其意含,以及資訊整合的需求。

  • 第二部份:實體連結 (資料通訊科技)

    此部份著重於新興的基礎通訊科技,例如硬體(例:光纖、電纜)、軟體/協定(例:TCP/IP, ADSL, ATM)、以及架構(例:區域網路、廣域網路)等用來連結不同系統的科技。

  • 第三部份:邏輯連結 (資料庫/人工智慧/網站科技)

    此部份著眼於有助於連結的的科技,特別是文義和語義對照的需求。意即,當你從兩處得到「盈利」的資料,但它們的計價方式不同。你要如何調整其差異,以達成有效的比較?此部份課程,將提出目前的發展,其大部份是異質性分散式資料庫系統(Heterogeneous Distributed DBMS)、網頁服務(Web Services)、和語意網路(Semantic Web)。

  • 第四部份:組織性連結 (組織和政策因素)

    課程的最後一個部份,將焦點放在實際上有效地使用系統以擴展組織疆界時,可能遭遇到的管理政策挑戰與組織意含。鬆散耦合(loosely-coupled)組織、標準發展等理論將於此部份提及。


相關閱讀資料

因為沒有單一的書本函蓋所有我們探討的主題,因此大部份的相關閱讀資料為期刊上的文章。

你有責任念完指定的教材並且為課堂上的討論做好準備。另外也可能會為了不同的主題,指定選擇性或建議的閱讀資料,以便對於有興趣的主題,作更深入的研究。

美國電腦學會(ACM)數位圖書館電子電機協會(IEEE)數位圖書館可以找到其他有用的資料。


作業和測驗

作業:

  • 本課程有三種作業:(1) 指定閱讀資料,(2) 四個家庭作業(HW),(3) 一個電腦專題(CP)或學期專題(TP)。

  • 電腦專題(CP)或學期專題(TP):參與15.565課程的學生,應該做電腦專題。大部份參與15.578課程的學生,應該做學期專題,但也可以選擇做電腦專題

  • 每一個作業都應在課程大綱所指定的日期,於課堂上繳交。繳交日期是不會改的。如果你覺得會有問題,請事先與授課人員聯繫。

  • 由於分數是是採部分計分,因此交出僅完成一部份的作業,也比不交作業好。遲交作業將會扣分。這些作業是很重要的,因為:(1) 它們幫助你加強課堂上學到的概念,(2) 它們幫助你準備考試,(3) 它們佔你期末分數中重要的部份。

測驗:

  • 課程大綱上註明了有期中考和期末考,兩個考試都是開卷測驗。

誠實:

  • 所有的作業,除非有特別的指示,否則都是個人作業。

  • 然而,學期專題和電腦專題應由團隊合作。在此種情況下,所有的成員應做同樣多的貢獻。


計分方式

分數將基於以下方針(有可能會改變):

課堂討論:10%
家庭作業:20%
電腦/學期專題:25%
期中考:20%
期末考:25%




Differentiation

Both courses share a common lecture sequence and reading list. 15.565 assumes a deeper technical background and is primarily intended for MIT undergraduates, non-MBA's, and ESD students. 15.578 assumes more background in strategy and organization and is primarily intended for Sloan MBA's.



Course Structure

The course is divided into four, roughly equal, parts.

  • Part 1: Strategic Connectivity (Overview Frameworks & Applications)

    We will start by addressing the strategic benefits and implications of intra- and inter- organizational communications and connectivity and the needs for information integration.

  • Part 2: Physical Connectivity (Data Communications Technology)

    (This part will focus on basic and emerging communications technologies, such as hardware, (e.g., fiber optics, cable), software/protocols (e.g., TCP/IP, ADSL, ATM), and architectures (e.g. Local Area Networks, Wide Area Networks), needed to interconnect systems.

  • Part 3: Logical Connectivity (Database / AI / Web Technology)

    This part will focus on new technologies to aid connectivity, especially to address the syntactic and semantic mapping requirements. That is, you get "profit" data from two divisions - but they do their accounting differently. How do you reconcile these differences to make effective comparisons? This part of the course will present recent developments, mostly from the fields of Heterogeneous Distributed Database Management Systems, Web Services, and the Semantic Web.

  • Part 4: Organizational Connectivity (Organizational and Policy Factors)

    The final part of the course will focus on the organizational implications and management policy challenges encountered in actually making effective use of systems that span normal organizational boundaries. Theories of loosely-coupled organization and development of standards will be explored.


Readings

Most of the readings will be articles from the literature since no single book covers the range of topics that we will be focusing on.

You will be held responsible for reading the assigned materials and being prepared for class discussion. Optional or suggested readings may also be identified for various topics to allow further study for those interested in more depth.

Other useful materials can be found at the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) Digital Library and the Institute for Electronics and Electrical Engineers (IEEE) Digital Library.


Assignments and Exams

Assignments:

  • There are 3 kinds of assignments in this class: (1) assigned readings, (2) 4 written homework assignments (HW), and (3) a computer project (CP) or term project (TP).

  • Computer Project (CP) and Term Project (TP): 15.565 students are expected to do the Computer Project. Most 15.578 students will do the Term Project, but may select to do the Computer Project.

  • Each assignment is due in class on the date indicated on the syllabus. These due dates are firm. If you anticipate a problem, see the instructor beforehand!

  • Since partial credit is given, it is much better for you to turn in a partially complete assignment than to turn in nothing at all. Points will be subtracted for late homework. These assignments are important because: (1) they help to reinforce the concepts presented in class, (2) they prepare you for the examinations, and (3) they constitute a significant portion of your final grade.

Exams:

  • In addition, there is a mid-term exam and final exam as indicated on the syllabus. Both exams are open book/notes exams.

Academic Integrity:

  • All assignments, except if indicated otherwise, are to done individually.

  • However, the Term Project and Computer Project are intended to be team efforts. In those cases, all members of the team are expected to contribute equally.


Grades Policy

Grades will be assigned based on the following guidelines (subject to change):

Class Discussion: 10%
Homework: 20%
Computer/Term Project: 25%
Mid-Term Exam: 20%
Final Exam: 25%




 
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